Gabriel Fauré

Biography

Born: 1845   Died: 1924   Country: France   Period: Romantic
When Gabriel Fauré was a boy, Berlioz had just written La damnation de Faust and Henry David Thoreau was writing Walden. By the time of his death, Stravinsky had written The Rite of Spring and World War I had ended in the devastation of Europe. In this dramatic period in history, Fauré strove to bring together the best of traditional and progressive music and, in the process, created some of the most exquisite works in the French repertoire. He Read more was one of the most advanced figures in French musical circles and influenced a generation of composers world-wide.

Fauré was the youngest child of a school headmaster and spent many hours playing the harmonium in the chapel next to his father's school. Fauré's father enrolled the 9-year-old as a boarder at the École Niedermeyer in Paris, where he remained for 11 years, learning church music, organ, piano, harmony, counterpoint, and literature. In 1861, Saint-Saëns joined the school and introduced Fauré and other students to the works of more contemporary composers such as Schumann, Liszt, and Wagner. Fauré's earliest songs and piano pieces date from this period, just before his graduation in 1865, which he achieved with awards in almost every subject. For the next several years, he took on various organist positions, served for a time in the Imperial Guard, and taught. In 1871 he and his friends -- d'Indy, Lalo, Duparc, and Chabrier -- formed the Société Nationale de Musique, and soon after, Saint-Saëns introduced him to the salon of Pauline Viardot and Parisian musical high society. Fauré wrote his first important chamber works (the Violin Sonata No. 1 and Piano Quartet No. 1), then set out on a series of musical expeditions to meet Liszt and Wagner. Throughout the 1880s, he held various positions and continued to write songs and piano pieces, but felt unsure enough of his compositional talents to attempt anything much larger than incidental music. Fauré's pieces began to show a complexity of musical line and harmony which were to become the hallmarks of his music. He began to develop a highly original approach to tonality, in which modal harmony and altered scales figured largely. The next decade, however, is when Fauré came into his own. He was named composition professor at the Paris Conservatoire in 1896. His music, although considered too advanced by most, gained recognition amongst his musical friends. This was his first truly productive phase, seeing the completion of his Requiem, the Cinq Mélodies, and the Dolly Suite, among other works. Using an economy of expression and boldness of harmony, he built the musical bridge over which his students -- such as Maurice Ravel and Nadia Boulanger -- would cross on their journey into the twentieth century. In 1905, he was named director of the conservatory and made several significant reforms. Ironically, this position gave his works more exposure, but it reduced his time for composition and came when he was increasingly bothered by hearing problems. Fauré's works of this period show the last, most sophisticated stages of his writing, streamlined and elegant in form. During World War I, Fauré essentially remained in Paris and had another extremely productive phase, producing, among other things, Le Jardin clos and the Fantaisie for piano and orchestra, Op. 111, which show a force and violence that make them among the most powerful pieces in French music. In 1920 he retired from the school, and the following year gave up his music critic position with Le Figaro, which he had held since 1903. Between then and his death in 1924, he would produce his great, last works: several chamber works and the song cycle L'horizon chimérique. Read less
Fauré: Requiem / Christophers, St. Martin In The Fields, The Sixteen
Release Date: 03/11/2008   Label: Coro  
Catalog: 16057   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Sicilienne for Cello and Piano, Op. 78

Browse 76-88 of 88 Available Recordings
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  • 76.
    Pavane - Ravel, Satie & Fauré / Orpheus Chamber Orchestra
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 449186 Release Date: 04/15/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gabriel Fauré,  Erik Satie,  Maurice Ravel
    Performer:  Susan Palma
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orpheus Chamber Orchestra
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  • 77.
    Fauré: Works For Cello And Piano / Dinitzen, Westenholz
    Label: Kontrapunkt   Catalog: 32220 Release Date: 02/20/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gabriel Fauré
    Performer:  Kim Bak Dinitzen,  Elisabeth Westenholz
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  • 78.
    Beau Soir / Pergamenschikow, Gililov
    Label: Orfeo   Catalog: 349951 Release Date: 05/17/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gabriel Fauré,  Jacques Ibert,  Maurice Ravel,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    Performer:  Pavel Gililov,  Boris Pergamenschikow
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  • 79.
    Faure: Complete Works For Cello / Isserlis, Devoyon
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 68049 Release Date: 04/11/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gabriel Fauré
    Performer:  Pascal Devoyon,  Steven Isserlis,  Francis Grier,  David Waterman
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  • 80.
    Virtuoso Cello Music / Elemér Lavotha, Bengt Ericson
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 224 Release Date: 03/06/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Philipp Emmanuel Bach,  Jules Massenet,  François Couperin,  Marcel Tournier  ... 
    Performer:  Elémér Lavotha,  Karin Langebo,  Bengt Ericson
    Conductor:  Jan Olav Wedin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Kalmar Läns Chamber Orchestra
    CD: $21.49
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  • 81.
    Flute - Greatest Hits
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 66703 Release Date: 12/06/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Carl Nielsen,  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Edgard Varèse  ... 
    Performer:  Frantisek Posta,  Frantisek Slama,  Jean-Pierre Rampal,  Josef Hála  ... 
    Conductor:  Milan Munclinger,  Esa-Pekka Salonen,  Philippe Entremont,  Michel Colombier  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Ars Rediviva,  Swedish Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Chamber Ensemble  ... 
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  • 82.
    Roger Drinkall-dian Baker Duo
    Label: Klavier Records   Catalog: 11043 Release Date: 11/04/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Gabriel Fauré,  Frédéric Chopin,  Max Bruch  ... 
    Performer:  Roger Drinkall,  Dian Baker
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Drinkall-Baker Duo
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  • 83.
    Fauré: Complete Music For Cello & Piano / Doane, Snyder
    Label: Bridge   Catalog: 9038 Release Date: 11/01/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gabriel Fauré
    Performer:  Barry Snyder,  Steven Doane,  Kurt Fowler
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  • 84.
    Ravel, Fauré: Piano Trios, Etc / Copenhagen Trio
    Label: Kontrapunkt   Catalog: 32158 Release Date: 09/18/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Maurice Ravel,  Gabriel Fauré
    Performer:  Soren Elbaek,  Morten Mogensen,  Troels Svane Hermansen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Copenhagen Trio
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  • 85.
    Cantos De Espana / Christensen, Fukacova
    Label: Kontrapunkt   Catalog: 32044 Release Date: 09/17/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Enrique Granados,  Isaac Albeniz,  Gabriel Fauré,  Maurice Ravel  ... 
    Performer:  Michaela Fukacková,  Jacob Christensen
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  • 86.
    Entr'acte - Music For Flute And Harp / Debost, Christiansen
    Label: Kontrapunkt   Catalog: 32043 Release Date: 09/17/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Toke Lund Christiansen,  Maurice Ravel,  Jacques Ibert,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    Performer:  Toke Lund Christiansen,  Michel Debost,  Tine Rehling
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  • 87.
    Duets with Spanish Guitar / Almeida, Terri, Ruderman
    Label: Emi Studio   Catalog: 63256 Release Date: 07/01/1991   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Manuel de Falla,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Francisco Mignone,  Maurice Ravel  ... 
    Performer:  Laurindo Almeida,  Salli Terri,  Martin Ruderman
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  • 88.
    Music For Flute & Harp / Rampal, Nordmann
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 44552 Release Date: 06/13/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Maurice Ravel,  Gaetano Donizetti,  Gabriel Fauré  ... 
    Performer:  Jean-Pierre Rampal,  Marielle Nordmann
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