Antonín Dvorák

Biography

Born: 1841   Died: 1904   Country: Czechoslovakia   Period: Romantic
Widely regarded as the most distinguished of Czech composers, Antonin Dvorák (1841-1904) produced attractive and vigorous music possessed of clear formal outlines, melodies that are both memorable and spontaneous-sounding, and a colorful, effective instrumental sense. Dvorák is considered one of the major figures of nationalism, both proselytizing for and making actual use of folk influences, which he expertly combined with Classical forms in Read more works of all genres. His symphonies are among his most widely appreciated works; the Symphony No. 9 ("From the New World," 1893) takes a place among the finest and most popular examples of the symphonic literature. Similarly, his Cello Concerto (1894-1895) is one of the cornerstones of the repertory, providing the soloist an opportunity for virtuosic flair and soaring expressivity. Dvorák displayed special skill in writing for chamber ensembles, producing dozens of such works; among these, his 14 string quartets (1862-1895), the "American" Quintet (1893) and the "Dumky" Trio (1890-1891) are outstanding examples of their respective genres, overflowing with attractive folklike melodies set like jewels into the solid fixtures of Brahmsian absolute forms.
Dvorák's "American" and "New World" works arose during the composer's sojourn in the United States in the early 1890s; he was uneasy with American high society and retreated to a small, predominantly Czech town in Iowa for summer vacations during his stay. However, he did make the acquaintance of the pioneering African-American baritone H.T. Burleigh, who may have influenced the seemingly spiritual-like melodies in the "New World" symphony and other works; some claim that the similarity resulted instead from a natural affinity between African-American and Eastern European melodic structures.
By that time, Dvorák was among the most celebrated of European composers, seen by many as the heir to Brahms, who had championed Dvorák during the younger composer's long climb to the top. The son of a butcher and occasional zither player, Dvorák studied the organ in Prague as a young man and worked variously as a café violist and church organist during the 1860s and 1870s while creating a growing body of symphonies, chamber music, and Czech-language opera. For three years in the 1870s he won a government grant (the Viennese critic Hanslick was among the judges) designed to help the careers of struggling young creative artists. Brahms gained for Dvorák a contract with his own publisher, Simrock, in 1877; the association proved a profitable one despite an initial controversy that flared when Dvorák insisted on including Czech-language work titles on the printed covers, a novelty in those musically German-dominated times. In the 1880s and 1890s Dvorák's reputation became international in scope thanks to a series of major masterpieces that included the Seventh, Eighth, and "New World" symphonies. At the end of his life he turned to opera once again; Rusalka, from 1901, incorporates Wagnerian influences into the musical telling of its legend-based story, and remains the most frequently performed of the composer's vocal works. Dvorák, a professor at Prague University from 1891 on, exerted a deep influence on Czech music of the twentieth century; among his students was Josef Suk, who also became his son-in-law. Read less
Dvorák: Cypresses / Delmé Quartet, Robinson, Johnson
Release Date: 01/25/2005   Label: Somm  
Catalog: 236   Number of Discs: 1
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Dvorák Cycle Vol 1 - Symphony No 7 / Zenaty, Bělohlávek
Release Date: 02/26/2008   Label: Arthaus Musik  
Catalog: 102135   Number of Discs: 1
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Dvorák Cycle Vol 2 - Biblical Songs, Violin Concerto, Te Deum
Release Date: 03/25/2008   Label: Arthaus Musik  
Catalog: 102137   Number of Discs: 1
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Dvorák Cycle Vol 4 - Cello Concerto, Symphony No 9
Release Date: 07/29/2008   Label: Arthaus Musik  
Catalog: 102141   Number of Discs: 1
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Dvorák Cycle Vol 5 - Stabat Mater / Pesek, Prague Symphony Orchestra
Release Date: 09/30/2008   Label: Arthaus Musik  
Catalog: 102143   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Humoresque in G flat major, Op. 101 no 7

Browse 26-50 of 87 Available Recordings
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  • 26.
    Dvorak In America
    Label: Supraphon   Catalog: 4025 Release Date: 07/27/2010   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Josef Chuchro,  Milos Sádlo,  Jaroslav Soucek,  Gabriela Benacková
    Conductor:  Jiri Belohlávek,  Václav Neumann
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Panocha String Quartet,  Smetana String Quartet,  Czech Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $24.99
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  • 27.
    50 Best Romantic Classics
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 57555 Release Date: 06/29/2010   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Jacques Offenbach,  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Georges Bizet,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    Performer:  Ann Murray,  Jessye Norman,  Han-Na Chang,  Maria Callas  ... 
