Elliott Carter

Biography

Born: December 11, 1908; USA   Died: November 5, 2012; New York, NY  
One of the most significant post-World War II American composers, Elliott Carter was a forceful and eloquent voice into his tenth decade. From an early, quasi-neo-Classical style, Carter forged his own complex, dramatically oriented adaptation of serial methods.

His initial education was at the Horace Mann School and at Harvard, where he obtained a B.A. in English, in 1930; two years later, he got his M.A. in Music, after studies
Read more with Walter Piston and Gustav Holst. He also received early encouragement from Charles Ives. From Harvard, he went to Paris, studying at the Ecole Normale de Musique and taking private lessons with Nadia Boulanger. Carter had an interest in modern music almost from the beginning (in fact, he once said that he took his degrees at Harvard so he could be near the Boston Symphony Orchestra, which under Serge Koussevitzky's direction was performing a broad range of contemporary compositions at the time). But he also sang in a madrigal group and conducted choral concerts in Paris, and has pursued interests in mathematics, literature, and languages.

After his return to the U.S., he served as the musical director of the Ballet Caravan from 1937 to 1939. From 1940 on, Carter has held an impressive variety of teaching posts at, among others, St. John's College, Annapolis (1940-1942); the Peabody Conservatory (1946-1948); Columbia University (1948-1950); Queen's College, New York (1955-1956); Yale University (1960-1962); the American Academy in Rome (1963 and 1967); and the Juilliard School (1972). Carter has also been the recipient of many honors and awards, including honorary doctorates from almost a dozen universities, many foundation grants, a Prix de Rome, two Guggenheim fellowships, and Pulitzer Prizes for his second (1960) and third (1973) string quartets.

His ballet Pocahontas, written for the Ballet Caravan, and the Holiday Overture (1944) are representative of Carter's early style, a fusion of Igor Stravinsky's neo-Classicism and the American populism of Aaron Copland. In the mid-'40s, however, Carter decided that the style he had employed to that point avoided some important modes of expression. Subsequent works, such as the 1946 Piano Sonata and the 1948 Cello Sonata, employ more dissonance and rhythmic complexity. Carter developed his notion of "metrical modulation," in which one tempo leads gradually to another through changing the note values in different voices of the ensemble. One starts to hear this process in the String Quartet No. 1 (1951), and colorful works like the Variations for Orchestra (1954-1955), the Double Concerto (1961) and the Quartet No. 2 develop those ideas further. Carter also occasionally develops dramatic scenarios for his compositions. The Quartet No. 3, for example, pits two duos (violin/viola and violin/cello) against one another as they play in different tempos and rhythms; Claus Adam of the Juilliard Quartet, which premiered the work, called it the most difficult work the quartet had ever played.

