Michel Richard Delalande

Biography

Born: December 15, 1657   Died: June 18, 1726   Country: France   Period: Baroque
A younger contemporary of Jean-Baptiste Lully (1632-1687), Michel-Richard de Lalande taught music to the daughters of Louis XIV. He eventually became master of the king's chamber music and later director of the royal chapel. He composed ballets and other instrumental works, but is best known as the leading composer of the French grand motet.
Lalande was one of 15 children born to Michel Lalande and Claude Dumourtiers. Little is known about
Read more his early life, but it is certain that at about the age of nine he became a member of the royal church of St. Germain-l'Auxerrois, in Paris; when his voice changed at age 15, he left the group. Lalande played several instruments and auditioned, unsuccessfully, as a violinist for Lully's opera orchestra. He was also an excellent keyboard player and gave harpsichord lessons to the daughter of Maréchal de Noailles, who recommended the young teacher to Louis XIV for his two daughters. As an organist, Lalande found work at four churches in Paris: St. Louis, Petit St. Antoine, St. Gervais, and St. Jean-en-Grève.
In 1683, Lalande became one of four musicians to divide the duties of the royal chapel under Louis XIV. Each of the four (Coupillet, Collasse, Minoret, and Lalande) was responsible for one quarter of the year. It seems the king favored Lalande, and as each of the other three musicians retired, Lalande assumed his duties. By 1714, he was the sole director of music at the royal chapel. In 1685, Lalande had been made compositeur de musique de la chambre, his duties shared with Collasse and Pierre Robert. As these composers died, Lalande garnered more responsibility until 1709, when he was the only composer for the king's chamber. Also, in 1695, after a similar process, Lalande became maître de musique de la chambre. Lalande was paid well and lived a life of relative luxury.
Lalande married singer Anne Rebel in 1684 and their two daughters, Marie-Anne (b. 1686) and Jeanne (b. 1687) enjoyed the patronage of Louis XIV. Both died of smallpox in 1711; the king sponsored a memorial service the next spring in their honor. After Louis XIV died in 1715, Lalande began to transfer his court duties to his students, eventually requesting that his salary be decreased and that the chapel return to the four composer arrangement of previous years. In 1722, Lalande's wife died; in 1723 he married Marie-Louise de Cury (1692-1775), with whom he had one daughter. Lalande died of pneumonia in 1726 and was buried in the church of Notre Dame de Versailles.
Lalande is best known today for his grands motets, composed for the royal chapel. These works resemble the German cantata in style, with alternating solo arias, ensembles, and polyphonic choruses. The motets are composed for three "choirs": a small group with one singer per part, a full chorus, and an orchestra. Lalande's approach to such compositions changed during his tenure at the royal chapel: his earlier works are organized somewhat loosely without clear divisions between sections; these were modified later by the composer into delineated segments of syllabic recitative contrasting with set arias, choruses, smaller ensembles, and instrumental passages. His choruses became more polyphonic, usually in five parts, and his orchestral parts more independent of the vocal lines. The 1729 posthumous version of his De profundis provides an excellent example. Often, a motive established in the opening instrumental symphonie becomes the subject of the ensuing choral fugue, as in "Hostem repellas longius," from Lalande's Veni Creator Spiritus of 1684 (rev. 1722). Striking harmonies in Lalande's Pange lingua reveal him to be as adventurous a composer as any in France. Read less
Browse 1-25 of 30 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    A la gloire de Dieu et du Roi - Splendeurs de la musique sacree sous Louis XIV
    Label: Alpha Productions   Catalog: 954 Release Date: 09/24/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Nicolas-Antoine Lebègue,  Marc-Antoine Charpentier,  François Couperin,  Henri Du Mont  ... 
    Performer:  Jean-Baptiste Robin,  François Espinasse,  Michel Bouvard,  Henri Ledroit  ... 
    Conductor:  Jean Tubery,  Vincent Dumestre
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Les Agrémens,  La Fenice,  Les Pages et Les Chantres de Versailles
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  • 2.
    Archiv Produktion 1947-2013
    Label: Archiv Produktion (Dg)   Catalog: 001833572 Release Date: 06/18/2013   Number of Discs: 55
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Anonymous,  Adam de la Halle,  Raimbaut de Vaqeiras  ... 
    Performer:  Helmut Walcha,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Hermann Töttcher,  Maria Jung  ... 
    Conductor:  Karl Ristenpart,  Fritz Lehmann,  Maurus Pfaff,  Safford Cape  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Karl Ristenpart Chamber Orchestra,  Bach Festival Orchestra,  Frankfurt Music School Chorus  ... 
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    CD: $148.49
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  • 3.
