Maurice Gendron

Biography

Maurice Gendron's family was poor and his mother helped support them by playing cello in a local silent movie house. She would take him to the theater, where he had his first exposure to musical performance. He learned to read music when he was three, was given a violin at four, and took an instant dislike to it, but at five he was given a quarter-sized cello and it immediately appealed to him.

His first teacher was Stephane Odero, who
Read more recognized that the boy had a notable talent and took him to the great cellist Emanuel Feuermann when Maurice was ten. He always remembered Feuermann's encouragement and kindness and held him as his idol. His teacher referred him for more study with Jean Mangot of the Nice Conservatoire when he was 11. Gendron was formally admitted to that Conservatoire at age 12 and he graduated from it at age 14 with a first prize.

As yet, he did not even own a cello. A well-wisher bought him a cello and a train ticket so he could go to Paris, where he had been admitted to the Conservatoire to study with the great Gérard Hekking. Gendron had to live in an unheated room and sell newspapers to make a living.

When war began in 1939, Gendron was exempted from military service due to his malnourishment. In 1940, the Germans overran the country. Despite his earlier classification as unfit for duty, Gendron became an active member of the Resistance. He refused direct orders from the Nazis to go to Germany to play, which almost got him arrested and shipped out anyway.

During the war, he met many of the leading artists of France, including writer Jean Cocteau, pianist Jean Neveu and his violinist sister Ginette, Picasso, and composers Jean Françaix and Francis Poulenc. He formed a cello-piano duo with Françaix that lasted for 25 years. Another close friend was legendary Rumanian pianist Dinu Lipatti. They gave memorable performances, but Lipatti's worsening leukemia and early death made preserving these on recordings impossible.

Immediately after the war, the British vocal-piano team of Peter Pears and Benjamin Britten made important concert tours through ravaged Europe. The famous art historian Kenneth Clarke introduced Britten to Gendron. Through Britten, Gendron received an invitation to play in London, where he performed the Western premiere of Prokofiev's cello concerto. His solo debut at Wigmore Hall on December 2, 1945, was with Britten as his partner in sonatas by Fauré and Debussy. On the same program were composer/pianist Francis Poulenc and his new partner, the young baritone Pierre Bernac, also making London debuts.

Gendron's idol Feuermann died in New York during the war. Gendron traveled there for a memorial concert, which was also his American debut. During the postwar years, Gendron traveled to Prades, where the great cellist Pablo Casals had just made his residence, and played a Bach solo cello suite for the master. Casals congratulated him on not copying his own interpretation and they formed a strong professional friendship. Later, when Gendron was asked by Philips Records to record the Boccherini Concerto in B flat and the Haydn D major, Gendron agreed and suggested Casals as conductor. The company received a surprise when Casals readily agreed, the only instance where the master conducted another cellist in a solo performance. The disc remains a classic recording and is notable for the performers' devotion to historical authenticity, for they had consulted the original manuscripts housed in the Dresden State Library in preparing it.