Carter went on to write a total of five quartets, along with a variety of symphonic works, concertos, chamber and solo pieces and, in the late '70s and early '80s, a handful of vocal works. He continued to be productive late in his life: Carter's Symphonia: sum fluxae pretium spei (1993-1996), which he completed at the age of 88, was received with great enthusiasm. Carter astounded the music world by creating his first opera, What Next? (1998), at the age of 90.
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Browse 151-175 of 180 Available Recordings
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  • 151.
    Songs Of Solitude - Carter, Et Al / Curtis Macomber
    Label: Composers Recordings, Inc. (Cri)   Catalog: 706 Release Date: 02/20/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Shulamit Ran,  Mario Davidovsky,  John Harbison,  Steven R. Gerber  ... 
    Performer:  Curtis Macomber
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  • 152.
    Carter, Rachmaninoff: Cello Sonatas / Ross, Brancart
    Label: Boston Records   Catalog: 1006 Release Date: 12/27/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Elliott Carter
    Performer:  Anthony Ross,  Evelyne Brancart
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  • 153.
    Carter: Night Fantasies;  Cage: Etudes Australes / Drury
    Label: Neuma   Catalog: 76 Release Date: 12/13/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  John Cage,  Elliott Carter
    Performer:  Stephen Drury
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  • 154.
    Label: Neuma   Catalog: 81 Release Date: 12/13/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Robert Carl,  Thomas DeLio,  Andrew Imbrie,  Pozzi Escot  ... 
    Performer:  Leslie Amper,  Harvey Sollberger,  Carol Lieberman
    Conductor:  Ronald Feldman,  Christopher Shultis,  Francis Wada
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Extention Works,  Univ. of New Mexico Contemporary Chamber Ensemble,  New Events Ensemble
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  • 155.
    Carter: Symphony Of 3 Orchestraa;  Varese / Pierre Boulez
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 68334 Release Date: 12/05/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Edgard Varèse,  Elliott Carter
    Conductor:  Pierre Boulez
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Ensemble InterContemporain,  ORTF Chorus,  New York Philharmonic
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  • 156.
    Prokofiev, Carter: Cello Sonatas / David Pereira, Lisa Moore
    Label: Tall Poppies   Catalog: 32 Release Date: 11/20/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Elliott Carter,  Sergei Prokofiev
    Performer:  Lisa Moore,  David Pereira
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  • 157.
    The Contemporary American
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 52 Release Date: 09/19/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Elliott Carter,  John Cage,  George Crumb,  Paul Creston  ... 
    Performer:  Gert Mortensen,  Anders Holdar,  Jan Hellgren,  Ingvar Hallgren  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Kroumata Percussion Ensemble
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  • 158.
    American Music For Viola & Piano / Wheeler, Tomfohrde
    Label: Albany Records   Catalog: 141 Release Date: 08/10/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Elliott Carter,  Bernhard Heiden,  Paul Creston,  George Rochberg
    Performer:  Lawrence Wheeler,  Ruth Tomfohrde
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  • 159.
    Carter: Partita;  Berio: Continuo;  Takemitsu / Barenboim
    Label: Teldec   Catalog: 99596 Release Date: 06/06/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Toru Takemitsu,  Luciano Berio,  Elliott Carter
    Conductor:  Daniel Barenboim
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
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  • 160.
    Gerard Schwarz Performs New Music For Trumpet
    Label: Phoenix Usa   Catalog: 115 Release Date: 06/02/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Stefan Wolpe,  Charles Whittenberg,  Richard Moryl,  Elliott Carter  ... 
    Performer:  Gerard Schwarz,  Stanley Rosenzweig,  Louis Ranger
    Conductor:  Henry Brant
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  • 161.
    Patricia Spencer - The Now And Present Flute
    Label: Neuma   Catalog: 88 Release Date: 04/16/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Salvatore Martirano,  Stephen Jaffe,  Shirish Korde,  Pierre Boulez  ... 
    Performer:  Patricia Spencer,  Linda Hall
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  • 162.
    An American Sampler - From Billings To Bolcom / Paul Sperry
    Label: Albany Records   Catalog: 81 Release Date: 04/07/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Maury Yeston,  Warren Swenson,  Stephen Foster,  Elliott Carter  ... 
    Performer:  Paul Sperry,  Irma Vallecillo
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  • 163.
    Bergsma, Rochberg, Carter, Et Al / Westwood Wind Quintet
    Label: Crystal   Catalog: 752 Release Date: 02/16/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  William Schuman,  Gunther Schuller,  Anthony Plog,  John Biggs  ... 
    Performer:  John Barcellona,  Peter Christ,  Joseph Meyer,  David Muller  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Westwood Wind Quintet
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  • 164.
    Permit Me Voyage - Songs By Americans / Hart, Helmrich
    Label: Albany Records   Catalog: 118 Release Date: 01/25/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gary Schocker,  Ricky Ian Gordon,  Richard Hundley,  William Flanagan  ... 
    Performer:  Dennis Helmrich,  Mary Ann Hart
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  • 165.
    The Romantic Approach - A Collection Of 20th Century American Music
    Label: Celestial Harmonies   Catalog: 13087 Release Date: 09/01/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ferde Grofé,  Edward "Duke" Ellington,  Peter Schickele,  Arthur Foote  ... 
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  • 166.
    Carter: Eight Compositions / Group For Contemporary Music
    Label: Bridge   Catalog: 9044 Release Date: 06/28/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Elliott Carter
    Performer:  Fred Sherry,  Charles Wuorinen,  Rolf Schulte,  Charles Neidich  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Group for Contemporary Music
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  • 167.
    Carter: Orchestral Songs, Complete Choral Music / Rees, Etc
    Label: Composers Recordings, Inc. (Cri)   Catalog: 648 Release Date: 06/13/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Elliott Carter
    Performer:  Rosalind Rees,  Jerald Stone,  Paul Suits,  Jan Opalach  ... 
    Conductor:  Gregg Smith
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Adirondack Chamber Orchestra,  Gregg Smith Singers,  Long Island Symphonic Choral Association  ... 
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  • 168.
    Thorne: Symphony No 5;  Roussakis; Carter / Davies, Et Al
    Label: Composers Recordings, Inc. (Cri)   Catalog: 552 Release Date: 06/10/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Elliott Carter,  Nicolas Roussakis,  Francis Thorne
    Conductor:  Paul Dunkel,  Dennis Russell Davies
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  American Composers Orchestra
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  • 169.
    Chopin: Fantaisie;  Carter, Schumann / Aleck Karis
    Label: Bridge   Catalog: 9001 Release Date: 09/11/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Robert Schumann,  Elliott Carter,  Frédéric Chopin
    Performer:  Aleck Karis
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  • 170.
    New Music With Guitar - Selections From Vol 1-3 / Starobin
    Label: Bridge   Catalog: 9009 Release Date: 09/11/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Barbara Kolb,  Toru Takemitsu,  John Anthony Lennon,  Stephen Sondheim  ... 
    Performer:  Richard Frisch,  David Starobin,  Peter Press
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  • 171.
    Another View - American Classics For Winds / Sierra Wind Quintet
    Label: Cambria   Catalog: 1091 Release Date: 08/23/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Elliott Carter,  David Diamond,  Walter Piston,  Gunther Schuller
    Performer:  Kristin Wolfe-Jensen,  Richard L. Soule,  Felix Viscuglia,  Stephen Caplan  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Sierra Wind Quintet
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  • 172.
    Paul Cortese - Viola
    Label: Crystal   Catalog: 636 Release Date: 06/25/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Vincent Persichetti,  George Rochberg,  Alan Hovhaness,  William Bergsma  ... 
    Performer:  Paul Cortese,  Jon Klibonoff
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  • 173.
    Carter: The Vocal Works (1975-1981) / Speculum Musicae
    Label: Bridge   Catalog: 9014 Release Date: 02/19/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Elliott Carter
    Performer:  Patrick Mason,  Donald Palma,  Eric Bartlett,  John Graham  ... 
    Conductor:  David Starobin,  William Purvis,  Robert Black,  Donald Palma
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Speculum Musicae
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  • 174.
    Carter: Piano Concerto, Variations For Orchestra
    Label: New World Records   Catalog: 80347 Release Date: 12/08/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Elliott Carter
    Performer:  Thomas LeGrand,  George Hambrecht,  Marna Street-Ramsey,  Barry Green  ... 
    Conductor:  Michael Gielen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra
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  • 175.
    Songs of America / Jan DeGaetani, Gilbert Kalish
    Label: Nonesuch   Catalog: 79178 Release Date: 05/28/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Charles Ives,  Aaron Copland,  William Bolcom,  Aaron Jay Kernis  ... 
    Performer:  Joyce Robbins,  Jan DeGaetani,  Gilbert Kalish
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1 2 ... 6 7 8

