Antonín Dvorák

Biography

Born: 1841   Died: 1904   Country: Czechoslovakia   Period: Romantic
Widely regarded as the most distinguished of Czech composers, Antonin Dvorák (1841-1904) produced attractive and vigorous music possessed of clear formal outlines, melodies that are both memorable and spontaneous-sounding, and a colorful, effective instrumental sense. Dvorák is considered one of the major figures of nationalism, both proselytizing for and making actual use of folk influences, which he expertly combined with Classical forms in Read more works of all genres. His symphonies are among his most widely appreciated works; the Symphony No. 9 ("From the New World," 1893) takes a place among the finest and most popular examples of the symphonic literature. Similarly, his Cello Concerto (1894-1895) is one of the cornerstones of the repertory, providing the soloist an opportunity for virtuosic flair and soaring expressivity. Dvorák displayed special skill in writing for chamber ensembles, producing dozens of such works; among these, his 14 string quartets (1862-1895), the "American" Quintet (1893) and the "Dumky" Trio (1890-1891) are outstanding examples of their respective genres, overflowing with attractive folklike melodies set like jewels into the solid fixtures of Brahmsian absolute forms.
Dvorák's "American" and "New World" works arose during the composer's sojourn in the United States in the early 1890s; he was uneasy with American high society and retreated to a small, predominantly Czech town in Iowa for summer vacations during his stay. However, he did make the acquaintance of the pioneering African-American baritone H.T. Burleigh, who may have influenced the seemingly spiritual-like melodies in the "New World" symphony and other works; some claim that the similarity resulted instead from a natural affinity between African-American and Eastern European melodic structures.
By that time, Dvorák was among the most celebrated of European composers, seen by many as the heir to Brahms, who had championed Dvorák during the younger composer's long climb to the top. The son of a butcher and occasional zither player, Dvorák studied the organ in Prague as a young man and worked variously as a café violist and church organist during the 1860s and 1870s while creating a growing body of symphonies, chamber music, and Czech-language opera. For three years in the 1870s he won a government grant (the Viennese critic Hanslick was among the judges) designed to help the careers of struggling young creative artists. Brahms gained for Dvorák a contract with his own publisher, Simrock, in 1877; the association proved a profitable one despite an initial controversy that flared when Dvorák insisted on including Czech-language work titles on the printed covers, a novelty in those musically German-dominated times. In the 1880s and 1890s Dvorák's reputation became international in scope thanks to a series of major masterpieces that included the Seventh, Eighth, and "New World" symphonies. At the end of his life he turned to opera once again; Rusalka, from 1901, incorporates Wagnerian influences into the musical telling of its legend-based story, and remains the most frequently performed of the composer's vocal works. Dvorák, a professor at Prague University from 1891 on, exerted a deep influence on Czech music of the twentieth century; among his students was Josef Suk, who also became his son-in-law. Read less

Work: Rusalka, Op 114: Song to the moon

Browse 1-23 of 23 Available Recordings
  • 1.
    The Best Of Yvonne Kenny
    Label: Abc Classics   Catalog: 4764620 Release Date: 06/10/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  George Frideric Handel,  Richard Strauss,  Rudolf Sieczynski  ... 
    Performer:  Yvonne Kenny,  Malcolm Martineau,  Caroline Almonte,  Joe Chindamo  ... 
    Conductor:  Wlodzimierz Kamirski,  Johannes Fritzsch,  Richard Bonynge,  Guy Noble  ... 
    CD: $22.49
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  • 2.
    Essential Opera Divas
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 234522 Release Date: 01/22/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  George Frideric Handel,  Antonio Vivaldi,  Christoph W. Gluck,  Richard Wagner  ... 
    Performer:  Arleen Augér,  Patrizia Ciofi,  Véronique Gens,  Jessye Norman  ... 
    Conductor:  Richard Hickox,  Fabio Biondi,  Christophe Rousset,  Klaus Tennstedt  ... 
    CD: $12.99
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  • 3.
    The Art of Renee Fleming
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001717202 Release Date: 09/11/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Vincenzo Bellini,  Alfredo Catalani,  Giacomo Puccini  ... 
    Performer:  Renée Fleming,  Bryn Terfel,  Ralph Salmins,  Steve Pearce  ... 
    Conductor:  Andreas Delfs,  Sir Charles Mackerras,  Daniel Barenboim,  Paul Gemignani  ... 
    CD: $15.99
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  • 4.
