Antonín Dvorák

Biography

Born: 1841   Died: 1904   Country: Czechoslovakia   Period: Romantic
Widely regarded as the most distinguished of Czech composers, Antonin Dvorák (1841-1904) produced attractive and vigorous music possessed of clear formal outlines, melodies that are both memorable and spontaneous-sounding, and a colorful, effective instrumental sense. Dvorák is considered one of the major figures of nationalism, both proselytizing for and making actual use of folk influences, which he expertly combined with Classical forms in Read more works of all genres. His symphonies are among his most widely appreciated works; the Symphony No. 9 ("From the New World," 1893) takes a place among the finest and most popular examples of the symphonic literature. Similarly, his Cello Concerto (1894-1895) is one of the cornerstones of the repertory, providing the soloist an opportunity for virtuosic flair and soaring expressivity. Dvorák displayed special skill in writing for chamber ensembles, producing dozens of such works; among these, his 14 string quartets (1862-1895), the "American" Quintet (1893) and the "Dumky" Trio (1890-1891) are outstanding examples of their respective genres, overflowing with attractive folklike melodies set like jewels into the solid fixtures of Brahmsian absolute forms.

Dvorák's "American" and "New World" works arose during the composer's sojourn in the United States in the early 1890s; he was uneasy with American high society and retreated to a small, predominantly Czech town in Iowa for summer vacations during his stay. However, he did make the acquaintance of the pioneering African-American baritone H.T. Burleigh, who may have influenced the seemingly spiritual-like melodies in the "New World" symphony and other works; some claim that the similarity resulted instead from a natural affinity between African-American and Eastern European melodic structures.

By that time, Dvorák was among the most celebrated of European composers, seen by many as the heir to Brahms, who had championed Dvorák during the younger composer's long climb to the top. The son of a butcher and occasional zither player, Dvorák studied the organ in Prague as a young man and worked variously as a café violist and church organist during the 1860s and 1870s while creating a growing body of symphonies, chamber music, and Czech-language opera. For three years in the 1870s he won a government grant (the Viennese critic Hanslick was among the judges) designed to help the careers of struggling young creative artists. Brahms gained for Dvorák a contract with his own publisher, Simrock, in 1877; the association proved a profitable one despite an initial controversy that flared when Dvorák insisted on including Czech-language work titles on the printed covers, a novelty in those musically German-dominated times. In the 1880s and 1890s Dvorák's reputation became international in scope thanks to a series of major masterpieces that included the Seventh, Eighth, and "New World" symphonies. At the end of his life he turned to opera once again; Rusalka, from 1901, incorporates Wagnerian influences into the musical telling of its legend-based story, and remains the most frequently performed of the composer's vocal works. Dvorák, a professor at Prague University from 1891 on, exerted a deep influence on Czech music of the twentieth century; among his students was Josef Suk, who also became his son-in-law. Read less

Dvorák: Piano Quintet, Piano Quartet / Pressler, Emerson Qt
Release Date: 05/10/1994   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 439868   Number of Discs: 1
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Tchaikovsky, Dvorák: Serenades / Berglund, New Stockholm Co
Release Date: 03/25/1994   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 243   Number of Discs: 1
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Janácek: Sinfonietta;  Dvorák: Legends / Järvi, Bamberg
Release Date: 09/26/1994   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 436   Number of Discs: 1
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Dvorák: Symphonies Nos 7 & 8 / Chung, Gothenburg So
Release Date: 09/26/1994   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 452   Number of Discs: 1
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Dvorák: Symphonic Poems, Overtures / Kuchar
Release Date: 03/01/2005   Label: Brilliant Classics  
Catalog: 92297   Number of Discs: 3
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Work: Songs My Mother Taught Me (Als die alte Mutter)

