Antonín Dvorák

Biography

Born: 1841   Died: 1904   Country: Czechoslovakia   Period: Romantic
Widely regarded as the most distinguished of Czech composers, Antonin Dvorák (1841-1904) produced attractive and vigorous music possessed of clear formal outlines, melodies that are both memorable and spontaneous-sounding, and a colorful, effective instrumental sense. Dvorák is considered one of the major figures of nationalism, both proselytizing for and making actual use of folk influences, which he expertly combined with Classical forms in Read more works of all genres. His symphonies are among his most widely appreciated works; the Symphony No. 9 ("From the New World," 1893) takes a place among the finest and most popular examples of the symphonic literature. Similarly, his Cello Concerto (1894-1895) is one of the cornerstones of the repertory, providing the soloist an opportunity for virtuosic flair and soaring expressivity. Dvorák displayed special skill in writing for chamber ensembles, producing dozens of such works; among these, his 14 string quartets (1862-1895), the "American" Quintet (1893) and the "Dumky" Trio (1890-1891) are outstanding examples of their respective genres, overflowing with attractive folklike melodies set like jewels into the solid fixtures of Brahmsian absolute forms.
Dvorák's "American" and "New World" works arose during the composer's sojourn in the United States in the early 1890s; he was uneasy with American high society and retreated to a small, predominantly Czech town in Iowa for summer vacations during his stay. However, he did make the acquaintance of the pioneering African-American baritone H.T. Burleigh, who may have influenced the seemingly spiritual-like melodies in the "New World" symphony and other works; some claim that the similarity resulted instead from a natural affinity between African-American and Eastern European melodic structures.
By that time, Dvorák was among the most celebrated of European composers, seen by many as the heir to Brahms, who had championed Dvorák during the younger composer's long climb to the top. The son of a butcher and occasional zither player, Dvorák studied the organ in Prague as a young man and worked variously as a café violist and church organist during the 1860s and 1870s while creating a growing body of symphonies, chamber music, and Czech-language opera. For three years in the 1870s he won a government grant (the Viennese critic Hanslick was among the judges) designed to help the careers of struggling young creative artists. Brahms gained for Dvorák a contract with his own publisher, Simrock, in 1877; the association proved a profitable one despite an initial controversy that flared when Dvorák insisted on including Czech-language work titles on the printed covers, a novelty in those musically German-dominated times. In the 1880s and 1890s Dvorák's reputation became international in scope thanks to a series of major masterpieces that included the Seventh, Eighth, and "New World" symphonies. At the end of his life he turned to opera once again; Rusalka, from 1901, incorporates Wagnerian influences into the musical telling of its legend-based story, and remains the most frequently performed of the composer's vocal works. Dvorák, a professor at Prague University from 1891 on, exerted a deep influence on Czech music of the twentieth century; among his students was Josef Suk, who also became his son-in-law. Read less
Dvorák: Symphonic Poems, Overtures / Kuchar
Release Date: 03/01/2005   Label: Brilliant Classics  
Catalog: 92297   Number of Discs: 3
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Work: Carnival Overture, Op. 92

Browse 1-25 of 98 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    Istvan Kertesz: The London Years
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002033602 Release Date: 04/15/2014   Number of Discs: 12
    Composer:  Béla Bartók,  Johannes Brahms,  Anton Bruckner,  Antonín Dvorák  ... 
    Performer:  Walter Berry,  Christa Ludwig,  Pilar Lorengar,  Erzsébet Komlossy  ... 
    Conductor:  István Kertész
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Ambrosian Singers,  Brighton Festival Chorus  ... 
    Recommendation
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  • 2.
    RCA Living Stereo Collection Vol 1
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 541497 Release Date: 04/15/2014   Number of Discs: 60
    Composer:  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Claude Debussy,  Jacques Ibert,  Maurice Ravel  ... 
    Performer:  Berj Zamkochian,  John Weicher,  Philip Farkas,  Jascha Heifetz  ... 
