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Antonín Dvorák

Biography

Born: 1841   Died: 1904   Country: Czechoslovakia   Period: Romantic
Widely regarded as the most distinguished of Czech composers, Antonin Dvorák (1841-1904) produced attractive and vigorous music possessed of clear formal outlines, melodies that are both memorable and spontaneous-sounding, and a colorful, effective instrumental sense. Dvorák is considered one of the major figures of nationalism, both proselytizing for and making actual use of folk influences, which he expertly combined with Classical forms in Read more works of all genres. His symphonies are among his most widely appreciated works; the Symphony No. 9 ("From the New World," 1893) takes a place among the finest and most popular examples of the symphonic literature. Similarly, his Cello Concerto (1894-1895) is one of the cornerstones of the repertory, providing the soloist an opportunity for virtuosic flair and soaring expressivity. Dvorák displayed special skill in writing for chamber ensembles, producing dozens of such works; among these, his 14 string quartets (1862-1895), the "American" Quintet (1893) and the "Dumky" Trio (1890-1891) are outstanding examples of their respective genres, overflowing with attractive folklike melodies set like jewels into the solid fixtures of Brahmsian absolute forms.
Dvorák's "American" and "New World" works arose during the composer's sojourn in the United States in the early 1890s; he was uneasy with American high society and retreated to a small, predominantly Czech town in Iowa for summer vacations during his stay. However, he did make the acquaintance of the pioneering African-American baritone H.T. Burleigh, who may have influenced the seemingly spiritual-like melodies in the "New World" symphony and other works; some claim that the similarity resulted instead from a natural affinity between African-American and Eastern European melodic structures.
By that time, Dvorák was among the most celebrated of European composers, seen by many as the heir to Brahms, who had championed Dvorák during the younger composer's long climb to the top. The son of a butcher and occasional zither player, Dvorák studied the organ in Prague as a young man and worked variously as a café violist and church organist during the 1860s and 1870s while creating a growing body of symphonies, chamber music, and Czech-language opera. For three years in the 1870s he won a government grant (the Viennese critic Hanslick was among the judges) designed to help the careers of struggling young creative artists. Brahms gained for Dvorák a contract with his own publisher, Simrock, in 1877; the association proved a profitable one despite an initial controversy that flared when Dvorák insisted on including Czech-language work titles on the printed covers, a novelty in those musically German-dominated times. In the 1880s and 1890s Dvorák's reputation became international in scope thanks to a series of major masterpieces that included the Seventh, Eighth, and "New World" symphonies. At the end of his life he turned to opera once again; Rusalka, from 1901, incorporates Wagnerian influences into the musical telling of its legend-based story, and remains the most frequently performed of the composer's vocal works. Dvorák, a professor at Prague University from 1891 on, exerted a deep influence on Czech music of the twentieth century; among his students was Josef Suk, who also became his son-in-law. Read less
Dvorák: Cello Concerto, Etc / Queyras, Belohlávek, Et Al
Release Date: 11/08/2005   Label: Harmonia Mundi  
Catalog: 901867   Number of Discs: 1
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Dvorák: Symphony No 9, Symphonic Variations / Alsop, Baltimore SO
Release Date: 05/27/2008   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8570714   Number of Discs: 1
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Dvorák: String Quartet Op 34, Terzetto / Vlach Quartet
Release Date: 11/19/1996   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8553373   Number of Discs: 1
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Dvorák: Music For Violin And Piano Vol 1 / Zhou, Battersby
Release Date: 10/16/2001   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8554413   Number of Discs: 1
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Dvorák: String Quintet Op 1 & 97 / Vlach String Quartet
Release Date: 05/15/2001   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8553376   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Concerto for Cello in B minor, Op. 104/B 191

Browse 126-133 of 133 Available Recordings
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  • 126.
    Dvorák, Haydn: Cello Concertos / Du Pré, Barenboim
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 47614 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Jacqueline Du Pré
    Conductor:  Daniel Barenboim
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Chamber Orchestra,  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
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  • 127.
    Dvorak: Cello Concerto, Etc / Ma, Maazel, Berlin Po
    Label: Cbs Masterworks   Catalog: 42206 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Yo-Yo Ma
    Conductor:  Lorin Maazel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 128.
    Dvorák: Cello Concerto; Bruch, Tchaikovsky / Starker, Dorati
    Label: Mercury Living Presence   Catalog: 432001 Release Date: 09/12/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Max Bruch,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  János Starker
    Conductor:  Antal Doráti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $12.99
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  • 129.
    Jacqueline Du Pré - Favorite Cello Concertos
    Label: Emi Studio   Catalog: 63283 Release Date: 05/07/1990   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Mathias Georg Monn,  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Robert Schumann  ... 
    Performer:  Jacqueline Du Pré
    Conductor:  Sir John Barbirolli,  Daniel Barenboim
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Chamber Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra,  New Philharmonia Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $32.49
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  • 130.
    Dvorák: Cello Concerto; Bruch, Bloch / Pierre Fournier
    Label: Dg Musikfest   Catalog: 429155 Release Date: 05/01/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Max Bruch,  Ernest Bloch,  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Pierre Fournier
    Conductor:  Jean Martinon,  Alfred Wallenstein,  George Szell
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Lamoureux Concerts Association Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $8.99
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  • 131.
    Great Cello Concertos / Yo-yo Ma
    Label: Cbs Masterworks   Catalog: 44562 Release Date: 11/20/1989   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Sir Edward Elgar,  Antonín Dvorák,  Robert Schumann,  Camille Saint-Saëns  ... 
    Performer:  Yo-Yo Ma
    Conductor:  André Previn,  Lorin Maazel,  Sir Colin Davis,  José L. Garcia
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $19.99
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  • 132.
    Dvorák: Cello Concerto; Bloch: Schelomo / Maisky, Bernstein
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 427347 Release Date: 09/08/1989   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ernest Bloch,  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Mischa Maisky
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Israel Philharmonic Orchestra
    ArkivCD $16.99
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  • 133.
    Dvorak, Elgar: Cello Concertos / Fournier, Szell, Berlin Po
    Label: Dg Galleria   Catalog: 423881 Release Date: 01/01/1980   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sir Edward Elgar,  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Pierre Fournier
    Conductor:  Alfred Wallenstein,  George Szell
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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