Gabriel Fauré

Biography

Born: 1845   Died: 1924   Country: France   Period: Romantic
When Gabriel Fauré was a boy, Berlioz had just written La damnation de Faust and Henry David Thoreau was writing Walden. By the time of his death, Stravinsky had written The Rite of Spring and World War I had ended in the devastation of Europe. In this dramatic period in history, Fauré strove to bring together the best of traditional and progressive music and, in the process, created some of the most exquisite works in the French repertoire. He Read more was one of the most advanced figures in French musical circles and influenced a generation of composers world-wide.

Fauré was the youngest child of a school headmaster and spent many hours playing the harmonium in the chapel next to his father's school. Fauré's father enrolled the 9-year-old as a boarder at the École Niedermeyer in Paris, where he remained for 11 years, learning church music, organ, piano, harmony, counterpoint, and literature. In 1861, Saint-Saëns joined the school and introduced Fauré and other students to the works of more contemporary composers such as Schumann, Liszt, and Wagner. Fauré's earliest songs and piano pieces date from this period, just before his graduation in 1865, which he achieved with awards in almost every subject. For the next several years, he took on various organist positions, served for a time in the Imperial Guard, and taught. In 1871 he and his friends -- d'Indy, Lalo, Duparc, and Chabrier -- formed the Société Nationale de Musique, and soon after, Saint-Saëns introduced him to the salon of Pauline Viardot and Parisian musical high society. Fauré wrote his first important chamber works (the Violin Sonata No. 1 and Piano Quartet No. 1), then set out on a series of musical expeditions to meet Liszt and Wagner. Throughout the 1880s, he held various positions and continued to write songs and piano pieces, but felt unsure enough of his compositional talents to attempt anything much larger than incidental music. Fauré's pieces began to show a complexity of musical line and harmony which were to become the hallmarks of his music. He began to develop a highly original approach to tonality, in which modal harmony and altered scales figured largely. The next decade, however, is when Fauré came into his own. He was named composition professor at the Paris Conservatoire in 1896. His music, although considered too advanced by most, gained recognition amongst his musical friends. This was his first truly productive phase, seeing the completion of his Requiem, the Cinq Mélodies, and the Dolly Suite, among other works. Using an economy of expression and boldness of harmony, he built the musical bridge over which his students -- such as Maurice Ravel and Nadia Boulanger -- would cross on their journey into the twentieth century. In 1905, he was named director of the conservatory and made several significant reforms. Ironically, this position gave his works more exposure, but it reduced his time for composition and came when he was increasingly bothered by hearing problems. Fauré's works of this period show the last, most sophisticated stages of his writing, streamlined and elegant in form. During World War I, Fauré essentially remained in Paris and had another extremely productive phase, producing, among other things, Le Jardin clos and the Fantaisie for piano and orchestra, Op. 111, which show a force and violence that make them among the most powerful pieces in French music. In 1920 he retired from the school, and the following year gave up his music critic position with Le Figaro, which he had held since 1903. Between then and his death in 1924, he would produce his great, last works: several chamber works and the song cycle L'horizon chimérique. Read less
Fauré: Requiem / Christophers, St. Martin In The Fields, The Sixteen
Release Date: 03/11/2008   Label: Coro  
Catalog: 16057   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Cantique de Jean Racine, Op. 11

Browse 1-25 of 90 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    Faure: Requiem; Cantique De Jean Racine; Messe Basse
    Label: King's College Choir   Catalog: 5 Release Date: 09/09/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gabriel Fauré
    Performer:  Douglas Tang,  Tom Etheridge,  Joshua [Treble Vocal] Curtis
    Conductor:  Stephen Cleobury
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra of the Age of Enlightenment,  Cambridge King's College Choir
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  • 2.
    Luminance: Solo And Duo Works For Flute & Piano
    Label: Champs Hill Records   Catalog: 73 Release Date: 01/28/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Philippe Gaubert,  Astor Piazzolla,  Gabriel Fauré,  Camille Saint-Saëns  ... 
    Performer:  Lisa Friend,  Anna Stokes,  Mark Kinkaid
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  • 3.
    Faure Edition
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 94750 Release Date: 12/10/2013   Number of Discs: 19
    Composer:  Gabriel Fauré
    Performer:  Jerome Ducros,  Jean-Marc Phillips-Varjabédian,  Henri Demarquette,  Juliette Hurel  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir David Willcocks,  Serge Baudo,  Moshe Atzmón,  André Vandernoot  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Philharmonia Orchestra,  Orchestre de Paris,  Orchestre de Bretagne  ... 
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  • 4.
    Erato - 50 CD Collection
    Label: Erato   Catalog: 46441 Release Date: 11/19/2013   Number of Discs: 50
    Composer:  Tomaso Albinoni,  Giuseppe Tartini,  Georg Philipp Telemann,  Giuseppe Torelli  ... 
