Antonín Dvorák

Biography

Born: 1841   Died: 1904   Country: Czechoslovakia   Period: Romantic
Widely regarded as the most distinguished of Czech composers, Antonin Dvorák (1841-1904) produced attractive and vigorous music possessed of clear formal outlines, melodies that are both memorable and spontaneous-sounding, and a colorful, effective instrumental sense. Dvorák is considered one of the major figures of nationalism, both proselytizing for and making actual use of folk influences, which he expertly combined with Classical forms in Read more works of all genres. His symphonies are among his most widely appreciated works; the Symphony No. 9 ("From the New World," 1893) takes a place among the finest and most popular examples of the symphonic literature. Similarly, his Cello Concerto (1894-1895) is one of the cornerstones of the repertory, providing the soloist an opportunity for virtuosic flair and soaring expressivity. Dvorák displayed special skill in writing for chamber ensembles, producing dozens of such works; among these, his 14 string quartets (1862-1895), the "American" Quintet (1893) and the "Dumky" Trio (1890-1891) are outstanding examples of their respective genres, overflowing with attractive folklike melodies set like jewels into the solid fixtures of Brahmsian absolute forms.

Dvorák's "American" and "New World" works arose during the composer's sojourn in the United States in the early 1890s; he was uneasy with American high society and retreated to a small, predominantly Czech town in Iowa for summer vacations during his stay. However, he did make the acquaintance of the pioneering African-American baritone H.T. Burleigh, who may have influenced the seemingly spiritual-like melodies in the "New World" symphony and other works; some claim that the similarity resulted instead from a natural affinity between African-American and Eastern European melodic structures.

By that time, Dvorák was among the most celebrated of European composers, seen by many as the heir to Brahms, who had championed Dvorák during the younger composer's long climb to the top. The son of a butcher and occasional zither player, Dvorák studied the organ in Prague as a young man and worked variously as a café violist and church organist during the 1860s and 1870s while creating a growing body of symphonies, chamber music, and Czech-language opera. For three years in the 1870s he won a government grant (the Viennese critic Hanslick was among the judges) designed to help the careers of struggling young creative artists. Brahms gained for Dvorák a contract with his own publisher, Simrock, in 1877; the association proved a profitable one despite an initial controversy that flared when Dvorák insisted on including Czech-language work titles on the printed covers, a novelty in those musically German-dominated times. In the 1880s and 1890s Dvorák's reputation became international in scope thanks to a series of major masterpieces that included the Seventh, Eighth, and "New World" symphonies. At the end of his life he turned to opera once again; Rusalka, from 1901, incorporates Wagnerian influences into the musical telling of its legend-based story, and remains the most frequently performed of the composer's vocal works. Dvorák, a professor at Prague University from 1891 on, exerted a deep influence on Czech music of the twentieth century; among his students was Josef Suk, who also became his son-in-law. Read less

Dvorák: Symphonies No 7 & 8 / Doráti, London SO
Release Date: 05/12/1992   Label: Mercury Living Presence  
Catalog: 434312   Number of Discs: 1
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Dvorák In Prague - A Celebration
Release Date: 05/29/2007   Label: Kultur Video  
Catalog: 4211   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Songs My Mother Taught Me (Als die alte Mutter)

