Johann Friedrich Fasch

Biography

Born: April 15, 1688   Died: December 5, 1758; Zerbst  
Although he was just three years younger than J.S. Bach, Johann Friedrich Fasch was a leader in making the transition from late Baroque to early Classical in Germany.

Fasch's family was traditionally associated with the Lutheran church, either as theologians or as Kantors. He was a boy soprano in the towns of Suhl and Weissenfels. The composer J.P. Kuhnau heard him sing and convinced him to attend the Thomasschule in Leipzig from the age
Read more of 13. He became friends with another student, the 20-year-old Georg Philipp Telemann (1681 - 1767). While Fasch was attending the university (like Telemann, he was a law student) he founded a collegium musicum, as Telemann had, taking care that it would remain a permanent organization after he left. It survived until 1756, and counted J.S. Bach as one of its leaders during its lifetime. It took a position in Leipzig's musical life nearly as important as that of the Thomasschule itself.

As director of the collegium musicum he had occasion to study a wide variety of music. The local ruler of his hometown, the Duke of Saxe-Zeitz, hired him to write a pair of operas (which are lost) for festivals held in 1711 and 1712. Fasch now began to travel widely for purposes of rounding out his education. He arrived in Darmstadt in 1713 and studied composition with Graupner and Grünewald. He took a series of jobs: violinist in the court orchestra of Bayreuth (1714), municipal secretary of Gera (1715 - 1719), organist and municipal secretary in Greiz (1719 - 1721), and Kapellmeister to Count Morzin in the Bohemian town of Lukavec. He organized an orchestra there that Vivaldi had occasion to hear and proclaim excellent. He took up the post of Kapellmeister at the court of Zerbst, 40 miles north of Leipzig, in 1721, and remained there for the rest of his life.

His work, besides organizing musical activities in the church and the court, was primarily writing cantatas for the church and festive music for the count. His fame and his music spread throughout Germany. This was partly because of the network of correspondence he enjoyed with other composers, such as Telemann, J.G. Pisendel, his own son Carl Friedrich Christian Fasch, and C.P.E. Bach. Fasch wrote 12 complete cantata cycles, 16 or more masses, four operas, over 90 overtures, and large quantities of symphonies, concertos, and sonatas. None of Fasch's music was published during his lifetime, and a large percentage of the sacred music is lost, but most of the instrumental music survives.

