Michel Richard Delalande

Biography

Born: December 15, 1657   Died: June 18, 1726   Country: France   Period: Baroque
A younger contemporary of Jean-Baptiste Lully (1632-1687), Michel-Richard de Lalande taught music to the daughters of Louis XIV. He eventually became master of the king's chamber music and later director of the royal chapel. He composed ballets and other instrumental works, but is best known as the leading composer of the French grand motet.
Lalande was one of 15 children born to Michel Lalande and Claude Dumourtiers. Little is known about
Read more his early life, but it is certain that at about the age of nine he became a member of the royal church of St. Germain-l'Auxerrois, in Paris; when his voice changed at age 15, he left the group. Lalande played several instruments and auditioned, unsuccessfully, as a violinist for Lully's opera orchestra. He was also an excellent keyboard player and gave harpsichord lessons to the daughter of Maréchal de Noailles, who recommended the young teacher to Louis XIV for his two daughters. As an organist, Lalande found work at four churches in Paris: St. Louis, Petit St. Antoine, St. Gervais, and St. Jean-en-Grève.
In 1683, Lalande became one of four musicians to divide the duties of the royal chapel under Louis XIV. Each of the four (Coupillet, Collasse, Minoret, and Lalande) was responsible for one quarter of the year. It seems the king favored Lalande, and as each of the other three musicians retired, Lalande assumed his duties. By 1714, he was the sole director of music at the royal chapel. In 1685, Lalande had been made compositeur de musique de la chambre, his duties shared with Collasse and Pierre Robert. As these composers died, Lalande garnered more responsibility until 1709, when he was the only composer for the king's chamber. Also, in 1695, after a similar process, Lalande became maître de musique de la chambre. Lalande was paid well and lived a life of relative luxury.
Lalande married singer Anne Rebel in 1684 and their two daughters, Marie-Anne (b. 1686) and Jeanne (b. 1687) enjoyed the patronage of Louis XIV. Both died of smallpox in 1711; the king sponsored a memorial service the next spring in their honor. After Louis XIV died in 1715, Lalande began to transfer his court duties to his students, eventually requesting that his salary be decreased and that the chapel return to the four composer arrangement of previous years. In 1722, Lalande's wife died; in 1723 he married Marie-Louise de Cury (1692-1775), with whom he had one daughter. Lalande died of pneumonia in 1726 and was buried in the church of Notre Dame de Versailles.
Lalande is best known today for his grands motets, composed for the royal chapel. These works resemble the German cantata in style, with alternating solo arias, ensembles, and polyphonic choruses. The motets are composed for three "choirs": a small group with one singer per part, a full chorus, and an orchestra. Lalande's approach to such compositions changed during his tenure at the royal chapel: his earlier works are organized somewhat loosely without clear divisions between sections; these were modified later by the composer into delineated segments of syllabic recitative contrasting with set arias, choruses, smaller ensembles, and instrumental passages. His choruses became more polyphonic, usually in five parts, and his orchestral parts more independent of the vocal lines. The 1729 posthumous version of his De profundis provides an excellent example. Often, a motive established in the opening instrumental symphonie becomes the subject of the ensuing choral fugue, as in "Hostem repellas longius," from Lalande's Veni Creator Spiritus of 1684 (rev. 1722). Striking harmonies in Lalande's Pange lingua reveal him to be as adventurous a composer as any in France. Read less
Browse 1-20 of 20 Available Recordings
  • 1.
    Les Menus Plaisirs de Louis XIV de Paris a Versailles
    Label: Harmonia Mundi   Catalog: 2908717 Release Date: 10/09/2015   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  André Campra,  Michel Richard Delalande,  Giovanni Rovetta,  André Danican Philidor  ... 
    Performer:  Elisabeth Baudry,  Monique Zanetti,  Josep Benet,  Stephen Varcoe  ... 
    Conductor:  Philippe Herreweghe,  William Christie,  Konrad Junghänel,  Paul Goodwin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  La Chapelle Royale Paris,  Les Arts Florissants,  Cantus Cölln  ... 
