Claude Debussy

Biography

Born: 1862   Died: 1918   Country: France   Period: Romantic
Claude Debussy (born Achille-Claude Debussy) was among the most influential composers of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. His mature compositions, distinctive and appealing, combined modernism and sensuality so successfully that their sheer beauty often obscures their technical innovation. Debussy is considered the founder and leading exponent of musical Impressionism (although he resisted the label), and his adoption of Read more non-traditional scales and tonal structures was paradigmatic for many composers who followed.
The son of a shopkeeper and a seamstress, Debussy began piano studies at the Paris Conservatory at the age of 11. While a student there, he encountered the wealthy Nadezhda von Meck (most famous as Tchaikovsky's patroness), who employed him as a music teacher to her children; through travel, concerts and acquaintances, she provided him with a wealth of musical experience. Most importantly, she exposed the young Debussy to the works of Russian composers, such as Borodin and Mussorgsky, who would remain important influences on his music.
Debussy began composition studies in 1880, and in 1884 he won the prestigious Prix de Rome with his cantata L'enfant prodigue. This prize financed two years of further study in Rome -- years that proved to be creatively frustrating. However, the period immediately following was fertile for the young composer; trips to Bayreuth and the Paris World Exhibition (1889) established, respectively, his determination to move away from the influence of Richard Wagner, and his interest in the music of Eastern cultures.
After a relatively bohemian period, during which Debussy formed friendships with many leading Parisian writers and musicians (not least of which were Mallarmé, Satie, and Chausson), the year 1894 saw the enormously successful premiere of his Prélude à l'après-midi d'un faune (Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun) -- a truly revolutionary work that brought his mature compositional voice into focus. His seminal opera Pelléas et Mélisande, completed the next year, would become a sensation at its first performance in 1902. The impact of those two works earned Debussy widespread recognition (as well as frequent attacks from critics, who failed to appreciate his forward-looking style), and over the first decade of the twentieth century he established himself as the leading figure in French music -- so much so that the term "Debussysme" ("Debussyism"), used both positively and pejoratively, became fashionable in Paris. Debussy spent his remaining healthy years immersed in French musical society, writing as a critic, composing, and performing his own works internationally. He succumbed to colon cancer in 1918, having also suffered a deep depression brought on by the onset of World War I.
Debussy's personal life was punctuated by unfortunate incidents, most famously the attempted suicide of his first wife, Lilly Texier, whom he abandoned for the singer Emma Bardac. However, his subsequent marriage to Bardac, and their daughter Claude-Emma, whom they called "Chouchou" and who became the dedicatee of the composer's Children's Corner piano suite, provided the middle-aged Debussy with great personal joys.
Debussy wrote successfully in most every genre, adapting his distinctive compositional language to the demands of each. His orchestral works, of which Prélude à l'après-midi d'un faune and La mer (The Sea, 1905) are most familiar, established him as a master of instrumental color and texture. It is this attention to tone color -- his layering of sound upon sound so that they blend to form a greater, evocative whole -- that linked Debussy in the public mind to the Impressionist painters.
His works for solo piano, particularly his collections of Préludes and Etudes, which have remained staples of the repertoire since their composition, bring into relief his assimilation of elements from both Eastern cultures and antiquity -- especially pentatonicism (the use of five-note scales), modality (the use of scales from ancient Greece and the medieval church), parallelism (the parallel movement of chords and lines), and the whole-tone scale (formed by dividing the octave into six equal intervals).
Pelléas et Mélisande and his collections of songs for solo voice establish the strength of his connection to French literature and poetry, especially the symbolist writers, and stand as some of the most understatedly expressive works in the repertory. The writings of Mallarmé, Maeterlinck, Baudelaire, and his childhood friend Paul Verlaine appear prominently among his chosen texts and joined symbiotically with the composer's own unique moods and forms of expression. Read less
Brahms, Kodaly, Debussy, Tchaikovksy / Fournier, Holetschek
Release Date: 11/24/2009   Label: Orfeo  
Catalog: 798091   Number of Discs: 1
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Messiaen: Visions De L'amen; Debussy: En Blanc Et Noir
Release Date: 08/31/2010   Label: Cedille Records  
Catalog: 119   Number of Discs: 1
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Debussy: Complete Music for Piano Duo / Damerini, Rapetti
Release Date: 04/30/2013   Label: Brilliant Classics  
Catalog: 94448   Number of Discs: 3
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Debussy: Violin Sonata, Cello Sonata, Piano Trio / Trio Stradivari
Release Date: 04/29/2014   Label: Brilliant Classics  
Catalog: 94766   Number of Discs: 1
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Märta Schéle Sings Debussy, Milhaud, Ravel, Britten, Et Al
Release Date: 12/12/1995   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 34   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: La plus que lente

Browse 126-141 of 141 Available Recordings
1 2 3 4 5 6
  • 126.