    Label: Simply   Catalog: 1206108 Release Date: 09/04/2012   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Vincenzo Bellini,  George Frideric Handel,  Gaetano Donizetti,  Georges Bizet  ... 
    Performer:  Maria Callas,  Joszef Mukle,  Alberto Cupido,  Graciela Alperyn  ... 
    Conductor:  Camerata Budapest,  László Kovács,  Martin Elmquist,  Alexander Rahbari  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Scholars Baroque Ensemble,  I Solisti Italiani
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  • 5.
    I Violini Di Cremona: Ommagio A Kreisler, Vol. 1
    Label: Master Music   Catalog: 9 Release Date: 03/20/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Fritz Kreisler,  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Salvatore Accardo,  Laura Manzini
    On sale! $52.98
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  • 6.
    Classical 2012 / Angela Gheorghiu, David Fray, Alison Balsom, Jonas Kaufmann
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 6804032 Release Date: 01/10/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Gioachino Rossini,  Ruggero Leoncavallo,  George Frideric Handel  ... 
    Performer:  Angela Gheorghiu,  Jonas Kaufmann,  Natalie Dessay,  Alison Balsom  ... 
    Conductor:  Marco Armiliato,  Antonio Pappano,  Emmanuelle Haďm,  Alison Balsom  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Scottish Ensemble,  Les Talens Lyriques,  I Barocchisti  ... 
    CD: $17.99
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  • 7.
    Popular Opera Arias
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 300250 Release Date: 09/13/2011   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Gaetano Donizetti,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Giacomo Puccini  ... 
    Performer:  Hermann Prey,  Ruth-Margaret Pütz,  Franz Crass,  Annelies Burmeister  ... 
    Conductor:  Otmar Suitner,  Siegfried Kurz,  Giuseppe Patané,  Horst Stein  ... 
    CD: $17.99
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  • 8.
    Slavic Opera Arias / Krassimira Stoyanova
    Label: Orfeo   Catalog: 830111 Release Date: 08/23/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Parashkev Hadzhiev,  Alexander Borodin,  Antonín Dvorák,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov  ... 
    Performer:  Krassimira Stoyanova
    Conductor:  Pavel Baleff
    CD: $22.49
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  • 9.
    Moonlight Classics
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 82161 Release Date: 07/26/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Edvard Grieg,  Claude Debussy,  Antonio Vivaldi,  Jules Massenet  ... 
    Performer:  Sviatoslav Richter,  Alexis Weissenberg,  Sonia Maurer,  Giovanni Scaramuzzino  ... 
    Conductor:  Lovro von Matacic,  Fabio Biondi,  Sir Thomas Beecham,  Pierre Dervaux  ... 
    CD: $7.99
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  • 10.
    The Opera Album 2011
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001566102 Release Date: 06/14/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Georges Bizet,  Giacomo Puccini,  Ruggero Leoncavallo,  Alfredo Catalani  ... 
    Performer:  Bryn Terfel,  Anna Netrebko,  Andrea Bocelli,  Jonas Kaufmann  ... 
    Conductor:  Barry Wordsworth,  Gianandrea Noseda,  Zubin Mehta,  Antonio Pappano  ... 
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  • 11.
    Opera 2011
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 96666 Release Date: 04/19/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Antonio Caldara,  Giacomo Puccini,  George Frideric Handel  ... 
    Performer:  Joyce DiDonato,  Edgaras Montvidas,  Philippe Jaroussky,  Anna Netrebko  ... 
    Conductor:  Kazushi Ono,  Emmanuelle Haďm,  Antonio Pappano,  Eugene Kohn  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Seminario Musicale,  L'arpeggiata
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  • 12.
    Essential Opera
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 27920 Release Date: 08/24/2010   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi,  Georges Bizet,  Gioachino Rossini,  Giacomo Puccini  ... 
    Performer:  Placido [Tenor Vocals] Domingo,  Ernest Blanc,  Nicolai Gedda,  Thomas Hampson  ... 
    Conductor:  Riccardo Muti,  Thomas Schippers,  Pierre Dervaux,  Gianluigi Gelmetti  ... 
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  • 13.
    50 Best Relaxing Classics
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 57547 Release Date: 06/29/2010   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Georges Bizet,  Jules Massenet,  Gabriel Fauré,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Performer:  Hans Kalafusz,  Stephen Farr,  Han-Na Chang,  Jacqueline Du Pré  ... 
