Antonín Dvorák

Biography

Born: 1841   Died: 1904   Country: Czechoslovakia   Period: Romantic
Widely regarded as the most distinguished of Czech composers, Antonin Dvorák (1841-1904) produced attractive and vigorous music possessed of clear formal outlines, melodies that are both memorable and spontaneous-sounding, and a colorful, effective instrumental sense. Dvorák is considered one of the major figures of nationalism, both proselytizing for and making actual use of folk influences, which he expertly combined with Classical forms in Read more works of all genres. His symphonies are among his most widely appreciated works; the Symphony No. 9 ("From the New World," 1893) takes a place among the finest and most popular examples of the symphonic literature. Similarly, his Cello Concerto (1894-1895) is one of the cornerstones of the repertory, providing the soloist an opportunity for virtuosic flair and soaring expressivity. Dvorák displayed special skill in writing for chamber ensembles, producing dozens of such works; among these, his 14 string quartets (1862-1895), the "American" Quintet (1893) and the "Dumky" Trio (1890-1891) are outstanding examples of their respective genres, overflowing with attractive folklike melodies set like jewels into the solid fixtures of Brahmsian absolute forms.

Dvorák's "American" and "New World" works arose during the composer's sojourn in the United States in the early 1890s; he was uneasy with American high society and retreated to a small, predominantly Czech town in Iowa for summer vacations during his stay. However, he did make the acquaintance of the pioneering African-American baritone H.T. Burleigh, who may have influenced the seemingly spiritual-like melodies in the "New World" symphony and other works; some claim that the similarity resulted instead from a natural affinity between African-American and Eastern European melodic structures.

By that time, Dvorák was among the most celebrated of European composers, seen by many as the heir to Brahms, who had championed Dvorák during the younger composer's long climb to the top. The son of a butcher and occasional zither player, Dvorák studied the organ in Prague as a young man and worked variously as a café violist and church organist during the 1860s and 1870s while creating a growing body of symphonies, chamber music, and Czech-language opera. For three years in the 1870s he won a government grant (the Viennese critic Hanslick was among the judges) designed to help the careers of struggling young creative artists. Brahms gained for Dvorák a contract with his own publisher, Simrock, in 1877; the association proved a profitable one despite an initial controversy that flared when Dvorák insisted on including Czech-language work titles on the printed covers, a novelty in those musically German-dominated times. In the 1880s and 1890s Dvorák's reputation became international in scope thanks to a series of major masterpieces that included the Seventh, Eighth, and "New World" symphonies. At the end of his life he turned to opera once again; Rusalka, from 1901, incorporates Wagnerian influences into the musical telling of its legend-based story, and remains the most frequently performed of the composer's vocal works. Dvorák, a professor at Prague University from 1891 on, exerted a deep influence on Czech music of the twentieth century; among his students was Josef Suk, who also became his son-in-law. Read less

Dvorák: Symphonies No 7 & 8 / Doráti, London SO
Release Date: 05/12/1992   Label: Mercury Living Presence  
Catalog: 434312   Number of Discs: 1
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Dvorák In Prague - A Celebration
Release Date: 05/29/2007   Label: Kultur Video  
Catalog: 4211   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Concerto for Cello in B minor, Op. 104/B 191

