Antonín Dvorák

Biography

Born: 1841   Died: 1904   Country: Czechoslovakia   Period: Romantic
Widely regarded as the most distinguished of Czech composers, Antonin Dvorák (1841-1904) produced attractive and vigorous music possessed of clear formal outlines, melodies that are both memorable and spontaneous-sounding, and a colorful, effective instrumental sense. Dvorák is considered one of the major figures of nationalism, both proselytizing for and making actual use of folk influences, which he expertly combined with Classical forms in Read more works of all genres. His symphonies are among his most widely appreciated works; the Symphony No. 9 ("From the New World," 1893) takes a place among the finest and most popular examples of the symphonic literature. Similarly, his Cello Concerto (1894-1895) is one of the cornerstones of the repertory, providing the soloist an opportunity for virtuosic flair and soaring expressivity. Dvorák displayed special skill in writing for chamber ensembles, producing dozens of such works; among these, his 14 string quartets (1862-1895), the "American" Quintet (1893) and the "Dumky" Trio (1890-1891) are outstanding examples of their respective genres, overflowing with attractive folklike melodies set like jewels into the solid fixtures of Brahmsian absolute forms.

Dvorák's "American" and "New World" works arose during the composer's sojourn in the United States in the early 1890s; he was uneasy with American high society and retreated to a small, predominantly Czech town in Iowa for summer vacations during his stay. However, he did make the acquaintance of the pioneering African-American baritone H.T. Burleigh, who may have influenced the seemingly spiritual-like melodies in the "New World" symphony and other works; some claim that the similarity resulted instead from a natural affinity between African-American and Eastern European melodic structures.

By that time, Dvorák was among the most celebrated of European composers, seen by many as the heir to Brahms, who had championed Dvorák during the younger composer's long climb to the top. The son of a butcher and occasional zither player, Dvorák studied the organ in Prague as a young man and worked variously as a café violist and church organist during the 1860s and 1870s while creating a growing body of symphonies, chamber music, and Czech-language opera. For three years in the 1870s he won a government grant (the Viennese critic Hanslick was among the judges) designed to help the careers of struggling young creative artists. Brahms gained for Dvorák a contract with his own publisher, Simrock, in 1877; the association proved a profitable one despite an initial controversy that flared when Dvorák insisted on including Czech-language work titles on the printed covers, a novelty in those musically German-dominated times. In the 1880s and 1890s Dvorák's reputation became international in scope thanks to a series of major masterpieces that included the Seventh, Eighth, and "New World" symphonies. At the end of his life he turned to opera once again; Rusalka, from 1901, incorporates Wagnerian influences into the musical telling of its legend-based story, and remains the most frequently performed of the composer's vocal works. Dvorák, a professor at Prague University from 1891 on, exerted a deep influence on Czech music of the twentieth century; among his students was Josef Suk, who also became his son-in-law. Read less

Dvorák: Symphonies No 7 & 8 / Doráti, London SO
Release Date: 05/12/1992   Label: Mercury Living Presence  
Catalog: 434312   Number of Discs: 1
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Dvorák In Prague - A Celebration
Release Date: 05/29/2007   Label: Kultur Video  
Catalog: 4211   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Symphony no 8 in G major, Op. 88/B 163

