Antonín Dvorák

Biography

Born: 1841   Died: 1904   Country: Czechoslovakia   Period: Romantic
Widely regarded as the most distinguished of Czech composers, Antonin Dvorák (1841-1904) produced attractive and vigorous music possessed of clear formal outlines, melodies that are both memorable and spontaneous-sounding, and a colorful, effective instrumental sense. Dvorák is considered one of the major figures of nationalism, both proselytizing for and making actual use of folk influences, which he expertly combined with Classical forms in Read more works of all genres. His symphonies are among his most widely appreciated works; the Symphony No. 9 ("From the New World," 1893) takes a place among the finest and most popular examples of the symphonic literature. Similarly, his Cello Concerto (1894-1895) is one of the cornerstones of the repertory, providing the soloist an opportunity for virtuosic flair and soaring expressivity. Dvorák displayed special skill in writing for chamber ensembles, producing dozens of such works; among these, his 14 string quartets (1862-1895), the "American" Quintet (1893) and the "Dumky" Trio (1890-1891) are outstanding examples of their respective genres, overflowing with attractive folklike melodies set like jewels into the solid fixtures of Brahmsian absolute forms.

Dvorák's "American" and "New World" works arose during the composer's sojourn in the United States in the early 1890s; he was uneasy with American high society and retreated to a small, predominantly Czech town in Iowa for summer vacations during his stay. However, he did make the acquaintance of the pioneering African-American baritone H.T. Burleigh, who may have influenced the seemingly spiritual-like melodies in the "New World" symphony and other works; some claim that the similarity resulted instead from a natural affinity between African-American and Eastern European melodic structures.

By that time, Dvorák was among the most celebrated of European composers, seen by many as the heir to Brahms, who had championed Dvorák during the younger composer's long climb to the top. The son of a butcher and occasional zither player, Dvorák studied the organ in Prague as a young man and worked variously as a café violist and church organist during the 1860s and 1870s while creating a growing body of symphonies, chamber music, and Czech-language opera. For three years in the 1870s he won a government grant (the Viennese critic Hanslick was among the judges) designed to help the careers of struggling young creative artists. Brahms gained for Dvorák a contract with his own publisher, Simrock, in 1877; the association proved a profitable one despite an initial controversy that flared when Dvorák insisted on including Czech-language work titles on the printed covers, a novelty in those musically German-dominated times. In the 1880s and 1890s Dvorák's reputation became international in scope thanks to a series of major masterpieces that included the Seventh, Eighth, and "New World" symphonies. At the end of his life he turned to opera once again; Rusalka, from 1901, incorporates Wagnerian influences into the musical telling of its legend-based story, and remains the most frequently performed of the composer's vocal works. Dvorák, a professor at Prague University from 1891 on, exerted a deep influence on Czech music of the twentieth century; among his students was Josef Suk, who also became his son-in-law. Read less

Dvorák: Requiem;  Brahms / Mertens, Hagel, Et Al
Release Date: 10/31/2006   Label: Profil  
Catalog: 6050   Number of Discs: 2
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Dvorák: Piano Quintet, Piano Quartet / Pressler, Emerson Qt
Release Date: 05/10/1994   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 439868   Number of Discs: 1
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Eterna - Dvorák: Rusalka Highlights / Apelt, Adam
Release Date: 01/04/1994   Label: Berlin Classics  
Catalog: 2033   Number of Discs: 1
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Dvorák: Symphony No 4, Etc / Järvi, Cook, Scottish No
Release Date: 10/28/1992   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 8608   Number of Discs: 1
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Dvorák: Complete Symphonic Poems / Järvi, Royal Scottish No
Release Date: 04/13/1999   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 2403   Number of Discs: 2
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Work: Humoresque in G flat major, Op. 101 no 7

