Antonín Dvorák

Biography

Born: 1841   Died: 1904   Country: Czechoslovakia   Period: Romantic
Widely regarded as the most distinguished of Czech composers, Antonin Dvorák (1841-1904) produced attractive and vigorous music possessed of clear formal outlines, melodies that are both memorable and spontaneous-sounding, and a colorful, effective instrumental sense. Dvorák is considered one of the major figures of nationalism, both proselytizing for and making actual use of folk influences, which he expertly combined with Classical forms in Read more works of all genres. His symphonies are among his most widely appreciated works; the Symphony No. 9 ("From the New World," 1893) takes a place among the finest and most popular examples of the symphonic literature. Similarly, his Cello Concerto (1894-1895) is one of the cornerstones of the repertory, providing the soloist an opportunity for virtuosic flair and soaring expressivity. Dvorák displayed special skill in writing for chamber ensembles, producing dozens of such works; among these, his 14 string quartets (1862-1895), the "American" Quintet (1893) and the "Dumky" Trio (1890-1891) are outstanding examples of their respective genres, overflowing with attractive folklike melodies set like jewels into the solid fixtures of Brahmsian absolute forms.

Dvorák's "American" and "New World" works arose during the composer's sojourn in the United States in the early 1890s; he was uneasy with American high society and retreated to a small, predominantly Czech town in Iowa for summer vacations during his stay. However, he did make the acquaintance of the pioneering African-American baritone H.T. Burleigh, who may have influenced the seemingly spiritual-like melodies in the "New World" symphony and other works; some claim that the similarity resulted instead from a natural affinity between African-American and Eastern European melodic structures.

By that time, Dvorák was among the most celebrated of European composers, seen by many as the heir to Brahms, who had championed Dvorák during the younger composer's long climb to the top. The son of a butcher and occasional zither player, Dvorák studied the organ in Prague as a young man and worked variously as a café violist and church organist during the 1860s and 1870s while creating a growing body of symphonies, chamber music, and Czech-language opera. For three years in the 1870s he won a government grant (the Viennese critic Hanslick was among the judges) designed to help the careers of struggling young creative artists. Brahms gained for Dvorák a contract with his own publisher, Simrock, in 1877; the association proved a profitable one despite an initial controversy that flared when Dvorák insisted on including Czech-language work titles on the printed covers, a novelty in those musically German-dominated times. In the 1880s and 1890s Dvorák's reputation became international in scope thanks to a series of major masterpieces that included the Seventh, Eighth, and "New World" symphonies. At the end of his life he turned to opera once again; Rusalka, from 1901, incorporates Wagnerian influences into the musical telling of its legend-based story, and remains the most frequently performed of the composer's vocal works. Dvorák, a professor at Prague University from 1891 on, exerted a deep influence on Czech music of the twentieth century; among his students was Josef Suk, who also became his son-in-law. Read less

Dvorák: Requiem;  Brahms / Mertens, Hagel, Et Al
Release Date: 10/31/2006   Label: Profil  
Catalog: 6050   Number of Discs: 2
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Dvorák: Piano Quintet, Piano Quartet / Pressler, Emerson Qt
Release Date: 05/10/1994   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 439868   Number of Discs: 1
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Dvorák: Complete Symphonic Poems / Järvi, Royal Scottish No
Release Date: 04/13/1999   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 2403   Number of Discs: 2
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Dvorák: Concertos / Hayroudinoff, Ehnes, Et Al
Release Date: 06/21/2005   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 10309   Number of Discs: 1
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Dvorák: Symphony No 4, Etc / Järvi, Cook, Scottish No
Release Date: 10/28/1992   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 8608   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Symphony no 7 in D minor, Op. 70/B 141

