Aaron Copland

Biography

Born: 1900   Died: 1990   Country: USA   Period: 20th Century
Few figures in American music loom as large as Aaron Copland. As one of the first wave of literary and musical expatriates in Paris during the 1920s, Copland returned to the United States with the means to assume, for the next half century, a central role in American music as composer, promoter, and educator. Copland's sheer popularity and iconic status are such that his music has transcended the concert hall and entered the popular Read more consciousness; it both accompanies solemn and joyous celebrations the world over (Fanfare for the Common Man) and punctuates the familiar words "Beef: It's What's for Dinner!" (Rodeo) for millions of television viewers.

Copland was the youngest of five children born to Harris and Sarah Copland, Lithuanian Jewish immigrants who owned a department store in Brooklyn. He did not take formal piano lessons until he was 13, by which time he had also begun writing small pieces. Instead of attending college, Copland studied theory and composition with Rubin Goldmark and piano with Victor Wittgenstein and Clarence Adler, and attended as many concerts, operas, and ballets as possible. In 1921, he went to Fontainebleau, France, taking conducting and composition classes at the American Conservatory. He went on to study in Paris with Ricardo Viñes and Nadia Boulanger and spent the next three years soaking up all the European culture, both new and old, that he could. He learned to admire not only composers like Stravinsky, Milhaud, Fauré, and Mahler, but others such as author André Gide. Boulanger's performance of Copland's 1924 Organ Symphony with Koussevitzky was the beginning of a friendship between the conductor and composer that led to Copland teaching at the Berkshire Music Center (Tanglewood) from 1940 until 1965.

After his return to America, Copland drifted toward an incisive, austere style that captured something of the sobriety of Depression-torn America. The most representative work of this period -- the Piano Variations (1930) -- remains one of the composer's seminal efforts. He tried to avoid taking a university position, instead writing for journals and newspapers, organizing concerts, and taking on administrative duties for composers' organizations, trying to promote American music. By the mid-1930s, taking the direct engagement of and communication with audiences as one of his central tenets, Copland's compositions developed (in parallel with other composers like Virgil Thomson and Roy Harris) an "American" style marked by folk influences, a new melodic and harmonic simplicity, and an appealing directness free from intellectual pretension. This is nowhere more in evidence than in Copland's ballets of this period, and it finally earned him the respect of the general public. While Copland gradually became less prolific from the mid-1950s on, he continued to experiment and explore "fresh" means of musical expression, including a highly individual adoption of 12-tone principles in works like the Piano Fantasy and Connotations for orchestra. Still, the fundamentally lyrical nature of Copland's language remained intact and occasionally emerged -- with an often surprising retrospective air -- in works like the Duo for flute and piano (1971). He continued to teach and write and received numerous awards both in America and abroad. In 1958, he began conducting orchestras around the world, performing works by 80 other composers as well as his own over the next 20 years. By the mid-'70s, Copland had for all intents and purposes ceased composing. One of the last of his creative accomplishments was the completion of his two-volume autobiography (with musicologist Vivian Perlis), an essential document in understanding the growth of American music in the twentieth century. Read less
Copland, Harris: Symphony No 3 / Järvi, Detroit So
Release Date: 09/24/1996   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 9474   Number of Discs: 1
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Copland: Music For Piano / Clarke
Release Date: 10/26/2004   Label: Divine Art  
Catalog: 25016   Number of Discs: 1
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Sarah Williamson Plays Copland & Finzi
Release Date: 12/14/2010   Label: Somm  
Catalog: 244   Number of Discs: 1
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Copland, Barber, Gershwin / Frederik, Curtis, 	Orchestra Of The Swan
Release Date: 01/08/2013   Label: Somm  
Catalog: 118   Number of Discs: 1
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Mozart, Copland, Kats-Chernin: Works for Clarinet & Orchestra / Collins
Release Date: 01/29/2013   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 10756   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Appalachian Spring: Suite

Browse 26-29 of 29 Available Recordings
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  • 26.
    The Copland Collection - 1936-1948
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 46559 Release Date: 01/18/1991   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Aaron Copland
    Performer:  Benny Goodman,  Henry Fonda,  Michael Winfield,  William Lang
    Conductor:  Aaron Copland
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Columbia Symphony Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $32.49
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  • 27.
    Copland: Appalachian Spring, Danzon Cubano, Etc / Bernstein
    Label: Cbs Great Performances   Catalog: 37257 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Aaron Copland
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic
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  • 28.
    Copland: Appalachian Spring, Etc / Lane, Atlanta So
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80078 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Aaron Copland
    Conductor:  Louis Lane
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Atlanta Symphony Orchestra
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  • 29.
    Copland: Appalachian Spring, Etc / Orpheus CO
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 427335 Release Date: 05/23/1989   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Aaron Copland
    Performer:  Stephen Taylor,  Raymond Mase
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orpheus Chamber Orchestra
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Aaron Copland


WORKS
Appalachian Spring (1999 - Remaster): Very Slowly
Appalachian Spring (1999 - Remaster): Allegro
Appalachian Spring (1999 - Remaster): Moderato: The Bride And Her Intended
Appalachian Spring (1999 - Remaster): Fast: The Revivalist And His Flock
Appalachian Spring (1999 - Remaster): Allegro: Solo Dance Of The Bartered Bride
Appalachian Spring (1999 - Remaster): Meno Mosso
Appalachian Spring (1999 - Remaster): Doppio Movimento: Variations On A Shaker Hymn
Appalachian Spring (1999 - Remaster): Moderato: Coda
I. Buckaroo Holiday
II. Corral Nocturne
III. Ranch House Party
IV. Saturday Night Waltz
V. Hoe Down
Very slowly
Allegro
Moderato
Fast
sub. Allegro
As at first (slowly)
Doppio movimento (shaker melody "The gift to be simple")