Gabriel Fauré

Biography

Born: 1845   Died: 1924   Country: France   Period: Romantic
When Gabriel Fauré was a boy, Berlioz had just written La damnation de Faust and Henry David Thoreau was writing Walden. By the time of his death, Stravinsky had written The Rite of Spring and World War I had ended in the devastation of Europe. In this dramatic period in history, Fauré strove to bring together the best of traditional and progressive music and, in the process, created some of the most exquisite works in the French repertoire. He Read more was one of the most advanced figures in French musical circles and influenced a generation of composers world-wide.

Fauré was the youngest child of a school headmaster and spent many hours playing the harmonium in the chapel next to his father's school. Fauré's father enrolled the 9-year-old as a boarder at the École Niedermeyer in Paris, where he remained for 11 years, learning church music, organ, piano, harmony, counterpoint, and literature. In 1861, Saint-Saëns joined the school and introduced Fauré and other students to the works of more contemporary composers such as Schumann, Liszt, and Wagner. Fauré's earliest songs and piano pieces date from this period, just before his graduation in 1865, which he achieved with awards in almost every subject. For the next several years, he took on various organist positions, served for a time in the Imperial Guard, and taught. In 1871 he and his friends -- d'Indy, Lalo, Duparc, and Chabrier -- formed the Société Nationale de Musique, and soon after, Saint-Saëns introduced him to the salon of Pauline Viardot and Parisian musical high society. Fauré wrote his first important chamber works (the Violin Sonata No. 1 and Piano Quartet No. 1), then set out on a series of musical expeditions to meet Liszt and Wagner. Throughout the 1880s, he held various positions and continued to write songs and piano pieces, but felt unsure enough of his compositional talents to attempt anything much larger than incidental music. Fauré's pieces began to show a complexity of musical line and harmony which were to become the hallmarks of his music. He began to develop a highly original approach to tonality, in which modal harmony and altered scales figured largely. The next decade, however, is when Fauré came into his own. He was named composition professor at the Paris Conservatoire in 1896. His music, although considered too advanced by most, gained recognition amongst his musical friends. This was his first truly productive phase, seeing the completion of his Requiem, the Cinq Mélodies, and the Dolly Suite, among other works. Using an economy of expression and boldness of harmony, he built the musical bridge over which his students -- such as Maurice Ravel and Nadia Boulanger -- would cross on their journey into the twentieth century. In 1905, he was named director of the conservatory and made several significant reforms. Ironically, this position gave his works more exposure, but it reduced his time for composition and came when he was increasingly bothered by hearing problems. Fauré's works of this period show the last, most sophisticated stages of his writing, streamlined and elegant in form. During World War I, Fauré essentially remained in Paris and had another extremely productive phase, producing, among other things, Le Jardin clos and the Fantaisie for piano and orchestra, Op. 111, which show a force and violence that make them among the most powerful pieces in French music. In 1920 he retired from the school, and the following year gave up his music critic position with Le Figaro, which he had held since 1903. Between then and his death in 1924, he would produce his great, last works: several chamber works and the song cycle L'horizon chimérique. Read less
Fauré, Franck: String Quartets / Dante Quartet
Release Date: 08/12/2008   Label: Hyperion  
Catalog: 67664   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Pavane, Op. 50

Browse 1-25 of 200 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    Masterpieces in Miniature / Tilson Thomas, San Francisco
    Label: San Francisco Symphony   Catalog: 60 Release Date: 11/11/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Henry Charles Litolff,  Gustav Mahler,  Gabriel Fauré,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    Performer:  Yuja Wang
    Conductor:  Michael Tilson Thomas
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  San Francisco Symphony Orchestra
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  • 2.
    James Galway - The Complete RCA Album Collection
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 302633 Release Date: 09/16/2014   Number of Discs: 73
    Composer:  Arthur Smith,  Various,  Traditional,  Stan Lebowsky  ... 
    Performer:  James Galway,  Sylvia,  Marisa Robles,  Phillip Moll  ... 