Gendron had an extensive teaching career, having been appointed to the Paris Conservatoire in 1970. He has also taught at the Mozarteum in Salzburg; the Menuhin School in Surrey, England; and in Saarbrücken. He was known not only as an outstanding soloist but as a fine ensemble player, ever alert to all the nuances of his partners. His instrument is a fine Stradivari. His recordings include much of the standard repertoire and some twentieth century French music. The qualities of his playing most mentioned by critics are outstanding technique and expressive tone, with impeccable phrasing and remarkable transparency, especially in French music. Read less
Browse 1-24 of 24 Available Recordings
  • 1.
    The Menuhin Century: Complete Recordings with Hephzibah Menuhin
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 555055 Release Date: 04/22/2016   Number of Discs: 20
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Schubert,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Yehudi Menuhin,  Hephzibah Menuhin,  Maurice Eisenberg,  Maurice Gendron
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  • 2.
    The Menuhin Century: Live Performances & Festival Recordings
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 555053 Release Date: 04/22/2016   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Johannes Brahms,  Niccolň Paganini,  Pablo de Sarasate  ... 
    Performer:  Yehudi Menuhin,  Eugene Istomin,  Pablo Casals,  Mieczyslaw Horszowski  ... 
    Conductor:  Georg Schnéevoigt,  Gary Bertini,  Edmond de Stoutz,  István Kertész  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Friends of Music Orchestra,  Israel Philharmonic Orchestra,  Zurich Chamber Orchestra  ... 
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  • 3.
    The Menuhin Century: Luxury Edition
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 555050 Release Date: 04/22/2016   Number of Discs: 91
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Pierre-Alexandre Monsigny,  Arcangelo Corelli  ... 
    Performer:  Yehudi Menuhin,  Hubert Giesen,  Artur Balsam,  Marcel Gazelle  ... 
    Conductor:  Landon Ronald,  Pierre Monteux,  Jean Fournet,  Anatole Fistoulari  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Paris Symphonic Orchestra,  Colonne Concerts Orchestra  ... 
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  • 4.
    The Menuhin Century: The Virtuoso & His Landmark Recordings
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 555054 Release Date: 04/22/2016   Number of Discs: 13
    Composer:  Antonio Bazzini,  Antonín Dvorák,  Johannes Brahms,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    Performer:  Yehudi Menuhin,  Marcel Gazelle,  Ferguson Webster,  Artur Balsam  ... 
    Conductor:  Pierre Monteux,  Sir Colin Davis,  John Pritchard,  Efrem Kurtz  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Paris Symphonic Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra,  New Philharmonia Orchestra  ... 
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  • 5.
    The Menuhin Century: Unpublished Recordings & Rarities
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 555051 Release Date: 04/22/2016   Number of Discs: 22
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Pierre-Alexandre Monsigny,  Arcangelo Corelli  ... 
    Performer:  Yehudi Menuhin,  Hubert Giesen,  Artur Balsam,  Marcel Gazelle  ... 
    Conductor:  Landon Ronald,  Pierre Monteux,  Jean Fournet,  Anatole Fistoulari  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Paris Symphonic Orchestra,  Colonne Concerts Orchestra  ... 
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  • 6.
    Yehudi: The Art of Menuhin
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 554924 Release Date: 04/08/2016   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Antonio Vivaldi,  Giovanni Battista Viotti,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Yehudi Menuhin,  Paul Cocker,  Hephzibah Menuhin,  Louis Kentner  ... 
    Conductor:  Alberto Lysy,  Wilhelm Furtwängler,  Efrem Kurtz,  Sir Adrian Boult  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bath Festival Orchestra,  Robert Masters Chamber Orchestra,  Camerata Lysy  ... 
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  • 7.
    Philips Classics: The Stereo Years
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002445602 Release Date: 02/19/2016   Number of Discs: 50
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Robert Schumann,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Salvatore Accardo,  Elly Ameling,  Dalton Baldwin,  Jörg Demus  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Colin Davis,  Bernard Haitink,  Raymond Leppard,  Eduard Van Beinum  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  English Chamber Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $134.49
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  • 8.
    Decca Sound  – Mono Years 1944 -1956
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002280602 Release Date: 04/07/2015   Number of Discs: 53
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky,  Maurice Ravel,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    Performer:  Wilhelm Backhaus,  Clifford Curzon,  Alfredo Campoli,  Henry Datyner  ... 
    Conductor:  Ernest Ansermet,  Ataulfo Argenta,  Roger Desormičre,  Karl Münchinger  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Suisse Romande Orchestra,  Paris Conservatoire Orchestra,  Orchestre de la Société du Conservatoire Paris  ... 
    CD: $213.99
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  • 9.
    Willem Mengelberg Conducts Antonin Dvorak
    Label: Andromeda   Catalog: 9111 Release Date: 05/27/2014   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Maurice Gendron,  Maria Neuss
    Conductor:  Willem Mengelberg
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  • 10.
    Best Schubert 100
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 80429 Release Date: 11/01/2011   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Elmar Schloter,  Sir Philip Ledger,  Alfredo Dallapozza,  Lucia Popp  ... 
