Gabriel Fauré


Born: 1845   Died: 1924   Country: France   Period: Romantic
When Gabriel Fauré was a boy, Berlioz had just written La damnation de Faust and Henry David Thoreau was writing Walden. By the time of his death, Stravinsky had written The Rite of Spring and World War I had ended in the devastation of Europe. In this dramatic period in history, Fauré strove to bring together the best of traditional and progressive music and, in the process, created some of the most exquisite works in the French repertoire. He Read more was one of the most advanced figures in French musical circles and influenced a generation of composers world-wide.

Fauré was the youngest child of a school headmaster and spent many hours playing the harmonium in the chapel next to his father's school. Fauré's father enrolled the 9-year-old as a boarder at the École Niedermeyer in Paris, where he remained for 11 years, learning church music, organ, piano, harmony, counterpoint, and literature. In 1861, Saint-Saëns joined the school and introduced Fauré and other students to the works of more contemporary composers such as Schumann, Liszt, and Wagner. Fauré's earliest songs and piano pieces date from this period, just before his graduation in 1865, which he achieved with awards in almost every subject. For the next several years, he took on various organist positions, served for a time in the Imperial Guard, and taught. In 1871 he and his friends -- d'Indy, Lalo, Duparc, and Chabrier -- formed the Société Nationale de Musique, and soon after, Saint-Saëns introduced him to the salon of Pauline Viardot and Parisian musical high society. Fauré wrote his first important chamber works (the Violin Sonata No. 1 and Piano Quartet No. 1), then set out on a series of musical expeditions to meet Liszt and Wagner. Throughout the 1880s, he held various positions and continued to write songs and piano pieces, but felt unsure enough of his compositional talents to attempt anything much larger than incidental music. Fauré's pieces began to show a complexity of musical line and harmony which were to become the hallmarks of his music. He began to develop a highly original approach to tonality, in which modal harmony and altered scales figured largely. The next decade, however, is when Fauré came into his own. He was named composition professor at the Paris Conservatoire in 1896. His music, although considered too advanced by most, gained recognition amongst his musical friends. This was his first truly productive phase, seeing the completion of his Requiem, the Cinq Mélodies, and the Dolly Suite, among other works. Using an economy of expression and boldness of harmony, he built the musical bridge over which his students -- such as Maurice Ravel and Nadia Boulanger -- would cross on their journey into the twentieth century. In 1905, he was named director of the conservatory and made several significant reforms. Ironically, this position gave his works more exposure, but it reduced his time for composition and came when he was increasingly bothered by hearing problems. Fauré's works of this period show the last, most sophisticated stages of his writing, streamlined and elegant in form. During World War I, Fauré essentially remained in Paris and had another extremely productive phase, producing, among other things, Le Jardin clos and the Fantaisie for piano and orchestra, Op. 111, which show a force and violence that make them among the most powerful pieces in French music. In 1920 he retired from the school, and the following year gave up his music critic position with Le Figaro, which he had held since 1903. Between then and his death in 1924, he would produce his great, last works: several chamber works and the song cycle L'horizon chimérique. Read less

Work: Cantique de Jean Racine, Op. 11

Browse 51-75 of 75 Available Recordings
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  • 51.
    Choral Adagios
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 000316102 Release Date: 09/14/2004   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Joseph Brackett,  Gioachino Rossini,  Charles Villiers Stanford,  John Tavener  ... 
    Performer:  Michael Conn,  Helen Tunstall,  Stephen Cleobury,  Peter Aronsky  ... 
    Conductor:  Jerold Ottley,  Edward Higginbottom,  Stephen Cleobury,  Terry Edwards  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Mormon Tabernacle Choir,  Oxford New College Choir,  Cambridge King's College Choir  ... 
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  • 52.
    Nocturne Voices
    Label: Erato   Catalog: 62146 Release Date: 02/10/2004   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Claudio Monteverdi,  John Tavener,  Jean-Philippe Rameau,  Jorge Arriagada  ... 
    Performer:  Arleen Augér,  Della Jones,  Patricia Petibon,  Natalie Dessay  ... 
    Conductor:  Richard Hickox,  David Hill,  Patrick Cohën-Akenine,  Jean-Louis Negro  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  City of London Baroque Sinfonia,  Winchester Cathedral Choir,  Les Folies Françoises  ... 
    On sale! $29.98
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  • 53.
    Fauré: Requiem, Etc / Tortelier, Plazas, Stephen, Et Al
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 5019 Release Date: 11/11/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gabriel Fauré
    Performer:  Libby Crabtree,  James Rutherford,  Timothy Robinson,  Pamela Helen Stephen  ... 
    Conductor:  Yan Pascal Tortelier
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  City of Birmingham Choir,  BBC Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 54.
