Antonín Dvorák

Biography

Born: 1841   Died: 1904   Country: Czechoslovakia   Period: Romantic
Widely regarded as the most distinguished of Czech composers, Antonin Dvorák (1841-1904) produced attractive and vigorous music possessed of clear formal outlines, melodies that are both memorable and spontaneous-sounding, and a colorful, effective instrumental sense. Dvorák is considered one of the major figures of nationalism, both proselytizing for and making actual use of folk influences, which he expertly combined with Classical forms in Read more works of all genres. His symphonies are among his most widely appreciated works; the Symphony No. 9 ("From the New World," 1893) takes a place among the finest and most popular examples of the symphonic literature. Similarly, his Cello Concerto (1894-1895) is one of the cornerstones of the repertory, providing the soloist an opportunity for virtuosic flair and soaring expressivity. Dvorák displayed special skill in writing for chamber ensembles, producing dozens of such works; among these, his 14 string quartets (1862-1895), the "American" Quintet (1893) and the "Dumky" Trio (1890-1891) are outstanding examples of their respective genres, overflowing with attractive folklike melodies set like jewels into the solid fixtures of Brahmsian absolute forms.
Dvorák's "American" and "New World" works arose during the composer's sojourn in the United States in the early 1890s; he was uneasy with American high society and retreated to a small, predominantly Czech town in Iowa for summer vacations during his stay. However, he did make the acquaintance of the pioneering African-American baritone H.T. Burleigh, who may have influenced the seemingly spiritual-like melodies in the "New World" symphony and other works; some claim that the similarity resulted instead from a natural affinity between African-American and Eastern European melodic structures.
By that time, Dvorák was among the most celebrated of European composers, seen by many as the heir to Brahms, who had championed Dvorák during the younger composer's long climb to the top. The son of a butcher and occasional zither player, Dvorák studied the organ in Prague as a young man and worked variously as a café violist and church organist during the 1860s and 1870s while creating a growing body of symphonies, chamber music, and Czech-language opera. For three years in the 1870s he won a government grant (the Viennese critic Hanslick was among the judges) designed to help the careers of struggling young creative artists. Brahms gained for Dvorák a contract with his own publisher, Simrock, in 1877; the association proved a profitable one despite an initial controversy that flared when Dvorák insisted on including Czech-language work titles on the printed covers, a novelty in those musically German-dominated times. In the 1880s and 1890s Dvorák's reputation became international in scope thanks to a series of major masterpieces that included the Seventh, Eighth, and "New World" symphonies. At the end of his life he turned to opera once again; Rusalka, from 1901, incorporates Wagnerian influences into the musical telling of its legend-based story, and remains the most frequently performed of the composer's vocal works. Dvorák, a professor at Prague University from 1891 on, exerted a deep influence on Czech music of the twentieth century; among his students was Josef Suk, who also became his son-in-law. Read less

