Antonín Dvorák

Biography

Born: 1841   Died: 1904   Country: Czechoslovakia   Period: Romantic
Widely regarded as the most distinguished of Czech composers, Antonin Dvorák (1841-1904) produced attractive and vigorous music possessed of clear formal outlines, melodies that are both memorable and spontaneous-sounding, and a colorful, effective instrumental sense. Dvorák is considered one of the major figures of nationalism, both proselytizing for and making actual use of folk influences, which he expertly combined with Classical forms in Read more works of all genres. His symphonies are among his most widely appreciated works; the Symphony No. 9 ("From the New World," 1893) takes a place among the finest and most popular examples of the symphonic literature. Similarly, his Cello Concerto (1894-1895) is one of the cornerstones of the repertory, providing the soloist an opportunity for virtuosic flair and soaring expressivity. Dvorák displayed special skill in writing for chamber ensembles, producing dozens of such works; among these, his 14 string quartets (1862-1895), the "American" Quintet (1893) and the "Dumky" Trio (1890-1891) are outstanding examples of their respective genres, overflowing with attractive folklike melodies set like jewels into the solid fixtures of Brahmsian absolute forms.
Dvorák's "American" and "New World" works arose during the composer's sojourn in the United States in the early 1890s; he was uneasy with American high society and retreated to a small, predominantly Czech town in Iowa for summer vacations during his stay. However, he did make the acquaintance of the pioneering African-American baritone H.T. Burleigh, who may have influenced the seemingly spiritual-like melodies in the "New World" symphony and other works; some claim that the similarity resulted instead from a natural affinity between African-American and Eastern European melodic structures.
By that time, Dvorák was among the most celebrated of European composers, seen by many as the heir to Brahms, who had championed Dvorák during the younger composer's long climb to the top. The son of a butcher and occasional zither player, Dvorák studied the organ in Prague as a young man and worked variously as a café violist and church organist during the 1860s and 1870s while creating a growing body of symphonies, chamber music, and Czech-language opera. For three years in the 1870s he won a government grant (the Viennese critic Hanslick was among the judges) designed to help the careers of struggling young creative artists. Brahms gained for Dvorák a contract with his own publisher, Simrock, in 1877; the association proved a profitable one despite an initial controversy that flared when Dvorák insisted on including Czech-language work titles on the printed covers, a novelty in those musically German-dominated times. In the 1880s and 1890s Dvorák's reputation became international in scope thanks to a series of major masterpieces that included the Seventh, Eighth, and "New World" symphonies. At the end of his life he turned to opera once again; Rusalka, from 1901, incorporates Wagnerian influences into the musical telling of its legend-based story, and remains the most frequently performed of the composer's vocal works. Dvorák, a professor at Prague University from 1891 on, exerted a deep influence on Czech music of the twentieth century; among his students was Josef Suk, who also became his son-in-law. Read less
Dvorák: Rusalka / Mackerras, Fleming, Heppner, Et Al
Release Date: 10/20/1998   Label: Decca  
Catalog: 460568   Number of Discs: 3
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Dvorák Cycle Vol 6 - Requiem / Popp, Randová, Protschka, Mikulas, Altricher
Release Date: 11/18/2008   Label: Arthaus Musik  
Catalog: 102145   Number of Discs: 1
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Dvorák: Rusalka / Neumann, Dvorsky, Randova, Et Al
Release Date: 07/27/2004   Label: Orfeo D'or  
Catalog: 638042   Number of Discs: 2
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Dvorák: Serenade; Beethoven: Octet / Members Of The Berlin Philharmonic
Release Date: 02/22/2005   Label: Arthaus Musik  
Catalog: 100725   Number of Discs: 1
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Dvorák: Rusalka (In German) / Keilberth, Trötschel, Et Al
Release Date: 06/20/2006   Label: Profil  
Catalog: 6031   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Symphony no 9 in E minor, Op. 95/B 178 "From the New World": 2nd movement, Largo

Browse 1-25 of 67 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    Label: Avalon Records   Catalog: 37873 Release Date: 01/01/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Karl Jenkins,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Frédéric Chopin  ... 
    Performer:  Claudio Vena,  Charles T. Cozens,  Mlao Xiao-qian,  Jonathan Tortolano  ... 
    Conductor:  Yuri Sazonoff,  Constantin Krimetz
    CD: $18.99
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  • 2.
    The Best Of The Most Relaxing Classical Music In The World
    Label: Denon Records   Catalog: 17866 Release Date: 07/31/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Pachelbel,  Claude Debussy,  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Erik Satie  ... 
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  • 3.
    50 Greatest Pieces Of Classical Music / London Philharmonic Orchestra
    Label: X5 Music Group   Catalog: 105 Release Date: 10/25/2011   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Edvard Grieg,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Antonio Vivaldi,  Samuel Barber  ... 
