Antonín Dvorák

Biography

Born: 1841   Died: 1904   Country: Czechoslovakia   Period: Romantic
Widely regarded as the most distinguished of Czech composers, Antonin Dvorák (1841-1904) produced attractive and vigorous music possessed of clear formal outlines, melodies that are both memorable and spontaneous-sounding, and a colorful, effective instrumental sense. Dvorák is considered one of the major figures of nationalism, both proselytizing for and making actual use of folk influences, which he expertly combined with Classical forms in Read more works of all genres. His symphonies are among his most widely appreciated works; the Symphony No. 9 ("From the New World," 1893) takes a place among the finest and most popular examples of the symphonic literature. Similarly, his Cello Concerto (1894-1895) is one of the cornerstones of the repertory, providing the soloist an opportunity for virtuosic flair and soaring expressivity. Dvorák displayed special skill in writing for chamber ensembles, producing dozens of such works; among these, his 14 string quartets (1862-1895), the "American" Quintet (1893) and the "Dumky" Trio (1890-1891) are outstanding examples of their respective genres, overflowing with attractive folklike melodies set like jewels into the solid fixtures of Brahmsian absolute forms.
Dvorák's "American" and "New World" works arose during the composer's sojourn in the United States in the early 1890s; he was uneasy with American high society and retreated to a small, predominantly Czech town in Iowa for summer vacations during his stay. However, he did make the acquaintance of the pioneering African-American baritone H.T. Burleigh, who may have influenced the seemingly spiritual-like melodies in the "New World" symphony and other works; some claim that the similarity resulted instead from a natural affinity between African-American and Eastern European melodic structures.
By that time, Dvorák was among the most celebrated of European composers, seen by many as the heir to Brahms, who had championed Dvorák during the younger composer's long climb to the top. The son of a butcher and occasional zither player, Dvorák studied the organ in Prague as a young man and worked variously as a café violist and church organist during the 1860s and 1870s while creating a growing body of symphonies, chamber music, and Czech-language opera. For three years in the 1870s he won a government grant (the Viennese critic Hanslick was among the judges) designed to help the careers of struggling young creative artists. Brahms gained for Dvorák a contract with his own publisher, Simrock, in 1877; the association proved a profitable one despite an initial controversy that flared when Dvorák insisted on including Czech-language work titles on the printed covers, a novelty in those musically German-dominated times. In the 1880s and 1890s Dvorák's reputation became international in scope thanks to a series of major masterpieces that included the Seventh, Eighth, and "New World" symphonies. At the end of his life he turned to opera once again; Rusalka, from 1901, incorporates Wagnerian influences into the musical telling of its legend-based story, and remains the most frequently performed of the composer's vocal works. Dvorák, a professor at Prague University from 1891 on, exerted a deep influence on Czech music of the twentieth century; among his students was Josef Suk, who also became his son-in-law. Read less
Sir Charles Mackerras Conducts Delius, Dvorák, Etc
Release Date: 11/08/2005   Label: Decca  
Catalog: 4757061   Number of Discs: 3
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Work: Humoresque in G flat major, Op. 101 no 7