    Conductor:  Claudio Scimone,  Sir Neville Marriner,  Jörg Faerber,  Eduardo Mata  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  I Solisti Veneti,  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields,  Galway Pops Orchestra  ... 
    On sale! $199.98
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  • 3.
    I Don't Like Classical Music, But I Kinda Like This!
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 74698 Release Date: 06/17/2014   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Carl Orff,  Richard Wagner,  Antonio Vivaldi  ... 
    Performer:  Nigel Woodhouse,  Paul Meyer,  Kolja Blacher,  Eric Le Sage  ... 
    Conductor:  Fritz Reiner,  Eduardo Mata,  Gustav Kuhn,  Mark Stephenson  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra,  London Symphony Chorus  ... 
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  • 4.
    Faure: Masques Et Bergamasques / Ludovic Morlot, Seattle Symphony
    Label: Seattle Symphony Orchestra   Catalog: 1004 Release Date: 06/10/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gabriel Fauré
    Performer:  Demarre McGill,  Alexander Velinzon,  Efe Baltacigil
    Conductor:  Ludovic Morlot
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  • 5.
    Faure: Pavane, Songs, Requiem
    Label: Osj Alive   Catalog: 1 Release Date: 06/10/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gabriel Fauré
    Performer:  Johnny Herford,  Ilona Domnich
    Conductor:  John Lubbock
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  • 6.
    The Argo Years / Neville Marriner, Academy Of St Martin In The Fields [28-CD Set]
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002081902 Release Date: 06/03/2014   Number of Discs: 28
    Composer:  George Frideric Handel,  Arcangelo Corelli,  Giuseppe Torelli,  Pietro Antonio Locatelli  ... 
    Performer:  Gwynne Howell,  Philip Langridge,  Anna Reynolds,  Elly Ameling  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields,  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields Chorus,  Philip Jones Brass Ensemble
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  • 7.
    Whettam, Faure, Hovhannes, Piazzolla, Tausky
    Label: Stradivarius   Catalog: 33875 Release Date: 02/11/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Graham Whettam,  Gabriel Fauré,  Alan Hovhaness,  Astor Piazzolla  ... 
    Performer:  Gianluca Littera
    Conductor:  Francesco Di Mauro
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  • 8.
    Faure Edition
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 94750 Release Date: 12/10/2013   Number of Discs: 19
    Composer:  Gabriel Fauré
    Performer:  Jerome Ducros,  Jean-Marc Phillips-Varjabédian,  Henri Demarquette,  Juliette Hurel  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir David Willcocks,  Serge Baudo,  Moshe Atzmón,  André Vandernoot  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Philharmonia Orchestra,  Orchestre de Paris,  Orchestre de Bretagne  ... 
    Recommendation
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  • 9.
    Atout Sax
    Label: Maguelone   Catalog: 111104 Release Date: 11/19/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Michael Praetorius,  Henry Purcell,  Marc-Antoine Charpentier,  Antonio Vivaldi  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Atout Sax
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  • 10.
    The Great French Pianists - The Original Piano Roll Recordings
    Label: Dal Segno   Catalog: 39 Release Date: 11/19/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Claude Debussy,  Gabriel Fauré,  Jacques Offenbach  ... 
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  • 11.
    Faure: Piano Quartet No 1, Piano Trio, Pavane / Dukes, Kungsbacka Trio
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8573042 Release Date: 10/29/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gabriel Fauré
    Performer:  Philip Dukes,  Simon Crawford-Phillips,  Malin Broman
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Kungsbacka Piano Trio
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  • 12.
    Dusk & Dawn
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 5479572 Release Date: 04/30/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gabriel Fauré,  Vincenzo Bellini,  Jerome Kern,  Tom Waits  ... 
    Performer:  Mark Jaimes,  Chris Hill,  Dave Cottrell,  Amy Dickson  ... 
    Conductor:  Chris W. Big Band
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  • 13.