    Conductor:  Seiji Ozawa,  Sir Neville Marriner,  David Hill,  Sir Charles Mackerras  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra Wind and Brass Ensemble
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  • 14.
    50 Best Romantic Classics
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 57555 Release Date: 06/29/2010   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Jacques Offenbach,  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Georges Bizet,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    Performer:  Jessye Norman,  Ann Murray,  Han-Na Chang,  Maria Callas  ... 
    Conductor:  Sylvain Cambreling,  Leonard Slatkin,  Georges Prętre,  Wolfgang Sawallisch  ... 
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  • 15.
    Opera 2010
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 32009 Release Date: 04/06/2010   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Giacomo Puccini,  Charles Gounod,  Gioachino Rossini,  Antonio Vivaldi  ... 
    Performer:  Angela Gheorghiu,  Diana Damrau,  Joyce DiDonato,  Vivica Genaux  ... 
    Conductor:  Antonio Pappano,  Dan Ettinger,  Eduardo Müller,  Fabio Biondi  ... 
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  • 16.
    Passages
    Label: Alwyn Wright   Catalog: 5637575137 Release Date: 11/03/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Fritz Kreisler,  Christoph W. Gluck,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Astor Piazzolla  ... 
    Performer:  Alwyn Wright,  Valeria Morgovskaya
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  • 17.
    50 Jahre Deutsche Oper Am Rhein: Dusseldorf-duisburg
    Label: Ars Produktion   Catalog: 38450 Release Date: 09/01/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Modest Mussorgsky,  Giacomo Puccini  ... 
    Performer:  Ilse Hollweg,  Anneliese Rothenberger,  Heinz Imdahl,  Astrid Varnay  ... 
    Conductor:  Arnold Quennet,  Alberto Erede,  Giuseppe Patané,  Hector Urbon  ... 
    CD: $34.99
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  • 18.
    A Night At The Opera: The Greatest Arias & Duets
    Label: Abc Classics   Catalog: 788897 Release Date: 05/13/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  George Frideric Handel,  Gaetano Donizetti,  Georges Bizet,  Pietro Mascagni  ... 
    Performer:  Yvonne Kenny,  David Hobson,  Teddy Tahu Rhodes [Baritone Vocals],  Rita Hunter  ... 
    Conductor:  Paul Dyer,  Marco Guidarini,  Thomas Woods,  Anthony Walker  ... 
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  • 19.
    100 Best Relaxing Classics
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 15606 Release Date: 01/15/2008   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Johann Pachelbel,  Antonio Vivaldi,  George Frideric Handel,  Christoph W. Gluck  ... 
    Performer:  Yehudi Menuhin,  Andrei Gavrilov,  Europa Galante,  Fabio Biondi  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner,  Alberto Lysy,  Yehudi Menuhin,  Erno Olah  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Seminario Musicale,  Quartet of London,  Scottish Ensemble  ... 
    CD: $18.99
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  • 20.
    Label: Universal   Catalog: 77264 Release Date: 10/23/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Francesco Sartori,  Lucio Dalla,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Ennio Morricone  ... 
    Performer:  James Banbury,  Katherine Jenkins,  John Parricelli,  Rhys Meirion  ... 
    Conductor:  James Banbury,  William Hayward
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  • 21.
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 5126312 Release Date: 10/12/2007   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Modest Mussorgsky,  Mikhail Glinka,  Antonín Dvorák,  Stanislaw Moniuszko  ... 
    Performer:  Wanda Jakubowska,  Zofia Kilanowisz,  Lucia Popp,  Piotr Anderszewski  ... 
    Conductor:  Sergiu Celibidache,  Wolfgang Sawallisch,  Herbert von Karajan,  Arnold Rezler  ... 
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  • 22.
    Operamania
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 44120 Release Date: 10/29/2002   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Giacomo Puccini,  Georges Bizet,  Umberto Giordano,  Charles Gounod  ... 
    Performer:  Giuseppe Di Stefano,  Marilyn Horne,  Carlo Bergonzi,  Renata Tebaldi  ... 
    Conductor:  Franco Patanč,  Henry Lewis,  Tullio Serafin,  Nello Santi  ... 
    On sale! $43.98
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  • 23.
    The Only Opera Album You'll Ever Need
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 5513562 Release Date: 03/31/2001   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi,  Giacomo Puccini,  George Frideric Handel,  Georges Bizet  ... 
    On sale! $20.99
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