Clemens Krauss

Biography

Born: March 31, 1893; Vienna, Austria   Died: May 16, 1954; Mexico City, Mexico  
Clemens Heinrich Krauss was a leading Austrian conductor, particularly associated with the music of Richard Strauss, who got to his major positions by the resignation of conductors less sympathetic to the German Nazi regime.

His mother was Clementine Krauss, a leading Viennese actress and singer. He was also related to Gabrielle Krauss (1842 - 1904), an important nineteenth century soprano. His father was a figure in the Austrian Imperial
Read more Court. When Clemens went into music, he used his mother's name because of its theatrical history.

When he was a boy, he was a chorister in the Hofkapelle (Imperial Choir). He attended the Vienna Conservatory, graduating in 1912. He studied composition with Grädener and theory with Heuberger. After graduation he was chorus master in the Brünn Theater (1912 - 1913). There he made his conducting debut in 1913.

He made the rounds of regional centers, conducting in Riga (1913 - 1914), Nuremberg (1915), and Sczeczin (1916 - 1921). The latter appointment gave him ample opportunity to travel to Berlin to hear Artur Nikisch conduct the Philharmonic, a major influence.

His next appointment was back in Austria, where he became director of the opera and symphony concerts in Graz. In 1922 he joined the conducting staff of the Vienna State Opera and teacher of the conducting class at the State Academy of Germany. In 1923 he became conductor of the Vienna Tonkünstler Concerts (until 1927), and Intendant of the opera in Frankfurt am Maine and director of the Museum Concerts in 1924, until 1929.

He visited the United States in 1929, conducting in Philadelphia and at the New York Philharmonic. Also in 1929 he was appointed director of the Vienna State Opera. Its orchestra, in its independent concert form as the Vienna Philharmonic, appointed him its music director in 1930. He was a regular conductor at the Salzburg Festival from 1926 to 1934. In 1930 he conducted the opera in the world premiere of Berg's Wozzeck.

In 1933 and 1934 he gave up his Vienna positions, becoming director of the Berlin State Opera in 1935 after Erich Kleiber resigned in protest over Nazi rule. Leaving Austria for Nazi Germany was no hardship for Krauss, who was a friend of both Hitler and Goering. In 1933 he took over the preparations for the premieres of Strauss' opera Arabella when the principled conductor Fritz Busch left. In 1937 he was appointed Intendant of the Munich National Theater, following the resignation there of Knappertsbusch. He became a close friend of Richard Strauss, wrote the libretto to the opera Capriccio (which he premiered in Munich in 1942), and Der Liebe der Danae. He also conducted the premiere of Strauss' anti-War cantata Friedenstag.

After the Munich opera house was bombed, shutting it down, he returned to conduct the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra until it closed shortly before the end of the War (1944 - 1945). After the War, Allied officials investigated his pro-Nazi activities and because of them forbade him from appearing in public until 1947. They also found that he had frequently acted to assist a number of individual Jews escape the Third Reich machine. When his ban was lifted he resumed frequently conducting the Vienna Philharmonic, including its famous New Years Day concerts.

