Elliott Carter

Biography

Born: December 11, 1908; USA   Died: November 5, 2012; New York, NY  
One of the most significant post-World War II American composers, Elliott Carter was a forceful and eloquent voice into his tenth decade. From an early, quasi-neo-Classical style, Carter forged his own complex, dramatically oriented adaptation of serial methods.

His initial education was at the Horace Mann School and at Harvard, where he obtained a B.A. in English, in 1930; two years later, he got his M.A. in Music, after studies
Read more with Walter Piston and Gustav Holst. He also received early encouragement from Charles Ives. From Harvard, he went to Paris, studying at the Ecole Normale de Musique and taking private lessons with Nadia Boulanger. Carter had an interest in modern music almost from the beginning (in fact, he once said that he took his degrees at Harvard so he could be near the Boston Symphony Orchestra, which under Serge Koussevitzky's direction was performing a broad range of contemporary compositions at the time). But he also sang in a madrigal group and conducted choral concerts in Paris, and has pursued interests in mathematics, literature, and languages.

After his return to the U.S., he served as the musical director of the Ballet Caravan from 1937 to 1939. From 1940 on, Carter has held an impressive variety of teaching posts at, among others, St. John's College, Annapolis (1940-1942); the Peabody Conservatory (1946-1948); Columbia University (1948-1950); Queen's College, New York (1955-1956); Yale University (1960-1962); the American Academy in Rome (1963 and 1967); and the Juilliard School (1972). Carter has also been the recipient of many honors and awards, including honorary doctorates from almost a dozen universities, many foundation grants, a Prix de Rome, two Guggenheim fellowships, and Pulitzer Prizes for his second (1960) and third (1973) string quartets.

His ballet Pocahontas, written for the Ballet Caravan, and the Holiday Overture (1944) are representative of Carter's early style, a fusion of Igor Stravinsky's neo-Classicism and the American populism of Aaron Copland. In the mid-'40s, however, Carter decided that the style he had employed to that point avoided some important modes of expression. Subsequent works, such as the 1946 Piano Sonata and the 1948 Cello Sonata, employ more dissonance and rhythmic complexity. Carter developed his notion of "metrical modulation," in which one tempo leads gradually to another through changing the note values in different voices of the ensemble. One starts to hear this process in the String Quartet No. 1 (1951), and colorful works like the Variations for Orchestra (1954-1955), the Double Concerto (1961) and the Quartet No. 2 develop those ideas further. Carter also occasionally develops dramatic scenarios for his compositions. The Quartet No. 3, for example, pits two duos (violin/viola and violin/cello) against one another as they play in different tempos and rhythms; Claus Adam of the Juilliard Quartet, which premiered the work, called it the most difficult work the quartet had ever played.

