Antonín Dvorák

Biography

Born: 1841   Died: 1904   Country: Czechoslovakia   Period: Romantic
Widely regarded as the most distinguished of Czech composers, Antonin Dvorák (1841-1904) produced attractive and vigorous music possessed of clear formal outlines, melodies that are both memorable and spontaneous-sounding, and a colorful, effective instrumental sense. Dvorák is considered one of the major figures of nationalism, both proselytizing for and making actual use of folk influences, which he expertly combined with Classical forms in Read more works of all genres. His symphonies are among his most widely appreciated works; the Symphony No. 9 ("From the New World," 1893) takes a place among the finest and most popular examples of the symphonic literature. Similarly, his Cello Concerto (1894-1895) is one of the cornerstones of the repertory, providing the soloist an opportunity for virtuosic flair and soaring expressivity. Dvorák displayed special skill in writing for chamber ensembles, producing dozens of such works; among these, his 14 string quartets (1862-1895), the "American" Quintet (1893) and the "Dumky" Trio (1890-1891) are outstanding examples of their respective genres, overflowing with attractive folklike melodies set like jewels into the solid fixtures of Brahmsian absolute forms.
Dvorák's "American" and "New World" works arose during the composer's sojourn in the United States in the early 1890s; he was uneasy with American high society and retreated to a small, predominantly Czech town in Iowa for summer vacations during his stay. However, he did make the acquaintance of the pioneering African-American baritone H.T. Burleigh, who may have influenced the seemingly spiritual-like melodies in the "New World" symphony and other works; some claim that the similarity resulted instead from a natural affinity between African-American and Eastern European melodic structures.
By that time, Dvorák was among the most celebrated of European composers, seen by many as the heir to Brahms, who had championed Dvorák during the younger composer's long climb to the top. The son of a butcher and occasional zither player, Dvorák studied the organ in Prague as a young man and worked variously as a café violist and church organist during the 1860s and 1870s while creating a growing body of symphonies, chamber music, and Czech-language opera. For three years in the 1870s he won a government grant (the Viennese critic Hanslick was among the judges) designed to help the careers of struggling young creative artists. Brahms gained for Dvorák a contract with his own publisher, Simrock, in 1877; the association proved a profitable one despite an initial controversy that flared when Dvorák insisted on including Czech-language work titles on the printed covers, a novelty in those musically German-dominated times. In the 1880s and 1890s Dvorák's reputation became international in scope thanks to a series of major masterpieces that included the Seventh, Eighth, and "New World" symphonies. At the end of his life he turned to opera once again; Rusalka, from 1901, incorporates Wagnerian influences into the musical telling of its legend-based story, and remains the most frequently performed of the composer's vocal works. Dvorák, a professor at Prague University from 1891 on, exerted a deep influence on Czech music of the twentieth century; among his students was Josef Suk, who also became his son-in-law. Read less
Sir Charles Mackerras Conducts Delius, Dvorák, Etc
Release Date: 11/08/2005   Label: Decca  
Catalog: 4757061   Number of Discs: 3
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Work: Symphony no 8 in G major, Op. 88/B 163