    Performer:  Pieter Schoeman,  Finghin Collins,  Craig Ogden
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $24.99
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  • 4.
    Dvorak Experience
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 4679604 Release Date: 04/26/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Arto Noras,  Trio Fontenay,  Eva Urbanová,  András Schiff
    Conductor:  Kurt Masur,  Sakari Oramo,  Nikolaus Harnoncourt,  Ondrej Lenárd  ... 
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  • 5.
    Symphonies
    Label: Tgg Direct   Catalog: 60208 Release Date: 02/15/2011   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Robert Schumann,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    CD: $6.99
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  • 6.
    Meditations / Les Violoncelles Francais
    Label: Mirare   Catalog: 112 Release Date: 02/08/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ernest Bloch,  Pablo Casals,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Antonín Dvorák  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Les Violoncelles Français
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  • 7.
    Best Of Classics - Bach, Beethoven, Strauss, Vivaldi, Dvorak, Chopin, Mozart
    Label: Supraphon   Catalog: 4013 Release Date: 10/26/2010   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Antonín Dvorák,  Leos Janácek  ... 
    Performer:  Jiri Reinberger,  Jan Kalfus,  Miroslav Kejmar,  Zuzana Ruzicková  ... 
    Conductor:  Bohumil Kulínsky,  Jaroslav Krcek,  Milan Munclinger,  Josef Vlach  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Prague Children's Chorus,  Musica Bohemica,  Ars Rediviva  ... 
    CD: $54.49
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  • 8.
    Label: Northquest   Catalog: 315001 Release Date: 10/12/2010   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Antonio Vivaldi,  Frédéric Chopin,  Claude Debussy,  Camille Saint-Saëns  ... 
    CD: $11.49
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  • 9.
    50 Classical Music Favorites
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001388102 Release Date: 06/08/2010   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Luigi Boccherini,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Heinz Holliger,  Italo Colandrea,  Antonio Perez,  Michael Copley  ... 
    Conductor:  Frans Brüggen,  Sir Colin Davis,  Kurt Masur,  Silvio Varviso  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  I Musici
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  • 10.
    Essential Adagios
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 88576 Release Date: 02/23/2010   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Dmitri Shostakovich,  Jules Massenet,  Joaquin Rodrigo  ... 
    Performer:  Dmitri Alexeev,  Hans Kalafusz,  Julian Bream,  Han-Na Chang  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir John Barbirolli,  Jerzy Maksymiuk,  Sir Neville Marriner,  Simon Rattle  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Philharmonia Orchestra,  English Chamber Orchestra,  Stuttgart Radio Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $12.99
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  • 11.
    Dvorak Greatest Hits / Various
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 761877 Release Date: 02/02/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Leontyne Price
    Conductor:  Nello Santi,  Sir Andrew Davis,  George Szell
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Opera House Covent Garden Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Cleveland Orchestra
    CD: $6.99
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  • 12.
    Berlitz Passport - The Music Of Eastern Europe
    Label: Sony Classical Masterworks   Catalog: 47283 Release Date: 10/13/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Franz Liszt,  Johannes Brahms,  Jaromir Weinberger  ... 
    Performer:  Earl Wild
    Conductor:  Sir Andrew Davis,  Andre Kostelanetz,  Leonard Bernstein,  George Szell  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Columbia Symphony Orchestra,  New York Philharmonic  ... 
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  • 13.
    50 Classics For Relaxation / Ingman, Gerhardt, Gamley, Et Al
    Label: Time/Life Music   Catalog: 24742 Release Date: 06/30/2009   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Jules Massenet,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Johann Paul A. Martini  ... 
    Performer:  Keith Harvey,  José Luis Garcia,  Larry Dalton,  Skaila Kanga  ... 
    Conductor:  David Firman,  Franck Pourcel,  Charles Gerhardt,  Eric Hammerstein  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  National Philharmonic Orchestra,  Franck Pourcel Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 14.
    For Mother - A Classical Bouquet
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001267302 Release Date: 03/10/2009   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Samuel Barber,  Jules Massenet,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Erik Satie  ... 
    Performer:  Yehudi Menuhin,  Jean-Yves Thibaudet,  Vladimir Ashkenazy,  Nigel Kennedy  ... 
    Conductor:  Charles Dutoit,  Herbert von Karajan,  Sir Georg Solti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cleveland Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 15.
    Romantic Adagios / Svetlanov, Marturet, Et Al
    Label: Denon Records   Catalog: 17749 Release Date: 01/13/2009   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Jacques Offenbach,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Performer:  Dubravka Tomsic,  Herbert Waltl,  Marian Pivka,  Marián Lapsansky  ... 