Browse 1-25 of 128 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    Istvan Kertesz: The London Years
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002033602 Release Date: 04/15/2014   Number of Discs: 12
    Composer:  Béla Bartók,  Johannes Brahms,  Anton Bruckner,  Antonín Dvorák  ... 
    Performer:  Walter Berry,  Christa Ludwig,  Pilar Lorengar,  Erzsébet Komlossy  ... 
    Conductor:  István Kertész
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Ambrosian Singers,  Brighton Festival Chorus  ... 
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  • 2.
    Carlo Maria Giulini: The London Years
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 93739 Release Date: 12/03/2013   Number of Discs: 17
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Modest Mussorgsky,  Benjamin Britten,  César Franck  ... 
    Performer:  Sheila Armstrong,  Anna Reynolds,  Robert Tear,  John Shirley-Quirk
    Conductor:  Carlo Maria Giulini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra,  New Philharmonia Orchestra  ... 
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  • 3.
    Berlin Philharmonic - Centenary Edition
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001923302 Release Date: 10/22/2013   Number of Discs: 50
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Hector Berlioz,  Richard Wagner,  Richard Strauss  ... 
    Performer:  Géza Anda,  Walter Berry,  Gundula Janowitz,  Hilde Rössl-Majdan  ... 
    Conductor:  Arthur Nikisch,  Alfred Hertz,  Richard Strauss,  Bruno Walter  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Singverein,  Swedish Radio Chorus  ... 
    On sale! $149.98
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  • 4.
    Antonin Dvorak: Symphony No. 8
    Label: Royal Flemish Philharmonic   Catalog: 5 Release Date: 10/08/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Conductor:  Edo De Waart
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Flemish Philharmonic Wood Quintet
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  • 5.
    Dvorak: Symphony No 8; Brahms: Symphony No 1 / George Szell
    Label: Audite   Catalog: 95625 Release Date: 09/24/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  George Szell
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Czech Philharmonic Orchestra,  Swiss Festival Orchestra
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  • 6.
    Dvorak: Symphonies No 8 & 9, Etc / Jarvi, Menuhin, Royal Po
    Label: Regis   Catalog: 2006 Release Date: 07/12/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Conductor:  Yehudi Menuhin,  Paavo Järvi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 7.
    Dvorak: Complete Symphonies, Orchestral Works
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 94671 Release Date: 06/25/2013   Number of Discs: 9
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Conductor:  Otmar Suitner,  Theodore Kuchar,  John Farrer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Staatskapelle Orchestra,  Ostrava Janácek Philharmonic Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 8.
    Mercury Living Presence - The Collector's Edition Vol 2
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001831802 Release Date: 06/04/2013   Number of Discs: 55
    Composer:  Arnold Schoenberg,  Anton von Webern,  Alban Berg,  Ottorino Respighi  ... 
    Performer:  Helga Pilarczyk,  Yehudi Menuhin,  Mihaly Székely,  Olga Szönyi  ... 
    Conductor:  Antal Doráti,  Rafael Kubelik,  Anatole Fistoulari,  Frederick Fennell  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra,  Philharmonia Hungarica  ... 
    On sale! $169.98
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  • 9.
    Dvorak: Complete Published Orchestral Works
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8501702 Release Date: 05/28/2013   Number of Discs: 17
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Jénö Jandó,  Ilya Kaler,  Alexander Trostiansky,  Maria Kliegel  ... 
    Conductor:  Stephen Gunzenhauser,  Antoni Wit,  Camilla Kolchinsky,  Dmitry Yablonsky  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Slovak Philharmonic Orchestra,  Czecho-Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Polish Radio Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 10.
    Johannes Brahms: Symphony  No. 3; Antonin Dvorak: Symphony No. 8
    Label: Audiophile Classics   Catalog: 7704563 Release Date: 05/03/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Antonín Dvorák
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  • 11.
    Dvorak, Mozart, Bartok / Zubin Mehta, Los Angeles Philharmonic [blu-ray]
    Label: Euroarts   Catalog: 2072244 Release Date: 02/26/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Béla Bartók,  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  David Breidenthal
    Conductor:  Zubin Mehta
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra
    Blu-ray Video: $39.99
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  • 12.
    Wiener Philharmoniker Symphony Edition
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001797302 Release Date: 02/26/2013   Number of Discs: 50
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Dame Gwyneth Jones,  Hanna Schwarz,  René Kollo,  Kurt Moll  ... 
    Conductor:  James Levine,  Karl Böhm,  Leonard Bernstein,  John Eliot Gardiner  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Singverein,  Monteverdi Choir  ... 