Browse 26-50 of 116 Available Recordings
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  • 26.
    Carlo Maria Giulini - Anniversary Edition
    Label: Profil   Catalog: 14006 Release Date: 04/29/2014   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Felix Mendelssohn,  Claude Debussy,  Johannes Brahms,  Franz Joseph Haydn  ... 
    Performer:  Pinchas Zukerman,  Anna Maria Canali,  Luigi Alva,  Nicola Rossi-Lemeni  ... 
    Conductor:  Carlo Maria Giulini
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  • 27.
    Carlo Maria Giulini Collection, Vol. 2
    Label: Idi   Catalog: 6676 Release Date: 04/29/2014   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  César Franck,  Antonín Dvorák
    Conductor:  Carlo Maria Giulini
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  • 28.
    Istvan Kertesz: The London Years
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002033602 Release Date: 04/15/2014   Number of Discs: 12
    Composer:  Béla Bartók,  Johannes Brahms,  Anton Bruckner,  Antonín Dvorák  ... 
    Performer:  Walter Berry,  Christa Ludwig,  Pilar Lorengar,  Erzsébet Komlossy  ... 
    Conductor:  István Kertész
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Ambrosian Singers,  Brighton Festival Chorus  ... 
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  • 29.
    Carlo Maria Giulini: The London Years
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 93739 Release Date: 12/03/2013   Number of Discs: 17
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Modest Mussorgsky,  Benjamin Britten,  César Franck  ... 
    Performer:  Sheila Armstrong,  Anna Reynolds,  Robert Tear,  John Shirley-Quirk
    Conductor:  Carlo Maria Giulini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra,  New Philharmonia Orchestra  ... 
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  • 30.
    Antonin Dvorak: Symphony No. 8
    Label: Royal Flemish Philharmonic   Catalog: 5 Release Date: 10/08/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Conductor:  Edo De Waart
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Flemish Philharmonic Wood Quintet
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  • 31.
    Dvorak: Symphony No 8; Brahms: Symphony No 1 / George Szell
    Label: Audite   Catalog: 95625 Release Date: 09/24/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  George Szell
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Czech Philharmonic Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 32.
    Dvorak: Symphonies No 8 & 9, Etc / Jarvi, Menuhin, Royal Po
    Label: Regis   Catalog: 2006 Release Date: 07/12/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Conductor:  Yehudi Menuhin,  Paavo Järvi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 33.
    Mercury Living Presence - The Collector's Edition Vol 2
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001831802 Release Date: 06/04/2013   Number of Discs: 55
    Composer:  Arnold Schoenberg,  Anton Webern,  Alban Berg,  Ottorino Respighi  ... 
    Performer:  Helga Pilarczyk,  Yehudi Menuhin,  Mihaly Székely,  Olga Szönyi  ... 
    Conductor:  Antal Doráti,  Rafael Kubelik,  Anatole Fistoulari,  Frederick Fennell  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra,  Philharmonia Hungarica  ... 
    CD: $181.49
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  • 34.
    Dvorak: Complete Published Orchestral Works
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8501702 Release Date: 05/28/2013   Number of Discs: 17
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Jénö Jandó,  Ilya Kaler,  Alexander Trostiansky,  Maria Kliegel  ... 
    Conductor:  Stephen Gunzenhauser,  Antoni Wit,  Camilla Kolchinsky,  Dmitry Yablonsky  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Slovak Philharmonic Orchestra,  Czecho-Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Polish Radio Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    Recommendation
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  • 35.
    Dvorak, Mozart, Bartok / Zubin Mehta, Los Angeles Philharmonic [blu-ray]
    Label: Euroarts   Catalog: 2072244 Release Date: 02/26/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Béla Bartók,  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  David Breidenthal
    Conductor:  Zubin Mehta
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra
    Blu-ray Video: $39.99
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  • 36.
    Icon - Constantin Silvestri [15-CD Set]
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 233472 Release Date: 02/05/2013   Number of Discs: 15
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  George Enescu,  Franz Liszt  ... 
    Conductor:  Constantin Silvestri
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  Orchestre de la Société du Conservatoire Paris  ... 
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  • 37.
    Yuri Ahronovitch Edition
    Label: Profil   Catalog: 12042 Release Date: 11/13/2012   Number of Discs: 8
    Composer:  Dmitri Shostakovich,  César Franck,  Ottorino Respighi,  Jean Sibelius  ... 
    Conductor:  Yuri Ahronovitch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Stuttgart Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Vienna Symphony Orchestra,  Cologne Gürzenich Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $98.99
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  • 38.
    Dvorak: The Symphonies / Davis, Philharmonia
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 5409112 Release Date: 11/06/2012   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Conductor:  Sir Andrew Davis,  Rudolf Kempe,  David Zinman,  Marcel Moyse
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Munich Philharmonic Orchestra,  Southwest German Radio Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 39.
    Dvorak: Symphony No. 8, The Golden Spinning Wheel, Scherzo Capriccioso / Flor, Malaysian Philharmonic
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 1976 Release Date: 08/28/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Conductor:  Claus Peter Flor
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Malaysian Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 40.
    Late Romantic Masterpieces / Charles Munch
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 899792 Release Date: 06/12/2012   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Richard Wagner,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Antonín Dvorák,  Gustav Mahler  ... 
    Performer:  Eileen Farrell,  Henryk Szeryng,  Gregor Piatigorsky,  Maureen Forrester
    Conductor:  Charles Munch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra
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  • 41.
    Dvorak: Symphonic Works / Neumann, Czech
    Label: Supraphon   Catalog: 4090 Release Date: 04/24/2012   Number of Discs: 8
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Conductor:  Václav Neumann
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Czech Philharmonic Orchestra
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    On sale! $56.98
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  • 42.
    Great Czech Conductors - Rafael Kubelik
    Label: Supraphon   Catalog: 4080 Release Date: 04/24/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Bohuslav Martinu,  Dmitri Shostakovich,  Vaclav Dobias
    Performer:  Rudolf Firkusny
    Conductor:  Rafael Kubelik
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Czech Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 43.
    Dvorak - Masterworks / Pesek, Belohlavek, Altrichter
    Label: Arthaus Musik   Catalog: 107513 Release Date: 01/31/2012   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Ivan Zenaty,  Igor Ardasev,  Mischa Maisky
    Conductor:  Jiri Belohlávek,  Petr Altrichter,  Libor Pesek
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Prague Symphony Orchestra
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    DVD: $58.99
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  • 44.
    Brahms: Violin Concerto; Dvorak: Symphony No. 8
    Label: Archipel   Catalog: 233 Release Date: 01/01/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Antonín Dvorák
    CD: $9.99
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  • 45.
    Dvořák: Symphonies No 6-9, Carnival Overture
    Label: Royal Philharmonic Orchestra   Catalog: 20 Release Date: 09/27/2011   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Conductor:  Grzegorz Nowak
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  • 46.
    Dvorak: Symphonies 7 & 8 / Norrington, Stuttgart Radio Symphony Orchestra
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 93277 Release Date: 08/30/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Conductor:  Roger Norrington
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Southwest German Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 47.
    Giulini In America II / Giulini, Chicago Symphony Orchestra [5-CD Set]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001571502 Release Date: 07/05/2011   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Antonín Dvorák,  Sergei Prokofiev,  Gustav Mahler  ... 
    Performer:  Robert Tear,  Dale Clevenger
    Conductor:  Carlo Maria Giulini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
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  • 48.
    Dvorak: Symphonic Variations, Symphony No 8 / Mackerras, London Philharmonic
    Label: Lpo   Catalog: 55 Release Date: 06/28/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Conductor:  Sir Charles Mackerras
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $17.99
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  • 49.
    Dvorak: Symphonies No 8 & 9 / Szell, Cleveland Orchestra
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 68958 Release Date: 04/05/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Conductor:  George Szell
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cleveland Orchestra
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  • 50.
    Dvorak: Symphonies No 7 & 8 / Alsop, Baltimore Symphony [Blu-ray Audio]
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 10 Release Date: 01/25/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Conductor:  Marin Alsop
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Baltimore Symphony Orchestra
    Blu-ray Audio: $19.99
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