    On sale! $58.98
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  • 2.
    Delalande: Symphonies Pour Les Soupers Du Roy / Hugo Reyne
    Label: Harmonia Mundi   Catalog: 2921337 Release Date: 08/14/2015   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Michel Richard Delalande
    Conductor:  Hugo Reyne
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  La Simphonie du Marais
    On sale! $33.98
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  • 3.
    Delalande: Lecons de Tenebres / Karthauser, Dauce, Ensemble Correspondances
    Label: Harmonia Mundi   Catalog: 902206 Release Date: 03/10/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Michel Richard Delalande
    Performer:  Sophie Karthäuser
    Conductor:  Sébastien Daucé
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Ensemble Correspondances
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  • 4.
    Delalande: Symphonies For The King's Suppers / 	Jurgen Gross
    Label: Challenge   Catalog: 72664 Release Date: 03/10/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Michel Richard Delalande
    Conductor:  Jurgen Gross
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Elbipolis Baroque Orchestra Hamburg
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  • 5.
    A la gloire de Dieu et du Roi - Splendeurs de la musique sacree sous Louis XIV
    Label: Alpha Productions   Catalog: 954 Release Date: 09/24/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Nicolas-Antoine Lebègue,  Marc-Antoine Charpentier,  François Couperin,  Henri Du Mont  ... 
    Performer:  Jean-Baptiste Robin,  François Espinasse,  Michel Bouvard,  Henri Ledroit  ... 
    Conductor:  Jean Tubery,  Vincent Dumestre
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Les Agrémens,  La Fenice,  Les Pages et Les Chantres de Versailles
    CD: $11.99
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  • 6.
    De Lalande: Choral Music for Versailles / Skidmore
    Label: Musical Concepts   Catalog: 1216 Release Date: 03/26/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Michel Richard Delalande
    Conductor:  Jeffrey Skidmore
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Ex Cathedra Baroque Orchestra,  Ex Cathedra
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  • 7.
    Lalande: De Profundis;  Blow: Ode / Alfred Deller
    Label: Vanguard   Catalog: 8108 Release Date: 03/24/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Michel Richard Delalande,  John Blow
    Performer:  Alfred Deller,  Anne Shuttleworth,  Chris Taylor,  Richard Taylor  ... 
    Conductor:  Alfred Deller
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Chamber Choir,  Vienna State Opera Chamber Orchestra,  Deller Consort
    ArkivCD $16.99
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  • 8.
    Codex - Lalande, Mouret: Symphonies & Fanfares / Kuentz
    Label: Archiv Produktion (Dg)   Catalog: 453169 Release Date: 04/24/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Joseph Mouret,  Michel Richard Delalande,  André Danican Philidor,  Jean-Baptiste Lully  ... 
    Performer:  Edith Selig
    Conductor:  Paul Kuentz
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Paul Kuentz Chamber Orchestra
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  • 9.
    Trumpet Concertos - Molter, Telemann, Hertel, Albinoni, Etc / Basch
    Label: Profil   Catalog: 8060 Release Date: 06/24/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Georg Philipp Telemann,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Johann Neruda  ... 
    Performer:  Wolfgang Basch,  Wolfgang Rübsam
    Conductor:  Helmut Winschermann
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  German Bach Soloists
    CD: $19.99
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  • 10.
    Couperin, Lalande: Leçons De Ténèbres / Kirkby, Mellon
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 1575 Release Date: 01/29/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Michel Richard Delalande,  François Couperin
    Performer:  Emma Kirkby,  Charles Medlam,  Agnès Mellon,  Terence Charlston
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  • 11.
    L'Art de Maurice André
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 64100 Release Date: 01/07/2008   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Anne Danican Philidor,  Jean-B Loeillet,  Carl Philipp Emmanuel Bach,  Johann Sebastian Bach  ... 
