Claude Debussy

Biography

Born: 1862   Died: 1918   Country: France   Period: Romantic
Claude Debussy (born Achille-Claude Debussy) was among the most influential composers of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. His mature compositions, distinctive and appealing, combined modernism and sensuality so successfully that their sheer beauty often obscures their technical innovation. Debussy is considered the founder and leading exponent of musical Impressionism (although he resisted the label), and his adoption of Read more non-traditional scales and tonal structures was paradigmatic for many composers who followed.

The son of a shopkeeper and a seamstress, Debussy began piano studies at the Paris Conservatory at the age of 11. While a student there, he encountered the wealthy Nadezhda von Meck (most famous as Tchaikovsky's patroness), who employed him as a music teacher to her children; through travel, concerts and acquaintances, she provided him with a wealth of musical experience. Most importantly, she exposed the young Debussy to the works of Russian composers, such as Borodin and Mussorgsky, who would remain important influences on his music.

Debussy began composition studies in 1880, and in 1884 he won the prestigious Prix de Rome with his cantata L'enfant prodigue. This prize financed two years of further study in Rome -- years that proved to be creatively frustrating. However, the period immediately following was fertile for the young composer; trips to Bayreuth and the Paris World Exhibition (1889) established, respectively, his determination to move away from the influence of Richard Wagner, and his interest in the music of Eastern cultures.

After a relatively bohemian period, during which Debussy formed friendships with many leading Parisian writers and musicians (not least of which were Mallarmé, Satie, and Chausson), the year 1894 saw the enormously successful premiere of his Prélude ŕ l'aprčs-midi d'un faune (Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun) -- a truly revolutionary work that brought his mature compositional voice into focus. His seminal opera Pelléas et Mélisande, completed the next year, would become a sensation at its first performance in 1902. The impact of those two works earned Debussy widespread recognition (as well as frequent attacks from critics, who failed to appreciate his forward-looking style), and over the first decade of the twentieth century he established himself as the leading figure in French music -- so much so that the term "Debussysme" ("Debussyism"), used both positively and pejoratively, became fashionable in Paris. Debussy spent his remaining healthy years immersed in French musical society, writing as a critic, composing, and performing his own works internationally. He succumbed to colon cancer in 1918, having also suffered a deep depression brought on by the onset of World War I.

Debussy's personal life was punctuated by unfortunate incidents, most famously the attempted suicide of his first wife, Lilly Texier, whom he abandoned for the singer Emma Bardac. However, his subsequent marriage to Bardac, and their daughter Claude-Emma, whom they called "Chouchou" and who became the dedicatee of the composer's Children's Corner piano suite, provided the middle-aged Debussy with great personal joys.

Debussy wrote successfully in most every genre, adapting his distinctive compositional language to the demands of each. His orchestral works, of which Prélude ŕ l'aprčs-midi d'un faune and La mer (The Sea, 1905) are most familiar, established him as a master of instrumental color and texture. It is this attention to tone color -- his layering of sound upon sound so that they blend to form a greater, evocative whole -- that linked Debussy in the public mind to the Impressionist painters.

His works for solo piano, particularly his collections of Préludes and Etudes, which have remained staples of the repertoire since their composition, bring into relief his assimilation of elements from both Eastern cultures and antiquity -- especially pentatonicism (the use of five-note scales), modality (the use of scales from ancient Greece and the medieval church), parallelism (the parallel movement of chords and lines), and the whole-tone scale (formed by dividing the octave into six equal intervals).

