Claude Debussy

Biography

Born: 1862   Died: 1918   Country: France   Period: Romantic
Claude Debussy (born Achille-Claude Debussy) was among the most influential composers of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. His mature compositions, distinctive and appealing, combined modernism and sensuality so successfully that their sheer beauty often obscures their technical innovation. Debussy is considered the founder and leading exponent of musical Impressionism (although he resisted the label), and his adoption of Read more non-traditional scales and tonal structures was paradigmatic for many composers who followed.
The son of a shopkeeper and a seamstress, Debussy began piano studies at the Paris Conservatory at the age of 11. While a student there, he encountered the wealthy Nadezhda von Meck (most famous as Tchaikovsky's patroness), who employed him as a music teacher to her children; through travel, concerts and acquaintances, she provided him with a wealth of musical experience. Most importantly, she exposed the young Debussy to the works of Russian composers, such as Borodin and Mussorgsky, who would remain important influences on his music.
Debussy began composition studies in 1880, and in 1884 he won the prestigious Prix de Rome with his cantata L'enfant prodigue. This prize financed two years of further study in Rome -- years that proved to be creatively frustrating. However, the period immediately following was fertile for the young composer; trips to Bayreuth and the Paris World Exhibition (1889) established, respectively, his determination to move away from the influence of Richard Wagner, and his interest in the music of Eastern cultures.
After a relatively bohemian period, during which Debussy formed friendships with many leading Parisian writers and musicians (not least of which were Mallarmé, Satie, and Chausson), the year 1894 saw the enormously successful premiere of his Prélude ŕ l'aprčs-midi d'un faune (Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun) -- a truly revolutionary work that brought his mature compositional voice into focus. His seminal opera Pelléas et Mélisande, completed the next year, would become a sensation at its first performance in 1902. The impact of those two works earned Debussy widespread recognition (as well as frequent attacks from critics, who failed to appreciate his forward-looking style), and over the first decade of the twentieth century he established himself as the leading figure in French music -- so much so that the term "Debussysme" ("Debussyism"), used both positively and pejoratively, became fashionable in Paris. Debussy spent his remaining healthy years immersed in French musical society, writing as a critic, composing, and performing his own works internationally. He succumbed to colon cancer in 1918, having also suffered a deep depression brought on by the onset of World War I.
Debussy's personal life was punctuated by unfortunate incidents, most famously the attempted suicide of his first wife, Lilly Texier, whom he abandoned for the singer Emma Bardac. However, his subsequent marriage to Bardac, and their daughter Claude-Emma, whom they called "Chouchou" and who became the dedicatee of the composer's Children's Corner piano suite, provided the middle-aged Debussy with great personal joys.
Debussy wrote successfully in most every genre, adapting his distinctive compositional language to the demands of each. His orchestral works, of which Prélude ŕ l'aprčs-midi d'un faune and La mer (The Sea, 1905) are most familiar, established him as a master of instrumental color and texture. It is this attention to tone color -- his layering of sound upon sound so that they blend to form a greater, evocative whole -- that linked Debussy in the public mind to the Impressionist painters.
His works for solo piano, particularly his collections of Préludes and Etudes, which have remained staples of the repertoire since their composition, bring into relief his assimilation of elements from both Eastern cultures and antiquity -- especially pentatonicism (the use of five-note scales), modality (the use of scales from ancient Greece and the medieval church), parallelism (the parallel movement of chords and lines), and the whole-tone scale (formed by dividing the octave into six equal intervals).
Pelléas et Mélisande and his collections of songs for solo voice establish the strength of his connection to French literature and poetry, especially the symbolist writers, and stand as some of the most understatedly expressive works in the repertory. The writings of Mallarmé, Maeterlinck, Baudelaire, and his childhood friend Paul Verlaine appear prominently among his chosen texts and joined symbiotically with the composer's own unique moods and forms of expression. Read less
Roussel, Debussy & Poulenc: Orchestral Works / Yamada, Orchestre de Suisse Romande
Release Date: 09/09/2016   Label: Pentatone  
Catalog: 5186558   Number of Discs: 1
On sale! $19.99
SuperAudio CD: $17.99
In Stock
On sale!   $19.99   SuperAudio CD:  $17.99 Add to Cart