Elliott Carter


MOST POPULAR WORKS
I. ?
II. ?
I. -
II. -
I. Maestoso
I. Allegro scorrevole (from bar 356)
II. Allegro scorrevole
II. Adagio (from bar 57)
III. Variations
Introduction -
I. Allegro fantastico -
I. Cadenza for viola -
II. Presto scherzando -
II. Cadenza for cello -
III. Andante espressivo -
III. Cadenza for violin I -
IV. Allegro -
IV. Conclusion
I. Moderato
II. vivace, molto leggiero
III. Adagio
IV. Alllegro
WORKS
1. Drammatico
2. Allegro Appassionato
3. Giocoso
4. Lento
5. Maestoso
6. Tranquillo
7. Allegro Fantastico
Scherzando
Deciso
Tranquillo
Presto
Largo
Giocoso
Agitato
Concerto for Orchestra: Introduction (Misterioso)
Concerto for Orchestra: I. Allegro non troppo
Concerto for Orchestra: II. Presto volando
Concerto for Orchestra: III. Maestoso
Concerto for Orchestra: IV. Coda
Concerto for Orchestra: Coda (Allegro molto)
I. ?
II. ?
Violin Concerto: I. Impulsivo
Violin Concerto: II. Angosciato (violin)
Violin Concerto: III. Scherzando
I. -
II. -
I. Maestoso
II. Quietly
III. Adagio possibile
IV. Vivace
V. Andante
VI. Allegretto leggero
VII. Intensely
VIII. Presto
Fantasy: Tempo giusto
No. 1. Statement: Remembering Aaron
No. 2. Riconoscenza per Goffredo Petrassi
No. 3. Rhapsodic Musings
No. 4. Fantasy: Remembering Roger
I. Maestoso
I. Allegro scorrevole (from bar 356)
II. Allegro scorrevole
II. Adagio (from bar 57)
III. Variations
Introduction -
I. Allegro fantastico -
I. Cadenza for viola -
II. Presto scherzando -
II. Cadenza for cello -
III. Andante espressivo -
III. Cadenza for violin I -
IV. Allegro -
IV. Conclusion
Duo II: Maestoso (giusto sempre) - Duo I: Furioso (quasi rubato sempre) -
Duo I: Giocoso (bar 90) - Duo II: Scorrevole (bar 106) -
Duo I: Leggerissimo (bar 136) - Duo II: Giusto, meccanico (bar 151) -
Duo I: Giocoso (bar 197) - Duo II: Maestoso (bar 219) -
Duo II: Largo tranquillo (bar 254) - Duo I: Leggerissimo (bar 277) -
Duo II: Scorrevole (bar 366) - Duo I: Andante espressivo (bar 380)
Appassionato -
Scherzando (stesso tempo) -
Lento (stesso tempo) -
Presto
Introduction
I. Giocoso
Interlude I
II. Lento espressivo
Interlude II
III. Presto scorrevole
Interlude III
IV. Allegro energico
Interlude IV
V. Adagio sereno
Interlude V
VI. Capriccioso
I. Allegretto
II. Allegro giocoso
I. Moderato
II. vivace, molto leggiero
III. Adagio
IV. Alllegro
I. Risoluto
II. Lento
III. Allegro
1. Partita
2. Adagio tenebroso
3. Allegro scorrevole
I. Moderately, wistfully
II. Slowly, gravely
III. Vivaciously
Three Occasions for Orchestra: A Celebration of some 100 x 150 Notes
Three Occasions for Orchestra: Remembrance
Three Occasions for Orchestra: Anniversary