Browse 76-90 of 90 Available Recordings
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  • 76.
    Czech Music Bestsellers
    Label: Supraphon   Catalog: 3392 Release Date: 11/01/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig Böhner,  Zdenék Fibich,  Leos Janácek,  Josef Suk  ... 
    Performer:  Miroslav Kejmar,  Zdenek Sedivy,  Josef Hora
    Conductor:  Václav Neumann,  Frantisek Jilek,  Libor Pesek,  Jiri Belohlávek  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Czech Philharmonic Orchestra,  Brno State Philharmonic Orchestra,  Prague Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $14.99
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  • 77.
    Concert A La Carte / Vienna Wind Quintet
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 42175 Release Date: 02/27/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Franz Schubert,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov  ... 
    Performer:  Karl Leister,  HansJörg Schellenberger,  Wolfgang Schulz,  Günter Högner  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Ensemble Wien-Berlin
    ArkivCD $16.99
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  • 78.
    The Last Dance - Music for a Vanishing Era / I Salonisti
    Label: Dhm Deutsche Harmonia Mundi   Catalog: 77377 Release Date: 02/24/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Anton Rubinstein,  Enrico Toselli,  Benjamin Godard,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  I Salonisti
    ArkivCD $16.99
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  • 79.
    And The Band Played On - Music On The Titanic / I Salonisti
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 458382 Release Date: 01/13/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Lowell Mason,  Sir Edward Elgar,  Antonín Dvorák,  Irving Berlin  ... 
    Performer:  Werner Giger,  Thomas Füri,  Béla Szedlák,  Ferenc Szedlák  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  I Salonisti
    ArkivCD $16.99
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  • 80.
    Salut D'amour / Andrzej Kowalski, Rudolf Lutz
    Label: Guild   Catalog: 7125 Release Date: 10/01/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Fritz Kreisler,  Sir Edward Elgar,  Adam Andrzejowski,  Jules Massenet  ... 
    Performer:  Rudolf Lutz,  Andrzej Kowalski
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  • 81.
    Romantic Piano - Greatest Hits
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 62366 Release Date: 05/14/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Robert Schumann,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Michie Koyama,  Katia Labčque,  Marielle Labčque,  Philippe Entremont  ... 
    CD: $8.99
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  • 82.
    Salon Classics / The Rembrandt Trio
    Label: Sono Luminus   Catalog: 90222 Release Date: 11/20/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Emmanuel Chabrier,  Benjamin Godard,  Claude Debussy,  Camille Saint-Saëns  ... 
    Performer:  Coenraad Bloemendal,  Gerard Kantarjian,  Valerie Tryon
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Rembrandt Trio
    CD: $17.99
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  • 83.
    Piano Favorites / Lympany
    Label: Emi Seraphim   Catalog: 69028 Release Date: 10/17/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Erik Satie,  Maurice Ravel,  Frédéric Chopin,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    Performer:  Moura Lympany
    CD: $3.99
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  • 84.
    Label: Supraphon   Catalog: 101429 Release Date: 09/19/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Bedrich Smetana,  Antonín Dvorák,  Josef Bohuslav Foerster,  Oskar Nedbal  ... 
    Conductor:  Václáv Smetácek
    CD: $17.99
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  • 85.
    The Maiden's Prayer - Leaves From Grandmother's Piano Album
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8550646 Release Date: 12/13/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Zdenék Fibich,  Christian Sinding,  Leon Jessel,  Fritz Kreisler  ... 
    Performer:  Balázs Szokolay,  Péter Nagy,  Ilona Prunyi
    CD: $9.99
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  • 86.
    Dvorak In Prague - A Celebration
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 46687 Release Date: 03/22/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Rudolf Firkusny,  Itzhak Perlman,  Yo-Yo Ma,  Frederica Von Stade
    Conductor:  Seiji Ozawa
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra,  Prague Philharmonic Chorus
    CD: $9.99
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  • 87.
    Best Of Dvorak
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8556661 Release Date: 02/15/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Maria Kliegel,  Balázs Szokolay
    Conductor:  Stephen Gunzenhauser,  Zdenek Kosler,  Jaroslav Krcek,  Michael Halász
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Slovak Philharmonic Orchestra,  Moyzes String Quartet,  Capella Istropolitana  ... 
    CD: $9.99
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  • 88.
    Violin Miniatures / Takako Nishizaki, Jénö Jandó
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8550306 Release Date: 02/15/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Fritz Kreisler,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Antonín Dvorák,  Jules Massenet  ... 
    Performer:  Takako Nishizaki,  Jénö Jandó
    CD: $9.99
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  • 89.
    Romantic Piano Favourites, Vol 1
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8550052 Release Date: 02/05/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Franz Schubert,  Carl Maria von Weber,  Edvard Grieg  ... 
    Performer:  Balázs Szokolay
    CD: $9.99
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  • 90.
    The Early Years - Maurice Gendron
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 438960 Release Date: 12/1994   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Frédéric Chopin,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    Performer:  Maurice Gendron,  Peter Gallion,  Jean Françaix
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