    Conductor:  Sylvain Cambreling,  Leonard Slatkin,  Georges Prętre,  Wolfgang Sawallisch  ... 
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  • 28.
    Takako Nishizaki Plays Suzuki Evergreens, Vol. 2
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8572379 Release Date: 05/25/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giovanni Battist Martini,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Christian Pezold,  Antonín Dvorák  ... 
    Performer:  Terence Dennis,  Takako Nishizaki,  János Sebestyén,  Maria Kliegel
    Conductor:  Jaroslav Dvorák
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Capella Istropolitana
    CD: $12.99
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  • 29.
    Top 100 Favorite Classical Melodies
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 94027 Release Date: 05/04/2010   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Antonio Vivaldi,  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Georges Bizet,  Edvard Grieg  ... 
    Performer:  Sara Crombach,  Wladislav Warenberg,  Martijn van den Hoek,  Marc Grauwels  ... 
    Conductor:  Bohdan Warchal,  Enrique Bátiz,  Mark Ermler,  Georgi Robev  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Harp Ensemble,  London Baroque,  Musica ad Rhenum  ... 
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  • 30.
    The Magic Of The Violin / Grumiaux, Szeryng, Bobesco, Bernard
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 420818 Release Date: 04/08/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Pablo de Sarasate,  Tommaso Antonio Vitali  ... 
    Performer:  Arthur Grumiaux,  Claire Bernard,  Jacques Genty,  Lola Bobesco  ... 
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink,  Manuel Rosenthal,  Clair Gibaut,  Sir Neville Marriner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  Lamoureux Concerts Association Orchestra,  Monte Carlo National Opera Orchestra  ... 
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  • 31.
    Best Violin 100
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 58521 Release Date: 01/26/2010   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Luigi Boccherini,  Vittorio Monti,  Fritz Kreisler,  Pablo de Sarasate  ... 
    Performer:  Tasmin Little,  John Lenehan,  Leon Pommers,  Nathan Milstein  ... 
    Conductor:  Felix Slatkin,  Alceo Galliera,  Iain Sutherland,  Leonard Slatkin  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Europa Galante,  Virtuosi,  Hollywood Bowl Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 32.
    Brass Splendour / Philip Jones Brass Ensemble
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 411955 Release Date: 01/12/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Philipp Emmanuel Bach,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  William Byrd,  Jeremiah Clarke  ... 
    Conductor:  Philip Jones
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philip Jones Brass Ensemble
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  • 33.
    Summer Serenade / Patrick Gallois
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 457610 Release Date: 12/01/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Charles Gounod,  Antonín Dvorák,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Erik Satie  ... 
    Performer:  Patrick Gallois
    Conductor:  Philip Bride,  Emmanuel Krivine,  Bernard Thomas,  Jacques Mercier
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  French Instrumental Ensemble,  Pforzheim Southwest German Chamber Orchestra,  Paris Chamber Music Festival Orchestra  ... 
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  • 34.
    Berlitz Passport - The Music Of Eastern Europe
    Label: Sony Classical Masterworks   Catalog: 47283 Release Date: 10/02/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Franz Liszt,  Johannes Brahms,  Jaromir Weinberger  ... 
    Performer:  Earl Wild
    Conductor:  Sir Andrew Davis,  Andre Kostelanetz,  Leonard Bernstein,  George Szell  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Columbia Symphony Orchestra,  New York Philharmonic  ... 
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  • 35.
    Kreisler: Violin Music / Oscar Schumsky, Milton Kaye, William Wolfram
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 2529 Release Date: 04/14/2009   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Fritz Kreisler,  Antonín Dvorák,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Milton Kaye,  Oscar Shumsky,  William Wolfram
    CD: $29.99
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  • 36.
    Romantic Orchestral Masterpieces / Rilling, Gielen, Marriner, Sanderling, Et Al
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 98540 Release Date: 02/10/2009   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Felix Mendelssohn,  Hector Berlioz,  Edvard Grieg,  Bedrich Smetana  ... 
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  • 37.
    The Most Beautiful Classical Melodies Vol 2 / Hahn, Fey, Rilling, Schulz, Stuttgart Bach Collegium, Et Al
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 98524 Release Date: 11/11/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  George Frideric Handel,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
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  • 38.
    The Art Of The Harp / Giles, McGuire
    Label: Abc Classics   Catalog: 4766808 Release Date: 07/15/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Henry Purcell,  Christian Pezold,  Anonymous,  Lucas Ruiz de Ribayaz  ... 
