Antonín Dvorák

Biography

Born: 1841   Died: 1904   Country: Czechoslovakia   Period: Romantic
Widely regarded as the most distinguished of Czech composers, Antonin Dvorák (1841-1904) produced attractive and vigorous music possessed of clear formal outlines, melodies that are both memorable and spontaneous-sounding, and a colorful, effective instrumental sense. Dvorák is considered one of the major figures of nationalism, both proselytizing for and making actual use of folk influences, which he expertly combined with Classical forms in Read more works of all genres. His symphonies are among his most widely appreciated works; the Symphony No. 9 ("From the New World," 1893) takes a place among the finest and most popular examples of the symphonic literature. Similarly, his Cello Concerto (1894-1895) is one of the cornerstones of the repertory, providing the soloist an opportunity for virtuosic flair and soaring expressivity. Dvorák displayed special skill in writing for chamber ensembles, producing dozens of such works; among these, his 14 string quartets (1862-1895), the "American" Quintet (1893) and the "Dumky" Trio (1890-1891) are outstanding examples of their respective genres, overflowing with attractive folklike melodies set like jewels into the solid fixtures of Brahmsian absolute forms.
Dvorák's "American" and "New World" works arose during the composer's sojourn in the United States in the early 1890s; he was uneasy with American high society and retreated to a small, predominantly Czech town in Iowa for summer vacations during his stay. However, he did make the acquaintance of the pioneering African-American baritone H.T. Burleigh, who may have influenced the seemingly spiritual-like melodies in the "New World" symphony and other works; some claim that the similarity resulted instead from a natural affinity between African-American and Eastern European melodic structures.
By that time, Dvorák was among the most celebrated of European composers, seen by many as the heir to Brahms, who had championed Dvorák during the younger composer's long climb to the top. The son of a butcher and occasional zither player, Dvorák studied the organ in Prague as a young man and worked variously as a café violist and church organist during the 1860s and 1870s while creating a growing body of symphonies, chamber music, and Czech-language opera. For three years in the 1870s he won a government grant (the Viennese critic Hanslick was among the judges) designed to help the careers of struggling young creative artists. Brahms gained for Dvorák a contract with his own publisher, Simrock, in 1877; the association proved a profitable one despite an initial controversy that flared when Dvorák insisted on including Czech-language work titles on the printed covers, a novelty in those musically German-dominated times. In the 1880s and 1890s Dvorák's reputation became international in scope thanks to a series of major masterpieces that included the Seventh, Eighth, and "New World" symphonies. At the end of his life he turned to opera once again; Rusalka, from 1901, incorporates Wagnerian influences into the musical telling of its legend-based story, and remains the most frequently performed of the composer's vocal works. Dvorák, a professor at Prague University from 1891 on, exerted a deep influence on Czech music of the twentieth century; among his students was Josef Suk, who also became his son-in-law. Read less
Dvorák: Rusalka / Mackerras, Fleming, Heppner, Et Al
Release Date: 10/20/1998   Label: Decca  
Catalog: 460568   Number of Discs: 3
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Dvorák: Rusalka / Neumann, Dvorsky, Randova, Et Al
Release Date: 07/27/2004   Label: Orfeo D'or  
Catalog: 638042   Number of Discs: 2
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Dvorák: Rusalka (In German) / Keilberth, Trötschel, Et Al
Release Date: 06/20/2006   Label: Profil  
Catalog: 6031   Number of Discs: 1
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Dvorák: Requiem / Benackova, Neumann
Release Date: 11/21/2006   Label: Arthaus Musik  
Catalog: 102063   Number of Discs: 1
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Dvorák In Prague - A Celebration
Release Date: 05/29/2007   Label: Kultur Video  
Catalog: 4211   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Serenade for Strings in E major, Op. 22

Browse 51-63 of 63 Available Recordings
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  • 51.
    Serenades: Tchaikovsky, Dvorak, Elgar
    Label: Dux Records   Catalog: 560 Release Date: 01/01/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Sir Edward Elgar,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
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  • 52.
    Merit - Dvorák Discoveries / Richman, Woodley, Et Al
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 4926 Release Date: 10/19/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Stephen Foster,  Traditional,  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Arthur Woodley,  Henry Thacker Burleigh,  Nardo Poy,  Richard Rood  ... 
    Conductor:  Steven Richman
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Collegiate Chorale,  Harmonie Ensemble
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  • 53.
    Borodin: String Quartet No 2;  Dvorak: Serenade / Turovsky
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 9484 Release Date: 07/15/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Alexander Borodin
    Conductor:  Yuli Turovsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  I Musici de Montreal
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  • 54.
    Tchaikovsky, Dvorák: Serenades For Strings /Duczmal, Amadeus
    Label: Arts Music   Catalog: 47287 Release Date: 09/01/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Agnieszka Duczmal
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Amadeus Chamber Orchestra
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  • 55.
    Art Of Classics - Beliebte Orchesterwerke
    Label: Intercord Klassische Diskothek   Catalog: 25920 Release Date: 05/23/1995   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Alexander Borodin,  Sergei Prokofiev,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Jean Sibelius  ... 
    Conductor:  Siegfried Köhler,  Yan Pascal Tortelier,  Günther Wich,  Gennadi Rozhdestvensky  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Hungarica,  London Symphony Orchestra,  Stuttgart Chamber Orchestra  ... 
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  • 56.
    Tchaikovsky, Dvorák: Serenades / Berglund, New Stockholm Co
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 243 Release Date: 03/25/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Paavo Berglund
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Stockholm Chamber Orchestra
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  • 57.
    Dvorák, Tchaikovsky: String Serenades
    Label: Sony Classical Infinity Digital   Catalog: 57226 Release Date: 02/08/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Alexander Titov
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  St. Petersburg Conservatory Chamber Orchestra
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  • 58.
    Dvorak, Suk: Serenades For Strings / Jaroslav Krcek, Et Al
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8550419 Release Date: 01/13/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Josef Suk
    Conductor:  Jaroslav Krcek
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Capella Istropolitana
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  • 59.
    Dvorak: Serenade, Notturno, Etc / Schwarz, Los Angeles Co
    Label: Delos   Catalog: 3011 Release Date: 12/11/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Douglas Davis
    Conductor:  Gerard Schwarz
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Los Angeles Chamber Orchestra
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  • 60.
    Dvorak: Symphony No 9, Serenade For Strings / Ormandy Et Al
    Label: Sony Classical Essential Classics   Catalog: 46331 Release Date: 04/05/1991   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Conductor:  Rudolf Kempe,  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Munich Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 61.
    Dvorak: Serenades Op 22 & 44 / Marriner, Asmf
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 400020 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields
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  • 62.
    Tchaikovsky, Dvorak: String Serenades / Karajan, Berlin Po
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 400038 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Antonín Dvorák
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 63.
    Bartók, Dvorák, Wolf: Works For Strings / Ozawa
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 462594 Release Date: 01/01/1980   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Béla Bartók,  Hugo Wolf
    Conductor:  Seiji Ozawa
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Saito Kinen Orchestra
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