Carter went on to write a total of five quartets, along with a variety of symphonic works, concertos, chamber and solo pieces and, in the late '70s and early '80s, a handful of vocal works. He continued to be productive late in his life: Carter's Symphonia: sum fluxae pretium spei (1993-1996), which he completed at the age of 88, was received with great enthusiasm. Carter astounded the music world by creating his first opera, What Next? (1998), at the age of 90.
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Browse 1-25 of 172 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    Musica Viva 20: Elliot Carter, Charles Ives
    Label: Neos   Catalog: 11420 Release Date: 08/21/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Elliott Carter,  Charles Ives
    Conductor:  Emilio Pomŕrico,  Stefan Asbury
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 2.
    Orbit: Music For Solo Cello (1945-2014) / Matt Haimovitz
    Label: Pentatone   Catalog: 5186542 Release Date: 08/14/2015   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Philip Glass,  David Sanford,  Osvaldo Golijov,  Luciano Berio  ... 
    Performer:  Matt Haimovitz
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  • 3.
    Soli / Tamsin Waley-cohen
    Label: Signum U.k.   Catalog: 416 Release Date: 06/09/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Béla Bartók,  George Benjamin,  Krzysztof Penderecki,  Elliott Carter  ... 
    Performer:  Tamsin Waley-Cohen
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  • 4.
    Schumann: Kreisleriana; Carter: Night Fantasies; Stravinsky: Trois Mouvements De Petroushka
    Label: New Focus   Catalog: 159 Release Date: 04/14/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Robert Schumann,  Elliott Carter,  Igor Stravinsky
    Performer:  Eric Huebner
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  • 5.
    Pierre Boulez: The Complete Erato Recordings
    Label: Erato   Catalog: 2564619048 Release Date: 03/10/2015   Number of Discs: 14
    Composer:  Arnold Schoenberg,  Igor Stravinsky,  Pierre Boulez,  Luciano Berio  ... 
    Performer:  Pierre Amoyal,  Peter Serkin,  Simon Estes,  Ann Murray  ... 
    Conductor:  Pierre Boulez,  Daniel Barenboim
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Ensemble InterContemporain,  BBC Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 6.
    Distance / James Austin Smith
    Label: Twopianists (Label)   Catalog: 1039183 Release Date: 01/13/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Paul Hindemith,  Peteris Vasks,  Elliott Carter,  Johann Sebastian Bach  ... 
    Performer:  James Austin Smith,  Bridget Kibbey,  Luis Magalhaes
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  • 7.
    Charles Rosen - The Complete Columbia and Epic Album Collection
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 301476 Release Date: 12/02/2014   Number of Discs: 21
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Béla Bartók,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Georges Bizet  ... 
    Performer:  Charles Rosen,  Paul Jacobs,  Robert Casadesus,  Isaac Stern  ... 
    Conductor:  Frederik Prausnitz
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Chamber Orchestra
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  • 8.
    Pierre Boulez - The Complete Columbia Album Collection
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 301333 Release Date: 11/24/2014   Number of Discs: 67
    Composer:  Béla Bartók,  Alexander Scriabin,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Alban Berg  ... 
    Performer:  Karl Dönch,  Isabel Strauss,  Walter Berry,  Fritz Uhl  ... 
    Conductor:  Pierre Boulez,  Anton Webern
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic,  Camerata Singers,  Schola Cantorum New York  ... 
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  • 9.
    Leonard Bernstein Edition - Concertos & Orchestral Works
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 301330 Release Date: 10/27/2014   Number of Discs: 80
    Composer:  Samuel Barber,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Antonio Vivaldi,  Béla Bartók  ... 
    Performer:  Isaac Stern,  Leonard Bernstein,  Harold Gomberg,  William Heim  ... 
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein,  Seiji Ozawa,  Maurice Peress
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic,  New York Philharmonic members,  Columbia Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 10.
    American Chamber Music / Ehnes, Seattle CMS
    Label: Onyx   Catalog: 4129 Release Date: 09/09/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Aaron Copland,  Charles Ives,  Leonard Bernstein,  Elliott Carter  ... 
    Performer:  Orion Weiss,  James Ehnes,  Amy Schwartz Moretti,  Ricardo Morales  ... 
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  • 11.
    Double Take: American Reed / Double Entendre
    Label: Albany Records   Catalog: 1515 Release Date: 09/09/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Timothy Dwight Edwards,  Tina Nicholson,  John Steinmetz,  Judith Shatin  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Double Entendre
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  • 12.
    Ives: Symphony No 2; Carter: Instances; Gershwin: An American In Paris / Morlot
    Label: Seattle Symphony Orchestra   Catalog: 1003 Release Date: 04/29/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Charles Ives,  Elliott Carter,  George Gershwin
    Conductor:  Ludovic Morlot
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Seattle Symphony Orchestra
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  • 13.
