Antonín Dvorák

Biography

Born: 1841   Died: 1904   Country: Czechoslovakia   Period: Romantic
Widely regarded as the most distinguished of Czech composers, Antonin Dvorák (1841-1904) produced attractive and vigorous music possessed of clear formal outlines, melodies that are both memorable and spontaneous-sounding, and a colorful, effective instrumental sense. Dvorák is considered one of the major figures of nationalism, both proselytizing for and making actual use of folk influences, which he expertly combined with Classical forms in Read more works of all genres. His symphonies are among his most widely appreciated works; the Symphony No. 9 ("From the New World," 1893) takes a place among the finest and most popular examples of the symphonic literature. Similarly, his Cello Concerto (1894-1895) is one of the cornerstones of the repertory, providing the soloist an opportunity for virtuosic flair and soaring expressivity. Dvorák displayed special skill in writing for chamber ensembles, producing dozens of such works; among these, his 14 string quartets (1862-1895), the "American" Quintet (1893) and the "Dumky" Trio (1890-1891) are outstanding examples of their respective genres, overflowing with attractive folklike melodies set like jewels into the solid fixtures of Brahmsian absolute forms.

Dvorák's "American" and "New World" works arose during the composer's sojourn in the United States in the early 1890s; he was uneasy with American high society and retreated to a small, predominantly Czech town in Iowa for summer vacations during his stay. However, he did make the acquaintance of the pioneering African-American baritone H.T. Burleigh, who may have influenced the seemingly spiritual-like melodies in the "New World" symphony and other works; some claim that the similarity resulted instead from a natural affinity between African-American and Eastern European melodic structures.

By that time, Dvorák was among the most celebrated of European composers, seen by many as the heir to Brahms, who had championed Dvorák during the younger composer's long climb to the top. The son of a butcher and occasional zither player, Dvorák studied the organ in Prague as a young man and worked variously as a café violist and church organist during the 1860s and 1870s while creating a growing body of symphonies, chamber music, and Czech-language opera. For three years in the 1870s he won a government grant (the Viennese critic Hanslick was among the judges) designed to help the careers of struggling young creative artists. Brahms gained for Dvorák a contract with his own publisher, Simrock, in 1877; the association proved a profitable one despite an initial controversy that flared when Dvorák insisted on including Czech-language work titles on the printed covers, a novelty in those musically German-dominated times. In the 1880s and 1890s Dvorák's reputation became international in scope thanks to a series of major masterpieces that included the Seventh, Eighth, and "New World" symphonies. At the end of his life he turned to opera once again; Rusalka, from 1901, incorporates Wagnerian influences into the musical telling of its legend-based story, and remains the most frequently performed of the composer's vocal works. Dvorák, a professor at Prague University from 1891 on, exerted a deep influence on Czech music of the twentieth century; among his students was Josef Suk, who also became his son-in-law. Read less

Dvorák: Piano Quintet, Piano Quartet / Pressler, Emerson Qt
Release Date: 05/10/1994   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 439868   Number of Discs: 1
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Tchaikovsky, Dvorák: Serenades / Berglund, New Stockholm Co
Release Date: 03/25/1994   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 243   Number of Discs: 1
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Janácek: Sinfonietta;  Dvorák: Legends / Järvi, Bamberg
Release Date: 09/26/1994   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 436   Number of Discs: 1
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Dvorák: Symphonies Nos 7 & 8 / Chung, Gothenburg So
Release Date: 09/26/1994   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 452   Number of Discs: 1
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Dvorák: Symphonic Poems, Overtures / Kuchar
Release Date: 03/01/2005   Label: Brilliant Classics  
Catalog: 92297   Number of Discs: 3
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Work: Concerto for Cello in B minor, Op. 104/B 191