    Conductor:  Riccardo Muti,  Sir Thomas Beecham,  Herbert von Karajan,  Yehudi Menuhin  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $21.99
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  • 11.
    Haydn, Boccherini: Cello Concertos / Gendron, Leppard
    Label: Philips Concert Classics   Catalog: 422481 Release Date: 04/07/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Luigi Boccherini
    Performer:  Maurice Gendron
    Conductor:  Raymond Leppard
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 12.
    Label: Archipel   Catalog: 442 Release Date: 05/25/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Felix Mendelssohn,  Robert Schumann,  Georges Bizet
    Performer:  Henryk Szeryng,  Maurice Gendron
    Conductor:  André Cluytens
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  • 13.
    Debussy: 3 Sonatas, String Quartet, Syrinx / Grumiaux, Gendron, Quartetto Italiano
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 442655 Release Date: 01/28/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Claude Debussy
    Performer:  Roger Bourdin,  Annie Challan,  Colette Lequien,  István Hajdu  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Quartetto Italiano
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  • 14.
    Ultimate Cello Classics - The Essential Masterpieces
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 000972402 Release Date: 09/11/2007   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Tomaso Albinoni,  Robert Schumann  ... 
    Performer:  Julian Lloyd Webber,  Samuel Sanders,  Heinrich Schiff,  John Birch  ... 
    Conductor:  Václav Neumann,  Nicholas Cleobury,  Maxim Shostakovich,  Yan Pascal Tortelier  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Czech Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 15.
    Rarities Of Andre Cluytens
    Label: Archipel   Catalog: 298 Release Date: 07/24/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Robert Schumann,  Sergei Prokofiev
    Performer:  Johanna Martzy,  Maurice Gendron,  Michael Rabin
    Conductor:  André Cluytens
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  • 16.
    Beethoven, Mozart, Bridge: Trios / Menuhin, Gendron, Britten
    Label: Bbc Legends   Catalog: 4134 Release Date: 11/25/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Frank Bridge,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Yehudi Menuhin,  Maurice Gendron,  Benjamin Britten
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  • 17.
    Masters Of The Bow - Cello / Rostropovich, Casals, Et Al
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000020902 Release Date: 05/13/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Olivier Messiaen,  Gabriel Fauré,  Scott Joplin,  Manuel de Falla  ... 
    Performer:  Maurice Gendron,  Jean Françaix,  Bruno Canino,  Lynn Harrell  ... 
    Conductor:  Constantine Orbelian,  Nicholas Cleobury,  Riccardo Chailly,  Willem van Otterloo  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Moscow Chamber Orchestra,  English Chamber Orchestra,  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 18.
    Label: Cello Classics   Catalog: 11006 Release Date: 11/01/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Emanuel Moor,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Sir Edward Elgar,  Ennio Bolognini  ... 
    Performer:  Zara Nelsova,  Wilfrid Parry,  Blas Net,  Pablo Casals  ... 
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  • 19.
    The Best Of Handel / Marriner, Schröder, Gardiner, Et Al
    Label: Philips Duo   Catalog: 454029 Release Date: 04/09/1996   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  George Frideric Handel
    Performer:  Ida Presti,  Alexandre Lagoya,  Heinz Holliger,  Aafje Heynis  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner,  John Eliot Gardiner,  Raymond Leppard,  Hans Gillesberger  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields,  English Baroque Soloists,  English Chamber Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $19.99
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  • 20.
    Beethoven: Complete Music For Cello & Piano / Rostropovich, Richter, Gendron, Et Al
    Label: Philips Duo   Catalog: 442565 Release Date: 10/11/1994   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Maurice Gendron,  Jean Françaix,  Sviatoslav Richter,  Mstislav Rostropovich
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  • 21.
    Bach: The 6 Cello Suites / Maurice Gendron
    Label: Philips Duo   Catalog: 442293 Release Date: 08/16/1994   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Performer:  Maurice Gendron
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  • 22.
    The Best of Boccherini
    Label: Philips Duo   Catalog: 438377 Release Date: 08/10/1993   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Luigi Boccherini,  Franz Xaver Pokorny
    Performer:  Denis Vigay,  Stephen Shingles,  Pepe Romero,  Iona Brown  ... 
    Conductor:  Raymond Leppard,  Pablo Casals
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  I Musici,  New Philharmonia Orchestra,  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields Chamber Ens.  ... 
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  • 23.
    Schubert: Quintette, Trios, Etc / Menuhin, Gendron, Et Al
    Label: Emi Classics Special Import   Catalog: 62742 Release Date: 05/01/1990   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Yehudi Menuhin,  Maurice Gendron,  Hephzibah Menuhin,  J. Edward Merret  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Amadeus Quartet
    ArkivCD $33.99
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  • 24.
    The Early Years - Maurice Gendron
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 438960 Release Date: 12/1994   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Frédéric Chopin,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    Performer:  Maurice Gendron,  Peter Gallion,  Jean Françaix
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