Pelléas et Mélisande and his collections of songs for solo voice establish the strength of his connection to French literature and poetry, especially the symbolist writers, and stand as some of the most understatedly expressive works in the repertory. The writings of Mallarmé, Maeterlinck, Baudelaire, and his childhood friend Paul Verlaine appear prominently among his chosen texts and joined symbiotically with the composer's own unique moods and forms of expression. Read less

Debussy, Ravel: Music for Two Pianos / Ashkenazys
Release Date: 08/25/2009   Label: Decca  
Catalog: 001312902   Number of Discs: 1
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Debussy: Favorite Piano Works / Tamás Vásáry
Release Date: 10/14/2003   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 000125602   Number of Discs: 1
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Debussy & Ravel On The Organ / Gunnar Idenstam
Release Date: 07/08/2014   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 2049   Number of Discs: 1
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Debussy: The Solo Piano Works / Noriko Ogawa
Release Date: 01/31/2012   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 1955   Number of Discs: 6
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Works By Debussy, Francaix, Glinka, Milhaud & Prokofiev / Bliss, Moore
Release Date: 08/12/2014   Label: Signum U.k.  
Catalog: 384   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: La plus que lente

Browse 126-150 of 155 Available Recordings
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  • 126.
    Label: Michele   Catalog: 9004 Release Date: 10/12/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Claude Debussy,  Georges Bizet,  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Maurice Ravel  ... 
    Performer:  Dubravka Tomsic
    Conductor:  Anton Nanut,  Barry Faldner,  Marko Munih
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  • 127.
    Debussy For Relaxation
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 63424 Release Date: 04/13/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Claude Debussy
    Performer:  Marisa Robles,  Barry Douglas,  Kathryn Stott,  James Galway  ... 
    Conductor:  James Galway,  Marek Janowski,  Charles Munch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chamber Orchestra of Europe,  ORTF Philharmonic Orchestra,  Boston Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 128.
    Michael Rabin - Mosaics
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 67020 Release Date: 01/12/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Pablo de Sarasate,  Eugčne Ysa˙e,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Josef Suk  ... 
    Performer:  Leon Pommers,  Michael Rabin
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  • 129.
    Debussy: Orchestral Works Vol 2 / Martinon, Ortf Orchestra
    Label: Emi Classics Double Fforte   Catalog: 72673 Release Date: 08/11/1998   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Claude Debussy
    Performer:  Guy Dangain,  Fabienne Boury-Fournier,  Jean-Marie Londeix,  John Leach  ... 
    Conductor:  Jean Martinon
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  ORTF National Orchestra
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  • 130.
    Debussy: Preludes, Children's Corner / Zoltan Kocsis
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 456568 Release Date: 06/29/1998   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Claude Debussy
    Performer:  Zoltán Kocsis
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  • 131.
    The Last Dance - Music for a Vanishing Era / I Salonisti
    Label: Dhm Deutsche Harmonia Mundi   Catalog: 77377 Release Date: 02/24/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Anton Rubinstein,  Enrico Toselli,  Benjamin Godard,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  I Salonisti
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  • 132.
    Debussy At Dawn
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 462035 Release Date: 10/14/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Claude Debussy
    Performer:  George Pieterson,  Zoltán Kocsis,  Mitsuko Uchida,  Claudio Arrau  ... 
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink,  Paul Paray
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Women's Chorus,  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  Detroit Symphony Orchestra
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  • 133.
    Debussy: Complete Piano Music / Martin Jones
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 1773 Release Date: 10/07/1997   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Claude Debussy
    Performer:  Martin Jones
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  • 134.
    Debussy: Préludes, Suite Bergamasque, Etc / Ciani, Vásáry
    Label: Dg Double   Catalog: 453070 Release Date: 09/16/1997   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Claude Debussy
    Performer:  Tamás Vásáry,  Dino Ciani
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  • 135.
    Debussy: Piano Works Vol 3 / François-joël Thiollier
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8553292 Release Date: 06/10/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Claude Debussy
    Performer:  François-Joël Thiollier
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  • 136.
    Sounds And Perfumes / Jack Richard Crossan
    Label: Cambria   Catalog: 1086 Release Date: 05/27/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Claude Debussy,  Cyril Scott,  Maurice Ravel
