Henri Duparc

Biography

Born: January 21, 1848; Paris, France   Died: February 12, 1933; Mont-de-Marsan, France  
Examination of the life of Henri Duparc often leads one not to explore what he accomplished but to speculate on what he might have accomplished. While Sibelius and Copland wrote virtually nothing over their last 30 years of life, presumably because their inspiration had been tapped out after producing sizable outputs, Duparc simply stopped composing in 1885, at age 36, in the midst of a burgeoning career. His oeuvre was made up of 13 songs, some Read more incomplete works like his opera Roussalka, and other compositions, which he later would not acknowledge or only grudgingly acknowledge, such as his symphonic poem, Lenore. His greatest contribution was in his songs, which demonstrated a sophistication in uniting the text with the music, in using fairly elaborate contrapuntal elements in the accompaniment, and in eschewing overly sentimental moods often heard in the songs of other French composers of the time. While Duparc was obviously not a major composer, he was a minor figure who clearly demonstrated talents that might have elevated him to the front rank.

As a child and teen Henri Duparc showed an interest in many fields and possessed an extraordinary intellectual capacity. Yet, he also divulged a sensitive, sometimes hesitant nature. He initially began studying for a career in law, but concurrently took piano lessons from César Franck. Later he studied composition with him and soon began writing music. He typically destroyed his early works, not satisfied with aspects of his style, or with the entirety of the piece itself.

In 1868, his Five Mélodies, for voice and piano, were published, marking his first major surviving song collection. Shortly afterward he expressed doubts about three of them (Serenade, Romance de Mignon, and Le galop), though he ultimately allowed their survival. From this early period there exists a Sonata for piano and cello (1867), not published but in manuscript form, held by his daughter's estate.

In 1869, Duparc received his first substantial exposure to Wagner's music when he traveled to Munich for several performances. There he met Liszt, who introduced him to Wagner at that year's Bayreuth Festival. Wagner became a hero to Duparc, and at times a noticeable influence in his music. The composer would make numerous trips to Bayreuth over the next several decades, often with friends like Chabrier.

By the early 1870s Duparc was turning toward the orchestra. In 1874 he wrote Poéme nocturne, which was premiered in April that year at a Société National concert. Only the first of the three parts, however, has survived. Also, Duparc composed the aforementioned symphonic poem, Lénore, in 1875. Four years later, still in the thrall of Wagner, though not stylistically now, he began work on his opera Roussalka.

In 1885, Duparc abruptly abandoned composition, at least in part owing to a neurasthenia, which may have had psychological manifestations. The composer had an acute sense of pain and other physical discomforts, but managed a reasonably normal life with his wife and family. Though he composed no new music after 1885, in the early 1900s he did revise some earlier works, like the 1868 Five Mélodies and the Poéme nocturne of 1874.