He conducted at Covent Garden in London (1951 to 1953) and in the 1953 Bayreuth Festival. He was married to the soprano Viorica Ursuleac. He was in Mexico on vacation when he died there in 1954. Read less
Browse 1-25 of 41 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    Pierre Fournier Edition: Complete Recordings on DG, Decca & Philips
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 4796909 Release Date: 02/10/2017   Number of Discs: 25
    Composer:  Edouard Lalo,  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Max Bruch,  Ernest Bloch  ... 
    Performer:  Pierre Fournier,  Géza Anda,  Wolfgang Schneiderhan,  Giusto Cappone  ... 
    Conductor:  Jean Martinon,  Alfred Wallenstein,  Ferenc Fricsay,  Herbert von Karajan  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Lamoureux Concerts Association Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    Recommendation
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  • 2.
    Mendelssohn: A Midsummer Night's Dream - Schubert: Symphony No. 8
    Label: Opus Kura   Catalog: 7076 Release Date: 06/14/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Felix Mendelssohn,  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Dagmar Hermann,  Ilona Steingruber-Wildgans
    Conductor:  Clemens Krauss
    On sale! $18.98
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  • 3.
    New Year's Concert - The Complete Works / Wiener Philharmoniker
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 503203 Release Date: 11/13/2015   Number of Discs: 23
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Conductor:  Zubin Mehta,  Carlos Kleiber,  Riccardo Muti,  Seiji Ozawa  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 4.
    Decca Sound  – Mono Years 1944 -1956
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002280602 Release Date: 04/07/2015   Number of Discs: 53
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky,  Maurice Ravel,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    Performer:  Wilhelm Backhaus,  Clifford Curzon,  Alfredo Campoli,  Henry Datyner  ... 
    Conductor:  Ernest Ansermet,  Ataulfo Argenta,  Roger Desormičre,  Karl Münchinger  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Suisse Romande Orchestra,  Paris Conservatoire Orchestra,  Orchestre de la Société du Conservatoire Paris  ... 
    CD: $248.99
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  • 5.
    Mozart Arias Sung By Hilde Gueden
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002108802 Release Date: 10/14/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Giacomo Puccini
    Performer:  Walter Barylli,  Hilde Gueden,  Willi Boskovsky
    Conductor:  Alberto Erede,  Clemens Krauss
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Santa Cecilia Academy Rome Orchestra
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  • 6.
    Most Wanted Recitals! Julius Patzak - Recital
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002108902 Release Date: 08/05/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Jacques Offenbach,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Ludwig Gruber  ... 
    Performer:  Julius Patzak,  Hilde Gueden,  Hilde Zadek,  Rosette Anday  ... 
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm,  Rudolf Moralt,  Clemens Krauss
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Wiener Schrammel-Quartett
    CD: $18.99
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  • 7.
    Richard Strauss: Complete Operas
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002013902 Release Date: 03/25/2014   Number of Discs: 33
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Anneliese Rothenberger,  Cäcilie Reich,  Eva Maria Rogner,  Ira Malaniuk  ... 
    Conductor:  Joseph Keilberth,  Giuseppe Sinopoli,  Karl Böhm,  Sir Georg Solti  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian State Opera Orchestra,  Bavarian State Opera Chorus,  Dresden Staatskapelle  ... 
    Recommendation
    CD: $194.99
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  • 8.
    Grandioso! - Great Verdi Recordings From Caruso To Pavarotti [7 CD-Set]
    Label: Dg Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001928802 Release Date: 10/29/2013   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi
    Performer:  Sándor Kónya,  Maria Németh,  Ebe [Mezzo-soprano Vocal] Stignani,  Renata Tebaldi  ... 
    Conductor:  Ferenc Fricsay,  János Kulka,  Alberto Erede,  Bruno Bartoletti  ... 
    CD: $54.49
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  • 9.
    Das Lied Von Der Erde
    Label: Regis   Catalog: 1146 Release Date: 07/12/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Kathleen Ferrier,  Julius Patzak
    Conductor:  Clemens Krauss,  Bruno Walter
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Chorus,  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 10.
    Die Fledermaus
    Label: Regis   Catalog: 2047 Release Date: 07/12/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Performer:  Wilma Lipp,  Julius Patzak,  Hilde Gueden,  Sieglinde Wagner
    Conductor:  Clemens Krauss
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Chorus,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    On sale! $35.98
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  • 11.
    Kathleen Ferrier: A Centenary Celebration
    Label: Regis   Catalog: 4011 Release Date: 07/17/2012   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Traditional,  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann,  Christoph W. Gluck  ... 
    Performer:  John Newmark,  Max Gilbert,  Phyllis Spurr,  Julius Patzak
    Conductor:  Clemens Krauss,  Bruno Walter
    On sale! $33.98
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  • 12.
    Kathleen Ferrier - The Complete Decca Recordings [14 CDs + DVD]
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001654200 Release Date: 03/20/2012   Number of Discs: 15
    Composer:  Christoph W. Gluck,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Franz Schubert,  Franz Xaver Gruber  ... 
    Performer:  Zoe Vlachopoulos,  Ann Ayars,  Kathleen Ferrier,  Thornton Lofthouse  ... 
