Antonín Dvorák

Biography

Born: 1841   Died: 1904   Country: Czechoslovakia   Period: Romantic
Widely regarded as the most distinguished of Czech composers, Antonin Dvorák (1841-1904) produced attractive and vigorous music possessed of clear formal outlines, melodies that are both memorable and spontaneous-sounding, and a colorful, effective instrumental sense. Dvorák is considered one of the major figures of nationalism, both proselytizing for and making actual use of folk influences, which he expertly combined with Classical forms in Read more works of all genres. His symphonies are among his most widely appreciated works; the Symphony No. 9 ("From the New World," 1893) takes a place among the finest and most popular examples of the symphonic literature. Similarly, his Cello Concerto (1894-1895) is one of the cornerstones of the repertory, providing the soloist an opportunity for virtuosic flair and soaring expressivity. Dvorák displayed special skill in writing for chamber ensembles, producing dozens of such works; among these, his 14 string quartets (1862-1895), the "American" Quintet (1893) and the "Dumky" Trio (1890-1891) are outstanding examples of their respective genres, overflowing with attractive folklike melodies set like jewels into the solid fixtures of Brahmsian absolute forms.

Dvorák's "American" and "New World" works arose during the composer's sojourn in the United States in the early 1890s; he was uneasy with American high society and retreated to a small, predominantly Czech town in Iowa for summer vacations during his stay. However, he did make the acquaintance of the pioneering African-American baritone H.T. Burleigh, who may have influenced the seemingly spiritual-like melodies in the "New World" symphony and other works; some claim that the similarity resulted instead from a natural affinity between African-American and Eastern European melodic structures.

By that time, Dvorák was among the most celebrated of European composers, seen by many as the heir to Brahms, who had championed Dvorák during the younger composer's long climb to the top. The son of a butcher and occasional zither player, Dvorák studied the organ in Prague as a young man and worked variously as a café violist and church organist during the 1860s and 1870s while creating a growing body of symphonies, chamber music, and Czech-language opera. For three years in the 1870s he won a government grant (the Viennese critic Hanslick was among the judges) designed to help the careers of struggling young creative artists. Brahms gained for Dvorák a contract with his own publisher, Simrock, in 1877; the association proved a profitable one despite an initial controversy that flared when Dvorák insisted on including Czech-language work titles on the printed covers, a novelty in those musically German-dominated times. In the 1880s and 1890s Dvorák's reputation became international in scope thanks to a series of major masterpieces that included the Seventh, Eighth, and "New World" symphonies. At the end of his life he turned to opera once again; Rusalka, from 1901, incorporates Wagnerian influences into the musical telling of its legend-based story, and remains the most frequently performed of the composer's vocal works. Dvorák, a professor at Prague University from 1891 on, exerted a deep influence on Czech music of the twentieth century; among his students was Josef Suk, who also became his son-in-law. Read less

Dvorák: Symphonic Poems, Overtures / Kuchar
Release Date: 03/01/2005   Label: Brilliant Classics  
Catalog: 92297   Number of Discs: 3
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Tchaikovsky, Dvorák: Serenades / Berglund, New Stockholm Co
Release Date: 03/25/1994   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 243   Number of Discs: 1
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Janácek: Sinfonietta;  Dvorák: Legends / Järvi, Bamberg
Release Date: 09/26/1994   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 436   Number of Discs: 1
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Dvorák: Symphonies Nos 7 & 8 / Chung, Gothenburg So
Release Date: 09/26/1994   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 452   Number of Discs: 1
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Dvorák: Symphonies No 6 & 9 / Dausgaard,  Svenska Kammarorkestern
Release Date: 09/25/2007   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 1566   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Serenade for Strings in E major, Op. 22