    Conductor:  Charles Munch,  Fritz Reiner,  Kiril Kondrashin,  Arthur Fiedler  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra,  New England Conservatory Chorus,  New England Conservatory Alumni Chorus  ... 
    Recommendation
    On sale! $125.98
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  • 3.
    Roger Norrington - The Romantics
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 93313 Release Date: 01/28/2014   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Hector Berlioz,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Anton Bruckner  ... 
    Performer:  Anu Komsi
    Conductor:  Roger Norrington
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Stuttgart Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Southwest German Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Stuttgart Radio Orchestra
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    CD: $68.99
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  • 4.
    Carlo Maria Giulini: The London Years
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 93739 Release Date: 12/03/2013   Number of Discs: 17
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Modest Mussorgsky,  Benjamin Britten,  César Franck  ... 
    Performer:  Sheila Armstrong,  Anna Reynolds,  Robert Tear,  John Shirley-Quirk
    Conductor:  Carlo Maria Giulini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra,  New Philharmonia Orchestra  ... 
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    CD: $64.49
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  • 5.
    Smetana: The Moldau - Czech Music By Smetana & Dvorak
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 300539 Release Date: 10/08/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Bedrich Smetana,  Antonín Dvorák
    Conductor:  Theodore Kuchar
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Janácek Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 6.
    Dvorak: Symphonies No 8 & 9, Etc / Jarvi, Menuhin, Royal Po
    Label: Regis   Catalog: 2006 Release Date: 07/12/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Conductor:  Yehudi Menuhin,  Paavo Järvi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $21.99
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  • 7.
    Dvorak In Prague: A Celebration (Remastered)
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 756035 Release Date: 07/09/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Itzhak Perlman,  Yo-Yo Ma,  Rudolf Firkusny,  Frederica Von Stade
    Conductor:  Seiji Ozawa
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra,  Prague Philharmonic Chorus
    CD: $8.99
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  • 8.
    Dvorak: Complete Symphonies, Orchestral Works
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 94671 Release Date: 06/25/2013   Number of Discs: 9
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Conductor:  Otmar Suitner,  Theodore Kuchar,  John Farrer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Staatskapelle Orchestra,  Ostrava Janácek Philharmonic Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
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    CD: $44.49
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  • 9.
    Dvorak: Complete Published Orchestral Works
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8501702 Release Date: 05/28/2013   Number of Discs: 17
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Jénö Jandó,  Ilya Kaler,  Alexander Trostiansky,  Maria Kliegel  ... 
    Conductor:  Stephen Gunzenhauser,  Antoni Wit,  Camilla Kolchinsky,  Dmitry Yablonsky  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Slovak Philharmonic Orchestra,  Czecho-Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Polish Radio Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 10.
    Dvorak, Mozart, Bartok / Zubin Mehta, Los Angeles Philharmonic [blu-ray]
    Label: Euroarts   Catalog: 2072244 Release Date: 02/26/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Béla Bartók,  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  David Breidenthal
    Conductor:  Zubin Mehta
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra
    Blu-ray Video: $39.99
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  • 11.
    Icon - Constantin Silvestri [15-CD Set]
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 233472 Release Date: 02/05/2013   Number of Discs: 15
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  George Enescu,  Franz Liszt  ... 
    Conductor:  Constantin Silvestri
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  Orchestre de la Société du Conservatoire Paris  ... 
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  • 12.
    Dvorak: The Symphonies / Davis, Philharmonia
    Label: Sony (Nax615)   Catalog: 5409112 Release Date: 11/06/2012   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Conductor:  Sir Andrew Davis,  Rudolf Kempe,  David Zinman,  Marcel Moyse
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Munich Philharmonic Orchestra,  Southwest German Radio Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 13.
    Two Oxford Organs / Brooks, Webber
    Label: Priory Records   Catalog: 1050 Release Date: 08/14/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Antonín Dvorák,  Sebastián Aguilera de Heredia,  Johann Pachelbel  ... 
    Performer:  Geoffrey Webber,  Gerard Brooks
    On sale! $22.98
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  • 14.