Work: American Quartet

Browse 1-25 of 61 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    Emerson String Quartet: Complete Recordings on Deutsche Grammophon
    Label: Dg Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: B002514572 Release Date: 07/15/2016   Number of Discs: 52
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Béla Bartók,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    Performer:  Carol Wincenc,  Mstislav Rostropovich,  Thomas Hampson,  Menahem Pressler  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Emerson String Quartet
    On sale! $159.98
    CD: $134.99
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  • 2.
    Time in Motion / Fukio Ensemble
    Label: Ars Produktion   Catalog: 38211 Release Date: 06/24/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Fabien Lévy,  Guillermo Lago,  Robin Hoffmann  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Fukio Ensemble
    SuperAudio CD: $19.99
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  • 3.
    Deutsche Grammophon: The Mono Era (1948-1957)
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002457272 Release Date: 03/18/2016   Number of Discs: 51
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Dmitri Shostakovich,  Frédéric Chopin,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Stefan Askenase,  Shura Cherkassky,  Halina Czerny-Stefanska,  Basile Bolotine  ... 
    Conductor:  Karel Ancerl,  Karl Böhm,  Serge Jaroff,  Leopold Ludwig  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Amadeus Quartet,  Czech Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $145.99
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  • 4.
    Quartetto Italiano: Complete Decca, Philips & Deutsche Grammophon Recordings
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002410802 Release Date: 12/11/2015   Number of Discs: 37
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Roman Hoffstetter  ... 
    Performer:  Paolo Borciani,  Franco Rossi,  Piero Farulli,  Elisa Pegreffi  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Quartetto Italiano
    On sale! $111.98
    CD: $106.49
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  • 5.
    Dvorak, Smetana: String Quartets
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 552124 Release Date: 09/18/2015   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Bedrich Smetana
    CD: $12.99
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  • 6.
    Dvorak, Bartok, Dohnanyi  / Quatuor Modigliani
    Label: Mirare   Catalog: 269 Release Date: 09/11/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Béla Bartók,  Ernö von Dohnányi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Quatuor Modigliani
    CD: $22.99
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  • 7.
    Dvorak Edition
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 95100 Release Date: 06/30/2015   Number of Discs: 45
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Rudolf Firkusny,  Ruggiero Ricci,  Zara Nelsova,  Marián Lapsansky  ... 
    Conductor:  Otmar Suitner,  Theodore Kuchar,  Walter Susskind,  Antal Doráti  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Staatskapelle Orchestra,  Ostrava Janácek Philharmonic Orchestra,  St. Louis Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $98.99
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  • 8.
    Cello & Streichquartette: Boccherini, Beethoven, Dworschak, Mozart
    Label: Zyx Records   Catalog: 10188 Release Date: 06/09/2015   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Franz Schubert,  Antonín Dvorák,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Joseph Schuster,  Claus Kannglesser
    Conductor:  Günter Kehr,  Jonel Perlea
    CD: $13.99
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  • 9.
    Dvorak: String Quartet No. 12
    Label: La Dolce Volta   Catalog: 254 Release Date: 06/10/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Zirí Zigmund
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Talich String Quartet
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    CD: $15.99
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  • 10.
    Dvorak: String Quintet Op. 77; String Quartet Op. 96
    Label: Md&g (Dabringhaus & Grimm)   Catalog: 9071847 Release Date: 04/29/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Alois Posch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leipzig String Quartet
    SuperAudio CD: $18.99
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  • 11.
    America!, Vol. 1: A Land Of Refuge
    Label: Harmonia Mundi   Catalog: 2908539 Release Date: 04/08/2014   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Igor Stravinsky,  Béla Bartók  ... 
    Performer:  Brigitte Engerer,  Oleg Maisenberg,  Thomas Larcher,  Matthias Goerne  ... 
    Conductor:  Joel Frederiksen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Jerusalem String Quartet,  Berlin RIAS Chamber Chorus,  musikFabrik  ... 
    CD: $13.99
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  • 12.
    New World Quartets / Brodsky Quartet
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 10801 Release Date: 01/28/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Aaron Copland,  Samuel Barber,  George Gershwin  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Brodsky String Quartet
    CD: $18.99
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  • 13.
    Antonin Dvorak: String Quartet Op. 96
    Label: Praga   Catalog: 250300 Release Date: 11/12/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Frantisek Soucek,  Petr Strizek,  Petr Holman
    SuperAudio CD: $24.99
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  • 14.
    The American Album / Cypress String Quartet
    Label: Avie   Catalog: 2304 Release Date: 11/12/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Charles Tomlinson Griffes,  Kevin Puts,  Samuel Barber
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cypress String Quartet
    CD: $17.99
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  • 15.
    Antonin Dvorak: Symphony No. 8
    Label: Royal Flemish Philharmonic   Catalog: 5 Release Date: 10/08/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Conductor:  Edo De Waart
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Flemish Philharmonic Wood Quintet
    On sale! $20.98
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  • 16.
    Czech String Quartets / Stamitz Quartet
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 9410 Release Date: 06/25/2013   Number of Discs: 15
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Bedrich Smetana,  Leos Janácek,  Bohuslav Martinu
    Performer:  Jan Peruska,  Bohuslav Matousek,  Josef Kekula,  Vladimir Peixner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Stamitz String Quartet,  Stamitz String Quartet members
    Recommendation
    CD: $68.99
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  • 17.
    Dvorak: String Quartet No 12; Smetana: String Quartet No 1 / Tokyo String Quartet
    Label: Harmonia Mundi   Catalog: 807429 Release Date: 05/14/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Bedrich Smetana
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Tokyo String Quartet
    On sale! $21.98
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  • 18.
    Great Chamber Music
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8501064 Release Date: 04/30/2013   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Franz Schubert,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Performer:  Tamás Szabo,  Gábor Fias,  Attila Falvay,  György Éder  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Kodály String Quartet,  Auer String Quartet,  Villa Musica Ensemble  ... 
    CD: $68.99
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  • 19.
    Dvorak: String Quartets Vol 1 / Vogler Quartet
    Label: Cpo   Catalog: 777624 Release Date: 11/13/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Oliver Triendl
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vogler String Quartet
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    CD: $34.99
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  • 20.
    Americana / Modern Mandolin Quartet [CD & Blu-ray Audio]
    Label: Sono Luminus   Catalog: 92157 Release Date: 08/28/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Aaron Copland,  Antonín Dvorák,  Leonard Bernstein,  Traditional  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Modern Mandolin Quartet
    Blu-ray Audio: $19.99
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  • 21.
    Dvorak, Smetana, Suk: String Quartets / Sacconi String Quartet
    Label: Sacconi Records   Catalog: 104 Release Date: 07/26/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Bedrich Smetana,  Antonín Dvorák,  Josef Suk
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Sacconi String Quartet
    CD: $17.99
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  • 22.
    Dvorak: American Quartet; Borodin: String Quartet No 2 / Carney
    Label: Royal Philharmonic Masterworks   Catalog: 29030 Release Date: 05/10/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Alexander Borodin
    Conductor:  Jonathan Carney
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $9.99
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  • 23.
    Dvorak: The Essential String Quartets  / Panocha Quartet
    Label: Supraphon   Catalog: 4048 Release Date: 04/26/2011   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Panocha String Quartet
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    CD: $24.99
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  • 24.
    Still, Dvorak, Barber, Gershwin / Serafin String Quartet
    Label: Centaur Records   Catalog: 3050 Release Date: 09/28/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  George Gershwin,  Samuel Barber,  William Grant Still
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Serafin String Quartet
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  • 25.
    Dvorak In America
    Label: Supraphon   Catalog: 4025 Release Date: 07/27/2010   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Josef Chuchro,  Milos Sádlo,  Jaroslav Soucek,  Gabriela Benacková
    Conductor:  Jiri Belohlávek,  Václav Neumann
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Panocha String Quartet,  Smetana String Quartet,  Czech Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $24.99
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