    Conductor:  Fritz Stiedry,  Reginald Jacques,  Boyd Neel,  Sir John Barbirolli  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Glyndebourne Festival Chorus,  Southern Philharmonic Orchestra,  Bach Choir  ... 
    Recommendation
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  • 13.
    Label: Andromeda   Catalog: 5009 Release Date: 01/01/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Johannes Brahms,  Hugo Wolf  ... 
    Performer:  Julius Patzak,  Walter Klien,  Michael Raucheisen
    Conductor:  Richard Strauss,  Clemens Krauss
    CD: $9.99
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  • 14.
    Strauss Collection - Early Recordings On 78s (1901-1951)
    Label: Opus Kura   Catalog: 1006/13 Release Date: 04/12/2011   Number of Discs: 8
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Spoken Word,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Performer:  Irene Eisinger,  Dajos Bela,  Barnabas Von Geczy,  Marcella Sembrich  ... 
    Conductor:  Clemens Krauss,  Howard Barlow,  Erich Leinsdorf,  Harry Horlick  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Kölner Klavier-Trio
    Recommendation
    On sale! $155.98
    CD: $107.49
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  • 15.
    Wagner: Der Ring Des Nibelungen / Krauss, Hotter, Uhde, Stolze, Kuen, Greindl
    Label: Orfeo   Catalog: 809113 Release Date: 10/26/2010   Number of Discs: 13
    Composer:  Richard Wagner
    Performer:  Paul Kuen,  Gisela Litz,  Gerhard Stolze,  Hans Hotter  ... 
    Conductor:  Clemens Krauss
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bayreuth Festival Orchestra,  Bayreuth Festival Chorus
    Recommendation
    CD: $64.49
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  • 16.
    German Opera & Operetta / Schlusnus, Rehkemper, Patzak, Berger
    Label: Dg Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 459007 Release Date: 08/13/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Albert Lortzing,  Max Niederberger,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Richard Strauss  ... 
    Performer:  Heinrich Schlusnus,  Leo Slezak,  Walther Ludwig,  Viorica Ursuleac  ... 
    Conductor:  Walter Schutz,  Gerhard Steeger,  Clemens Krauss,  Karl Böhm  ... 
    ArkivCD $16.99
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  • 17.
    Label: Archipel   Catalog: 445 Release Date: 04/27/2010   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  Anton Dermota,  Hugo Meyer Welfing,  Trude Eipperle,  Georg Hann  ... 
    Conductor:  Clemens Krauss
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  • 18.
    Mozart: Violin Concerto No 4, Sinfonia Concertante / Walter Barylli, Et Al
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 90760 Release Date: 06/09/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  Walter Barylli,  Paul Doktor
    Conductor:  Clemens Krauss,  Felix Prohaska
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna State Opera Orchestra
    On sale! $22.98
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  • 19.
    Prima Voce - Strauss: Die Fledermaus / Krauss, Patzak, Guden, Wagner, Gedda, Et Al
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 7954 Release Date: 01/13/2009   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Performer:  Sieglinde Wagner,  Anton Dermota,  Nicolai Gedda,  Hilde Gueden  ... 
    Conductor:  Clemens Krauss
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna State Opera Chorus
    CD: $18.99
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  • 20.
    Beethoven: Piano Concertos 4 & 5 / Backhaus, Krauss, Vpo
    Label: London/Decca Historic Series   Catalog: 425962 Release Date: 08/28/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Wilhelm Backhaus
    Conductor:  Clemens Krauss
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    ArkivCD $16.99
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  • 21.
    Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra Plays Strauss 1929 - 1990
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 435335 Release Date: 10/26/2007   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Conductor:  Erich Kleiber,  Clemens Krauss,  George Szell,  Herbert von Karajan  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $24.99
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  • 22.
    Peter Anders Vol 3 - Puccini
    Label: Hafg   Catalog: 10010 Release Date: 06/12/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giacomo Puccini
    Performer:  Willi Domgraf-Fassbaender,  Hilde Gueden,  Trude Eipperle,  Peter Anders  ... 
    Conductor:  Hanns Steinkopf,  Arthur Rother,  Clemens Krauss,  Franz Marszalek
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Stuttgart State Opera Orchestra
    ArkivCD $16.99
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  • 23.
    Alfons Fügel - Recordings 1940-1951
    Label: Hafg   Catalog: 10338 Release Date: 05/14/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Paul Lincke,  Eduard Künneke,  Karl Millöcker,  Giacomo Puccini  ... 
    Performer:  Alfons Fügel,  Trude Eipperle
    Conductor:  Hanns Steinkopf,  Werner Schmitt-Boelcke,  Unknown,  Theo Mackeben  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Grosses Opernorchester,  Bavarian Radio Orchestra,  Hanns Steinkopf Orchestra  ... 
    ArkivCD $16.99
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  • 24.
    Pfitzner: Von Deutscher Seele / Krauss, Eipperle, Et Al
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 90255 Release Date: 10/24/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Hans Pfitzner
    Performer:  Trude Eipperle,  Luise Willer,  Julius Patzak,  Ludwig Weber  ... 
    Conductor:  Clemens Krauss
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna State Opera Chorus,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    ArkivCD $16.99
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  • 25.
    Strauss Family - Waltzes & Polkas Vol 2 / Clemens Krauss
    Label: Opus Kura   Catalog: 7011 Release Date: 01/24/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.
    Conductor:  Clemens Krauss
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    On sale! $18.98
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