Ravel & Debussy: Music for 2 Guitars / ChromaDuo
Release Date: 09/09/2016   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8573286   Number of Discs: 1
On sale!
CD: $11.99
In Stock
On sale!     CD:  $11.99 Add CD to Cart

Debussy: Pelléas Et Mélisande / Dutoit, Henry, Alliot-lugaz
Release Date: 10/15/2008   Label: Decca  
Catalog: 430502   Number of Discs: 2
On sale! $29.98
ArkivCD $21.99
Low Stock
On sale!   $29.98   ArkivCD:  $21.99 Add to Cart

Debussy: Pelléas Et Mélisande / Pierre Boulez
Release Date: 12/13/1991   Label: Sony  
Catalog: 47265   Number of Discs: 3
On sale!
ArkivCD $28.99
Low Stock
On sale!   $33.98   ArkivCD:  $28.99 Add to Cart

Debussy: The Edgar Allan Poe Operas / Mueller, Gottinger Symphonie
Release Date: 06/24/2016   Label: Pan Classics  
Catalog: 10342   Number of Discs: 2
On sale! $29.99
CD: $26.99
In Stock
On sale!   $29.99   CD:  $26.99 Add CD to Cart

Work: Prélude à l'après-midi d'un faune

Browse 26-50 of 254 Available Recordings
1 2 3 ... 10 11
  • 26.
    La Flute Enchantee - Debussy, Franck, Jongen / Heinzmann, Blumina
    Label: Genuin Musikproduction   Catalog: 14318 Release Date: 09/09/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Joseph Jongen,  César Franck,  Claude Debussy
    Performer:  Hans-Udo Heinzmann,  Elisaveta Blumina
    CD: $18.99
    In Stock
    CD:  $18.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 27.
    Ferenc Fricsay: Complete DG Recordings, Vol 1 - Orchestral Works
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002132602 Release Date: 09/02/2014   Number of Discs: 45
    Composer:  Béla Bartók,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  César Franck  ... 
    Performer:  Géza Anda,  Tibor Varga,  Helmut Krebs,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau  ... 
    Conductor:  Ferenc Fricsay
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin RIAS Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    Recommendation
    On sale! $175.98
    CD: $164.99
    Low Stock
    On sale!   $175.98   CD:  $164.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 28.
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 1158847 Release Date: 07/15/2014   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Claude Debussy,  Maurice Ravel,  Georges Bizet,  Emmanuel Chabrier  ... 
    Performer:  Karlheinz Zöller
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    CD: $44.49
    Low Stock
    CD:  $44.49 Add CD to Cart

  • 29.
    Firebird: 20th Century Piano Transcriptions
    Label: Odradek   Catalog: 312 Release Date: 05/13/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky,  Claude Debussy,  Arnold Schoenberg,  Yoichi Sugiyama
    Performer:  Aki Kuroda
    CD: $17.99
    In Stock
    CD:  $17.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 30.
    Rca Living Stereo Collection, Vol. 2
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 300350 Release Date: 05/13/2014   Number of Discs: 60
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Richard Strauss,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Performer:  Artur Rubinstein,  Byron Janis,  Gary Graffman,  Vladimir Horowitz  ... 
    Conductor:  Josef Krips,  Fritz Reiner,  Pierre Monteux,  Charles Munch  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Symphony of the Air,  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  Boston Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    On sale! $125.98
    CD: $120.99
    In Stock
    On sale!   $125.98   CD:  $120.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 31.
    The Art Of The French Flute
    Label: Indesens   Catalog: 62 Release Date: 04/29/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gabriel Fauré,  Claude Debussy,  Charles-Marie Widor,  Francis Poulenc  ... 
    Performer:  Vincent Lucas,  Emmanuel Strosser,  Claudia Bara
    CD: $18.99
    In Stock
    CD:  $18.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 32.
    Leonard Bernstein Collection Vol 1 [59 CDs & 1 DVD]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 2027800 Release Date: 04/22/2014   Number of Discs: 60
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  Leonard Bernstein,  Benjamin Britten  ... 
    Performer:  René Kollo,  Dame Gwyneth Jones,  Kurt Moll,  Hanna Schwarz  ... 
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein,  Michael Tilson Thomas,  Kent Nagano
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna State Opera Concert Choir,  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra  ... 
    Recommendation
    CD: $259.49
    Low Stock
    CD:  $259.49 Add CD to Cart