Browse 1-25 of 115 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    Pieces for 2 Violins and Piano / Lee, Tu, Giraud
    Label: Anima Records (Classical)   Catalog: 130700002 Release Date: 12/10/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Dmitri Shostakovich,  César Cui,  Antonín Dvorák,  Moritz Moszkowski  ... 
    Performer:  Sanghee Lee,  Ching-Yun Tu,  Bertrand Giraud
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  • 2.
    Dvorak: Violin Concerto / Anne-sophie Mutter, Manfred Honeck, Berlin Philharmonic
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001930302 Release Date: 11/11/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Anne-Sophie Mutter,  Ayami Ikeba
    Conductor:  Manfred Honeck
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 3.
    Dvorak: Violin Concerto / Mutter [CD + DVD]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001930900 Release Date: 11/11/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Anne-Sophie Mutter,  Ayami Ikeba
    Conductor:  Manfred Honeck
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 4.
    Dvorak In Prague: A Celebration (Remastered)
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 756035 Release Date: 07/09/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Itzhak Perlman,  Yo-Yo Ma,  Rudolf Firkusny,  Frederica Von Stade
    Conductor:  Seiji Ozawa
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra,  Prague Philharmonic Chorus
    CD: $8.99
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  • 5.
    Maxim Vengerov: 5 Classic Albums
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 844352 Release Date: 07/09/2013   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Edouard Lalo,  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Maurice Ravel  ... 
    Performer:  Maxim Vengerov,  Yevgeni Voskoboinikov,  Alexander Gourvich,  Yevgeni Cheskis  ... 
    Conductor:  Mstislav Rostropovich,  Antonio Pappano,  Mikhail Parkhomovsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Virtuosi
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  • 6.
    14 / David Garrett
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001819602 Release Date: 04/02/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Niccolň Paganini,  Giuseppe Tartini,  Antonín Dvorák,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  David Garrett,  Alexander Markovich
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  • 7.
    Mit Der Flote Durch 5 Jahrhunderte
    Label: Bella Musica   Catalog: 312448 Release Date: 03/01/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Jules Massenet,  Frédéric Chopin,  Gabriel Fauré  ... 
    Performer:  Junko Ukigaya,  Miyuki Motoi
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  • 8.
    Pictures / Boston Cello Quartet
    Label: Cd Baby   Catalog: 5638070466 Release Date: 02/04/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Modest Mussorgsky,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Cello Quartet
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  • 9.
    Cello Testament, Vols. 6 & 7: Forty Cello Favourites
    Label: Danica   Catalog: 8231 Release Date: 10/09/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Giovanni Battista Pergolesi,  Maria Theresia Paradis,  Jean-Baptiste Breval,  Johann Paul A. Martini  ... 
    Performer:  Jorgen Hald Nielsen,  Anders Gron
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  • 10.
    My First Violin Album
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8578215 Release Date: 03/27/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Niccolň Paganini,  Sir Edward Elgar,  Jules Massenet,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Performer:  Ilya Kaler,  Jénö Jandó,  Takako Nishizaki,  Caspar Frantz  ... 
    Conductor:  Kenneth Jean,  Carl Davis,  Theodore Kuchar,  Stephen Gunzenhauser  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Ferenc Sánta & His Gypsy Band
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  • 11.
    The Maiden's Prayer And Other Gems / Philip Martin
    Label: Helios   Catalog: 55410 Release Date: 03/13/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Christian Sinding,  Antonín Dvorák,  Selim Palmgren,  T Badarzewska-Baranowska  ... 
    Performer:  Philip Martin
    CD: $12.99
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  • 12.
    A Tribute To Fritz Kreisler
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001637702 Release Date: 01/17/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Fritz Kreisler,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Christoph W. Gluck,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov  ... 
    Performer:  Ruggiero Ricci,  Brooks Smith,  Fritz Kreisler,  Haddon Squire  ... 
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  • 13.
    Elin Kolev
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 7953432 Release Date: 09/23/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Martin Stock,  Astor Piazzolla,  John Williams,  Pablo de Sarasate  ... 
    Performer:  Elin Kolev,  Milana Chernyavska
    Conductor:  Helmut Branny
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresdner Kappelsolisten
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  • 14.
    The Very Best Of Kyung-wha Chung
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 94780 Release Date: 07/26/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Antonio Vivaldi,  Johannes Brahms,  Antonín Dvorák,  Fritz Kreisler  ... 