    Grand Piano - Debussy / D'albert, Copeland, Grainger, Et Al
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 8807 Release Date: 07/06/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Claude Debussy
    Performer:  Eugène d' Albert,  Artur Rubinstein,  Myra Hess,  George Copeland  ... 
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  • 127.
    Walter Gieseking Plays Debussy - Historic Recordings 1927-39
    Label: Vai Audio   Catalog: 1117 Release Date: 09/22/1995   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Claude Debussy
    Performer:  Walter Gieseking
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  • 128.
    Clair De Lune - Debussy: Piano Works / Alexis Weissenberg
    Label: Dg Masters   Catalog: 445547 Release Date: 06/13/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Claude Debussy
    Performer:  Alexis Weissenberg
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  • 129.
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 446484 Release Date: 04/11/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Claude Debussy
    Performer:  Claudio Arrau,  Zoltán Kocsis,  Roger Bourdin,  Colette Lequien  ... 
    Conductor:  Pierre Monteux,  André Previn,  Paul Paray,  John T. Williams
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Quartetto Italiano,  Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 130.
    Bits And Pieces / Itzhak Perlman, Samuel Sanders
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 54882 Release Date: 10/11/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Claude Debussy,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Edwin Grasse  ... 
    Performer:  Itzhak Perlman,  Samuel Sanders
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  • 131.
    Schumann, Mendelssohn: Violin Concertos / Szeryng, Dorati
    Label: Mercury Living Presence   Catalog: 434339 Release Date: 06/14/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Felix Mendelssohn,  Robert Schumann,  Béla Bartók,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    Performer:  Henryk Szeryng,  Charles Reiner
    Conductor:  Antal Doráti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 132.
    Debussy: Clair De Lune And Other Piano Favourites / Jones
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 7702 Release Date: 05/02/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Claude Debussy
    Performer:  Martin Jones
    CD: $11.99
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  • 133.
    Romantic Piano Favourites Vol 3 / Balázs Szokolay
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8550107 Release Date: 02/15/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  Claude Debussy,  Ernö von Dohnányi  ... 
    Performer:  Balázs Szokolay,  Péter Nagy
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  • 134.
    Debussy: Complete Piano Music Vol 2 / Werner Haas, Noël Lee
    Label: Philips Duo   Catalog: 438721 Release Date: 01/18/1994   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Claude Debussy
    Performer:  Werner Haas,  Noel Lee
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  • 135.
    Dances For Flute / James Galway
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 60917 Release Date: 02/09/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Traditional,  Saverio Mercadante,  Fritz Kreisler,  François Joseph Gossec  ... 
    Performer:  Kevin Conneff,  James Galway,  Marisa Robles,  Graham Oppenheimer
    Conductor:  Marisa Robles,  Claudio Scimone,  Charles Gerhardt,  James Galway  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Marisa Robles Harp Ensemble,  The Chieftains,  National Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 136.
    La Valse, 1880-1920
    Label: Dynamic   Catalog: 102 Release Date: 01/01/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Liszt,  Claude Debussy,  Erik Satie,  Mily Balakirev  ... 
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  • 137.
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 5164 Release Date: 12/02/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Claude Debussy
    Performer:  Martin Jones
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  • 138.
    Debussy: Complete Works For Orchestra, Vol 2 / Froment
    Label: Vox Box   Catalog: 5053 Release Date: 11/04/1992   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Claude Debussy
    Performer:  Marylène Dosse,  Jean-Marie Londeix,  Serge Dangain,  Marilena Zlatanou  ... 