    Conductor:  Frank Shipway,  Eduardo Marturet,  Theodore Bloomfield,  Oliver Dohnányi  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Symphony Orchestra,  Slovak Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 16.
    Relax - The World's Most Beautiful Music - Music For The Soul - 36 Tracks
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 17279 Release Date: 10/28/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Antonio Vivaldi,  Karl Jenkins,  Tomaso Albinoni  ... 
    Performer:  Sabine Meyer,  Yehudi Menuhin,  Paul Beniston,  Hugh Bean  ... 
    Conductor:  Hans Vonk,  Alberto Lysy,  Karl Jenkins,  Sir Neville Marriner  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Staatskapelle Weimar,  Dresden Staatskapelle,  Camerata Lysy  ... 
    CD: $17.99
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  • 17.
    Ultimate Classical Relaxation - The Essential Masterpieces
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001079002 Release Date: 03/11/2008   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Tomaso Albinoni  ... 
    Performer:  Alicia De Larrocha,  Neil Black,  Tess Miller,  Carmel Kaine  ... 
    Conductor:  Karl Münchinger,  Sir Neville Marriner,  András Schiff,  Thurston Dart  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Stuttgart Chamber Orchestra,  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields,  Chamber Orchestra of Europe  ... 
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  • 18.
    Karajan Gold - Bach, Beethoven, Bizet, Mozart, Vivaldi, Etc
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001051402 Release Date: 02/12/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Bedrich Smetana,  Jacques Offenbach,  Franz von Suppé,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Performer:  Michel Schwalbé,  Frank Maus,  David Bell,  Eberhard Finke  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $16.99
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  • 19.
    100 Best Relaxing Classics
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 15606 Release Date: 01/15/2008   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Johann Pachelbel,  Antonio Vivaldi,  George Frideric Handel,  Christoph W. Gluck  ... 
    Performer:  Yehudi Menuhin,  Andrei Gavrilov,  Europa Galante,  Fabio Biondi  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner,  Alberto Lysy,  Yehudi Menuhin,  Erno Olah  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Seminario Musicale,  Quartet of London,  Scottish Ensemble  ... 
    CD: $18.99
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  • 20.
    Best Romantic Classics 100
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 15490 Release Date: 01/15/2008   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Isaac Albeniz,  Lucio Quarantotto,  Pablo de Sarasate,  Antonio Vivaldi  ... 
    Performer:  Julian Byzantine,  Amy Nuttall,  Anne-Sophie Mutter,  Sharon Isbin  ... 
    Conductor:  Julian Kershaw,  Seiji Ozawa,  Lawrence Foster,  Sir John Barbirolli  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  French National Orchestra,  Lausanne Chamber Orchestra,  Rome Opera House Orchestra  ... 
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  • 21.
    Dvorák In Prague - A Celebration
    Label: Kultur Video   Catalog: 4211 Release Date: 05/29/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Frederica Von Stade,  Yo-Yo Ma,  Itzhak Perlman
    Conductor:  Seiji Ozawa
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra
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  • 22.
    Organ Bon Bons - Organ Works By Bach, Dvorak, Elgar, Widoe & Handel
    Label: Membran / Scandinavian Classics   Catalog: 220539 Release Date: 04/26/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Oskar Lindberg,  Charles-Marie Widor,  George Frideric Handel,  Antonín Dvorák  ... 
    Performer:  Ulrik Spang-Hanssen
    CD: $9.99
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  • 23.
    Classical Nature - Relaxing Sounds Of Music And Nature
    Label: Global Journey   Catalog: 3855 Release Date: 03/13/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Erik Satie,  Robert de Visée,  Antonio Lauro,  Sir Edward Elgar  ... 
    Performer:  Andrew Marlow
    CD: $9.99
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  • 24.
    The Very Best Of Dvorák
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8552139 Release Date: 10/31/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Qian Zhou,  Edmund Battersby,  Christian Kohn,  Silke-Thora Matthies  ... 
    Conductor:  Stephen Gunzenhauser,  Antoni Wit,  Michael Halász,  Robert Shafer  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Joachim Trio,  BBC Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vlach String Quartet Prague  ... 
    CD: $14.99
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  • 25.
    Relaxing Adagios
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 000666502 Release Date: 09/12/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Joaquin Rodrigo,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Gabriel Fauré,  Frédéric Chopin  ... 
    Performer:  Carlos Bonell,  Jorge Bolet,  Andrés Segovia,  Julian Lloyd Webber  ... 
    Conductor:  Charles Dutoit,  Vladimir Ashkenazy,  Enrique Jorda,  Karl Münchinger  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Montreal Symphony Orchestra,  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  Symphony of the Air  ... 
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