    Performer:  Maurice André,  Pierre Pierlot,  Paul Hongne,  Jacques Chambon  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner,  Jean-François Paillard,  Frigyes Sándor,  Kent Nagano  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields Chamber Ens.,  Paillard Chamber Orchestra,  Vienna Soloists  ... 
    On sale! $299.98
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  • 5.
    Cesar Franck: Les Sept Paroles Du Christ En Croix; Gabriel Faure, Cesar Franck: Oeuvres Sacrees
    Label: Skarbo   Catalog: 2143 Release Date: 10/29/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  César Franck,  Gabriel Fauré
    Performer:  Didier Adeux,  Violaine Le [Soprano (Vocal)] Chenadec,  Colette Diard,  Enguerrand [Tenor (Vocal)] De Hys
    Conductor:  Gildas Pungier
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  • 6.
    Pipe Dreams - Music For Flute / Anna Pope, Nancy Ruffer, Helen Crayford
    Label: Guild   Catalog: 7390 Release Date: 08/13/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Emil Kronke,  Georg Philipp Telemann,  Albert Franz Doppler,  Antal Doráti  ... 
    Performer:  Anna Pope,  Nancy Ruffer,  Helen Crayford
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  • 7.
    Spheres / Daniel Hope
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001799902 Release Date: 03/19/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Paul von Westhoff,  Ludovico Einaudi,  Philip Glass,  Gabriel Fauré  ... 
    Performer:  Daniel Hope,  Jacques Ammon,  Chie Peters,  Juan Lucas Aisemberg  ... 
    Conductor:  Simon Halsey
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Chamber Orchestra,  Berlin Radio Chorus members,  Berlin Radio Chorus
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  • 8.
    50 Best Chillout Classics
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 332942 Release Date: 02/26/2013   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johann Pachelbel,  Tomaso Albinoni,  Gregorio Allegri,  Christoph W. Gluck  ... 
    Performer:  Gerald Finley,  Juliette Hurel,  Emmanuel Pahud,  Christopher Warren-Green  ... 
    Conductor:  Maurice Handford,  Sir Neville Marriner,  Stephen Cleobury,  Yannick Nézet-Séguin  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Fretwork,  Ahn Trio,  Twelve Cellists of the Berlin Philharmonic  ... 
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  • 9.
    Essential Choral
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 234422 Release Date: 01/22/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Antonio Vivaldi,  George Frideric Handel,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Heather Harper,  John Shirley-Quirk,  Robert Tear,  Peter Barley  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner,  Sir Charles Mackerras,  Sir David Willcocks,  Wolfgang Sawallisch  ... 
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  • 10.
    Faure: Requiem; Villette, Roger-Ducasse: Motets / Argenta, Keenlyside, Bournemouth Sinfonietta
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 322872 Release Date: 01/08/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gabriel Fauré,  Pierre Villette,  Jean Roger-Ducasse
    Performer:  Stephen Farr,  Kenan Burrows
    Conductor:  David Hill
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  • 11.
    Sound Magic
    Label: Gega New   Catalog: 365 Release Date: 01/08/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Veljo Tormis,  Yefim Adler,  Gabriel Fauré,  Dobri Hristov  ... 
    Performer:  Alexandra Toromanova,  Ganka Georgieva
    Conductor:  Krikor Chethinian,  Sofia Vassil Kazandjiev
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  • 12.
    Voice From Assisi / Friar Allesandro
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001743902 Release Date: 10/16/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  César Franck,  Gabriel Fauré,  Paul Mealor,  Ariel Ramirez  ... 
    Performer:  Friar Allesandro
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  • 13.
    Musical Advent Calendar: Jubilaums-edition
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 93291 Release Date: 09/25/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Andreas Hammerschmidt,  George Frideric Handel,  Jill Nordin,  Astor Piazzolla  ... 
    Performer:  Andreas Bongard
    Conductor:  Jan Schumacher
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Mainz Chamber Choir,  Novas Brass,  Lingenfeld Gospel Choir  ... 
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  • 14.
    In Paradisum - Spiritual Classical Music
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 94412 Release Date: 08/28/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gabriel Fauré,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  César Franck,  Giovanni Battista Pergolesi  ... 
    Performer:  Timothy Brown,  Angharad Gruffydd Jones,  Lawrence Zazzo,  Pamela Heuvelmans  ... 
    Conductor:  Pieter-Jan Leusink,  Christopher Robinson,  Timothy Brown,  Nicol Matt  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Holland Boys Choir,  Cambridge St. John's College Choir,  Cambridge Bach Ensemble  ... 
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  • 15.