    Fauré: Requiem, Etc / Tortelier, Plazas, Stephen, Et Al
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 10113 Release Date: 10/21/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gabriel Fauré
    Performer:  James Rutherford,  Libby Crabtree,  Pamela Helen Stephen,  Timothy Robinson  ... 
    Conductor:  Yan Pascal Tortelier
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  BBC Philharmonic Orchestra,  City of Birmingham Choir
    CD: $18.99
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  • 55.
    Lux Aeterna
    Label: Alba Records   Catalog: 19 Release Date: 08/26/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sulo Salonen,  Aaron Copland,  Sir Edward Elgar,  Leevi Madetoja  ... 
    Performer:  Kalevi Kiviniemi,  Tiina Konttinen
    Conductor:  Heikki Liimola
    CD: $18.99
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  • 56.
    Bear Essentials - Wedding Classics
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 2411 Release Date: 03/25/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Théodore Dubois,  John Stanley,  George Frideric Handel,  Charles-Marie Widor  ... 
    Performer:  Francis Jackson,  Richard Marlow,  Ian Tracey,  Gillian Weir  ... 
    Conductor:  Richard Hickox,  Yan Pascal Tortelier,  Robert Gibson,  Simon Standage  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Collegium Musicum 90 Choir,  Collegium Musicum 90,  Ulster Orchestra  ... 
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  • 57.
    Hill Country Miniatures / University Of Texas Trombone Ensembles
    Label: Mark Masters   Catalog: 4759 Release Date: 01/01/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Mike Barone,  Isham Jones,  Richard Lawn,  Steven Franck  ... 
    Conductor:  Nathaniel Brickens
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  University Of Texas Trombone Ensembles
    CD: $11.99
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  • 58.
    The #1 Choral Album - Beethoven, Handel, Verdi, Bizet, Et Al
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 470382 Release Date: 03/12/2002   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Thomas Augustine Arne,  John Tavener,  Charles Gounod,  Carl Orff  ... 
    Performer:  Sarah Walker,  Stephen Doughty,  Bryn Terfel,  James Morris  ... 
    Conductor:  Roger Norrington,  Stephen Cleobury,  Richard Bonynge,  Charles Dutoit  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Choir,  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  Cambridge King's College Choir  ... 
    CD: $14.99
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  • 59.
    Fauré: Requiem, Pelléas Et Méllisande, Etc / Ozawa, Et Al
    Label: Dg Panorama   Catalog: 469268 Release Date: 08/14/2001   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gabriel Fauré
    Performer:  Gérard Souzay,  Dalton Baldwin,  James Vivian,  Pascal Rogé  ... 
    Conductor:  Stephen Cleobury,  Seiji Ozawa,  Carlo Maria Giulini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cambridge King's College Choir,  Orpheus Chamber Orchestra,  Boston Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $16.99
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  • 60.
    Ave Verum - Fauré, Alain, Durufle, Poulenc, Ropartz
    Label: Naive   Catalog: 4879 Release Date: 03/13/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Francis Poulenc,  Joseph Guy Ropartz,  Maurice Duruflé,  Jehan-Ariste Alain  ... 
    Performer:  Olivier Vernet
    Conductor:  Joel Suhubiette
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Les Elements Chamber Choir
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  • 61.
    A Sound Came From Heaven / Choir Of Wellington Cathedral
    Label: Herald Records   Catalog: 191 Release Date: 01/01/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giovanni Palestrina,  Herbert Howells,  Peter Warlock,  Orlando Gibbons  ... 
    Performer:  Andrew Macmillan
    Conductor:  Philip Walsh
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Wellington Cathedral Choir
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  • 62.
    Carnival! - Farnham Youth Choir
    Label: Herald Records   Catalog: 233 Release Date: 01/01/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Traditional,  Ko Matsuhita,  Francis Poulenc,  Gabriel Fauré  ... 
    Performer:  Julia Freeman,  Laura Aldrich-Blake,  Susannah Vango,  Elizabeth Vango  ... 
    Conductor:  David Victor-Smith
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Farnham Youth Choir
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  • 63.
    Agnus Dei V.1 & 2
    Label: Erato   Catalog: 4295882 Release Date: 02/14/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Samuel Barber,  Gabriel Fauré,  Giovanni Palestrina,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  Matthew Halls,  Christopher Hughes,  Rebecca Hirsch,  Eamon Dougan  ... 
    Conductor:  Edward Higginbottom
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Oxford New College Choir,  Capricorn
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  • 64.
    Fauré: Requiem / Michel Corboz
    Label: Erato In Excelsis   Catalog: 17897 Release Date: 05/18/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gabriel Fauré
    Performer:  Arlette Steyer,  Marie-Claire Alain,  Alain Clément,  Philippe Corboz  ... 