    Performer:  Jack Richard Crossan
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  • 137.
    Debussy: The Complete Works For Piano / Walter Gieseking
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 65855 Release Date: 01/21/1997   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Claude Debussy
    Performer:  Walter Gieseking
    Conductor:  Kurt Schröder
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hessian Radio Orchestra Frankfurt
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  • 138.
    Songs For Sunset / Christian Linberg, Per Lundberg
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 808 Release Date: 12/17/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Charles Chaplin,  Claude Debussy,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Performer:  Per Lundberg,  Christian Lindberg
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  • 139.
    Quiet Music for Quiet Times
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 454735 Release Date: 09/24/1996   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Claude Debussy
    Performer:  Mitsuko Uchida,  Peter Damm,  Stephen Kovacevich,  Irena Grafenauer  ... 
    Conductor:  Jeffrey Tate,  Sir Neville Marriner,  Sir Colin Davis,  Kurt Masur  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Chamber Orchestra,  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields,  Holliger Wind Ensemble  ... 
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  • 140.
    Debussy Preludes Deuxiéme Livre, Etc Vol 2 / Michel Béroff
    Label: Denon Records   Catalog: 78848 Release Date: 08/01/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Claude Debussy
    Performer:  Michel Béroff
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  • 141.
    Grand Piano - Debussy / D'albert, Copeland, Grainger, Et Al
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 8807 Release Date: 07/06/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Claude Debussy
    Performer:  Eugčne d' Albert,  Artur Rubinstein,  Myra Hess,  George Copeland  ... 
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  • 142.
    Walter Gieseking Plays Debussy - Historic Recordings 1927-39
    Label: Vai Audio   Catalog: 1117 Release Date: 09/22/1995   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Claude Debussy
    Performer:  Walter Gieseking
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  • 143.
    Clair De Lune - Debussy: Piano Works / Alexis Weissenberg
    Label: Dg Masters   Catalog: 445547 Release Date: 06/13/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Claude Debussy
    Performer:  Alexis Weissenberg
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  • 144.
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 446484 Release Date: 04/11/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Claude Debussy
    Performer:  Claudio Arrau,  Zoltán Kocsis,  Roger Bourdin,  Colette Lequien  ... 
    Conductor:  Pierre Monteux,  André Previn,  Paul Paray,  John T. Williams
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Quartetto Italiano,  Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 145.
    Bits And Pieces / Itzhak Perlman, Samuel Sanders
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 54882 Release Date: 10/11/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Claude Debussy,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Edwin Grasse  ... 
    Performer:  Itzhak Perlman,  Samuel Sanders
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  • 146.
    Schumann, Mendelssohn: Violin Concertos / Szeryng, Dorati
    Label: Mercury Living Presence   Catalog: 434339 Release Date: 06/14/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Felix Mendelssohn,  Robert Schumann,  Béla Bartók,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    Performer:  Henryk Szeryng,  Charles Reiner
    Conductor:  Antal Doráti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 147.
    Debussy: Clair De Lune And Other Piano Favourites / Jones
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 7702 Release Date: 05/02/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Claude Debussy
    Performer:  Martin Jones
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  • 148.
    Romantic Piano Favourites Vol 3 / Balázs Szokolay
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8550107 Release Date: 02/15/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  Claude Debussy,  Ernö von Dohnányi  ... 
    Performer:  Balázs Szokolay,  Péter Nagy
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  • 149.
    Debussy: Complete Piano Music Vol 2 / Werner Haas, Noël Lee
    Label: Philips Duo   Catalog: 438721 Release Date: 01/18/1994   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Claude Debussy
    Performer:  Werner Haas,  Noel Lee
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  • 150.
    Dances For Flute / James Galway
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 60917 Release Date: 02/09/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Traditional,  Saverio Mercadante,  Fritz Kreisler,  François Joseph Gossec  ... 
    Performer:  Kevin Conneff,  James Galway,  Marisa Robles,  Graham Oppenheimer
    Conductor:  Marisa Robles,  Claudio Scimone,  Charles Gerhardt,  James Galway  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Marisa Robles Harp Ensemble,  The Chieftains,  National Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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