In 1900 music historian Hugo Reimann recognized that Fasch had transformed the three-movement form of the Italian Baroque concerto by boldly inserting contrasting musical material, often assigning the new theme to winds, laying the stage for the Classical form of dual thematic material. In addition, he used the wind section of the orchestra, not as soloists in a separate "concertante" group, but as components of the orchestra that might help mark a formal contrast by a shift in tone color or texture of the music. He also had a tendency to replace fugal episodes with freer developmental sections. In all this he markedly anticipated the Classical forms that before his death would begin to flourish in the music of Mozart and others. Read less
Browse 1-25 of 103 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    J.f. Fasch: Quartets; Concertos
    Label: Linn Records   Catalog: 467 Release Date: 09/09/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Friedrich Fasch
    Performer:  Peter Whelan,  Pamela Thorby
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Ensemble Marsyas
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  • 2.
    Bach, Albinoni, Fasch: Suites, Concertos, Overtures
    Label: Fuga Libera   Catalog: 717 Release Date: 04/29/2014   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Tomaso Albinoni,  Johann Friedrich Fasch
    Performer:  Dirk Vandaele,  Paul Dombrecht
    Conductor:  Paul Dombrecht
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Il Fondamento
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  • 3.
    Gloria Dresdensis
    Label: Cpo   Catalog: 777782 Release Date: 04/29/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giuseppi Antonio Brescian,  Johann Georg Pisendel,  Johann A. Hasse,  Johann Friedrich Fasch  ... 
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  • 4.
    The Proud Bassoon: Virtuoso Works For Baroque Bassoon And Continuo
    Label: Linn Records   Catalog: 435 Release Date: 02/25/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Joseph Bodin de Boismortier,  Johann Friedrich Fasch,  Matthew Dubourg,  Georg Philipp Telemann  ... 
    Performer:  Peter Whelan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Ensemble Marsyas
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  • 5.
    Fasch: Overtures & Concerto In D, Sonatas For Oboes & Bassoon
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 94673 Release Date: 07/30/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Friedrich Fasch
    Performer:  Ludwig Güttler,  Kurt Sandau,  Andreas Lorenz,  Wolfgang Klier  ... 
    Conductor:  Ludwig Güttler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Virtuosi Saxoniae
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  • 6.
    New Colours Of Piccolo Trumpet  / Markus Stockhausen
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 150732 Release Date: 07/30/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Friedrich Fasch,  Markus Stockhausen,  Bernhard Krol,  Leopold Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  Markus Stockhausen
    Conductor:  Christoph Poppen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Detmold Chamber Orchestra
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  • 7.
    The First Queen Of Trumpet And Her Best Recordings
    Label: Acanta/Pilz   Catalog: 233701 Release Date: 06/25/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Henry Purcell,  George Frideric Handel,  Jeremiah Clarke,  Johann Nepomuk Hummel  ... 
    Performer:  Carole Dawn Reinhart,  Jorma Hynninen
    Conductor:  Helmut Winschermann,  Marinus Voorberg,  Marc Andreae
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  German Bach Soloists
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  • 8.
    The Trio Sonata In 18th-century Germany / London Baroque
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 1995 Release Date: 04/30/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Gottlieb Goldberg,  Johann Friedrich Fasch,  J. C. F. Bach,  Johann Gottlieb Graun  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Baroque
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  • 9.
    Frans Bruggen Edition
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 65836 Release Date: 02/26/2013   Number of Discs: 12
    Composer:  Georg Philipp Telemann,  Arcangelo Corelli,  Francesco Barsanti,  Francesco Maria Veracini  ... 
    Performer:  Frans Brüggen,  Gustav Leonhardt,  Anner Bylsma,  Alda Stuurop  ... 
    Conductor:  Nikolaus Harnoncourt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Brüggen-Consort
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  • 10.
    Telemann, Handel, Fasch
    Label: Ars Produktion   Catalog: 381366 Release Date: 01/01/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  George Frideric Handel,  Johann Friedrich Fasch,  Georg Philipp Telemann
    Performer:  Susanne Regel,  Mélanie Flahaut
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Ensemble L'Ornamento
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  • 11.
    Musica Da Camera: Music From Eighteenth Century Prague
    Label: Supraphon   Catalog: 4112 Release Date: 11/27/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Antonio Vivaldi,  Frantisek Jiranek,  Antonin Reichenauer,  Johann Friedrich Fasch  ... 
    Performer:  Sergio Azzolini,  Jana Semerádová
    Conductor:  Jana Semerádová
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Collegium Marianum
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  • 12.
    Out Of The Forest