    De Lalande: Choral Music for Versailles / Skidmore
    Label: Musical Concepts   Catalog: 1216 Release Date: 03/26/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Michel Richard Delalande
    Conductor:  Jeffrey Skidmore
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Ex Cathedra Baroque Orchestra,  Ex Cathedra
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  • 4.
    Label: Farao   Catalog: F100205 Release Date: 01/01/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Michel Richard Delalande,  Franz Xaver Murschhauser,  Louis-Claude Daquin  ... 
    CD: $17.99
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  • 5.
    Baroque Treasures
    Label: Erato   Catalog: 2579 Release Date: 09/25/2012   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Claudio Monteverdi,  George Frideric Handel,  Johann Pachelbel,  Antonio Vivaldi  ... 
    Performer:  David Daniels,  Chiara Bianchini,  Janet See,  Andrew Lawrence-King  ... 
    Conductor:  Emmanuelle Haïm,  Roger Norrington,  Andrew Parrott,  Richard Hickox  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Taverner Players,  Taverner Consort,  Concerto Cologne  ... 
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  • 6.
    Chant Mass For Christmas Day / Ensemble Organum, Marcel Peres
    Label: Harmonia Mundi   Catalog: 2921480 Release Date: 11/08/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  André Campra,  Anonymous,  Michel Richard Delalande,  Marcel Pérès
    Performer:  Marcel Pérès
    Conductor:  Marcel Pérès
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Ensemble Organum,  Les Pages de la Chapelle
    CD: $14.99
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  • 7.
    Court Of The Sun King - The Glory Of The French Baroque
    Label: Erato   Catalog: 675239 Release Date: 07/26/2011   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Marc-Antoine Charpentier,  Jean-Baptiste Lully,  Nicolas Bernier,  Louis Marchand  ... 
    Performer:  Marie-Claire Alain,  Maurice André,  Georges Abdoun,  Martha Angelici  ... 
    Conductor:  Louis Martini,  Jean-François Paillard,  Louis Devos,  Louis Frémaux  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Paillard Chamber Orchestra,  Chorale des Jeunesses Musicales de France,  A Coeur Joie Vocal Ensemble  ... 
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  • 8.
    Maurice Andre Edition: Suites, Dances And Arrangements
    Label: Erato   Catalog: 4676062 Release Date: 06/28/2011   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Antonio Vivaldi,  Traditional,  Arcangelo Corelli,  Jean-Michel Defaye  ... 
    Performer:  Gus Wallez,  Maurice André,  Guy Pedersen,  Wolfgang Karius  ... 
    Conductor:  Claude Pichaureau,  Marc Soustrot,  François Rauber,  Claude Lagrange  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Harmonie Municipale D'alès,  Ensemble of Bologna,  Ensemble De Cuivres De Paris  ... 
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  • 9.
    Label: Tres Records   Catalog: 5637591987 Release Date: 08/17/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Traditional,  Heinrich Ignaz Biber,  Anonymous,  George Frideric Handel  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Tres (Rap)
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  • 10.
    Lalande: De Profundis;  Blow: Ode / Alfred Deller
    Label: Vanguard   Catalog: 8108 Release Date: 03/24/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Michel Richard Delalande,  John Blow
    Performer:  Alfred Deller,  Anne Shuttleworth,  Chris Taylor,  Richard Taylor  ... 
    Conductor:  Alfred Deller
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Chamber Choir,  Vienna State Opera Chamber Orchestra,  Deller Consort
    ArkivCD $16.99
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  • 11.
    Delalande: Petits Motets / William Christie, Les Arts Florissants
    Label: Harmonia Mundi   Catalog: 1951416 Release Date: 09/08/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Michel Richard Delalande,  Louis Lemaire,  Jean-Baptiste Morin
    Performer:  William Christie
    Conductor:  William Christie
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Les Arts Florissants
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  • 12.
    Codex - Lalande, Mouret: Symphonies & Fanfares / Kuentz
    Label: Archiv Produktion (Dg)   Catalog: 453169 Release Date: 04/24/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Joseph Mouret,  Michel Richard Delalande,  André Danican Philidor,  Jean-Baptiste Lully  ... 
    Performer:  Edith Selig
    Conductor:  Paul Kuentz
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Paul Kuentz Chamber Orchestra
    ArkivCD $16.99
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  • 13.
    200 Years of Music at Versailles - A Journey to the Heart of French Baroque
    Label: Centre De Musique Baroque De Versai   Catalog: 1108 Release Date: 10/07/2008   Number of Discs: 20
    Composer:  Claude-Béninge Balbastre,  Guillaume Lasceux,  Nicolas Séjean,  Henri-Joseph Rigel  ... 