In the early 1900s Duparc became blind. Always a religious man and growing more so in his later years, he traveled to the shrine known for miracles in Lourdes, France, in 1906. He seemed to accept his blindness, and toward the end of his life he suffered from paralysis. Read less
Browse 1-25 of 101 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    The Westminster Legacy
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001999302 Release Date: 02/18/2014   Number of Discs: 40
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Gustav Mahler  ... 
    Performer:  Sena Jurinac,  Lucretia West,  Hans Loeffler,  Frederick Guthrie  ... 
    Conductor:  Hermann Scherchen,  Pierre Monteux,  René Leibowitz,  Erich Leinsdorf  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna State Opera Orchestra,  Vienna Academy Chamber Chorus  ... 
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  • 2.
    Felicity Lott & Thomas Allen In Recital
    Label: Kultur Video   Catalog: 4915 Release Date: 12/17/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Felix Mendelssohn,  Johannes Brahms,  Robert Schumann,  Camille Saint-Saëns  ... 
    Performer:  Felicity Lott,  Thomas Allen,  Malcolm Martineau
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  • 3.
    Guilty Pleasures / Renee Fleming
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001903302 Release Date: 09/17/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Hector Berlioz,  Henri Duparc,  Licinio Refice,  Manuel de Falla  ... 
    Performer:  Renée Fleming,  Susan Graham,  Janet Simpson
    Conductor:  Sebastian Lang-Lessing
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 4.
    Melodies Francaises Pour Bariton / Gerard Souzay
    Label: Regis   Catalog: 1236 Release Date: 07/12/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Henri Duparc,  Maurice Ravel,  Ernest Chausson,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    Performer:  Gérard Souzay,  Jacqueline Bonneau
    Conductor:  Eduoard Lindberg
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestre de la Société du Conservatoire Paris
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  • 5.
    Dame Janet Baker - The Great EMI Recordings
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 37712 Release Date: 06/18/2013   Number of Discs: 20
    Composer:  Domenico Scarlatti,  Claudio Monteverdi,  Alessandro Scarlatti,  Henry Lawes  ... 
    Performer:  Dame Janet Baker,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Kenneth Heath,  George Malcolm  ... 
    Conductor:  Raymond Leppard,  Sir John Barbirolli,  André Previn,  Sir Alexander Gibson  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Chamber Orchestra,  New Philharmonia Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 6.
    Duparc: Melodies, Cello Sonata / Meunier, Henry, Mochizuki, Le Bozec
    Label: Maguelone   Catalog: 111177 Release Date: 05/28/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Henri Duparc
    Performer:  Didier Henry,  Anne Le Bozec,  Tomomi Mochizuki,  Alain Meunier
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  • 7.
    The Heart That Flutters / Lawrence Brownlee, Iain Burnside
    Label: Opus Arte   Catalog: 9015 Release Date: 05/28/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Traditional,  Henri Duparc,  Franz Liszt,  Gaetano Donizetti  ... 
    Performer:  Lawrence Brownlee,  Iain Burnside
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  • 8.
    10 Classic Albums / Mischa Maisky [11-CD Set]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001801402 Release Date: 03/05/2013   Number of Discs: 11
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Charles Gounod,  George Frideric Handel,  Jean-Baptiste Lully  ... 
    Performer:  Mischa Maisky,  Pavel Gililov,  Daria Hovora,  Martha Argerich  ... 
    Conductor:  Giuseppe Sinopoli,  Michael Tilson Thomas,  Zubin Mehta
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra,  Orpheus Chamber Orchestra  ... 
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  • 9.
    La Folie Francaise [4-CD Set]
    Label: Virgin Classics   Catalog: 356292 Release Date: 02/26/2013   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Georges Bizet,  Charles Valentin Alkan,  César Franck,  Camille Saint-Saëns  ... 
    Performer:  Barbara Hendricks,  David Fray,  Maggie Cole,  Philippe Dervaux  ... 
    Conductor:  Richard Hickox,  Michel Plasson,  Jean-Bernard Pommier
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Quatuor Ebène
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  • 10.
    Virgins, Vixens & Viragos / Susan Graham
    Label: Onyx   Catalog: 4105 Release Date: 11/13/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Henry Purcell,  Hector Berlioz,  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann  ... 
    Performer:  Susan Graham,  Malcolm Martineau
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  • 11.
    Melodie Francaise [6-CD Set]
    Label: Naive   Catalog: 5311 Release Date: 10/30/2012   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  George Enescu,  Reynaldo Hahn,  Ernest Chausson,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    Performer:  Daniel Blumenthal,  Marie-Nicole Lemieux,  Noel Lee,  Bernard Kruysen  ... 
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  • 12.
    Schubert, Schumann, Wolf, Duparc, Ravel, Debussy / Barry McDaniel
    Label: Audite   Catalog: 23426 Release Date: 03/27/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Claude Debussy,  Maurice Ravel,  Henri Duparc  ... 
