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Antonín Dvorák

Biography

Born: 1841   Died: 1904   Country: Czechoslovakia   Period: Romantic
Widely regarded as the most distinguished of Czech composers, Antonin Dvorák (1841-1904) produced attractive and vigorous music possessed of clear formal outlines, melodies that are both memorable and spontaneous-sounding, and a colorful, effective instrumental sense. Dvorák is considered one of the major figures of nationalism, both proselytizing for and making actual use of folk influences, which he expertly combined with Classical forms in Read more works of all genres. His symphonies are among his most widely appreciated works; the Symphony No. 9 ("From the New World," 1893) takes a place among the finest and most popular examples of the symphonic literature. Similarly, his Cello Concerto (1894-1895) is one of the cornerstones of the repertory, providing the soloist an opportunity for virtuosic flair and soaring expressivity. Dvorák displayed special skill in writing for chamber ensembles, producing dozens of such works; among these, his 14 string quartets (1862-1895), the "American" Quintet (1893) and the "Dumky" Trio (1890-1891) are outstanding examples of their respective genres, overflowing with attractive folklike melodies set like jewels into the solid fixtures of Brahmsian absolute forms.
Dvorák's "American" and "New World" works arose during the composer's sojourn in the United States in the early 1890s; he was uneasy with American high society and retreated to a small, predominantly Czech town in Iowa for summer vacations during his stay. However, he did make the acquaintance of the pioneering African-American baritone H.T. Burleigh, who may have influenced the seemingly spiritual-like melodies in the "New World" symphony and other works; some claim that the similarity resulted instead from a natural affinity between African-American and Eastern European melodic structures.
By that time, Dvorák was among the most celebrated of European composers, seen by many as the heir to Brahms, who had championed Dvorák during the younger composer's long climb to the top. The son of a butcher and occasional zither player, Dvorák studied the organ in Prague as a young man and worked variously as a café violist and church organist during the 1860s and 1870s while creating a growing body of symphonies, chamber music, and Czech-language opera. For three years in the 1870s he won a government grant (the Viennese critic Hanslick was among the judges) designed to help the careers of struggling young creative artists. Brahms gained for Dvorák a contract with his own publisher, Simrock, in 1877; the association proved a profitable one despite an initial controversy that flared when Dvorák insisted on including Czech-language work titles on the printed covers, a novelty in those musically German-dominated times. In the 1880s and 1890s Dvorák's reputation became international in scope thanks to a series of major masterpieces that included the Seventh, Eighth, and "New World" symphonies. At the end of his life he turned to opera once again; Rusalka, from 1901, incorporates Wagnerian influences into the musical telling of its legend-based story, and remains the most frequently performed of the composer's vocal works. Dvorák, a professor at Prague University from 1891 on, exerted a deep influence on Czech music of the twentieth century; among his students was Josef Suk, who also became his son-in-law. Read less
Dvorák: Cello Concerto, Etc / Queyras, Belohlávek, Et Al
Release Date: 11/08/2005   Label: Harmonia Mundi  
Catalog: 901867   Number of Discs: 1
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Dvorák: Symphony No 9, Symphonic Variations / Alsop, Baltimore SO
Release Date: 05/27/2008   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8570714   Number of Discs: 1
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Dvorák: String Quartet Op 34, Terzetto / Vlach Quartet
Release Date: 11/19/1996   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8553373   Number of Discs: 1
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Dvorák: Music For Violin And Piano Vol 1 / Zhou, Battersby
Release Date: 10/16/2001   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8554413   Number of Discs: 1
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Dvorák: String Quintet Op 1 & 97 / Vlach String Quartet
Release Date: 05/15/2001   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8553376   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Humoresque in G flat major, Op. 101 no 7

Browse 101-111 of 111 Available Recordings
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  • 101.
    Dvorak In Prague - A Celebration
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 46687 Release Date: 03/22/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Rudolf Firkusny,  Itzhak Perlman,  Yo-Yo Ma,  Frederica Von Stade
    Conductor:  Seiji Ozawa
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra,  Prague Philharmonic Chorus
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  • 102.
    Best Of Dvorak
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8556661 Release Date: 02/15/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Maria Kliegel,  Balázs Szokolay
    Conductor:  Stephen Gunzenhauser,  Zdenek Kosler,  Jaroslav Krcek,  Michael Halász
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Slovak Philharmonic Orchestra,  Moyzes String Quartet,  Capella Istropolitana  ... 
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  • 103.
    Violin Miniatures / Takako Nishizaki, Jénö Jandó
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8550306 Release Date: 02/15/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Fritz Kreisler,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Antonín Dvorák,  Jules Massenet  ... 
    Performer:  Takako Nishizaki,  Jénö Jandó
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  • 104.
    First Recordings Of Neveu; Complete Recordings Of Hassid
    Label: Testament   Catalog: 1010 Release Date: 10/27/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Fritz Kreisler,  Josef Suk,  Frédéric Chopin,  Christoph W. Gluck  ... 
    Performer:  Ginette Neveu,  Bruno Seidler-Winkler,  Ivor Newton,  Josef Hassid  ... 
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  • 105.
    Virtuoso! A Treasury Of Favorite Violin Encores / Laredo
    Label: Sono Luminus   Catalog: 90153 Release Date: 08/31/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Fritz Kreisler,  George Gershwin,  Henri Wieniawski,  Maria Theresia Paradis  ... 
    Performer:  Margo Garrett,  Jaime Laredo
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  • 106.
    Romantic Piano Favourites, Vol 1
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8550052 Release Date: 02/05/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Franz Schubert,  Carl Maria von Weber,  Edvard Grieg  ... 
    Performer:  Balázs Szokolay
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  • 107.
    The Best Of Dvorák
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8551111 Release Date: 02/02/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Balázs Szokolay,  Maria Kliegel
    Conductor:  Stephen Gunzenhauser,  Zdenek Kosler,  Michael Halász,  Jaroslav Krcek
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  BBC Philharmonic Orchestra,  Slovak Philharmonic Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 108.
    Celebration: A Life With Music / Isaac Stern
    Label: Cbs Masterworks   Catalog: 42003 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Franz Waxman,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Antonín Dvorák,  Ernest Bloch  ... 
    Performer:  Isaac Stern,  Alexander Zakin,  Eugene Istomin,  Leonard Rose  ... 
    Conductor:  Franz Waxman,  Isaac Stern,  Daniel Barenboim,  Leonard Bernstein  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Symphony Orchestra,  Columbia String Orchestra,  English Chamber Orchestra  ... 
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  • 109.
    Humoresque - Favorite Violin Encores / Isaac Stern
    Label: Cbs Masterworks Digital Masters   Catalog: 45816 Release Date: 03/09/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Aaron Copland,  Franz Schubert,  Antonín Dvorák,  Sergei Rachmaninov  ... 
    Performer:  Isaac Stern
    Conductor:  Milton Katims,  Frank Brieff
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Columbia Symphony Orchestra
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  • 110.
    The Early Years - Maurice Gendron
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 438960 Release Date: 12/1994   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Frédéric Chopin,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    Performer:  Maurice Gendron,  Peter Gallion,  Jean Françaix
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