    Performer:  Maurice André,  Hedwig Bilgram,  Jean-Paul Leroy,  Thierry Caens  ... 
    Conductor:  Jean-Pierre Wallez,  Jörg Faerber,  Sir Neville Marriner,  Jesús Lopez-Cobos  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Paris Orchestral Ensemble,  Franz Liszt Academy Chamber Orchestra,  Wurttemberg Chamber Orchestra  ... 
    On sale! $41.98
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  • 12.
    De Lalande: Leçons De Ténèbres / Isabelle Desrochers
    Label: Naive   Catalog: 8913 Release Date: 08/28/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Marin Marais,  Michel Richard Delalande,  Robert de Visée,  François Couperin
    Performer:  Mauricio Buraglia,  Pierre Trocellier,  Nima Ben David,  Isabelle Desrochers
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  • 13.
    Glory Of The Baroque Trumpet - Guy Touvron
    Label: Divine Art   Catalog: 24124 Release Date: 08/21/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gottfried August Homilius,  Giovanni Buonaventura Viviani,  Jean Joseph Mouret,  Maurizio Cazzati  ... 
    Performer:  Guy Touvron,  Wolfgang Karius,  Yves Couffe,  Benoit Cambreling
    CD: $14.99
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  • 14.
    Concert De Danse / Kuijken, Crook, La Petite Bande
    Label: Accent   Catalog: 25001 Release Date: 11/28/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean-Baptiste Lully,  Marc-Antoine Charpentier,  Jean-Féry Rebel,  Michel Richard Delalande  ... 
    Performer:  Howard Crook
    Conductor:  Sigiswald Kuijken
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  La Petite Bande
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  • 15.
    Noël Baroque / Webster, Fortin, Masques
    Label: Analekta   Catalog: 29908 Release Date: 11/15/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gaetano Maria Schiassi,  Antonio de Salazar,  Anonymous,  Michel Richard Delalande  ... 
    Performer:  Catherine Webster
    Conductor:  Olivier Fortin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Masques
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    CD: $17.99
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  • 16.
    Delalande: Tenebrae;  Bossuet / Lefilliatre, Dumestre, Et Al
    Label: Alpha Productions   Catalog: 30 Release Date: 07/20/2004   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Michel Richard Delalande
    Performer:  Kaori Uemura,  Claire Lefilliatre,  Martin Bauer,  Élisabeth Geiger  ... 
    Conductor:  Vincent Dumestre
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Le Poème Harmonique
    CD: $27.49
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  • 17.
    Flute De Pan Et Orgue - Vecchi, Facoli, Et Al / Haas, Rodi
    Label: Gall (Formerly Gallo)   Catalog: 1064 Release Date: 02/26/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Michael Praetorius,  Jean-B Loeillet,  Michel Richard Delalande,  Giulio Caccini  ... 
    Performer:  Philipe Emanuel Haas,  Silvano Rodi
    On sale! $22.98
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  • 18.
    Delalande: Te Deum / Christie, Les Arts Florissants
    Label: Harmonia Mundi Musique D'abord   Catalog: 1951351 Release Date: 07/10/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Michel Richard Delalande
    Conductor:  William Christie
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Les Arts Florissants
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    CD: $9.99
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  • 19.
    Concert De Danse / Kuijken, Crook, La Petite Bande
    Label: Accent   Catalog: 96122 Release Date: 01/01/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean-Philippe Rameau,  Jean-Baptiste Lully,  Michel Richard Delalande,  Jean-Féry Rebel  ... 
    Performer:  Howard Crook
    Conductor:  Sigiswald Kuijken
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  La Petite Bande
    On sale! $25.98
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  • 20.
    L'europe Musicale Des Xviie Et Xviiie Siècles
    Label: Gall (Formerly Gallo)   Catalog: 542 Release Date: 08/18/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Michel Richard Delalande,  Henry Purcell,  Antonio Vivaldi  ... 
    Conductor:  Didier Bouture
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Harmonia Nova Orchestral Ensemble
    On sale! $22.98
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