Browse 26-50 of 95 Available Recordings
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  • 26.
    Great Operatic Arias - Christine Brewer, Vol 2 / Parry, London PO
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 3159 Release Date: 03/31/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Lehár,  Antonín Dvorák,  Erich Wolfgang Korngold,  Richard Wagner  ... 
    Performer:  Timothy Robinson,  Christine Brewer,  Judith Howarth
    Conductor:  David Parry
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 27.
    Souvenirs / Anna Netrebko
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001221702 Release Date: 11/11/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jacques Offenbach,  Carlos Guastavino,  Luigi Arditi,  Jerónimo Giménez  ... 
    Performer:  Elina Garanca,  Piotr Beczala,  Anna Netrebko,  Andrew Swait
    Conductor:  Emmanuel Villaume
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Prague Philharmonic Chorus,  Prague Philharmonia
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  • 28.
    Souvenirs / Anna Netrebko [Deluxe Edition]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001223800 Release Date: 11/11/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Luigi Arditi,  Jerónimo Giménez,  Carlos Guastavino,  Reynaldo Hahn  ... 
    Performer:  Anna Netrebko,  Andrew Swait,  Elina Garanca,  Piotr Beczala
    Conductor:  Emmanuel Villaume,  Lukas Vasilek
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Prague Philharmonia,  Prague Philharmonic Chorus,  Prague Philharmonic Choir
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  • 29.
    Icon - Victoria De Los Angeles - The Opera Singer
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 17308 Release Date: 10/28/2008   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi,  Gioachino Rossini,  Pietro Mascagni,  Alfredo Catalani  ... 
    Performer:  Victoria de los Angeles,  Jussi Björling,  Boris Christoff,  Nicolai Gedda  ... 
    Conductor:  Giuseppe Morelli,  Stanford Robinson,  Sir Thomas Beecham,  Gabriele Santini  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Rome Opera House Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra,  RCA Victor Orchestra  ... 
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  • 30.
    Paul Robeson - The Complete EMI Sessions 1928-1939
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 15586 Release Date: 08/19/2008   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Felix Mendelssohn,  Traditional,  Thomas John Williams,  John Ireland  ... 
    Performer:  Paul Robeson,  Lawrence Brown,  Ruthland Clapham,  Herbert Dawson
    Conductor:  Ernest Irving,  Walter Goehr,  Ronnie Munro,  Carroll Gibbons  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra,  Mayfair Orchestra,  Jack Hylton Orchestra  ... 
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  • 31.
    Flight Of The Bumblebee - Favorites Of Old Russia
    Label: Dg Musikfest   Catalog: 413683 Release Date: 04/07/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Anton Rubinstein,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Sergei Prokofiev  ... 
    Conductor:  Yuli Reyentovich
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bolshoi Theatre Violin Ensemble
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  • 32.
    Julian Lloyd Webber - Lullaby
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 442426 Release Date: 04/07/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Julian Lloyd Webber,  Robert Schumann,  Franz Schubert,  Xavier Montsalvatge  ... 
    Performer:  Pamela Chowhan,  Julian Lloyd Webber,  John Lenehan,  Richard Rodney Bennett
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  • 33.
    American Virtuosa - Tribute To Maud Powell / R. Barton Pine
    Label: Cedille Records   Catalog: 97 Release Date: 06/12/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Traditional,  Max Liebling,  Cecil Burleigh,  Henry Holden Huss  ... 
    Performer:  Rachel Barton Pine,  Matthew Hagle,  Maud Powell
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  • 34.
    Dvorák In Prague - A Celebration
    Label: Kultur Video   Catalog: 4211 Release Date: 05/29/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Frederica Von Stade,  Yo-Yo Ma,  Itzhak Perlman
    Conductor:  Seiji Ozawa
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra
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  • 35.
    Ursula Vandiemen, Herbert Janssen - Recordings 1926-38
    Label: Hafg   Catalog: 10075 Release Date: 05/14/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Charles Gounod,  Max Reger  ... 
    Performer:  Ursula van Diemen,  Herbert Janssen,  Coenraad Bos,  Michael Raucheisen  ... 
    Conductor:  Jurgen Ochs
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Chorus,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Orchestra
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  • 36.
    The Very Best Of Dvorák
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8552139 Release Date: 10/31/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Qian Zhou,  Edmund Battersby,  Christian Kohn,  Silke-Thora Matthies  ... 
    Conductor:  Stephen Gunzenhauser,  Antoni Wit,  Michael Halász,  Robert Shafer  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Joachim Trio,  BBC Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vlach String Quartet Prague  ... 
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  • 37.
    On Wings Of Song & Zarzuela Arias / Victoria De Los Angeles
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 56535 Release Date: 08/01/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ruperto Chapi,  Francisco Barbieri,  Manuel F. Caballero,  Vicente Lleó  ... 