    Performer:  Olivier Latry,  Alain Buet,  Isabelle Poulenard,  Philippe Do  ... 
    Conductor:  Olivier Schneebeli,  Jean-Claude Malgoire,  Jérémie Rhorer,  Jérôme Corréas  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Les Chantres du Centre de Musique Baroque de Versailles,  Les Folies Françoises,  Les Agrémens  ... 
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  • 14.
    Trumpet Concertos - Molter, Telemann, Hertel, Albinoni, Etc / Basch
    Label: Profil   Catalog: 8060 Release Date: 06/24/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Georg Philipp Telemann,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Johann Neruda  ... 
    Performer:  Wolfgang Basch,  Wolfgang Rübsam
    Conductor:  Helmut Winschermann
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  German Bach Soloists
    CD: $19.99
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  • 15.
    Couperin, Lalande: Leçons De Ténèbres / Kirkby, Mellon
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 1575 Release Date: 01/29/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Michel Richard Delalande,  François Couperin
    Performer:  Emma Kirkby,  Charles Medlam,  Agnès Mellon,  Terence Charlston
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  • 16.
    Stories From The Human Village: War & Peace
    Label: Ninetydays Classical   Catalog: 5637490633 Release Date: 01/15/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Susan Ferre,  Domenico Scarlatti,  Anonymous,  Michel Richard Delalande  ... 
    Performer:  Susan Ferre
    CD: $14.99
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  • 17.
    De Lalande: Leçons De Ténèbres / Isabelle Desrochers
    Label: Naive   Catalog: 8913 Release Date: 08/28/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Marin Marais,  Michel Richard Delalande,  Robert de Visée,  François Couperin
    Performer:  Mauricio Buraglia,  Pierre Trocellier,  Nima Ben David,  Isabelle Desrochers
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  • 18.
    Glory Of The Baroque Trumpet - Guy Touvron
    Label: Divine Art   Catalog: 24124 Release Date: 08/21/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gottfried August Homilius,  Giovanni B. Viviani,  Gio Bonaventura Viviani,  Jean Joseph Mouret  ... 
    Performer:  Guy Touvron,  Wolfgang Karius,  Yves Couffe,  Benoit Cambreling
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  • 19.
    Delalande: Symphonies For The King's Supper  / Hugo Reyne
    Label: Harmonia Mundi Musique D'abord   Catalog: 1951303 Release Date: 08/14/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Michel Richard Delalande
    Conductor:  Hugo Reyne
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  La Simphonie du Marais
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  • 20.
    Music From The Court Of Queen Margrethe Ii, V.1
    Label: Membran / Scandinavian Classics   Catalog: 220526 Release Date: 04/26/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Michel Richard Delalande,  Henry Purcell,  J.G.C. Stoerl,  César Franck  ... 
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  • 21.
    Concert De Danse / Kuijken, Crook, La Petite Bande
    Label: Accent   Catalog: 25001 Release Date: 11/28/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean-Baptiste Lully,  Marc-Antoine Charpentier,  Jean-Féry Rebel,  Michel Richard Delalande  ... 
    Performer:  Howard Crook
    Conductor:  Sigiswald Kuijken
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  La Petite Bande
    CD: $12.99
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  • 22.
    Noël Baroque / Webster, Fortin, Masques
    Label: Analekta   Catalog: 29908 Release Date: 11/15/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gaetano Maria Schiassi,  Antonio de Salazar,  Anonymous,  Michel Richard Delalande  ... 
    Performer:  Catherine Webster
    Conductor:  Olivier Fortin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Masques
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  • 23.
    Delalande: Tenebrae;  Bossuet / Lefilliatre, Dumestre, Et Al
    Label: Alpha Productions   Catalog: 30 Release Date: 07/20/2004   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Michel Richard Delalande
    Performer:  Kaori Uemura,  Claire Lefilliatre,  Martin Bauer,  Élisabeth Geiger  ... 
    Conductor:  Vincent Dumestre
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Le Poème Harmonique
    CD: $27.49
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  • 24.
    Flute De Pan Et Orgue - Vecchi, Facoli, Et Al / Haas, Rodi
    Label: Gall (Formerly Gallo)   Catalog: 1064 Release Date: 02/26/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Michael Praetorius,  Jean-B Loeillet,  Michel Richard Delalande,  Giulio Caccini  ... 
    Performer:  Philipe Emanuel Haas,  Silvano Rodi
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  • 25.
    Delalande: Te Deum / Christie, Les Arts Florissants
    Label: Harmonia Mundi Musique D'abord   Catalog: 1951351 Release Date: 07/10/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Michel Richard Delalande
    Conductor:  William Christie
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Les Arts Florissants
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