Browse 51-75 of 89 Available Recordings
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  • 51.
    World Singers / Schwarzkopf, Sutherland, Ludwig, Gedda, Et Al
    Label: Kultur Video   Catalog: 2241 Release Date: 09/24/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Johannes Brahms,  Jean Sibelius,  Franz Joseph Haydn  ... 
    Performer:  Christa Ludwig,  Gerald Moore,  Kim Borg,  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf  ... 
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  • 52.
    On Wings Of Song - Victoria De Los Angeles
    Label: Emi Studio   Catalog: 69502 Release Date: 09/10/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ruperto Chapi,  Johann Paul A. Martini,  Joaquin Rodrigo,  Pablo Luna y Carné  ... 
    Performer:  Victoria de los Angeles
    Conductor:  Rafael Frühbeck de Burgos
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Sinfonia of London,  Orchestre de la Société du Conservatoire Paris,  City of London Sinfonia
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  • 53.
    Popular Encores - Paganini, Schubert, Et Al / Haendel, Et Al
    Label: Testament   Catalog: 1259 Release Date: 09/10/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Béla Bartók,  Ernesto Halffter,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Performer:  Geoffrey Parsons,  Ida Haendel
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  • 54.
    Evening Adagios - Over 2 1/2 Hours Of Peaceful Evening Music
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 470780 Release Date: 07/16/2002   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Erich Wolfgang Korngold,  Sir Edward Elgar,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Johann Sebastian Bach  ... 
    Performer:  Kjell Lysell,  Bengt Forsberg,  Mats Lidström,  Ulf Forsberg  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner,  István Kertész,  Riccardo Chailly,  George Malcolm  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields,  Vienna Haydn Orchestra,  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra  ... 
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  • 55.
    Florence Easton - Absolute Soprano
    Label: Marston   Catalog: 52033 Release Date: 06/01/2002   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Johannes Brahms,  Robert Schumann,  Antonio Secchi  ... 
    Performer:  Lester Hodges,  Florence Easton,  Gerald Moore,  Mario Chamlee  ... 
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  • 56.
    Dvorák: Music For Violin And Piano Vol 2 / Zhou, Battersby
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8554730 Release Date: 01/15/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Edmund Battersby,  Qian Zhou
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  • 57.
    Marian Anderson - Rarities - Broadcast Performances 1943-52
    Label: Vai Audio   Catalog: 1200 Release Date: 12/11/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Frank La Forge,  James Cook,  Traditional,  Antonín Dvorák  ... 
    Performer:  Marian Anderson
    Conductor:  Donald Voorhees
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra
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  • 58.
    Night Music 8 - Classical Favourites For Relaxing
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8556608 Release Date: 09/01/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Antonio Vivaldi,  Georg Philipp Telemann  ... 
    Performer:  Wolf Harden,  Takako Nishizaki,  Alexander Jablokov,  Quido Hölbling  ... 
    Conductor:  Richard Edlinger,  Stephen Gunzenhauser,  Barry Wordsworth,  István Bogár  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Kodály String Quartet,  Capella Istropolitana,  Kosice Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 59.
    Vocalise / Joe Sakimoto, Haruki Mino
    Label: Camerata Records   Catalog: 590 Release Date: 03/27/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  George Gershwin,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Erik Satie,  Sergei Rachmaninov  ... 
    Performer:  Joe Sakimoto,  Haruki Mino
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  • 60.
    Violin Adagios
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 467675 Release Date: 03/20/2001   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Antonio Vivaldi,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Sir Edward Elgar,  Antonín Dvorák  ... 
    Performer:  Pinchas Zukerman,  Midori,  Akiko Suwanai,  Phillip Moll  ... 
    Conductor:  Pinchas Zukerman,  Sir Neville Marriner,  John Mauceri,  André Previn  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  St. Paul Chamber Orchestra,  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields,  Berlin RIAS Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 61.
    Lebendige Vergangenheit - Kirsten Flagstad Vol 2
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 89514 Release Date: 02/27/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ronald, Landon, Sir,  Richard Strauss,  Frank Bridge,  James Hotchkiss Rogers  ... 
    Performer:  Kirsten Flagstad
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  • 62.
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 4953 Release Date: 05/23/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Bernard Zaslav,  Naomi Zaslav
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Zaslav Duo
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  • 63.
    Charlotte Church
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 64356 Release Date: 02/08/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Danny Beckerman,  Gioachino Rossini,  Jacques Offenbach,  Giacomo Puccini  ... 
