Antonín Dvorák

Biography

Born: 1841   Died: 1904   Country: Czechoslovakia   Period: Romantic
Widely regarded as the most distinguished of Czech composers, Antonin Dvorák (1841-1904) produced attractive and vigorous music possessed of clear formal outlines, melodies that are both memorable and spontaneous-sounding, and a colorful, effective instrumental sense. Dvorák is considered one of the major figures of nationalism, both proselytizing for and making actual use of folk influences, which he expertly combined with Classical forms in Read more works of all genres. His symphonies are among his most widely appreciated works; the Symphony No. 9 ("From the New World," 1893) takes a place among the finest and most popular examples of the symphonic literature. Similarly, his Cello Concerto (1894-1895) is one of the cornerstones of the repertory, providing the soloist an opportunity for virtuosic flair and soaring expressivity. Dvorák displayed special skill in writing for chamber ensembles, producing dozens of such works; among these, his 14 string quartets (1862-1895), the "American" Quintet (1893) and the "Dumky" Trio (1890-1891) are outstanding examples of their respective genres, overflowing with attractive folklike melodies set like jewels into the solid fixtures of Brahmsian absolute forms.
Dvorák's "American" and "New World" works arose during the composer's sojourn in the United States in the early 1890s; he was uneasy with American high society and retreated to a small, predominantly Czech town in Iowa for summer vacations during his stay. However, he did make the acquaintance of the pioneering African-American baritone H.T. Burleigh, who may have influenced the seemingly spiritual-like melodies in the "New World" symphony and other works; some claim that the similarity resulted instead from a natural affinity between African-American and Eastern European melodic structures.
By that time, Dvorák was among the most celebrated of European composers, seen by many as the heir to Brahms, who had championed Dvorák during the younger composer's long climb to the top. The son of a butcher and occasional zither player, Dvorák studied the organ in Prague as a young man and worked variously as a café violist and church organist during the 1860s and 1870s while creating a growing body of symphonies, chamber music, and Czech-language opera. For three years in the 1870s he won a government grant (the Viennese critic Hanslick was among the judges) designed to help the careers of struggling young creative artists. Brahms gained for Dvorák a contract with his own publisher, Simrock, in 1877; the association proved a profitable one despite an initial controversy that flared when Dvorák insisted on including Czech-language work titles on the printed covers, a novelty in those musically German-dominated times. In the 1880s and 1890s Dvorák's reputation became international in scope thanks to a series of major masterpieces that included the Seventh, Eighth, and "New World" symphonies. At the end of his life he turned to opera once again; Rusalka, from 1901, incorporates Wagnerian influences into the musical telling of its legend-based story, and remains the most frequently performed of the composer's vocal works. Dvorák, a professor at Prague University from 1891 on, exerted a deep influence on Czech music of the twentieth century; among his students was Josef Suk, who also became his son-in-law. Read less
Dvorák: Cypresses / Delmé Quartet, Robinson, Johnson
Release Date: 01/25/2005   Label: Somm  
Catalog: 236   Number of Discs: 1
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Dvorák Cycle Vol 1 - Symphony No 7 / Zenaty, Bělohlávek
Release Date: 02/26/2008   Label: Arthaus Musik  
Catalog: 102135   Number of Discs: 1
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Dvorák Cycle Vol 2 - Biblical Songs, Violin Concerto, Te Deum
Release Date: 03/25/2008   Label: Arthaus Musik  
Catalog: 102137   Number of Discs: 1
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Dvorák Cycle Vol 4 - Cello Concerto, Symphony No 9
Release Date: 07/29/2008   Label: Arthaus Musik  
Catalog: 102141   Number of Discs: 1
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Dvorák Cycle Vol 5 - Stabat Mater / Pesek, Prague Symphony Orchestra
Release Date: 09/30/2008   Label: Arthaus Musik  
Catalog: 102143   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Concerto for Cello in B minor, Op. 104/B 191

Browse 101-113 of 113 Available Recordings
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  • 101.
    Dvorak, Schumann: Cello Concertos / Maisky, Bernstein
    Label: Dg Masters   Catalog: 445574 Release Date: 02/01/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Robert Schumann,  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Mischa Maisky
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Israel Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 102.
    Dvorák: Cello Concerto;  Tchaikowsky / Rostropovich, Karajan
    Label: Dg The Originals   Catalog: 447413 Release Date: 01/23/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Mstislav Rostropovich
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 103.
    Label: Supraphon   Catalog: 111544 Release Date: 09/20/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Angelica May
    Conductor:  Václav Neumann
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  • 104.
    Dvorak: Cello Concertos
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8550503 Release Date: 02/15/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sir Edward Elgar,  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Maria Kliegel
    Conductor:  Michael Halász
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 105.
    Dvorak: Cello Concerto;  Saint-saens, Etc / Pierre Fournier
    Label: Testament   Catalog: 1016 Release Date: 10/01/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Claude Debussy,  Maurice Ravel,  Gabriel Fauré  ... 
    Performer:  Gerald Moore,  Pierre Fournier,  Ernest Lush
    Conductor:  Walter Susskind,  Rafael Kubelik
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 106.
    Cello Masterpieces - Dvorák, Etc / Cassadó, Perlea, Et Al
    Label: Vox Box Legends   Catalog: 5502 Release Date: 11/04/1992   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ottorino Respighi,  Antonín Dvorák,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Robert Schumann  ... 
    Performer:  Gaspar Cassadó
    Conductor:  Jonel Perlea
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bamberg Symphony Orchestra,  Vienna Pro Musica Orchestra
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  • 107.
    Dvorak, Dohnanyi: Cello Concertos / Wallfisch, Mackerras
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 8662 Release Date: 10/28/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ernö von Dohnányi,  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Raphael Wallfisch
    Conductor:  Sir Charles Mackerras
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 108.
    Dvorak: Violin Concerto, Cello Concerto / Stern, Rose Et Al
    Label: Sony Classical Essential Classics   Catalog: 46337 Release Date: 04/05/1991   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Leonard Rose,  Isaac Stern
    Conductor:  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra
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  • 109.
    Dvorák: Cello Concerto; Bruch, Tchaikovsky / Starker, Dorati
    Label: Mercury Living Presence   Catalog: 432001 Release Date: 09/12/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Max Bruch,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  János Starker
    Conductor:  Antal Doráti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 110.
    Dvorák: Cello Concerto; Bruch, Bloch / Pierre Fournier
    Label: Dg Musikfest   Catalog: 429155 Release Date: 05/01/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Max Bruch,  Ernest Bloch,  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Pierre Fournier
    Conductor:  Jean Martinon,  Alfred Wallenstein,  George Szell
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Lamoureux Concerts Association Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 111.
    Great Cello Concertos / Yo-yo Ma
    Label: Cbs Masterworks   Catalog: 44562 Release Date: 11/20/1989   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Sir Edward Elgar,  Antonín Dvorák,  Robert Schumann,  Camille Saint-Saëns  ... 
    Performer:  Yo-Yo Ma
    Conductor:  André Previn,  Lorin Maazel,  Sir Colin Davis,  José L. Garcia
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 112.
    Dvorák: Cello Concerto; Bloch: Schelomo / Maisky, Bernstein
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 427347 Release Date: 09/08/1989   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ernest Bloch,  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Mischa Maisky
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Israel Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 113.
    Dvorak, Elgar: Cello Concertos / Fournier, Szell, Berlin Po
    Label: Dg Galleria   Catalog: 423881 Release Date: 01/01/1980   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sir Edward Elgar,  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Pierre Fournier
    Conductor:  Alfred Wallenstein,  George Szell
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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