Browse 26-50 of 134 Available Recordings
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  • 26.
    Dvorak - Masterworks / Pesek, Belohlavek, Altrichter
    Label: Arthaus Musik   Catalog: 107513 Release Date: 01/31/2012   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Ivan Zenaty,  Igor Ardasev,  Mischa Maisky
    Conductor:  Jiri Belohlávek,  Petr Altrichter,  Libor Pesek
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Prague Symphony Orchestra
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  • 27.
    Dvorak: Cello Concerto / Zuill Bailey, Jun Markl, Indianapolis Symphony
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 32927 Release Date: 01/17/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Zuill Bailey
    Conductor:  Jun Märkl
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Indianapolis Symphony Orchestra
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  • 28.
    Bbc Legends: Rostropovich
    Label: Bbc Legends   Catalog: 50052 Release Date: 09/27/2011   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Aram Khachaturian,  Dmitri Shostakovich,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Robert Schumann  ... 
    Performer:  Mstislav Rostropovich
    Conductor:  George Hurst,  Sir Colin Davis,  Benjamin Britten,  Yevgeny Svetlanov  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  BBC Symphony Orchestra,  USSR State Radio Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 29.
    Concertos For The New World / Yo-Yo Ma
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 56112 Release Date: 05/03/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Victor Herbert
    Performer:  Yo-Yo Ma
    Conductor:  Kurt Masur
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic
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  • 30.
    Dvorak: Oeuvres Pour Violoncelle Et Orchestre
    Label: Doron Music   Catalog: 3055 Release Date: 04/26/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Mark Drobinsky
    Conductor:  Saulius Sondeckis
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Baltic Festival Orchestra
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  • 31.
    Dvorak: Cello Concerto; Tchaikovsky: Rococo  Variations / Mork
    Label: Virgin Classics Special Import   Catalog: 28623 Release Date: 10/25/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Truls Otterbech Mork
    Conductor:  Mariss Jansons
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Oslo Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 32.
    Pierre Fournier - The Aristocrat Of Cellists
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 29539 Release Date: 09/14/2010   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Maurice Ravel,  Claude Debussy,  Gabriel Fauré  ... 
    Performer:  Pierre Fournier,  Ernest Lush,  Tasso Janopoulo,  Gerald Moore  ... 
    Conductor:  Rafael Kubelik,  Eugčne Bigot,  Walter Susskind,  Alceo Galliera  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Lamoureux Concerts Association Orchestra
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  • 33.
    Guy Fallot
    Label: Gall (Formerly Gallo)   Catalog: 1305/07 Release Date: 08/10/2010   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  André Prévost,  Olivier Messiaen,  Bohuslav Martinu  ... 
    Performer:  Guy Fallot,  Rita Possa,  Emmanuelle Lamasse,  Monique Fallot
    Conductor:  Antonio de Almeida,  André Jouve
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  • 34.
    Dvorak In America
    Label: Supraphon   Catalog: 4025 Release Date: 07/27/2010   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Josef Chuchro,  Milos Sádlo,  Jaroslav Soucek,  Gabriela Benacková
    Conductor:  Jiri Belohlávek,  Václav Neumann
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Panocha String Quartet,  Smetana String Quartet,  Czech Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 35.
    Dvorak: Cello Concerto / Harrell, Ashkenazy, Philharmonia
    Label: London/Decca Jubilee   Catalog: 425020 Release Date: 06/08/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Max Bruch,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Lynn Harrell
    Conductor:  Vladimir Ashkenazy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 36.
    Paul Tortelier - The Great EMI Recordings
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 88627 Release Date: 03/09/2010   Number of Discs: 20
    Composer:  Felix Mendelssohn,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Dmitri Shostakovich,  Richard Strauss  ... 
    Performer:  Paul Tortelier,  Jacques Manzone,  Maud Tortelier
    Conductor:  Jörg Faerber,  Sir Philip Ledger
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Württemberg Chamber Orchestra Heilbronn,  London Mozart Players
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  • 37.
    Dvorak: Violin Concerto, Etc / Sandor Gyudi, Adam Javorkai
    Label: Gramola   Catalog: 98865 Release Date: 11/10/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Adam Javorkai,  Sandor Javorkai
    Conductor:  Sándor Gyüdi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Szeged Symphony Orchestra
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  • 38.