Browse 1-25 of 89 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    Dvorak: Complete Symphonies & Concertos / Belohlavik, Czech Philharmonic
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002110502 Release Date: 08/05/2014   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Alisa Weilerstein,  Frank Peter Zimmermann,  Garrick Ohlsson
    Conductor:  Jiri Belohlávek
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Czech Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $76.99
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  • 2.
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 1158582 Release Date: 04/15/2014   Number of Discs: 22
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann  ... 
    Performer:  Carlo Maria Giulini,  Salvatore Accardo,  Evgeni Kissin,  Paul Crossley
    Conductor:  Carlo Maria Giulini
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  • 3.
    Istvan Kertesz: The London Years
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002033602 Release Date: 04/15/2014   Number of Discs: 12
    Composer:  Béla Bartók,  Johannes Brahms,  Anton Bruckner,  Antonín Dvorák  ... 
    Performer:  Walter Berry,  Christa Ludwig,  Pilar Lorengar,  Erzsébet Komlossy  ... 
    Conductor:  István Kertész
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Ambrosian Singers,  Brighton Festival Chorus  ... 
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  • 4.
    Carlo Maria Giulini: The London Years
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 93739 Release Date: 12/03/2013   Number of Discs: 17
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Modest Mussorgsky,  Benjamin Britten,  César Franck  ... 
    Performer:  Sheila Armstrong,  Anna Reynolds,  Robert Tear,  John Shirley-Quirk
    Conductor:  Carlo Maria Giulini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra,  New Philharmonia Orchestra  ... 
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  • 5.
    Decca Sound - The Analogue Years
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001934702 Release Date: 11/19/2013   Number of Discs: 54
    Composer:  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Anton Bruckner,  Arnold Schoenberg,  Giuseppe Verdi  ... 
    Performer:  Pascal Rogé,  Dame Joan Sutherland,  Marilyn Horne,  Luciano Pavarotti  ... 
    Conductor:  Charles Dutoit,  Sir Georg Solti,  Bernard Haitink,  Horst Stein  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  Chicago Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    On sale! $169.98
    CD: $148.49
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  • 6.
    Dvorak: Complete Symphonies, Orchestral Works
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 94671 Release Date: 06/25/2013   Number of Discs: 9
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Conductor:  Otmar Suitner,  Theodore Kuchar,  John Farrer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Staatskapelle Orchestra,  Ostrava Janácek Philharmonic Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
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    CD: $44.49
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  • 7.
    Colin Davis: The Philips Years [15-CD Set]
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001850302 Release Date: 06/18/2013   Number of Discs: 15
    Composer:  Béla Bartók,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Hector Berlioz,  Modest Mussorgsky  ... 
    Performer:  Stephen Kovacevich,  Claudio Arrau,  Jessye Norman,  Jon Vickers  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Colin Davis
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  BBC Symphony Orchestra,  Dresden Staatskapelle  ... 
    CD: $76.99
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  • 8.
    Mercury Living Presence - The Collector's Edition Vol 2
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001831802 Release Date: 06/04/2013   Number of Discs: 55
    Composer:  Arnold Schoenberg,  Anton Webern,  Alban Berg,  Ottorino Respighi  ... 
    Performer:  Helga Pilarczyk,  Yehudi Menuhin,  Mihaly Székely,  Olga Szönyi  ... 
    Conductor:  Antal Doráti,  Rafael Kubelik,  Anatole Fistoulari,  Frederick Fennell  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra,  Philharmonia Hungarica  ... 
    CD: $175.49
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  • 9.
    Dvorak: Complete Published Orchestral Works
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8501702 Release Date: 05/28/2013   Number of Discs: 17
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Jénö Jandó,  Ilya Kaler,  Alexander Trostiansky,  Maria Kliegel  ... 
    Conductor:  Stephen Gunzenhauser,  Antoni Wit,  Camilla Kolchinsky,  Dmitry Yablonsky  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Slovak Philharmonic Orchestra,  Czecho-Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Polish Radio Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 10.
    EMI Eminence - The Original Jacket Collection [50-CD Set]
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 393872 Release Date: 02/26/2013   Number of Discs: 50
    Composer:  Richard Wagner,  Richard Strauss,  Ralph Vaughan Williams,  William Byrd  ... 
    Performer:  David Nolan,  Jonathan Small,  George Malcolm,  William Bennett  ... 
    Conductor:  Karl Anton Rickenbacher,  Vernon Handley,  George Guest,  George Malcolm  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra,  Cambridge St. John's College Choir  ... 
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  • 11.
    Icon - Constantin Silvestri [15-CD Set]
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 233472 Release Date: 02/05/2013   Number of Discs: 15