Browse 51-75 of 137 Available Recordings
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  • 51.
    Bloch: Schelomo;  Dvorak: Cello Concerto / Barzin, Feuermann
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 420776 Release Date: 11/10/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ernest Bloch,  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Emanuel Feuermann
    Conductor:  Leon Barzin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  National Orchestral Association
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  • 52.
    Dvorak: Cello Concerto, Carnaval Overture, Rusalka / Neumann
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 422387 Release Date: 11/04/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Julian Lloyd Webber
    Conductor:  Václav Neumann
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Czech Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 53.
    Masterworks: Dvorak
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 954334 Release Date: 10/21/2008   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Rudolf Firkusny,  Ruggiero Ricci,  Zara Nelsova,  Jiri Hudec  ... 
    Conductor:  Yehudi Menuhin,  Paavo Järvi,  Walter Susskind,  John Farrer  ... 
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  • 54.
    Elgar, Dvorak: Cello Concertos / Fournier, Szell, Rosabud
    Label: Medici Masters   Catalog: 28-2 Release Date: 09/30/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sir Edward Elgar,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Pierre Fournier
    Conductor:  Hans Rosbaud,  George Szell
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cologne Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 55.
    Dvorák Cycle Vol 4 - Cello Concerto, Symphony No 9
    Label: Arthaus Musik   Catalog: 102141 Release Date: 07/29/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Mischa Maisky
    Conductor:  Libor Pesek
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Prague Symphony Orchestra
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  • 56.
    Silent Woods - Dvorák / Ofra Harnoy, Sir Charles Mackerras
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 68186 Release Date: 03/26/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Ofra Harnoy,  Michael Dussek
    Conductor:  Sir Charles Mackerras
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Prague Symphony Orchestra
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  • 57.
    Rostropovich Plays Cello Works
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 447036 Release Date: 03/25/2008   Number of Discs: 9
    Composer:  Marcel Landowski,  Rodion Shchedrin,  Renaud Gagneux,  Alun Hoddinott  ... 
    Performer:  Galina Vishnevskaya,  Mstislav Rostropovich,  Hugh Seenan,  Layton James  ... 
    Conductor:  Mstislav Rostropovich,  Seiji Ozawa,  Kent Nagano,  Cristobal Halffter  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  French National Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra,  Boston Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 58.
    The Great Cello Concertos - Dvorak, Elgar, Vivaldi, Haydn, Monn, Schumann
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 09442 Release Date: 03/25/2008   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Max Bruch,  Robert Schumann,  Mathias Georg Monn  ... 
    Performer:  Paul Tortelier,  Han-Na Chang,  Natalia Gutman,  Jacqueline Du Pré  ... 
    Conductor:  Louis Frémaux,  Mstislav Rostropovich,  Kurt Masur,  Sir John Barbirolli  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra,  Württemberg Chamber Orchestra Heilbronn  ... 
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  • 59.
    Ultimate Dvorak - The Essential Masterpieces
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001079102 Release Date: 03/11/2008   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Julian Lloyd Webber
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner,  Kurt Masur,  Václav Neumann,  Raymond Leppard  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields,  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra,  Czech Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 60.
    Dvorák/Elgar: Cello Concertos
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 757133 Release Date: 03/04/2008  
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Sir Edward Elgar
    Performer:  Jacqueline Du Pré
    Conductor:  Daniel Barenboim,  Sir John Barbirolli
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 61.
    Dvorak: Cello Concerto, Symphonic Variations / Sawallisch
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 54320 Release Date: 12/26/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Natalia Gutman
    Conductor:  Wolfgang Sawallisch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra
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  • 62.
    Janos Starker - Artist Profile
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 68745 Release Date: 12/26/2007   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Luigi Boccherini,  Gabriel Fauré,  Antonín Dvorák,  Ernö von Dohnányi  ... 
    Performer:  János Starker
    Conductor:  Carlo Maria Giulini,  Walter Susskind
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 63.
    Dvorak: Concerto For Cello, Etc / Fischer, Wispelwey, Et Al