    CD: $163.49
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  • 13.
    Icon - Constantin Silvestri [15-CD Set]
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 233472 Release Date: 02/05/2013   Number of Discs: 15
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  George Enescu,  Franz Liszt  ... 
    Conductor:  Constantin Silvestri
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  Orchestre de la Société du Conservatoire Paris  ... 
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  • 14.
    Philips Original Jackets Collection  [55-CD Set]
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001767702 Release Date: 12/04/2012   Number of Discs: 55
    Composer:  Max Bruch,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  Gioachino Rossini  ... 
    Performer:  Salvatore Accardo,  Elisabeth Unger,  Claudio Arrau,  Thomas Zehetmair  ... 
    Conductor:  Kurt Masur,  Bernard Haitink,  Frans Brüggen,  Simon Rattle  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  Beaux Arts Trio  ... 
    On sale! $169.98
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  • 15.
    Yuri Ahronovitch Edition
    Label: Profil   Catalog: 12042 Release Date: 11/13/2012   Number of Discs: 8
    Composer:  Dmitri Shostakovich,  César Franck,  Ottorino Respighi,  Jean Sibelius  ... 
    Conductor:  Yuri Ahronovitch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Stuttgart Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Vienna Symphony Orchestra,  Cologne Gürzenich Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $98.99
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  • 16.
    Dvorak: The Symphonies [7-CD Set] / Davis, Philharmonia Orchestra
    Label: Sony (Nax615)   Catalog: 5409112 Release Date: 11/06/2012   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Conductor:  Sir Andrew Davis,  Rudolf Kempe,  David Zinman,  Marcel Moyse
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Munich Philharmonic Orchestra,  Southwest German Radio Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 17.
    Dvorak: Symphony No. 8, The Golden Spinning Wheel, Scherzo Capriccioso / Flor, Malaysian Philharmonic
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 1976 Release Date: 08/28/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Conductor:  Claus Peter Flor
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Malaysian Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 18.
    Late Romantic Masterpieces / Charles Munch
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 7899792 Release Date: 06/12/2012   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Richard Wagner,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Antonín Dvorák,  Gustav Mahler  ... 
    Performer:  Eileen Farrell,  Henryk Szeryng,  Gregor Piatigorsky,  Maureen Forrester
    Conductor:  Charles Munch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra
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  • 19.
    Dvorak: Symphonic Works / Neumann, Czech
    Label: Supraphon   Catalog: 4090 Release Date: 04/24/2012   Number of Discs: 8
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Conductor:  Václav Neumann
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Czech Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 20.
    Dvorak: Symphony No. 8; Symphony 9 'from The New World'
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 02307 Release Date: 04/24/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Conductor:  Wolfgang Sawallisch
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  • 21.
    Great Czech Conductors - Rafael Kubelik
    Label: Supraphon   Catalog: 4080 Release Date: 04/24/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Bohuslav Martinu,  Dmitri Shostakovich,  Vaclav Dobias
    Performer:  Rudolf Firkusny
    Conductor:  Rafael Kubelik
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Czech Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 22.
    Dvorak: Symphony No 8, Serenade For Strings / Menuhin, Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
    Label: Royal Philharmonic Masterworks   Catalog: 29110 Release Date: 02/14/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Conductor:  Yehudi Menuhin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 23.
    Dvorak - Masterworks / Pesek, Belohlavek, Altrichter
    Label: Arthaus Musik   Catalog: 107513 Release Date: 01/31/2012   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Ivan Zenaty,  Igor Ardasev,  Mischa Maisky
    Conductor:  Jiri Belohlávek,  Petr Altrichter,  Libor Pesek
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Prague Symphony Orchestra
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  • 24.
    Brahms: Violin Concerto; Dvorak: Symphony No. 8
    Label: Archipel   Catalog: ARPCD0233 Release Date: 01/01/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Antonín Dvorák
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  • 25.
    Label: Archipel   Catalog: ARPCD0449 Release Date: 01/01/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Manuel de Falla,  Antonín Dvorák,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  Arturo Benedetti Michelangeli
    Conductor:  Carlo Maria Giulini
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