    Label: Centaur Records   Catalog: 3210 Release Date: 11/27/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Joachim Quantz,  Johann Friedrich Fasch,  Carl Heinrich Graun,  Johann Georg Röllig  ... 
    Performer:  Bruce Heim,  Michael Tunnell,  Matthew Karr,  Jack Ashworth  ... 
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  • 13.
    Music For Food Lovers: Gourmet Classics
    Label: Gift Of Music   Catalog: 1266 Release Date: 10/30/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Emmanuel Chabrier,  Gaetano Donizetti,  Johann Friedrich Fasch,  Antonio Vivaldi  ... 
    Performer:  Manlio Rocchi,  Konrad Ragossnig,  Hans Gösser,  Peter Schmalfuss  ... 
    Conductor:  Erich Kunzel,  Alberico Vitalini,  Paul Angerer,  Henry Adolph  ... 
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  • 14.
    Johann Friedrich Fasch: Orchestral Works, Vol. 3
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 791 Release Date: 09/25/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Friedrich Fasch
    Conductor:  Gwyn Roberts
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Tempesta di Mare,  Philadelphia Baroque Orchestra
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  • 15.
    Fasch: Orchestral Suites / Pal Nemeth, Capella Savaria
    Label: Dynamic   Catalog: 8029 Release Date: 05/29/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Friedrich Fasch
    Conductor:  Pál Németh
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Capella Savaria
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  • 16.
    Fasch: Orchestral Works Vol 2 / Tempesta Di Mare Philadelphia Baroque Orchestra
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 783 Release Date: 11/15/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Friedrich Fasch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Tempesta di Mare,  Philadelphia Baroque Orchestra
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  • 17.
    Fasch: Concertos For Various Instrument / Il Gardellino
    Label: Accent   Catalog: 24252 Release Date: 09/27/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Friedrich Fasch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Il Gardellino
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  • 18.
    Fasch, Graupner: Bassoon Concertos / Tognon, Nemeth
    Label: Dynamic   Catalog: 8021 Release Date: 07/26/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Friedrich Fasch,  Christoph Graupner
    Performer:  Paolo Tognon
    Conductor:  Pál Németh
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Capella Savaria
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  • 19.
    Fasch: Overtures & Concerti / Linde, Friedrich, De Rudder, Parkanyi, Lencses, Cappella Coloniensis
    Label: Capriccio Records   Catalog: 5073 Release Date: 06/28/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Friedrich Fasch
    Performer:  Zoltán Varga,  Reinhold Friedrich,  Alain de Rudder,  Lehel Ronai  ... 
    Conductor:  Hans-Martin Linde
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cappella Coloniensis,  Budapest Strings
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  • 20.
    Das Corno Da Caccia In Der Jagdmusik
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 300213 Release Date: 06/14/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Leopold Mozart,  Johann Friedrich Fasch,  Johann David Heinichen,  Franz Joseph Haydn
    Performer:  Ludwig Güttler,  Hartmut Schergaut,  Erich Markwart,  Roland Rudolph  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Virtuosi Saxoniae
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  • 21.
    Das Corno Da Caccia In Sachsen / Guttler, Virtuosi Saxoniae
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 300212 Release Date: 06/14/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Friedrich Fasch,  Johann Beer,  Johann Georg Röllig,  Jan Krtitel Jiri Neruda  ... 
    Performer:  Ludwig Güttler,  Andreas Lorenz,  Kurt Sandau,  Wolfgang Klier  ... 
    Conductor:  Ludwig Güttler
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  • 22.
    Concerto A La Carte / Wilbraham, Monteux, Marriner
    Label: Eloquence   Catalog: 4802333 Release Date: 04/05/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Georg Philipp Telemann,  Tomaso Albinoni,  Johann Friedrich Fasch,  Antonio Vivaldi  ... 
    Performer:  John Wilbraham,  Alan Stringer,  Trevor Connah,  Norman Nelson  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields
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  • 23.
    Fasch, Graupner, Graun: Concertos, Arias, Sonatas / Collegium Pro Musica
    Label: Dynamic   Catalog: 8015 Release Date: 03/29/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Friedrich Fasch,  Johann Gottlieb Graun,  Christoph Graupner
    Performer:  Stefano Bagliano,  Susanne Kelling,  Fabrizio Cipriani
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Collegium Pro Musica
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  • 24.
    A Treasury Of German Baroque Music
    Label: Msr   Catalog: 1380 Release Date: 03/08/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Joachim Quantz,  Dietrich Buxtehude,  Johann Pachelbel,  Johann Friedrich Fasch  ... 
    Performer:  Kent Tritle
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hanoverian Ensemble
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  • 25.
    Fasch: Concertos & Overtures / Accademia Bach Orchestra
    Label: Dynamic   Catalog: 8009 Release Date: 01/25/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Friedrich Fasch
    Conductor:  Carlos Gubert
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bach Academy Orchestra
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