    Performer:  Barry McDaniel,  Hertha Klust,  Aribert Reimann,  Eberhard Finke  ... 
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  • 13.
    Duparc: Melodies / Delunsch, Le Texier, Kerdoncuff
    Label: Timpani   Catalog: 1180 Release Date: 01/31/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Henri Duparc
    Performer:  Mireille Delunsch,  François Kerdoncuff,  Vincent Le Texier,  Guy Flechter
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  • 14.
    Music & Painters - Music Of The Era Of Monet, Chagall, Courbet & Picasso
    Label: Naive   Catalog: 5283 Release Date: 01/31/2012   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Maurice Ravel,  Claude Debussy,  Gabriel Fauré,  Ernest Chausson  ... 
    Performer:  Anne Gastinel,  Daniel Blumenthal,  Marie-Nicole Lemieux,  Noel Lee  ... 
    Conductor:  Dmitry Yablonsky,  Christoph Eschenbach,  Alain Lombard,  Bernard Haitink  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Kasbek Ensemble,  Russian State Symphony Orchestra,  Orchestre de Paris  ... 
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  • 15.
    Leontyne Price - The Complete Collection of Song & Spiritual Albums
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 794050 Release Date: 01/24/2012   Number of Discs: 12
    Composer:  Samuel Barber,  Gabriel Fauré,  Francis Poulenc,  Richard Strauss  ... 
    Performer:  Leontyne Price,  Samuel Barber,  David Garvey,  Patricia Clark  ... 
    Conductor:  Fritz Reiner,  Erich Leinsdorf,  Thomas Schippers,  Leonard De Paur  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  New Philharmonia Orchestra,  Boston Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 16.
    The Early Years - Camille Maurane
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 438970 Release Date: 12/28/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gabriel Fauré,  Henri Duparc,  Benjamin Britten,  Maurice Ravel  ... 
    Performer:  Pierrette Alarie,  Camille Maurane,  Lily Bienvenu,  Janine Micheau
    Conductor:  Jean Fournet,  Paul Sacher
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Elisabeth Brasseur Chorus,  Lamoureux Concerts Association Orchestra
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  • 17.
    Duparc: Melodies / Nora Gubisch, Alain Altinoglu
    Label: Cascavelle   Catalog: 3150 Release Date: 05/10/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Henri Duparc
    Performer:  Alain Altinoglu,  Nora Gubisch
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  • 18.
    Hommage  - Joseph Rouleau
    Label: Analekta   Catalog: 298746 Release Date: 05/03/2011   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi,  Gaetano Donizetti,  Arrigo Boito,  Claudio Monteverdi  ... 
    Performer:  Joseph Rouleau,  Dame Joan Sutherland,  Dame Gwyneth Jones,  Peter Glossop  ... 
    Conductor:  Carlo Maria Giulini,  Tullio Serafin,  Nello Santi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Opera House Covent Garden Orchestra,  Royal Opera House Covent Garden Chorus,  Radio France Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 19.
    A Lesson In Love / Kate Royal, Malcolm Martineau
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 48536 Release Date: 03/08/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  William Bolcom,  Robert Schumann,  Hugo Wolf,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Kate Royal,  Malcolm Martineau
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  • 20.
    Melodies / Stephane Degout, Helene Lucas
    Label: Naive   Catalog: 5209 Release Date: 01/25/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Emmanuel Chabrier,  Claude Debussy,  Henri Duparc,  Reynaldo Hahn  ... 
    Performer:  Stèphane Degout,  Helene Lucas
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  • 21.
    Ninon Vallin Vol 2 - Recordings 1929-1943
    Label: Hafg   Catalog: 10263 Release Date: 11/22/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Henri Duparc,  Enrique Granados,  Manuel de Falla,  Gabriel Fauré  ... 
    Performer:  Ninon Vallin
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  • 22.
    Gérard Souzay Vol 2 - Recordings 1948-1955
    Label: Hafg   Catalog: 10303 Release Date: 10/29/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Henri Duparc,  Gabriel Fauré,  Daniel-Jean-Yves Lesur,  Hugo Wolf  ... 
    Performer:  Gérard Souzay,  Norman Franklin,  Jacqueline Bonneau
    Conductor:  Robert Comman
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestre de la Société du Conservatoire Paris
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  • 23.
    Karita Mattila - Helsinki Recital [CD & DVD]
    Label: Ondine   Catalog: 4004 Release Date: 08/30/2010   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Victor Young,  Antonín Dvorák,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Kaija Saariaho  ... 
    Performer:  Karita Mattila,  Martin Katz
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  • 24.
    Verbier Festival 2009 - Susan Graham Sings French Songs
    Label: Juxtapositions   Catalog: 3079128 Release Date: 08/30/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Francis Poulenc,  Manuel Rosenthal,  Arthur Honegger,  Gabriel Fauré  ... 
    Performer:  Malcolm Martineau,  Susan Graham
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  • 25.
    Eleanor Steber - Mozart, Gounod
    Label: Rca Victor Gold Seal   Catalog: 60521 Release Date: 05/13/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Charles Gounod,  Georges Bizet  ... 
    Performer:  Eleanor Steber
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