Frédéric Chopin

Biography

Born: 1810   Died: 1849   Period: Romantic
Frédéric Chopin has long been recognized as one of the most significant and individual composers of the Romantic age. The bulk of his reputation rests on small-scale works that in other hands would have been mere salon trifles: waltzes, nocturnes, preludes, mazurkas, and polonaises (the last-named two groups reflecting his fervent Polish nationalism). These works link poetically expressive melody and restless harmony to high technical demands. Read more Even his etudes survive as highly appealing concert pieces by emphasizing musical as well as technical values.

His birth date is a matter of controversy; the town registration of his birth specifies February 22, but Chopin always gave the date as March 1. His father was French, his mother Polish; he was raised in Warsaw by a family that mingled with intellectuals and members of the middle and upper classes, and as a teenager he spent two summers in the country, where he was exposed to Polish folk music. By the age of eight he was recognized as a child prodigy, performing in elegant salons and beginning to write his own pieces. Early on he studied composition with Josef Elsner, then took classes in various other music subjects as well as art and literature at the Warsaw Lyceum. In 1826 he enrolled at the University of Warsaw. He gave his first recital in Vienna in 1829, and over the next few years he performed at home and through much of German and Austria as well as in Paris. Feeling limited by Warsaw's cultural provincialism and uncomfortable with the publicity surrounding his performances there, he settled in Paris in 1832 and established himself as an exorbitantly paid piano teacher. In Paris he composed extensively, but limited his performances mainly to private salons.

In 1838 he began an affair with French novelist George Sand. The couple, along with Sand's children, spent a harsh winter in Majorca, where Chopin's health plummeted and he was diagnosed with consumption (tuberculosis). Chopin settled in with Sand in France, composing steadily although his increasing perfectionism slowed his output. By the mid-1840s, though, his health and romantic situation both had deteriorated. The affair ended in 1847 after, among other things, Sand had portrayed their relationship unflatteringly in her 1846 novel Lucrezia Floriani. Chopin then made an extended visit to the British Isles, but returned to Paris to die in 1849. Read less
Chopin Recital / Andrew Rangell
Release Date: 11/11/2014   Label: Steinway & Sons  
Catalog: 30038   Number of Discs: 1
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Chopin, Schumann: Etudes / Valentina Lisitsa
Release Date: 11/10/2014   Label: Decca  
Catalog: 002224502   Number of Discs: 1
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Chopin: Complete Waltzes / Garrick Ohlsson
Release Date: 01/12/2010   Label: Helios  
Catalog: 55381   Number of Discs: 1
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Chopin: Great Polonaises / Garrick Ohlsson
Release Date: 01/12/2010   Label: Helios  
Catalog: 55382   Number of Discs: 1
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Chopin: Complete Mazurkas Vol 2 / Garrick Ohlsson
Release Date: 01/12/2010   Label: Helios  
Catalog: 55392   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Heroic Polonaise, Op. 53

Browse 251-257 of 257 Available Recordings
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  • 251.
    Favorite Chopin / Vladimir Horowitz
    Label: Cbs Masterworks   Catalog: 42306 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Frédéric Chopin
    Performer:  Vladimir Horowitz
    CD not available
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  • 252.
    Favorite Encores / Vladimir Horowitz
    Label: Cbs Masterworks   Catalog: 42305 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Frédéric Chopin,  Alexander Scriabin,  Robert Schumann,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Vladimir Horowitz
    CD not available
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  • 253.
    Horowitz Encores
    Label: Rca Victor Gold Seal   Catalog: 7755 Release Date: 02/22/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  John Philip Sousa,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Franz Liszt,  Robert Schumann  ... 
    Performer:  Vladimir Horowitz
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  • 254.
    Chopin: 24 Preludes Op 28, Prelude Op 45, Etc / Argerich
    Label: Dg Galleria   Catalog: 415836 Release Date: 08/01/1987   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Frédéric Chopin
    Performer:  Martha Argerich
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  • 255.
    The Last Romantic / Vladimir Horowitz
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 419045 Release Date: 12/11/1985   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Moritz Moszkowski,  Alexander Scriabin,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Robert Schumann  ... 
    Performer:  Vladimir Horowitz
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  • 256.
    The Art Of Egon Petri - Concert Performances & Broadcasts, 1954-1962
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: CD772 Release Date: 05/1993   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Ferruccio Busoni,  Frédéric Chopin  ... 
    Performer:  Egon Petri,  Carlo Bussotti
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  • 257.
    The Art Of Howard Karp
    Label: University Of Wisconsin Madison   Catalog: 0965883477 Release Date: 2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Franz Liszt,  Frédéric Chopin,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Performer:  Howard Karp
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