    Yo-Yo Ma - 30 Years Outside the Box
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 752307 Release Date: 10/27/2009   Number of Discs: 90
    Composer:  Sandeep Das,  Traditional,  Kayhan Kalhor,  Zhou Long  ... 
    Performer:  Joseph Gramley,  Kim Dong-Won,  Yo-Yo Ma,  Mark Suter  ... 
    Conductor:  Miguel Harth-Bedoya,  John Williams,  Ennio Morricone,  Isaac Stern  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Silk Road Ensemble,  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  Qi Lin  ... 
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  • 39.
    Pablo Casals - The Complete EMI Recordings
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 94932 Release Date: 06/16/2009   Number of Discs: 9
    Composer:  Manel Saderra,  Julio Garreta,  Enrique Casals,  Pablo Casals  ... 
    Performer:  Pablo Casals,  Otto Schulhof,  Blas Net,  Jacques Thibaud  ... 
    Conductor:  Pablo Casals,  Landon Ronald,  Alfred Cortot,  Sir Adrian Boult  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cobla "La Principal de Gerona",  London Symphony Orchestra,  Pablo Casals Orchestra  ... 
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  • 40.
    Dvorak: Cello Concerto; Janacek: Sinfonietta / Fournier, Kubelik
    Label: Eloquence   Catalog: 4800955 Release Date: 05/26/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Antonín Dvorák,  Leos Janácek
    Performer:  Pierre Fournier
    Conductor:  Rafael Kubelik
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 41.
    X2: Yo-yo Ma [limited Edition]
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 7526602 Release Date: 05/18/2009   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Antonín Dvorák,  Victor Herbert
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  • 42.
    Dvorak: Cello Concerto; Slavonic Dances (Selection)
    Label: Lontano   Catalog: 4691060 Release Date: 05/04/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
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  • 43.
    Dvorák, Herbert: Cello Concertos / G. Capuçon, P. Järvi, Frankfurt Radio SO
    Label: Virgin Classics   Catalog: 519035 Release Date: 02/10/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Victor Herbert
    Performer:  Gautier Capuçon
    Conductor:  Paavo Järvi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Frankfurt Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 44.
    The Best Of Czech Classics - Dvorak: Concertos / Suk, Hudecek, Moravec, Sadlo, Belohlavek, Neumann, Czech Po
    Label: Supraphon   Catalog: 3965 Release Date: 01/27/2009   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Milos Sádlo,  Ivan Moravec,  Václav Hudecek,  Josef Suk
    Conductor:  Václav Neumann,  Jiri Belohlávek
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Czech Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 45.
    Bloch: Schelomo;  Dvorak: Cello Concerto / Barzin, Feuermann
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 420776 Release Date: 11/10/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ernest Bloch,  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Emanuel Feuermann
    Conductor:  Leon Barzin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  National Orchestral Association
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  • 46.
    Dvorak: Cello Concerto, Carnaval Overture, Rusalka / Neumann
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 422387 Release Date: 11/04/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Julian Lloyd Webber
    Conductor:  Václav Neumann
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Czech Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 47.
    Masterworks: Dvorak
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 954334 Release Date: 10/21/2008   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Rudolf Firkusny,  Ruggiero Ricci,  Zara Nelsova,  Jiri Hudec  ... 
    Conductor:  Yehudi Menuhin,  Paavo Järvi,  Walter Susskind,  John Farrer  ... 
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  • 48.
    Elgar, Dvorak: Cello Concertos / Fournier, Szell, Rosabud
    Label: Medici Masters   Catalog: 28-2 Release Date: 09/30/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sir Edward Elgar,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Pierre Fournier
    Conductor:  Hans Rosbaud,  George Szell
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cologne Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 49.
    Dvorák Cycle Vol 4 - Cello Concerto, Symphony No 9
    Label: Arthaus Musik   Catalog: 102141 Release Date: 07/29/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Mischa Maisky
    Conductor:  Libor Pesek
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Prague Symphony Orchestra
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  • 50.
    Silent Woods - Dvorák / Ofra Harnoy, Sir Charles Mackerras
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 68186 Release Date: 03/26/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Ofra Harnoy,  Michael Dussek
    Conductor:  Sir Charles Mackerras
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Prague Symphony Orchestra
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