    Conductor:  Louis de Froment
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Luxembourg Radio/Television Symphony Orchestra,  Psallette de Lorraine
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  • 139.
    Van Cliburn - My Favorite Encores
    Label: Rca Victor Gold Seal   Catalog: 60726 Release Date: 05/10/1991   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Frédéric Chopin,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Alexander Scriabin,  Franz Liszt  ... 
    Performer:  Van Cliburn
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  • 140.
    Annie's Song & Other Galway Favorites / James Galway
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 60747 Release Date: 03/08/1991   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Traditional,  John Denver,  Heitor Villa-Lobos,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  James Galway
    Conductor:  Charles Gerhardt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  National Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 141.
    James Galway - Serenade
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 60033 Release Date: 06/28/1989   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Claude Debussy,  Riccardo Drigo,  Gabriel Fauré,  Sergei Rachmaninov  ... 
    Performer:  James Galway,  Marisa Robles,  Ayako Shinozaki,  Kazuhito Yamashita  ... 
    Conductor:  James Galway,  Charles Gerhardt,  Charles Dutoit,  Hiroyuki Iwaki  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chamber Orchestra of Europe,  National Philharmonic Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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Claude Debussy


WORKS
Debussy: La Mer, L.109 - 1. From Dawn Till Noon On The Sea (De l'aube à midi sur la mer)
Debussy: La Mer, L.109 - 2. Play Of The Waves (Jeux de vagues)
Debussy: La Mer, L.109 - 3. Dialogue Of The Wind And The Sea (Dialogue du vent et de la mer)
Debussy: String Quartet In G Minor, Op.10, L. 85 - 1. Animé et très décidé
Debussy: String Quartet in G minor, Op.10 - 2. Scherzo (Assez vif et bien rythmé)
Debussy: String Quartet in G minor, Op.10 - 3. Andantino doucement expressif
Debussy: String Quartet in G minor, Op.10 - 4. Très modéré - Très mouvementé - Très animé
Debussy: Children's Corner, L. 113 - 1. Doctor Gradus ad Parnassum
Debussy: Children's Corner, L.113 - 2. Jimbo's Lullaby
Debussy: Children's Corner, L. 113 - 3. Serenade For The Doll
Debussy: Children's Corner, L.113 - 4. The Snow Is Dancing
Debussy: Children's Corner, L. 113 - 5. The Little Shepherd
Debussy: Children's Corner, L. 113 - 6. Golliwogg's Cakewalk
Debussy: Images - Book 1 - 1. Reflets dans l'eau
Debussy: Images - Book 1 - 2. Hommage à Rameau
Debussy: Images - Book 1 - 3. Mouvement
Debussy: Images - Book 2 - 1. Cloches à travers les feuilles
Debussy: Images - Book 2 - 2. Et la lune descend sur le temple qui fût
Debussy: Images - Book 2 - 3. Poissons d'or
Debussy: Préludes - Book 1 - 1. Danseuses de Delphes
Debussy: Préludes - Book 1 - 2. Voiles
Debussy: Préludes - Book 1 - 3. Le vent dans la plaine
Debussy: Préludes - Book 1 - 4. Les sons et les parfums tournent dans l'air du soir
Debussy: Préludes - Book 1 - 5. Les collines d'Anacapri
Debussy: Préludes - Book 1 - 6. Des pas sur la neige
Debussy: Préludes - Book 1 - 7. Ce qu'a vu le vent d'ouest
Debussy: Préludes - Book 1, L.117 - 8. La fille aux cheveux de lin
Debussy: Préludes - Book 1 - 9. La sérénade interrompue
Debussy: Préludes - Book 1 - 10. La cathédrale engloutie
Debussy: Préludes - Book 1 - 11. La danse de Puck
Debussy: Préludes - Book 1 - 12. Minstrels
1. Brouillards
2. Feuilles mortes
3. La puerta del vino
4. "Les fées sont d'exquises danseuses"
5. Bruyères
6. "General Lavine" - eccentric
7. La terrasse des audiences du clair de lune
8. Ondine
9. Hommage à S. Pickwick, Esq., P.P.M.P.C.
10. Canope
11. Les tierces alternées
12. Feux d'artifice