    Label: Channel Classics   Catalog: 25807 Release Date: 11/13/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Pieter Wispelwey
    Conductor:  Iván Fischer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Budapest Festival Orchestra
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  • 64.
    Dvorák: Cello Concerto; Prokofiev, Debussy, Webern / Harrell, Levine
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 85067 Release Date: 10/31/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sergei Prokofiev,  Claude Debussy,  Anton Webern,  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  James Levine,  Lynn Harrell
    Conductor:  James Levine
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 65.
    Ultimate Cello Classics - The Essential Masterpieces
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 000972402 Release Date: 09/11/2007   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Tomaso Albinoni,  Robert Schumann  ... 
    Performer:  Julian Lloyd Webber,  Samuel Sanders,  Heinrich Schiff,  John Birch  ... 
    Conductor:  Václav Neumann,  Nicholas Cleobury,  Maxim Shostakovich,  Yan Pascal Tortelier  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Czech Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 66.
    Dvorak: Cello Concerto; Schubert: Arpeggione / Harrell
    Label: Rca Papillion   Catalog: 6531 Release Date: 08/06/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Lynn Harrell,  James Levine
    Conductor:  James Levine
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 67.
    The Glory Of Rostropovich / 8-Disc Set
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000839202 Release Date: 03/20/2007   Number of Discs: 8
    Composer:  Robert Schumann,  Sergei Prokofiev,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Mstislav Rostropovich,  Martha Argerich,  Rudolf Serkin
    Conductor:  Mstislav Rostropovich,  Leonard Bernstein,  Myung-Whun Chung,  Seiji Ozawa  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  National Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Emerson String Quartet  ... 
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  • 68.
    Dvorak: Piano Concerto, Cello Concerto / Rivinius, Firkusny
    Label: Video Artists International   Catalog: 4406 Release Date: 01/30/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Gustav Rivinius,  Rudolf Firkusny
    Conductor:  Václav Neumann,  Jiri Belohlávek
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Czech Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 69.
    Dvorak: Symphony No 9, Etc / Feuermann, Taube, Szell, Et Al
    Label: Opus Kura   Catalog: 2061 Release Date: 01/02/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Emanuel Feuermann
    Conductor:  Michael Taube,  George Szell
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Staatskapelle Orchestra,  Czech Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 70.
    Dvorak: Cello Concerto;  Tchaikovsky / Mork, Jansons, Et Al
    Label: Virgin Classics   Catalog: 63287 Release Date: 09/12/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Truls Otterbech Mork
    Conductor:  Mariss Jansons
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Oslo Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 71.
    Dvorak: Cello Concerto: Symphony No. 9 / Schiff, Davis, Dorati, Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
    Label: Eloquence   Catalog: 4768482 Release Date: 08/07/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Heinrich Schiff
    Conductor:  Sir Colin Davis,  Antal Doráti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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  • 72.
    Sergiu Celibidache (Box)
    Label: Membran International Gmbh   Catalog: 1073091 Release Date: 04/27/2006   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Paul Hindemith,  Albert Roussel,  Benjamin Britten,  Samuel Barber  ... 
    Performer:  Gerhard Puchelt,  Siegfried Borries,  Pierre Fournier
    Conductor:  Sergiu Celibidache
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 73.
    Great Musicians In Copenhagen
    Label: Danacord   Catalog: 303 Release Date: 02/01/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Claude Debussy,  Francis Poulenc  ... 
    Performer:  Gregor Piatigorsky,  Vladimir Horowitz,  Wanda Landowska,  Rudolf Serkin  ... 
    Conductor:  Fritz Busch,  Nicolai Malko
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Danish Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 74.
    Dvorák: Cello Concerto;  Schumann: Cello Concerto
    Label: Danacord   Catalog: 413 Release Date: 01/13/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Robert Schumann
    Performer:  Erling Blöndal Bengtsson
    Conductor:  Ilya Stupel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Artur Rubinstein State Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 75.
    Dvorák: Cello Concerto, Etc / Queyras, Belohlávek, Et Al
    Label: Harmonia Mundi   Catalog: 901867 Release Date: 11/08/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Jean-Guihen Queyras,  Alexander Melnikov,  Isabelle Faust
    Conductor:  Jiri Belohlávek
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Prague Philharmonia
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