    Performer:  Victoria de los Angeles
    Conductor:  Rafael Frühbeck de Burgos
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Spanish National Orchestra Professors,  Sinfonia of London,  Coro de Cámara del Real
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  • 38.
    Songs You Love / Elizabeth Schwarzkopf
    Label: Emi Great Artists Of The Century   Catalog: 56529 Release Date: 08/01/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Traditional,  Hugo Wolf,  Richard Strauss,  Jean Sibelius  ... 
    Performer:  Gerald Moore,  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf
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  • 39.
    Baby Cello - Calming Music For Baby & You
    Label: Cala Records   Catalog: 4116 Release Date: 06/13/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonio Carlos Jobim,  Billy Strayhorn,  Kurt Weill,  Antonín Dvorák  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Cello Orchestra
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  • 40.
    Label: Tantara Records   Catalog: 610048 Release Date: 05/31/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Robert Cundick,  Stephen Paulus,  Rita MacNeil,  Clara W. McMaster  ... 
    Performer:  The Choirs of Brigham Young University,  Jonathan Bowman,  Rebecca Arnott,  Kenneth Owen  ... 
    Conductor:  Rosalind Hall,  Kenneth Owen,  Vicki McMurray,  Ronald Staheli
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  • 41.
    French Collection - Debussy, Ravel, Et Al / De Groot, Et Al
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 90698 Release Date: 05/30/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Claude Debussy,  Francis Poulenc,  Maurice Ravel,  Pablo de Sarasate  ... 
    Performer:  Bernd Brackman,  Jeroen de Groot
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  • 42.
    The Secret Of Dvorak's Cello Concerto / Vogler, Et Al
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 73716 Release Date: 10/25/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Stephen Foster
    Performer:  Helmut Deutsch,  Jan Vogler,  Angelika Kirchschlager
    Conductor:  David Robertson
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic
    CD: $11.99
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  • 43.
    Virtuoso Violin Pieces - Sarasate, et al / Fontanarosa, et al
    Label: Profil   Catalog: 4038 Release Date: 10/18/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Paul A. Martini,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Joseph Joachim Raff,  Antonín Dvorák  ... 
    Performer:  Patrice Fontanarosa
    Conductor:  Douglas Gamley
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Sinfonia of London
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  • 44.
    Dvorák Und Seine Zeit / Hampson, Bonney, Et Al
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 656052 Release Date: 09/27/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Antonín Dvorák,  Gustav Mahler,  Charles Ives  ... 
    Performer:  Wolfram Rieger,  George Zeppenfeld,  Michelle Breedt,  Barbara Bonney  ... 
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  • 45.
    Kreisler: Russian & Slavonic Miniatures / Koeckert, Et Al
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8557388 Release Date: 08/16/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Antonín Dvorák,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Nicholas Koeckert,  Milana Chernyavska
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  • 46.
    Paganini, Et Al: Music For Violin And Piano / Hossen
    Label: Gega New   Catalog: 109 Release Date: 03/29/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Niccolň Paganini,  Johannes Brahms,  Antonín Dvorák,  Fritz Kreisler  ... 
    Performer:  Ludmil Petkov,  Mario Hossen
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  • 47.
    Baby Cello - Calming Music For Baby & You
    Label: Cala Records   Catalog: 116 Release Date: 01/18/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonio Carlos Jobim,  Billy Strayhorn,  Kurt Weill,  Antonín Dvorák  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Cello Orchestra
    On sale! $13.98
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  • 48.
    Hommage A Kreisler (Hybr)
    Label: Tacet   Catalog: 52 Release Date: 01/01/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Christoph W. Gluck,  Fritz Kreisler,  Manuel de Falla,  Antonín Dvorák  ... 
    Performer:  Daniel Gaede,  Phillip Moll
    SuperAudio CD: $22.49
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  • 49.
    Label: Centaur Records   Catalog: 2679 Release Date: 10/26/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Samuel Barber,  Antonín Dvorák,  Georges Bizet,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    Performer:  Rick Bogard,  John Solomons
    CD: $17.99
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  • 50.
    Golden Age Of Light Music - Great British Light Orchestras
    Label: Guild   Catalog: 5104 Release Date: 09/28/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Joyce Cochrane,  Linda / Zaldiver,  Ray Martin,  Traditional  ... 
    Performer:  Queen's Hall Light Orchestra,  Cyril Stapleton,  Frank Cordell and His Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    Conductor:  Robert Farnon,  Cyril Stapleton,  Geraldo,  Frank Cordell  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Queen's Hall Orchestra,  Cyril Stapleton Orchestra,  Geraldo and His New Concert Orchestra  ... 
    On sale! $19.98
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