    Performer:  Charlotte Church
    Conductor:  Sian Edwards
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  London Symphony Chorus
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  • 64.
    Charlotte Church
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 64356 Release Date: 11/16/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Traditional,  Thomas Moore,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Antonín Dvorák  ... 
    Performer:  Charlotte Church
    Conductor:  Sian Edwards
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  London Symphony Chorus
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  • 65.
    The Ultimate Lullaby Album
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 466358 Release Date: 05/11/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Engelbert Humperdinck,  Gottfried H. Stölzel,  Sir Edward Elgar,  Princess Te Rangi Pai  ... 
    Performer:  Brigitte Fassbaender,  Lucia Popp,  Norma Burrowes,  Marilyn Horne  ... 
    Conductor:  Steuart Bedford
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna State Opera Chorus,  English Chamber Orchestra
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  • 66.
    Romance / Yoshikazu Mera
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 949 Release Date: 11/01/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Charles Gounod,  Traditional,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Edvard Grieg  ... 
    Performer:  Yoshikazu Mera,  Masayuki Kino,  Hitsako Matsui
    Conductor:  Shigeo Genda
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Japan Philharmonic Symphony Orchestra
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  • 67.
    Cello Song / Julian Lloyd Webber, John Lenehan
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 434917 Release Date: 08/30/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Olivier Messiaen,  Antonín Dvorák,  Mario Castelnuovo-Tedesco,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    Performer:  John Lenehan,  Julian Lloyd Webber
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  • 68.
    My World / Angela Gheorghiu
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 458360 Release Date: 04/07/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Johann Paul A. Martini,  Ruggero Leoncavallo,  Nicholas Brodszky  ... 
    Performer:  Malcolm Martineau,  Angela Gheorghiu
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  • 69.
    Itzhak Perlman's Greatest Hits
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 56602 Release Date: 02/17/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Pablo de Sarasate,  Frédéric Chopin,  Robert Schumann,  Moritz Moszkowski  ... 
    Performer:  Itzhak Perlman,  Samuel Sanders
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  • 70.
    Renée Fleming - The Beautiful Voice
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 458858 Release Date: 02/10/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Joseph Canteloube,  Erich Wolfgang Korngold,  Antonín Dvorák,  José Maria Cano  ... 
    Performer:  Renée Fleming,  Clive Greensmith,  Paul Willey,  Osian Ellis  ... 
    Conductor:  Jeffrey Tate
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Chamber Orchestra,  London Voices
    CD: $15.99
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  • 71.
    Prima Voce - Richard Crooks In Songs And Ballads
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 7888 Release Date: 09/16/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Traditional,  Harold Vicars,  John Metcalf,  Antoni Perez Moya  ... 
    Performer:  Richard Crooks,  Richard [Tenor Vocal] Crooks
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  • 72.
    Hommage A Kreisler / Daniel Gaede, Phillip Moll
    Label: Tacet   Catalog: 52 Release Date: 10/24/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Christoph W. Gluck,  Fritz Kreisler,  Manuel de Falla,  Antonín Dvorák  ... 
    Performer:  Daniel Gaede,  Phillip Moll
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  • 73.
    Mathé Plays Kreisler / Ulrike-anima Mathé, Samuel Sanders
    Label: Sono Luminus   Catalog: 90231 Release Date: 08/01/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Cyril Scott,  Antonín Dvorák,  Frédéric Chopin,  Fritz Kreisler
    Performer:  Samuel Sanders,  Ulrike-Anima Mathé
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  • 74.
    Dvorak - Greatest Hits
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 69248 Release Date: 11/14/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Tsuyoshi Tsutsumi,  Frederica Von Stade,  Rudolf Firkusny,  Milan Turkovic  ... 
    Conductor:  Zdenek Kosler,  Richard Hickox,  Sir Andrew Davis,  Carlo Maria Giulini  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Czech Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra  ... 
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  • 75.
    All Of The World's Most Beautiful Melodies! / Mccann, Et Al
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 4536 Release Date: 10/17/1995   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Traditional,  Ruggero Leoncavallo,  Johann Paul A. Martini,  Helen Guy  ... 
    Performer:  Phillip McCann,  Simon Lindley,  Roy Newsome,  Skaila Kanga  ... 
    Conductor:  Roy Newsome,  Major Peter Parkes,  Douglas Blackledge,  Gordon Langford
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Sellers Engineering Band,  Huddersfield Choral Society,  Leeds Parish Church Boys' Choir  ... 
    CD: $48.99
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