    Conductor:  Louis Frémaux,  Jean Sourisse,  Michel Corboz
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Monte Carlo Opera Orchestra,  Philippe Caillard Chorale,  Audite Nova Vocal Ensemble  ... 
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  • 65.
    Agnus Dei
    Label: Erato   Catalog: 14634 Release Date: 02/18/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giovanni Palestrina,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Gabriel Fauré,  John Tavener  ... 
    Performer:  Rebecca Hirsch,  Thomas Herford,  Eamonn Dougan,  Matthew Beale  ... 
    Conductor:  Edward Higginbottom
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Oxford New College Choir,  Capricorn
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  • 66.
    Westminster Choir At Spoleto Festival U.s.a. / Flummerfelt
    Label: Gothic Records   Catalog: 49078 Release Date: 06/18/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Traditional,  Charles Ives,  Anonymous,  C. Elkins  ... 
    Performer:  Glenn Parker,  Nancianne Parrella,  Levi Hernandez,  Heidi Lynn  ... 
    Conductor:  Joseph Flummerfelt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Westminster Choir
    CD: $17.99
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  • 67.
    Let All The World / Oakham School Chapel Choir
    Label: Symposium   Catalog: 1181 Release Date: 12/20/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Charles Villiers Stanford,  Ralph Vaughan Williams,  Maurice Duruflé,  John Ireland  ... 
    Performer:  Dan Hyde,  Peter Jeffes,  David Woodcock
    Conductor:  David Woodcock
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Oakham School Chapel Choir
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  • 68.
    Faure, Durufle: Requiem, Etc / Guest, St John's College
    Label: London/Decca Double Decker   Catalog: 436486 Release Date: 06/13/1995   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Francis Poulenc,  Maurice Duruflé,  Gabriel Fauré
    Performer:  Stephen Cleobury,  Christopher Keyte,  Robert King,  Jonathon Bond  ... 
    Conductor:  George Guest
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cambridge St. John's College Choir,  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields
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  • 69.
    Postcards / Timothy Seelig, The Turtle Creek Chorale
    Label: Reference Recordings   Catalog: 61 Release Date: 01/13/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Babatunde Olatunji,  Violeta Parra,  Varner,,  Situ,  ... 
    Conductor:  Timothy Seelig
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Turtle Creek Chorale
    CD: $17.99
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  • 70.
    Fauré: Requiem, Etc / Summerly, Beckley, Gedge, Et Al
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8550765 Release Date: 11/29/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gabriel Fauré,  Déodat de Sévérac,  Louis Vierne
    Performer:  Colm Carey,  Nicholas Gedge,  Lisa Beckley
    Conductor:  Jeremy Summerly
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Schola Cantorum Oxford,  Oxford Camerata
    CD: $9.99
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  • 71.
    Mysteries Beyond - Songs And Chants In Praise Of Mary
    Label: Delos   Catalog: 3138 Release Date: 05/03/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Maurice Duruflé,  Gabriel Fauré,  Charles Gounod,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Performer:  Mark Kruczek,  Vinson Cole,  Patrick Stephens,  Kathleen Bride
    Conductor:  Dennis Keene
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Voices of Ascension
    CD: $17.99
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  • 72.
    Panis Angelicus - Favorite Motets / Westminster Cathedral Choir
    Label: Hyperion   Catalog: 66669 Release Date: 01/04/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Felix Mendelssohn,  William Henry Harris,  Sir Edward Elgar  ... 
    Performer:  Eamonn O'Dwyer,  Mark Kennedy,  Ian Simock,  Nicholas Keay  ... 
    Conductor:  James O'Donnell
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Westminster Cathedral Choir
    CD: $18.99
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  • 73.
    Faure: Requiem, Cantique De Racine, Etc / Matthew Best
    Label: Hyperion   Catalog: 66292 Release Date: 03/23/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gabriel Fauré
    Performer:  John Scott,  Isabelle Poulenard,  Michael George,  Mary Seers
    Conductor:  Matthew Best
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Chamber Orchestra,  Corydon Singers
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  • 74.
    Fauré: Cantique, Requiem / Plasson, Hendricks
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 47317 Release Date: 01/12/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gabriel Fauré
    Performer:  José Van Dam,  Barbara Hendricks,  Arlette Amyel
    Conductor:  Michel Plasson
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Toulouse Capitole Orchestra,  Orféon Donostiarra
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  • 75.
    100 Best Adagio Voices
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 64292 Release Date: 09/22/0009   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  George Frideric Handel,  Giovanni Battista Pergolesi  ... 
    Performer:  Natalie Dessay,  Philippe Jaroussky,  Toby Spence,  Barbara Hendricks  ... 
    Conductor:  Louis Langrée,  Emmanuelle Haïm,  Sir Neville Marriner,  Andrew Parrott  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Le Concert D'Astrée,  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields,  Taverner Players  ... 
    CD: $19.99
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