Antonín Dvorák

Biography

Born: 1841   Died: 1904   Country: Czechoslovakia   Period: Romantic
Widely regarded as the most distinguished of Czech composers, Antonin Dvorák (1841-1904) produced attractive and vigorous music possessed of clear formal outlines, melodies that are both memorable and spontaneous-sounding, and a colorful, effective instrumental sense. Dvorák is considered one of the major figures of nationalism, both proselytizing for and making actual use of folk influences, which he expertly combined with Classical forms in Read more works of all genres. His symphonies are among his most widely appreciated works; the Symphony No. 9 ("From the New World," 1893) takes a place among the finest and most popular examples of the symphonic literature. Similarly, his Cello Concerto (1894-1895) is one of the cornerstones of the repertory, providing the soloist an opportunity for virtuosic flair and soaring expressivity. Dvorák displayed special skill in writing for chamber ensembles, producing dozens of such works; among these, his 14 string quartets (1862-1895), the "American" Quintet (1893) and the "Dumky" Trio (1890-1891) are outstanding examples of their respective genres, overflowing with attractive folklike melodies set like jewels into the solid fixtures of Brahmsian absolute forms.
Dvorák's "American" and "New World" works arose during the composer's sojourn in the United States in the early 1890s; he was uneasy with American high society and retreated to a small, predominantly Czech town in Iowa for summer vacations during his stay. However, he did make the acquaintance of the pioneering African-American baritone H.T. Burleigh, who may have influenced the seemingly spiritual-like melodies in the "New World" symphony and other works; some claim that the similarity resulted instead from a natural affinity between African-American and Eastern European melodic structures.
By that time, Dvorák was among the most celebrated of European composers, seen by many as the heir to Brahms, who had championed Dvorák during the younger composer's long climb to the top. The son of a butcher and occasional zither player, Dvorák studied the organ in Prague as a young man and worked variously as a café violist and church organist during the 1860s and 1870s while creating a growing body of symphonies, chamber music, and Czech-language opera. For three years in the 1870s he won a government grant (the Viennese critic Hanslick was among the judges) designed to help the careers of struggling young creative artists. Brahms gained for Dvorák a contract with his own publisher, Simrock, in 1877; the association proved a profitable one despite an initial controversy that flared when Dvorák insisted on including Czech-language work titles on the printed covers, a novelty in those musically German-dominated times. In the 1880s and 1890s Dvorák's reputation became international in scope thanks to a series of major masterpieces that included the Seventh, Eighth, and "New World" symphonies. At the end of his life he turned to opera once again; Rusalka, from 1901, incorporates Wagnerian influences into the musical telling of its legend-based story, and remains the most frequently performed of the composer's vocal works. Dvorák, a professor at Prague University from 1891 on, exerted a deep influence on Czech music of the twentieth century; among his students was Josef Suk, who also became his son-in-law. Read less
Dvorák: Symphony No 8, The Wild Dove, Etc / Kreizberg, Et Al
Release Date: 06/26/2007   Label: Pentatone  
Catalog: 5186065   Number of Discs: 1
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Dvorák: Symphony No 6 In D Major Op. 60, Etc / Kreizberg, Netherlands Philharmonic Orchestra
Release Date: 05/27/2008   Label: Pentatone  
Catalog: 5186302   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Carnival Overture, Op. 92