  • 33.
    Debussy: Chamber Music
    Label: Praga   Catalog: 250302 Release Date: 04/08/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Claude Debussy
    Performer:  Jana Brozková,  Milan Polak,  Slavka Pechocova,  Václav Kunt  ... 
    SuperAudio CD: $24.99
    Special Order
    SuperAudio CD:  $24.99 Add to Cart

  • 34.
    Classica Francese / Anette Maiburg
    Label: Md&g (Dabringhaus & Grimm)   Catalog: 9101825 Release Date: 01/21/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Claude Debussy,  Jean Cras,  André Jolivet,  Pierre Barouh  ... 
    Performer:  Wen Xiao Zheng,  Anette Maiburg,  Emmanuel Ceysson,  Karina Buschinger  ... 
    Recommendation
    SuperAudio CD: $20.99
    In Stock
    SuperAudio CD:  $20.99 Add to Cart

  • 35.
    The American Symphonic Organ / Jean-Baptiste Robin
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 94726 Release Date: 12/10/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Claude Debussy,  Isaac Albeniz,  Béla Bartók,  Georges Bizet  ... 
    Performer:  Jean-Baptiste Robin,  STacey Rishoi
    Recommendation
    CD: $8.99
    In Stock
    CD:  $8.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 36.
    Ernest Ansermet - French Music
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 4807898 Release Date: 11/12/2013   Number of Discs: 32
    Composer:  Claude Debussy,  Maurice Ravel,  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Hector Berlioz  ... 
    Performer:  Robert Gugolz,  Marie-Luise de Montmollin,  Nancy Waugh,  Suzanne Danco  ... 
    Conductor:  Ernest Ansermet
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Suisse Romande Orchestra,  Union Chorale de la Tour-de-Peilz,  Geneva Motet Choir  ... 
    Recommendation
    CD: $109.99
    In Stock
    CD:  $109.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 37.
    Bernard Haitink - The Philips Years
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001903502 Release Date: 09/24/2013   Number of Discs: 20
    Composer:  Béla Bartók,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  Richard Wagner  ... 
    Performer:  Henryk Szeryng,  Herman Krebbers,  Menahem Pressler,  Isidore Cohen  ... 
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  Beaux Arts Trio  ... 
    Recommendation
    On sale! $79.98
    CD: $75.99
    In Stock
    On sale!   $79.98   CD:  $75.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 38.
    Mahler: Symphony No. 4, Debussy: Prelude a l'apres-midi d'un faune / Pinnock, Royal Academy of Music
    Label: Linn Records   Catalog: 438 Release Date: 08/27/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Claude Debussy,  Gustav Mahler
    Conductor:  Trevor Pinnock
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Academy of Music Soloists Ensemble
    Recommendation
    SuperAudio CD: $22.49
    In Stock
    SuperAudio CD:  $22.49 Add to Cart

  • 39.
    Debussy: Images; Prelude A L'apres-midi D'un Faune; La Boite A Joujoux
    Label: Praga   Catalog: 350093 Release Date: 08/13/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Claude Debussy
    Performer:  Lucien Lavaillote
    Conductor:  Manuel Rosenthal,  Ernest Ansermet
    SuperAudio CD: $24.99
    Special Order
    SuperAudio CD:  $24.99 Add to Cart