    Performer:  Kyung-Wha Chung,  Robert Wolinsky,  Peter Frankl,  Itamar Golan
    Conductor:  Riccardo Muti,  Simon Rattle,  Klaus Tennstedt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chung Trio
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  • 15.
    Phenomenal Vengerov! / Maxim Vengerov
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 26477 Release Date: 06/21/2011   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Manuel Ponce,  Ottokar Novácek  ... 
    Performer:  Maxim Vengerov,  Yevgeni Voskoboinikov,  Alexander Gourvich,  Yevgeni Cheskis  ... 
    Conductor:  Mstislav Rostropovich,  Mikhail Parkhomovsky,  Antonio Pappano
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Virtuosi,  Philharmonia Orchestra
    CD: $21.99
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  • 16.
    The Heifetz Collection Vol 19 - 51 Miniatures 1944-1946
    Label: Rca Victor Gold Seal   Catalog: 61750 Release Date: 06/10/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Frédéric Chopin,  Robert Schumann,  Alexander Krein  ... 
    Performer:  Jascha Heifetz,  Emanuel Bay,  Milton Kaye,  Bing Crosby
    Conductor:  Salvador Camarata,  Victor Young
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra
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  • 17.
    La Capricieuse / Neftel, Pipczynski
    Label: Tudor Records   Catalog: 7168 Release Date: 04/26/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Niccolň Paganini,  Sir Edward Elgar,  Edvard Grieg,  Fritz Kreisler  ... 
    Performer:  Michaela Paetsch Neftel,  Wieslaw Pipczynski
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  • 18.
    Label: Bay Musical Arts   Catalog: 5637749994 Release Date: 04/05/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Victor Herbert,  Spike Jones,  Julius Fucik,  Antonín Dvorák  ... 
    Conductor:  Leo Najar
    CD: $18.99
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  • 19.
    The Romantic Violinist - A Celebration Of Joseph Joachim / Daniel Hope
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001531202 Release Date: 03/22/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Max Bruch,  Clara Wieck Schumann,  Johannes Brahms,  Joseph Joachim  ... 
    Performer:  Daniel Hope,  Sebastian Knauer,  Bengt Forsberg,  Anne Sofie von Otter
    Conductor:  Sakari Oramo
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Stockholm Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 20.
    Classical Strings
    Label: Tgg   Catalog: 60214 Release Date: 02/15/2011   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Luigi Boccherini,  Franz Schubert,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Johan Svendsen  ... 
    CD: $6.99
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  • 21.
    Essential Violin
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 07154 Release Date: 02/15/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Antonio Vivaldi,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Jules Massenet,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Yehudi Menuhin,  Anne-Sophie Mutter,  Gidon Kremer,  Leonid Kogan  ... 
    Conductor:  Alberto Lysy,  Efrem Kurtz,  Herbert von Karajan,  Kiril Kondrashin  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  I Virtuosi Italiani
    CD: $12.99
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  • 22.
    The Golden Age Of Light Music: War And Peace - Light Music Of The 1940s
    Label: Guild   Catalog: 5171 Release Date: 01/11/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  John Belton,  Hoagy Carmichael,  Eric Coates,  Sir William Walton  ... 
    Performer:  Laurance Turner,  Peggy Cochrane,  Henry Bronkhurst,  Guy Fletcher
    Conductor:  Charles Shadwell,  Percy Faith,  Eric Coates,  Sir William Walton  ... 
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  • 23.
    Dvorak In America
    Label: Supraphon   Catalog: 4025 Release Date: 07/27/2010   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Josef Chuchro,  Milos Sádlo,  Jaroslav Soucek,  Gabriela Benacková
    Conductor:  Jiri Belohlávek,  Václav Neumann
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Panocha String Quartet,  Smetana String Quartet,  Czech Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $24.99
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  • 24.
    50 Best Romantic Classics
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 57555 Release Date: 06/29/2010   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Jacques Offenbach,  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Georges Bizet,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    Performer:  Jessye Norman,  Ann Murray,  Han-Na Chang,  Maria Callas  ... 
    Conductor:  Sylvain Cambreling,  Leonard Slatkin,  Georges Prętre,  Wolfgang Sawallisch  ... 
    CD: $11.99
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  • 25.
    Takako Nishizaki Plays Suzuki Evergreens, Vol. 2
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8572379 Release Date: 05/25/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giovanni Battist Martini,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Christian Pezold,  Antonín Dvorák  ... 
    Performer:  Terence Dennis,  Takako Nishizaki,  János Sebestyén,  Maria Kliegel
    Conductor:  Jaroslav Dvorák
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Capella Istropolitana
    CD: $9.99
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