    Neeme Jarvi - Highlights From A Remarkable 30 Year Recording Career
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 24144 Release Date: 07/31/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Johan Halvorsen,  Gustav Mahler,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Melina Madozzi,  Linda Finnie,  Felicity Lott,  Suzanne Murphy  ... 
    Conductor:  Neeme Järvi
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  • 15.
    Dvorak: Symphonic Works / Neumann, Czech
    Label: Supraphon   Catalog: 4090 Release Date: 04/24/2012   Number of Discs: 8
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Conductor:  Václav Neumann
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Czech Philharmonic Orchestra
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    On sale! $56.98
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  • 16.
    Overtures
    Label: Klavier Records   Catalog: 11190 Release Date: 04/24/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Jacques Offenbach,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Daniel-François Auber  ... 
    Conductor:  Lowell E. Graham
    CD: $17.99
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  • 17.
    Dvořák: Symphonies No 6-9, Carnival Overture
    Label: Royal Philharmonic Orchestra   Catalog: 20 Release Date: 09/27/2011   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Conductor:  Grzegorz Nowak
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  • 18.
    Dvorak Experience
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 4679604 Release Date: 04/26/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Arto Noras,  Trio Fontenay,  Eva Urbanová,  András Schiff
    Conductor:  Kurt Masur,  Sakari Oramo,  Nikolaus Harnoncourt,  Ondrej Lenárd  ... 
    CD: $14.99
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  • 19.
    Best Of Classics - Bach, Beethoven, Strauss, Vivaldi, Dvorak, Chopin, Mozart
    Label: Supraphon   Catalog: 4013 Release Date: 10/26/2010   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Antonín Dvorák,  Leos Janácek  ... 
    Performer:  Jiri Reinberger,  Jan Kalfus,  Miroslav Kejmar,  Zuzana Ruzicková  ... 
    Conductor:  Bohumil Kulínsky,  Jaroslav Krcek,  Milan Munclinger,  Josef Vlach  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Prague Children's Chorus,  Musica Bohemica,  Ars Rediviva  ... 
    CD: $54.49
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  • 20.
    Dvorak: Symphony No. 9; Carnival Overture / Ozawa, San Francisco Symphony
    Label: Pentatone   Catalog: 5186168 Release Date: 10/26/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Conductor:  Seiji Ozawa
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  San Francisco Symphony Orchestra
    SuperAudio CD: $19.99
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  • 21.
    Great Singers And Musicians In Copenhagen, 1931-1939
    Label: Danacord   Catalog: 691/96 Release Date: 06/08/2010   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Richard Wagner,  Bedrich Smetana,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  Anny Konetzni,  Lauritz Melchior,  Zedenka Zikova,  Viorica Tango  ... 
    Conductor:  Hans Weisbach,  Nicolai Malko,  Bruno Walter,  Egisto Tango  ... 
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  • 22.
    Fritz Busch - Beethoven, Chopin, Brahms, Dvorak
    Label: Guild   Catalog: 2354 Release Date: 05/11/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Frédéric Chopin,  Johannes Brahms,  Antonín Dvorák,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Claudio Arrau,  Marian Anderson
    Conductor:  Fritz Busch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic,  Danish Radio Symphony Orchestra
    On sale! $15.98
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  • 23.
    Dvorak: Symphonies, Overtures / Rowicki, London Symphony Orchestra [6-CD Collector's Edition]
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001407102 Release Date: 03/30/2010   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Conductor:  Witold Rowicki
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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    CD: $34.99
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  • 24.
    The Piano At The Carnival / Anthony Goldstone
    Label: Divine Art   Catalog: 25076 Release Date: 02/09/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sydney Smith,  Franz Liszt,  Frédéric Chopin,  Robert Schumann  ... 
    Performer:  Anthony Goldstone
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  • 25.
    Dvorak Greatest Hits / Various
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 761877 Release Date: 02/02/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Leontyne Price
    Conductor:  Nello Santi,  Sir Andrew Davis,  George Szell
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Opera House Covent Garden Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Cleveland Orchestra
    CD: $6.99
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