Antonín Dvorák

Biography

Born: 1841   Died: 1904   Country: Czechoslovakia   Period: Romantic
Widely regarded as the most distinguished of Czech composers, Antonin Dvorák (1841-1904) produced attractive and vigorous music possessed of clear formal outlines, melodies that are both memorable and spontaneous-sounding, and a colorful, effective instrumental sense. Dvorák is considered one of the major figures of nationalism, both proselytizing for and making actual use of folk influences, which he expertly combined with Classical forms in Read more works of all genres. His symphonies are among his most widely appreciated works; the Symphony No. 9 ("From the New World," 1893) takes a place among the finest and most popular examples of the symphonic literature. Similarly, his Cello Concerto (1894-1895) is one of the cornerstones of the repertory, providing the soloist an opportunity for virtuosic flair and soaring expressivity. Dvorák displayed special skill in writing for chamber ensembles, producing dozens of such works; among these, his 14 string quartets (1862-1895), the "American" Quintet (1893) and the "Dumky" Trio (1890-1891) are outstanding examples of their respective genres, overflowing with attractive folklike melodies set like jewels into the solid fixtures of Brahmsian absolute forms.

Dvorák's "American" and "New World" works arose during the composer's sojourn in the United States in the early 1890s; he was uneasy with American high society and retreated to a small, predominantly Czech town in Iowa for summer vacations during his stay. However, he did make the acquaintance of the pioneering African-American baritone H.T. Burleigh, who may have influenced the seemingly spiritual-like melodies in the "New World" symphony and other works; some claim that the similarity resulted instead from a natural affinity between African-American and Eastern European melodic structures.

By that time, Dvorák was among the most celebrated of European composers, seen by many as the heir to Brahms, who had championed Dvorák during the younger composer's long climb to the top. The son of a butcher and occasional zither player, Dvorák studied the organ in Prague as a young man and worked variously as a café violist and church organist during the 1860s and 1870s while creating a growing body of symphonies, chamber music, and Czech-language opera. For three years in the 1870s he won a government grant (the Viennese critic Hanslick was among the judges) designed to help the careers of struggling young creative artists. Brahms gained for Dvorák a contract with his own publisher, Simrock, in 1877; the association proved a profitable one despite an initial controversy that flared when Dvorák insisted on including Czech-language work titles on the printed covers, a novelty in those musically German-dominated times. In the 1880s and 1890s Dvorák's reputation became international in scope thanks to a series of major masterpieces that included the Seventh, Eighth, and "New World" symphonies. At the end of his life he turned to opera once again; Rusalka, from 1901, incorporates Wagnerian influences into the musical telling of its legend-based story, and remains the most frequently performed of the composer's vocal works. Dvorák, a professor at Prague University from 1891 on, exerted a deep influence on Czech music of the twentieth century; among his students was Josef Suk, who also became his son-in-law. Read less

Dvorák: Symphonies No 7 & 8 / Doráti, London SO
Release Date: 05/12/1992   Label: Mercury Living Presence  
Catalog: 434312   Number of Discs: 1
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Dvorák In Prague - A Celebration
Release Date: 05/29/2007   Label: Kultur Video  
Catalog: 4211   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: American Quartet