Browse 1-25 of 66 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    Herbert Von Karajan: 3 Classic Albums - Tchaikovsky
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002120402 Release Date: 09/09/2014   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Antonín Dvorák
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 2.
    Dvorak: Cello Concerto In A Major, Serenade For Strings / Rudin, Musica Viva
    Label: Fuga Libera   Catalog: 714 Release Date: 07/30/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Alexander Rudin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Musica Viva
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  • 3.
    Dvorak: Symphonies No 8 & 9, Etc / Jarvi, Menuhin, Royal Po
    Label: Regis   Catalog: 2006 Release Date: 07/12/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Conductor:  Yehudi Menuhin,  Paavo Järvi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $21.99
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  • 4.
    Dvorak: Complete Published Orchestral Works
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8501702 Release Date: 05/28/2013   Number of Discs: 17
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Jénö Jandó,  Ilya Kaler,  Alexander Trostiansky,  Maria Kliegel  ... 
    Conductor:  Stephen Gunzenhauser,  Antoni Wit,  Camilla Kolchinsky,  Dmitry Yablonsky  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Slovak Philharmonic Orchestra,  Czecho-Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Polish Radio Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 5.
    EMI Eminence - The Original Jacket Collection [50-CD Set]
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 393872 Release Date: 02/26/2013   Number of Discs: 50
    Composer:  Richard Wagner,  Richard Strauss,  Ralph Vaughan Williams,  William Byrd  ... 
    Performer:  David Nolan,  Jonathan Small,  George Malcolm,  William Bennett  ... 
    Conductor:  Karl Anton Rickenbacher,  Vernon Handley,  George Guest,  George Malcolm  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra,  Cambridge St. John's College Choir  ... 
    On sale! $201.98
    CD: $154.99
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  • 6.
    Dvorak: The Symphonies / Davis, Philharmonia
    Label: Sony (Nax615)   Catalog: 5409112 Release Date: 11/06/2012   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Conductor:  Sir Andrew Davis,  Rudolf Kempe,  David Zinman,  Marcel Moyse
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Munich Philharmonic Orchestra,  Southwest German Radio Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 7.
    Dvorak, Suk: Serenades Tcheques
    Label: Fidelio Musique   Catalog: 36 Release Date: 09/25/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Josef Suk,  Antonín Dvorák
    Conductor:  Daniel Myssyk
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Appassionata Chamber Orchestra
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  • 8.
    Tchaikovsky & Dvorak: Serenade For Strings - Orchestral Favourites Vol. 9
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 7084 Release Date: 08/14/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Antonín Dvorák
    Conductor:  William Boughton
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English String Orchestra
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  • 9.
    Dvorak: Symphony No 8, Serenade For Strings / Menuhin, Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
    Label: Royal Philharmonic Masterworks   Catalog: 29110 Release Date: 02/14/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Conductor:  Yehudi Menuhin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 10.
    Bohemian Rhapsody / Camerata Nova Prague
    Label: Musical Concepts   Catalog: 114 Release Date: 11/08/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Conductor:  Josef Suk
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Camerata Nova Prague
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  • 11.
    Dvorak: Stabat Mater; Serenade For Strings
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 94081 Release Date: 08/30/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Ivo Zidek,  Kim Borg,  Stefania Woytowicz
    Conductor:  Václáv Smetácek,  Rafael Kubelik
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  • 12.
    Vaughan Williams: Fantasia On A Theme By Thomas Tallis; Purcell, Dvorak / Stokowski
    Label: Newton Classics   Catalog: 8802025 Release Date: 10/26/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ralph Vaughan Williams,  Henry Purcell,  Antonín Dvorák
    Conductor:  Leopold Stokowski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 13.
    Romantischer Streicherklang Aus Dresden
    Label: Cavi Music   Catalog: 7771037 Release Date: 06/08/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Edvard Grieg,  Jean Sibelius,  Antonín Dvorák,  Leos Janácek
    Conductor:  Wolfgang Hentrich
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  • 14.
    Tchaikovsky, Dvorak: Serenades / Leppard, English Chamber Orchestra
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 420883 Release Date: 04/08/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Raymond Leppard
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Chamber Orchestra
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  • 15.
    Serenades For String Orchestra / Munchinger, Stuttgart Chamber Orchestra
    Label: Eloquence   Catalog: 4800447 Release Date: 03/16/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Edvard Grieg,  Josef Suk,  Hugo Wolf
    Conductor:  Karl Münchinger
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Stuttgart Chamber Orchestra
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  • 16.
    Dvorak: Serenades / Christopher Hogwood, London Philharmonic
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 417452 Release Date: 12/29/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Conductor:  Christopher Hogwood
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 17.
    19th Century Masterpieces
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 98317 Release Date: 11/17/2009   Number of Discs: 17
    Composer:  Sir Edward Elgar,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Paul Dukas,  Giacomo Puccini  ... 
    Performer:  Lucia Popp,  Emmanuel Pahud,  Aldo Ciccolini,  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Adrian Boult,  Michel Plasson,  Eugene Ormandy,  Klaus Tennstedt  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  Dresden Staatskapelle,  London Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    On sale! $152.98
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  • 18.
    Serenade - Tchaikovsky, Dvorak, Brahms, Suk, Wiren
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 466459 Release Date: 10/13/2009   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Johannes Brahms,  Dag Wirén,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Conductor:  István Kertész,  Sir Neville Marriner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields,  Los Angeles Chamber Orchestra
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  • 19.
    Bohemian Album - Dvorak, Haas & Schulhoff / Amsterdam Sinfonietta
    Label: Channel Classics   Catalog: 24409 Release Date: 08/11/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Erwin Schulhoff,  Pavel Haas,  Antonín Dvorák
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Amsterdam Sinfonietta
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  • 20.
    Everybody's  Dvorak / Paavo Jarvi, Conrad Van Alphen, Andre Previn, Et Al
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80757 Release Date: 04/28/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Conductor:  Paavo Järvi,  Conrad Van Alphen,  André Previn
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra,  Rotterdam Philharmonic Orchestra,  Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 21.
    The Art Of Conducting - Pawel Przytocki
    Label: K & K Verlagsanstalt   Catalog: 12 Release Date: 10/28/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Antonín Dvorák
    Conductor:  Pawel Przytocki
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Katowice Schlesische Chamber Orchestra,  Cracow Beethoven Academie Orchestra
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  • 22.
    Masterworks: Dvorak
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 954334 Release Date: 10/21/2008   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Rudolf Firkusny,  Ruggiero Ricci,  Zara Nelsova,  Jiri Hudec  ... 
    Conductor:  Yehudi Menuhin,  Paavo Järvi,  Walter Susskind,  John Farrer  ... 
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  • 23.
    Dvorak, Tchaikovsky: Serenades For Strings / Sir Colin Davis
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 422031 Release Date: 10/15/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Sir Colin Davis
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra
    ArkivCD $16.99
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  • 24.
    Dvorák: Symphony No 8, Serenade / Claus Peter Flor, Royal Po
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 60234 Release Date: 07/09/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Conductor:  Claus Peter Flor
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
    ArkivCD $16.99
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  • 25.
    Flight Of The Bumblebee - Favorites Of Old Russia
    Label: Dg Musikfest   Catalog: 413683 Release Date: 04/07/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Anton Rubinstein,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Sergei Prokofiev  ... 
    Conductor:  Yuli Reyentovich
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bolshoi Theatre Violin Ensemble
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