    Faure: Requiem; Pavane
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001706502 Release Date: 07/24/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gabriel Fauré
    Performer:  Thomas Allen,  Sylvia [Soprano Vocals] McNair,  John Birch,  Stephen Cleobury  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner,  George Guest,  Jean Fournet
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  • 16.
    Accentus - Faure, Dusapin, Brahms: Requiems; Haydn; Seven Last Words Of Christ, Transcriptions / Equilbey
    Label: Naive   Catalog: 5301 Release Date: 06/26/2012   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Gabriel Fauré,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Samuel Barber,  Gerard Pesson  ... 
    Performer:  Stèphane Degout,  Christophe Henry,  Luc Héry,  Sandrine Piau  ... 
    Conductor:  Laurence Equilbey
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Accentus,  Maitrise de Paris,  National Orchestra d'Ile de France  ... 
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  • 17.
    Classics For Your Wedding
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 623247 Release Date: 06/05/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Wagner,  Johann Pachelbel,  César Franck,  Gioachino Rossini  ... 
    Performer:  Aldo Ciccolini,  David [Pipe Organ] Briggs,  Katia Labèque,  Marielle Labèque  ... 
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink,  Andrew Parrott,  Stephen Cleobury,  Paavo Järvi  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Taverner Players,  Ensemble Orchestral de Paris,  Les Arts Florissants  ... 
    CD: $17.99
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  • 18.
    Faure: Requiem, Cantique De Jean Racine / Jarvi, Orchestre De Paris [blu-ray]
    Label: Euroarts   Catalog: 2058874 Release Date: 04/24/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gabriel Fauré
    Performer:  Chen Reiss,  Matthias Goerne,  Eric Picard
    Conductor:  Paavo Järvi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestre de Paris,  Orchestre de Paris Chorus
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  • 19.
    Great Sacred Masterpieces
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8501062 Release Date: 04/24/2012   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Thomas Tallis,  Gregorio Allegri,  Giovanni Battista Pergolesi,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  Anna Gonda,  Julia Faulkner,  Nicholas Gedge,  Lisa Beckley  ... 
    Conductor:  Jeremy Summerly,  Michael Halász,  Johannes Wildner,  László Kovács  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Oxford Camerata,  Schola Cantorum Oxford,  Camerata Budapest  ... 
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  • 20.
    Faure: Requiem, Cantique De Jean Racine / Jarvi, Orchestre De Paris
    Label: Euroarts   Catalog: 2058878 Release Date: 02/28/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gabriel Fauré
    Performer:  Chen Reiss,  Matthias Goerne,  Eric Picard
    Conductor:  Paavo Järvi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestre de Paris,  Orchestre de Paris Chorus
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  • 21.
    Choral Classics - Choral Classics From Cambridge
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 9234 Release Date: 11/15/2011   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Giovanni Palestrina,  Gregorio Allegri,  Robert Ramsey,  Thomas Weelkes  ... 
    Performer:  Jennifer Ward-Clarke,  Jonathan Brown,  Elizabeth Kenny,  Robert Howes  ... 
    Conductor:  Timothy Brown,  Stephen Cleobury,  Christopher Robinson,  Matthew Best
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Clare College Choir,  Baroque Brass of London,  Cambridge King's College Choir  ... 
    CD: $29.99
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  • 22.
    Faure: Requiem, Cantique De Jean Racine, Pavane / Jarvi, Jaroussky, Goerne
    Label: Virgin Classics   Catalog: 70921 Release Date: 10/04/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gabriel Fauré
    Performer:  Philippe Jaroussky,  Matthias Goerne,  Eric Picard
    Conductor:  Paavo Järvi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestre de Paris,  Orchestre de Paris Chorus
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  • 23.
    Faure: Requiem / Okamura, Wilson-Johnson, Beck, Schleswig-Holstein Festival Choir
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 98628 Release Date: 06/28/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gabriel Fauré
    Performer:  David Wilson-Johnson,  Chiyuki Okamura,  Tomas Selc
    Conductor:  Rolf Beck
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Ensemble Orchestral de Paris,  Schleswig-Holstein Festival Choir
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  • 24.
    A Choral Wedding - A Selection Of Favourite Choral Anthems And Hymns For Church Weddings
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8578196-97 Release Date: 04/26/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Healey Willan,  Samuel Sebastian Wesley,  Maurice Duruflé,  Lennox Berkeley  ... 
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  • 25.
    Music For A Royal Wedding
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 4674219 Release Date: 04/26/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Felix Mendelssohn,  Johann Pachelbel,  George Frideric Handel,  Gabriel Fauré  ... 
    Performer:  Jorgen Ernst Hansen,  Placido [Tenor Vocals] Domingo,  Marie-Claire Alain,  Camille Maurane  ... 
    Conductor:  Jean-François Paillard,  Raymond Leppard,  Edward Higginbottom,  Louis Frémaux  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Capricorn (Ensemble),  Il Giardino Armonico
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