Browse 26-50 of 94 Available Recordings
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  • 26.
    Dvorak Greatest Hits / Various
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 761877 Release Date: 02/02/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Leontyne Price
    Conductor:  Nello Santi,  Sir Andrew Davis,  George Szell
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Opera House Covent Garden Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Cleveland Orchestra
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  • 27.
    2006 Midwest Clinic
    Label: Mark Records   Catalog: 5637566858 Release Date: 11/24/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Emil Waldteufel,  Arnold Schoenberg,  Henry Fillmore,  Alberto Ginastera  ... 
    Conductor:  Dennis M. Layendecker
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  United States Air Force Band
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  • 28.
    Yo-Yo Ma - 30 Years Outside the Box
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 752307 Release Date: 10/27/2009   Number of Discs: 90
    Composer:  Sandeep Das,  Traditional,  Kayhan Kalhor,  Zhou Long  ... 
    Performer:  Joseph Gramley,  Kim Dong-Won,  Yo-Yo Ma,  Mark Suter  ... 
    Conductor:  Miguel Harth-Bedoya,  John T. Williams,  Ennio Morricone,  Isaac Stern  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Silk Road Ensemble,  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  Qi Lin  ... 
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  • 29.
    Dvorak: Symphony No 9, Othello & Carnival Overtures / Kertesz
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 466212 Release Date: 10/12/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Conductor:  István Kertész
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 30.
    Dvorak: Symphony No. 9; Carnival Overture / Roger Norrington, Rso Stuttgart
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 93251 Release Date: 09/08/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Conductor:  Roger Norrington
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Stuttgart Radio Orchestra
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  • 31.
    Smetana: Moldau, Bartered Bride Etc / Szell, Cleveland
    Label: Cbs Great Performances   Catalog: 36716 Release Date: 08/31/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Bedrich Smetana
    Conductor:  George Szell
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cleveland Orchestra
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  • 32.
    Dvorak: Symphony No 9, Carnival, Scherzo / Jarvi, Et Al
    Label: Sheridan Square   Catalog: 28100 Release Date: 08/11/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Conductor:  Paavo Järvi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 33.
    Dvorak: Carnival Oveture;  Massenet: Meditation, Etc / Eric Plutz, John Fleming
    Label: Pro Organo   Catalog: 7227 Release Date: 02/10/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Mikhail Glinka,  Richard Wagner,  Antonín Dvorák,  Jules Massenet  ... 
    Performer:  Eric Pluntz,  John Fleming
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  • 34.
    Dvorak: Symphony No 9, Carnival Overture, Scherzo Capriccioso / Jarvi, Royal Po
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 93258 Release Date: 02/10/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Conductor:  Paavo Järvi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $8.99
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  • 35.
    Dvorak: Symphony No 8, Mozart: Bassoon Concerto, Bartok: Concerto for Orchestra / Mehta, LAP
    Label: Euroarts   Catalog: 2072248 Release Date: 09/30/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Béla Bartók,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  David Breidenthal
    Conductor:  Zubin Mehta
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 36.
    Dvorák: Symphony No 9; Enesco: Roumanian Rhapsody / Fiedler
    Label: Rca Papillion   Catalog: 6530 Release Date: 07/23/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  George Enescu
    Conductor:  Arthur Fiedler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra,  Boston Pops
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  • 37.
    Dvorak: Symphony No 9, Carnaval Overture / Ozawa
    Label: Philips Concert Classics   Catalog: 426073 Release Date: 06/04/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Conductor:  Seiji Ozawa
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  San Francisco Symphony Orchestra
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  • 38.
    Suk: Symphony No 1 In E Major;  Dvorak: Overtures / Netopil, Prague So
    Label: Supraphon   Catalog: 3941 Release Date: 04/29/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Josef Suk,  Antonín Dvorák
    Conductor:  Tomas Netopil
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Prague Symphony Orchestra
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  • 39.
    Ultimate Dvorak - The Essential Masterpieces
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001079102 Release Date: 03/11/2008   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Julian Lloyd Webber
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner,  Kurt Masur,  Václav Neumann,  Raymond Leppard  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields,  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra,  Czech Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 40.
    Dvorák: Symphony No 9, Carnival Overture / Chailly
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 421016 Release Date: 02/06/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Conductor:  Riccardo Chailly
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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  • 41.
    Dvorak: Symphony No 9, Carnival Overture / Lorin Maazel
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 410032 Release Date: 02/06/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Conductor:  Lorin Maazel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 42.
    Overtures And Finales / United States Navy Band
    Label: Altissimo   Catalog: ALT70182 Release Date: 10/30/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Richard Wagner,  Louis Ferdinand Herold,  Hector Berlioz  ... 
    Conductor:  Ralph M. Gambone
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  United States Navy Band
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  • 43.
    Dvorák: Piano Concerto, Carnival Ov / Frantz, Bélohlávek
    Label: Eurodisc   Catalog: 69072 Release Date: 08/29/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Justus Frantz
    Conductor:  Jiri Belohlávek
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Prague Symphony Orchestra
    ArkivCD $16.99
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  • 44.
    Dvorák: Symphony No 9 / Ormandy, Philadelphia Orchestra
    Label: Rca Victrola   Catalog: 60537 Release Date: 07/23/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Conductor:  Eugene Ormandy,  Fritz Reiner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra,  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
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  • 45.
    Dvorák In Prague - A Celebration
    Label: Kultur Video   Catalog: 4211 Release Date: 05/29/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Frederica Von Stade,  Yo-Yo Ma,  Itzhak Perlman
    Conductor:  Seiji Ozawa
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra
    DVD: $23.99
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  • 46.
    The Best Of Czech Classics / Belohlávek, Neumann, Czech Po
    Label: Supraphon   Catalog: 3891 Release Date: 11/28/2006   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Bedrich Smetana
    Conductor:  Jiri Belohlávek,  Václav Neumann
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Czech Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $24.99
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  • 47.
    The Very Best Of Dvorák
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8552139 Release Date: 10/31/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Qian Zhou,  Edmund Battersby,  Christian Kohn,  Silke-Thora Matthies  ... 
    Conductor:  Stephen Gunzenhauser,  Antoni Wit,  Michael Halász,  Robert Shafer  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Joachim Trio,  BBC Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vlach String Quartet Prague  ... 
    CD: $17.99
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  • 48.
    Václav Talich Special Edition Vol 11 - Dvorák
    Label: Supraphon   Catalog: 3831 Release Date: 09/26/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Conductor:  Vaclav Talich
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Czech Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $9.99
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  • 49.
    Gemini - Dvorak: Symphony No 7-9 / Giulini, Et Al
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 50859 Release Date: 05/02/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Conductor:  Carlo Maria Giulini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $12.99
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  • 50.
    Great Musicians In Copenhagen
    Label: Danacord   Catalog: 303 Release Date: 02/01/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Claude Debussy,  Francis Poulenc  ... 
    Performer:  Gregor Piatigorsky,  Vladimir Horowitz,  Wanda Landowska,  Rudolf Serkin  ... 
    Conductor:  Fritz Busch,  Nicolai Malko
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Danish Radio Symphony Orchestra
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