    Performer:  Marshall McGuire,  Alice Giles
    CD: $23.99
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  • 39.
    Dvorák: Symphony No 9; Enesco: Roumanian Rhapsody / Fiedler
    Label: Rca Papillion   Catalog: 6530 Release Date: 06/30/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  George Enescu
    Conductor:  Arthur Fiedler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra,  Boston Pops
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  • 40.
    The Essential Isaac Stern
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 728187 Release Date: 04/29/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Max Bruch  ... 
    Performer:  Isaac Stern,  Pinchas Zukerman,  Paul Tortelier,  Alexander Schneider  ... 
    Conductor:  Eugene Ormandy,  Pinchas Zukerman,  Isaac Stern,  Leonard Bernstein  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra,  St. Paul Chamber Orchestra,  Franz Liszt Academy Chamber Orchestra  ... 
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  • 41.
    Saturday Morning Coffee - Bach, Beethoven, Chopin, Et Al / Allan Spencer Mallet Choir
    Label: Asmc   Catalog: 5637202499 Release Date: 04/08/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Antonín Dvorák,  Léo Delibes  ... 
    Performer:  Allan Spencer,  Michael Downing,  Sarah Basiletti,  Dylan Locke
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  The Allan Spencer Mallet Choir
    CD: $14.99
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  • 42.
    Famous Piano Pieces - Beethoven, Mozart, Chopin, Et Al
    Label: Emi Seraphim   Catalog: 69122 Release Date: 03/12/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Franz Schubert,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Performer:  Jörg Demus
    ArkivCD $33.99
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  • 43.
    Best Romantic Classics 100
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 15490 Release Date: 01/15/2008   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Isaac Albeniz,  Lucio Quarantotto,  Pablo de Sarasate,  Antonio Vivaldi  ... 
    Performer:  Julian Byzantine,  Amy Nuttall,  Anne-Sophie Mutter,  Sharon Isbin  ... 
    Conductor:  Julian Kershaw,  Seiji Ozawa,  Lawrence Foster,  Sir John Barbirolli  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  French National Orchestra,  Lausanne Chamber Orchestra,  Rome Opera House Orchestra  ... 
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  • 44.
    American Virtuosa - Tribute To Maud Powell / R. Barton Pine
    Label: Cedille Records   Catalog: 97 Release Date: 06/12/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Traditional,  Max Liebling,  Cecil Burleigh,  Henry Holden Huss  ... 
    Performer:  Rachel Barton Pine,  Matthew Hagle,  Maud Powell
    Recommendation
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  • 45.
    Ultimate Violin Classics - The Essential Masterpieces
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 000895302 Release Date: 06/12/2007   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Felix Mendelssohn,  Max Bruch,  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  Ruggiero Ricci,  Henryk Szeryng,  David Oistrakh,  Lev Oborin  ... 
    Conductor:  Piero Gamba,  Sir Alexander Gibson
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  • 46.
    Dvorák in Prague - A Celebration
    Label: Kultur Video   Catalog: 4211 Release Date: 05/29/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Frederica Von Stade,  Yo-Yo Ma,  Itzhak Perlman
    Conductor:  Seiji Ozawa
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra
    DVD: $23.99
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  • 47.
    Nancy Garniez Plays Schubert & Dvorak
    Label: Tonal Refraction   Catalog: 5637414626 Release Date: 12/19/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Franz Schubert
    CD: $23.99
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  • 48.
    Railroad Rhythms - Classical Music About Trains / Starek
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 93187 Release Date: 11/14/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Hans Christian Lumbye,  Aaron Copland,  Leonard Bernstein,  Antonín Dvorák  ... 
    Conductor:  Jirí Stárek
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Southwest German Radio Orchestra Kaiserslautern
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  • 49.
    Ultimate Piano Classics - The Essential Masterpieces
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 000766402 Release Date: 11/14/2006   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Frédéric Chopin,  Franz Liszt,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Performer:  Vladimir Ashkenazy,  Rhondda Gillespie,  Julius Katchen,  András Schiff  ... 
    CD: $21.99
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  • 50.
    The Very Best Of Dvorák
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8552139 Release Date: 10/31/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Qian Zhou,  Edmund Battersby,  Christian Kohn,  Silke-Thora Matthies  ... 
    Conductor:  Stephen Gunzenhauser,  Antoni Wit,  Michael Halász,  Robert Shafer  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Joachim Trio,  BBC Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vlach String Quartet Prague  ... 
    CD: $17.99
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