  • 40.
    Debussy: La mer, Prelude a l'apres-midi d'un faune; Ravel, Saint-Saens / Pascal & Ami Roge
    Label: Onyx   Catalog: 4117 Release Date: 07/09/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Claude Debussy,  Maurice Ravel,  Camille Saint-Saëns
    Performer:  Ami Rogé,  Pascal Rogé
    CD: $20.99
    Low Stock
    CD:  $20.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 41.
    Transcriptions / Grau Schumacher Piano Duo
    Label: Neos   Catalog: 20903 Release Date: 07/02/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Claude Debussy,  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Richard Wagner,  Sergei Rachmaninov  ... 
    Performer:  GrauSchumacher Piano Duo
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  GrauSchumacher Piano Duo
    Recommendation
    On sale! $17.98
    CD: $15.99
    Low Stock
    On sale!   $17.98   CD:  $15.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 42.
    Stravinsky: Le Sacre Du Printemps; Ravel, Debussy / Jordan, Paris National Opera
    Label: Naive   Catalog: 5332 Release Date: 05/28/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Claude Debussy,  Igor Stravinsky,  Maurice Ravel
    Conductor:  Armin Jordan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Paris National Opera Orchestra
    CD: $17.99
    In Stock
    CD:  $17.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 43.
    Debussy: Complete Music for Piano Duo / Damerini, Rapetti
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 94448 Release Date: 04/30/2013   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Claude Debussy
    Performer:  Massimiliano Damerini,  Marco Rapetti
    Recommendation
    CD: $17.99
    In Stock
    CD:  $17.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 44.
    Masters Of The Modern Age I: Music From The Time Of Degas, Cezanne, And Van Gogh
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8503269 Release Date: 04/30/2013   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Edouard Lalo,  César Franck,  Emmanuel Chabrier,  Richard Wagner  ... 
    Performer:  Maria Kliegel,  Michaël Levinas,  Arnaldo Cohen,  Hidenori Komatsu  ... 
    Conductor:  Michael Halász,  Hervé Niquet,  Johannes Wildner,  Cord Garben  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Quatuor Ludwig
    CD: $25.49
    In Stock
    CD:  $25.49 Add CD to Cart

  • 45.
    EMI Eminence - The Original Jacket Collection [50-CD Set]
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 393872 Release Date: 02/26/2013   Number of Discs: 50
    Composer:  Richard Wagner,  Richard Strauss,  Ralph Vaughan Williams,  William Byrd  ... 
    Performer:  David Nolan,  Jonathan Small,  George Malcolm,  William Bennett  ... 
    Conductor:  Karl Anton Rickenbacher,  Vernon Handley,  George Guest,  George Malcolm  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra,  Cambridge St. John's College Choir  ... 
    CD: $154.99
    Low Stock
    CD:  $154.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 46.
    Icon - Constantin Silvestri [15-CD Set]
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 233472 Release Date: 02/05/2013   Number of Discs: 15
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  George Enescu,  Franz Liszt  ... 
    Conductor:  Constantin Silvestri
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  Orchestre de la Société du Conservatoire Paris  ... 
    Recommendation
    CD: $35.49
    In Stock
    CD:  $35.49 Add CD to Cart

  • 47.
    Debussy: La Mer, Nocturnes, Etc / Fruhbeck De Burgos
    Label: Regis   Catalog: 1177 Release Date: 01/29/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Claude Debussy
    Performer:  Paul Edmund-Davies
    Conductor:  Rafael Frühbeck de Burgos
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  London Symphony Chorus
    On sale! $18.98
    CD: $15.99
    Special Order
    On sale!   $18.98   CD:  $15.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 48.
    Monumental Karajan!
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 232892 Release Date: 01/22/2013   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Johannes Brahms,  Richard Wagner,  Antonín Dvorák  ... 
    Performer:  Karlheinz Zöller
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    CD: $12.99
    In Stock
    CD:  $12.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 49.
    Debussy: La Mer; Images; Prelude A L'apres-midi D'un Faune
    Label: Zig Zag   Catalog: 313 Release Date: 11/13/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Claude Debussy
    Conductor:  Jos van Immerseel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Anima Eterna Orchestra
    Recommendation
    CD: $18.99
    In Stock
    CD:  $18.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 50.
    Fifty Shades Of Emotions
    Label: Belmondo   Catalog: 53 Release Date: 11/13/2012   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Antonio Vivaldi,  Samuel Barber,  Claude Debussy,  Sergei Rachmaninov  ... 
    CD: $14.99
    Low Stock
    CD:  $14.99 Add CD to Cart

1 2 3 ... 10 11