Aaron Copland

Biography

Born: 1900   Died: 1990   Country: USA   Period: 20th Century
Few figures in American music loom as large as Aaron Copland. As one of the first wave of literary and musical expatriates in Paris during the 1920s, Copland returned to the United States with the means to assume, for the next half century, a central role in American music as composer, promoter, and educator. Copland's sheer popularity and iconic status are such that his music has transcended the concert hall and entered the popular Read more consciousness; it both accompanies solemn and joyous celebrations the world over (Fanfare for the Common Man) and punctuates the familiar words "Beef: It's What's for Dinner!" (Rodeo) for millions of television viewers.

Copland was the youngest of five children born to Harris and Sarah Copland, Lithuanian Jewish immigrants who owned a department store in Brooklyn. He did not take formal piano lessons until he was 13, by which time he had also begun writing small pieces. Instead of attending college, Copland studied theory and composition with Rubin Goldmark and piano with Victor Wittgenstein and Clarence Adler, and attended as many concerts, operas, and ballets as possible. In 1921, he went to Fontainebleau, France, taking conducting and composition classes at the American Conservatory. He went on to study in Paris with Ricardo Viñes and Nadia Boulanger and spent the next three years soaking up all the European culture, both new and old, that he could. He learned to admire not only composers like Stravinsky, Milhaud, Fauré, and Mahler, but others such as author André Gide. Boulanger's performance of Copland's 1924 Organ Symphony with Koussevitzky was the beginning of a friendship between the conductor and composer that led to Copland teaching at the Berkshire Music Center (Tanglewood) from 1940 until 1965.

After his return to America, Copland drifted toward an incisive, austere style that captured something of the sobriety of Depression-torn America. The most representative work of this period -- the Piano Variations (1930) -- remains one of the composer's seminal efforts. He tried to avoid taking a university position, instead writing for journals and newspapers, organizing concerts, and taking on administrative duties for composers' organizations, trying to promote American music. By the mid-1930s, taking the direct engagement of and communication with audiences as one of his central tenets, Copland's compositions developed (in parallel with other composers like Virgil Thomson and Roy Harris) an "American" style marked by folk influences, a new melodic and harmonic simplicity, and an appealing directness free from intellectual pretension. This is nowhere more in evidence than in Copland's ballets of this period, and it finally earned him the respect of the general public. While Copland gradually became less prolific from the mid-1950s on, he continued to experiment and explore "fresh" means of musical expression, including a highly individual adoption of 12-tone principles in works like the Piano Fantasy and Connotations for orchestra. Still, the fundamentally lyrical nature of Copland's language remained intact and occasionally emerged -- with an often surprising retrospective air -- in works like the Duo for flute and piano (1971). He continued to teach and write and received numerous awards both in America and abroad. In 1958, he began conducting orchestras around the world, performing works by 80 other composers as well as his own over the next 20 years. By the mid-'70s, Copland had for all intents and purposes ceased composing. One of the last of his creative accomplishments was the completion of his two-volume autobiography (with musicologist Vivian Perlis), an essential document in understanding the growth of American music in the twentieth century. Read less
Copland: Ballet Suites, Fanfare / Ellis, RPO
Release Date: 02/10/2009   Label: Royal Philharmonic Masterworks  
Catalog: 28410   Number of Discs: 1
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America - Copland, Reich, Cage, Feldman, Bernstein, Barber / Creed, SWR Vokalensemble Stuttgart
Release Date: 03/25/2014   Label: Hänssler Classic  
Catalog: 93306   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Appalachian Spring: Suite

Browse 26-32 of 32 Available Recordings
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  • 26.
    Basic 100 Vol 51 - Copland: Appalachian Spring, Etc
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 68020 Release Date: 11/08/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Aaron Copland
    Conductor:  Arthur Fiedler,  Aaron Copland,  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Pops,  Boston Symphony Orchestra,  Philadelphia Orchestra
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  • 27.
    Mad About American Music
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 439521 Release Date: 08/10/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Samuel Barber,  Aaron Copland,  Leonard Bernstein,  George Gershwin
    Performer:  Leonard Bernstein
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 28.
    Copland: Appalachian Spring, Billy The Kid, Etc / Dorati
    Label: Mercury Living Presence   Catalog: 434301 Release Date: 11/08/1991   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Aaron Copland
    Conductor:  Antal Doráti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 29.
    Copland: El Salón México, Appalachian Spring, Etc / Dorati
    Label: London/Decca Jubilee   Catalog: 430705 Release Date: 06/14/1991   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Aaron Copland
    Conductor:  Antal Doráti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Detroit Symphony Orchestra
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  • 30.
    The Copland Collection - 1936-1948
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 46559 Release Date: 01/18/1991   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Aaron Copland
    Performer:  Benny Goodman,  Henry Fonda,  Michael Winfield,  William Lang
    Conductor:  Aaron Copland
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Columbia Symphony Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 31.
    Copland: Appalachian Spring, Danzon Cubano, Etc / Bernstein
    Label: Cbs Great Performances   Catalog: 37257 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Aaron Copland
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic
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  • 32.
    Copland: Appalachian Spring, Etc / Lane, Atlanta So
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80078 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Aaron Copland
    Conductor:  Louis Lane
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Atlanta Symphony Orchestra
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