    La Folie Francaise [4-CD Set]
    Label: Virgin Classics   Catalog: 356292 Release Date: 02/26/2013   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Georges Bizet,  Charles Valentin Alkan,  César Franck,  Camille Saint-Saëns  ... 
    Performer:  Barbara Hendricks,  David Fray,  Maggie Cole,  Philippe Dervaux  ... 
    Conductor:  Richard Hickox,  Michel Plasson,  Jean-Bernard Pommier
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Quatuor Ebčne
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  • 14.
    Classical Barbra
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 192255 Release Date: 02/05/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Claude Debussy,  Joseph Canteloube,  Hugo Wolf,  Gabriel Fauré  ... 
    Performer:  Barbra Streisand,  Claus Ogerman
    Conductor:  Claus Ogerman
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  • 15.
    Label: Reflections Music   Catalog: 41068 Release Date: 01/01/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Pachelbel,  Tomaso Albinoni,  Georges Bizet,  Sergei Rachmaninov  ... 
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  • 16.
    Label: Reflections   Catalog: 56806 Release Date: 01/01/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Pachelbel,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
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  • 17.
    Label: Somerset Entertainment   Catalog: 51767 Release Date: 01/01/2013   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Claude Debussy,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  George Frideric Handel,  Erik Satie  ... 
    CD: $23.99
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  • 18.
    Label: Avalon Records   Catalog: 52423 Release Date: 01/01/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Georges Bizet,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
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  • 19.
    Label: Supraphon   Catalog: SU3792-2 Release Date: 01/01/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Václav Vackar,  Claude Debussy,  George Frideric Handel,  Gabriel Fauré  ... 
    Performer:  Gabriela Demeterová,  Tereza Mátlova,  Jana Bousková
    Conductor:  Jan Chalupecky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Czech Philharmonic Collegium
    CD: $17.99
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  • 20.
    Philips Original Jackets Collection  [55-CD Set]
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001767702 Release Date: 12/04/2012   Number of Discs: 55
    Composer:  Max Bruch,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  Gioachino Rossini  ... 
    Performer:  Salvatore Accardo,  Elisabeth Unger,  Claudio Arrau,  Thomas Zehetmair  ... 
    Conductor:  Kurt Masur,  Bernard Haitink,  Frans Brüggen,  Simon Rattle  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  Beaux Arts Trio  ... 
    On sale! $169.98
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  • 21.
    50 Shades Of Classical
    Label: Cleopatra   Catalog: 159 Release Date: 11/27/2012   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Claude Debussy,  Gabriel Fauré,  Franz Liszt,  Sergei Rachmaninov  ... 
    Performer:  Danielle Dechenne,  Henrik Lagendaal,  Nora Ksendzov,  Dubravka Tomsic  ... 
    Conductor:  Michael Raucheisen,  Zdenek Chabala,  Ferdinand Lang,  Zoltan Kovats  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Caspar da Salo Quartett
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  • 22.
    Pavane / Maxim Rysanov, Ashley Wass
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 1773 Release Date: 11/27/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Maurice Ravel,  Gabriel Fauré,  Richard Dubugnon,  Claude Debussy
    Performer:  Maxim Rysanov,  Ashley Wass
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  • 23.
    French Classics / Butt, London SO
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 6188 Release Date: 11/13/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Charles Gounod,  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Claude Debussy,  Georges Bizet  ... 
    Conductor:  Yondani Butt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 24.
    Lazybones / The Capitol Clarinets Duo
    Label: Soundset   Catalog: 1046 Release Date: 11/13/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Norbert Goddaer,  Gabriel Fauré,  Ignacio Cervantes,  John Newton  ... 
    Performer:  Walt Nielsen,  Korbi Adams
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  The Capitol Clarinets Duo
    On sale! $13.98
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  • 25.
    Traveling Sonata: European Music For Flute & Guitar
    Label: Reference Recordings   Catalog: 128 Release Date: 11/13/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gabriel Fauré,  Maurice Ravel,  François Borne,  Erik Satie  ... 
    Performer:  Viviana Guzman,  Jérémy Jouve
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