Browse 1-25 of 77 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    Dvorak: String Quintet Op. 77; String Quartet Op. 96
    Label: Md&g (Dabringhaus & Grimm)   Catalog: 9071847 Release Date: 04/29/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Alois Posch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leipzig String Quartet
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  • 2.
    America!, Vol. 1: A Land Of Refuge
    Label: Harmonia Mundi   Catalog: 2908539 Release Date: 04/08/2014   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Igor Stravinsky,  Béla Bartók  ... 
    Performer:  Brigitte Engerer,  Oleg Maisenberg,  Thomas Larcher,  Matthias Goerne  ... 
    Conductor:  Joel Frederiksen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Jerusalem String Quartet,  Berlin RIAS Chamber Chorus,  musikFabrik  ... 
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  • 3.
    New World Quartets
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 10801 Release Date: 01/28/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Aaron Copland,  Samuel Barber,  George Gershwin  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Brodsky String Quartet
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  • 4.
    Antonin Dvorak: String Quartet Op. 96
    Label: Praga   Catalog: 250300 Release Date: 11/12/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Frantisek Soucek,  Petr Strizek,  Petr Holman
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  • 5.
    The American Album / Cypress String Quartet
    Label: Avie   Catalog: 2304 Release Date: 11/12/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Charles Tomlinson Griffes,  Kevin Puts,  Samuel Barber
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cypress String Quartet
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  • 6.
    Antonin Dvorak: Symphony No. 8
    Label: Royal Flemish Philharmonic   Catalog: 5 Release Date: 10/08/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Conductor:  Edo De Waart
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Flemish Philharmonic Wood Quintet
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  • 7.
    Czech String Quartets / Stamitz Quartet
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 9410 Release Date: 06/25/2013   Number of Discs: 15
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Bedrich Smetana,  Leos Janácek,  Bohuslav Martinu
    Performer:  Jan Peruska,  Bohuslav Matousek,  Josef Kekula,  Vladimir Leixner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Stamitz String Quartet,  Stamitz String Quartet members
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  • 8.
    Dvorak: String Quartet No 12; Smetana: String Quartet No 1 / Tokyo String Quartet
    Label: Harmonia Mundi   Catalog: 807429 Release Date: 05/14/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Bedrich Smetana
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Tokyo String Quartet
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  • 9.
    Great Chamber Music
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8501064 Release Date: 04/30/2013   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Franz Schubert,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Performer:  Tamás Szabo,  Gábor Fias,  Attila Falvay,  György Éder  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Kodály String Quartet,  Auer String Quartet,  Villa Musica Ensemble  ... 
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  • 10.
    Simon Bolivar String Quartet Play Ginastera, Dvorak, Shostakovich
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001798002 Release Date: 03/26/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Alberto Ginastera,  Antonín Dvorák,  Dmitri Shostakovich
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Simon Bolivar String Quartet
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  • 11.
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 5479482 Release Date: 11/13/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Teo Gheorghiu
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Carmina String Quartet
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  • 12.
    Dvorak: String Quartets Vol 1 / Vogler Quartet
    Label: Cpo   Catalog: 777624 Release Date: 11/13/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Oliver Triendl
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vogler String Quartet
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  • 13.
    Americana / Modern Mandolin Quartet [CD & Blu-ray Audio]
    Label: Sono Luminus   Catalog: 92157 Release Date: 08/28/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Aaron Copland,  Antonín Dvorák,  Leonard Bernstein,  Traditional  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Modern Mandolin Quartet
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  • 14.
    Dvorak: String Quartets, Terzetto / Guarneri Quartet
    Label: Newton Classics   Catalog: 8802088 Release Date: 11/15/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Arnold Steinhardt,  Michael Tree,  John Dalley,  David Soyer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Guarneri String Quartet
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  • 15.
    The American Album / Cypress String Quartet
    Label: Cd Baby   Catalog: 5637811402 Release Date: 11/08/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Charles Tomlinson Griffes,  Samuel Barber
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cypress String Quartet
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  • 16.
    Dvorak, Smetana, Suk: String Quartets / Sacconi String Quartet
    Label: Sacconi Records   Catalog: 104 Release Date: 07/26/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Josef Suk,  Bedrich Smetana,  Antonín Dvorák
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Sacconi String Quartet
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  • 17.
    Dvorak: American Quartet; Borodin: String Quartet No 2 / Carney
    Label: Royal Philharmonic Masterworks   Catalog: 29030 Release Date: 05/10/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Alexander Borodin
    Conductor:  Jonathan Carney
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 18.
    Dvorak: The Essential String Quartets  / Panocha Quartet
    Label: Supraphon   Catalog: 4048 Release Date: 04/26/2011   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Panocha String Quartet
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  • 19.
    Dvorak: String Sextet, Op. 48; String Quintets, Op. 77 & 97 & Others
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 4802375 Release Date: 10/15/2010   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Gunther Breitenbach,  Josef Staar,  Wilhelm Hubner,  Adalbert Skocic  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Members of the Vienna Octet (Members),  Vienna Philharmonia Quintet
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  • 20.
    Still, Dvorak, Barber, Gershwin / Serafin String Quartet
    Label: Centaur Records   Catalog: 3050 Release Date: 09/28/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  William Grant Still,  Antonín Dvorák,  George Gershwin,  Samuel Barber
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Serafin String Quartet
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  • 21.
    Dvorak In America
    Label: Supraphon   Catalog: 4025 Release Date: 07/27/2010   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Josef Chuchro,  Milos Sádlo,  Jaroslav Soucek,  Gabriela Benacková
    Conductor:  Jiri Belohlávek,  Václav Neumann
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Panocha String Quartet,  Smetana String Quartet,  Czech Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 22.
    Dvorak: American Quartet; Filas, Janacek / Zurich Oboe Quartet
    Label: Divox   Catalog: 20204 Release Date: 07/27/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Juraj Filas,  Leos Janácek
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Zurich Oboe Quartet
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  • 23.
    Schubert, Dvorak, Borodin: String Quartets / Quartetto Italiano
    Label: Philips Silverline Classics   Catalog: 420876 Release Date: 07/13/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Antonín Dvorák,  Alexander Borodin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Quartetto Italiano
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  • 24.
    Dvorak: String Quartets Op. 96 & Op. 61
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 6114 Release Date: 06/08/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Wihan String Quartet
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  • 25.
    Dvorak, Smetana: String Quartets / Emerson Quartet
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 429723 Release Date: 05/13/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Bedrich Smetana
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Emerson String Quartet
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