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  George Enescu,  Franz Liszt  ... 
    Conductor:  Constantin Silvestri
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  Orchestre de la Société du Conservatoire Paris  ... 
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  • 12.
    Label: Coviello Classics   Catalog: COV31212 Release Date: 12/06/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Conductor:  Marcus Bosch
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  • 13.
    Dvorak: The Symphonies / Davis, Philharmonia
    Label: Sony (Nax615)   Catalog: 5409112 Release Date: 11/06/2012   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Conductor:  Sir Andrew Davis,  Rudolf Kempe,  David Zinman,  Marcel Moyse
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Munich Philharmonic Orchestra,  Southwest German Radio Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 14.
    Dvorak: Symphonic Works / Neumann, Czech
    Label: Supraphon   Catalog: 4090 Release Date: 04/24/2012   Number of Discs: 8
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Conductor:  Václav Neumann
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Czech Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 15.
    Dvorak: Symphony No 7, Otello Overture, Wood Dove / Flor, Malaysian Philharmonic
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 1896 Release Date: 04/24/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Conductor:  Claus Peter Flor
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Malaysian Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 16.
    Dvorak: Symphony No 7, In Nature's Realm / Serebrier, Bournemouth Symphony
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 666562 Release Date: 03/27/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Conductor:  José Serebrier
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bournemouth Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $18.99
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  • 17.
    Dvorak: Symphony No 7; Elgar: Enigma Variations / Monteux
    Label: Eloquence   Catalog: 4805019 Release Date: 03/27/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Sir Edward Elgar
    Conductor:  Pierre Monteux
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 18.
    Dvorak - Masterworks / Pesek, Belohlavek, Altrichter
    Label: Arthaus Musik   Catalog: 107513 Release Date: 01/31/2012   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Ivan Zenaty,  Igor Ardasev,  Mischa Maisky
    Conductor:  Jiri Belohlávek,  Petr Altrichter,  Libor Pesek
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Prague Symphony Orchestra
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  • 19.
    Icon: Charles Mackerras - Master Of Orchestral Texture
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 98189 Release Date: 10/11/2011   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Antonín Dvorák,  Arthur Sullivan,  Leos Janácek  ... 
    Performer:  Julian Lloyd Webber,  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Malcolm Stewart,  Elizabeth Harwood
    Conductor:  Sir Charles Mackerras
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra,  Pro Arte Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $34.99
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  • 20.
    Dvořák: Symphonies No 6-9, Carnival Overture
    Label: Royal Philharmonic Orchestra   Catalog: 20 Release Date: 09/27/2011   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Conductor:  Grzegorz Nowak
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  • 21.
    Dvorak: Symphonies 7 & 8 / Norrington, Stuttgart Radio Symphony Orchestra
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 93277 Release Date: 08/30/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Conductor:  Roger Norrington
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Southwest German Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 22.
    Dvorak Experience
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 4679604 Release Date: 04/26/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Arto Noras,  Trio Fontenay,  Eva Urbanová,  András Schiff
    Conductor:  Kurt Masur,  Sakari Oramo,  Nikolaus Harnoncourt,  Ondrej Lenárd  ... 
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  • 23.
    Dvorak: Symphonies No 7 & 8 / Alsop, Baltimore Symphony [Blu-ray Audio]
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 10 Release Date: 01/25/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Conductor:  Marin Alsop
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Baltimore Symphony Orchestra
    Blu-ray Audio: $19.99
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  • 24.
    The Israel Philharmonic Orchestra 70th Anniversary - Essential Recordings [12-CD Set]
    Label: Helicon   Catalog: 9614 Release Date: 12/07/2010   Number of Discs: 12
    Composer:  Felix Mendelssohn,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Franz Schubert,  Jules Massenet  ... 
    Performer:  Shlomo Mintz,  Julius Katchen,  Artur Rubinstein,  Daniel Barenboim  ... 
    Conductor:  Paul Kletzki,  Josef Krips,  Sir Georg Solti,  Jean Martinon  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Israel Philharmonic Orchestra,  Ankor Children's Chorus,  Israel Philharmonia Singers
    On sale! $99.98
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  • 25.
    Dvorak: Symphony No 7, Suite In A Major / Ivan Fischer, Budapest Festival Orchestra
    Label: Channel Classics   Catalog: 30010 Release Date: 06/08/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Conductor:  Iván Fischer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Budapest Festival Orchestra
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