    Differential Moods / Jeffrey Loeffert
    Label: Blue Griffin   Catalog: 303 Release Date: 04/08/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Marc Mellits,  Christian Lauba,  Elliott Carter,  Benjamin Fuhrman  ... 
    Performer:  Jeffrey Loeffert,  David Dees,  Kimberly Goddard Loeffert,  Johnny [Sax Soprano] Salinas  ... 
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  • 14.
    Elliot Carter: Four Lauds; Figment I; Figment Ii Remembering Mr. Ives; Tre Duetti
    Label: Centaur Records   Catalog: 3291 Release Date: 03/25/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Elliott Carter
    Performer:  Caroline Chin,  Brian Snow
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  • 15.
    Legato - The World of Piano / Hamelin, Aimard...
    Label: Euroarts   Catalog: 2059848 Release Date: 03/25/2014   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Nikolai Medtner,  Dafydd Llywelyn,  Leopold Godowsky  ... 
    Performer:  Boris Berezovsky,  Roland Pöntinen,  Marc-André Hamelin,  Pierre-Laurent Aimard
    DVD: $58.99
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  • 16.
    Portrait
    Label: Cd Accord   Catalog: 182 Release Date: 03/25/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gordon Jacob,  Lubos Sluka,  Edison Denisov,  Elliott Carter  ... 
    Performer:  Katarzyna Zdybel,  Katarzyna Kluczewska,  Pawel [Double Bass] Jablczynski
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  • 17.
    Carter: The Five String Quartets / Juilliard String Quartet
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 303383 Release Date: 03/18/2014   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Elliott Carter
    Performer:  Samuel Rhodes,  Joel Smirnoff,  Robert Mann,  Joel Krosnick
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Juilliard String Quartet
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  • 18.
    Carter, Sessions, Eckardt / Miranda Cuckson
    Label: Urlicht   Catalog: 5989 Release Date: 03/04/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Elliott Carter,  Roger Sessions,  Jason Eckardt
    Performer:  Miranda Cuckson,  Blair McMillen
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  • 19.
    Elliott Carter - 103rd Birthday Concert
    Label: Nmc   Catalog: 193 Release Date: 01/28/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Elliott Carter
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  • 20.
    Around The World / Emmanuel Pahud, Christian Rivet
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 15399 Release Date: 10/29/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Béla Bartók,  Ravi Shankar,  Christian Rivet,  George Frideric Handel  ... 
    Performer:  Emmanuel Pahud,  Christian Rivet
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  • 21.
    Stopping By / Kyle Bielfield
    Label: Delos   Catalog: 3445 Release Date: 09/24/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Amy Marcy Beach,  Samuel Barber,  Ned Rorem,  John Woods Duke  ... 
    Performer:  Kyle Bielfield,  Lachlan Glen,  Michael Samis
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  • 22.
    Elliott Carter: Symphonia
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001883902 Release Date: 08/20/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Elliott Carter
    Performer:  Michael Collins
    Conductor:  Oliver Knussen
    CD: $13.99
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  • 23.
    American Harp / Yolanda Kondonassis
    Label: Azica   Catalog: 71281 Release Date: 06/25/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  John T. Williams,  Hannah Lash,  Lowell Liebermann,  Stephen Paulus  ... 
    Performer:  Yolanda Kondonassis
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  • 24.
    The Seasons / Berlin Philharmonic Wind Quintet
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 2072 Release Date: 05/28/2013   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Jacques Ibert,  Henri Tomasi,  Darius Milhaud,  Charles Koechlin  ... 
    Performer:  Andreas Wittman,  Walter Seyfarth,  Fergus McWilliam,  Henning Trog  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Woodwind Quintet
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  • 25.
    Elliott Carter Edition, Vol. 9
    Label: Bridge   Catalog: 9396 Release Date: 05/14/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Elliott Carter
    Performer:  Tony Arnold,  Steven Beck,  David Starobin,  Rosalind Rees  ... 
    Conductor:  Scott Yoo,  Joel Smirnoff
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Colorado College Festival Orchestra,  Basel Sinfonietta,  Slowind Wind Quintet
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1 2 3 4 5 6 7

Elliott Carter


MOST POPULAR WORKS
I. ?
II. ?
I. -
II. -
Introduction -
I. Allegro fantastico -
I. Cadenza for viola -
II. Presto scherzando -
II. Cadenza for cello -
III. Andante espressivo -
III. Cadenza for violin I -
IV. Allegro -
IV. Conclusion
I. Moderato
II. vivace, molto leggiero
III. Adagio
IV. Alllegro
WORKS
1. Drammatico
2. Allegro Appassionato
3. Giocoso
4. Lento
5. Maestoso
6. Tranquillo
7. Allegro Fantastico
Carter: Clarinet Concerto - Scherzando
Carter: Clarinet Concerto - Deciso
Carter: Clarinet Concerto - Tranquillo
Carter: Clarinet Concerto - Presto
Carter: Clarinet Concerto - Largo
Carter: Clarinet Concerto - Giocoso
Carter: Clarinet Concerto - Agitato
Concerto for Orchestra: Introduction (Misterioso)
Concerto for Orchestra: I. Allegro non troppo
Concerto for Orchestra: II. Presto volando
Concerto for Orchestra: III. Maestoso
Concerto for Orchestra: IV. Coda
Concerto for Orchestra: Coda (Allegro molto)
I. ?
II. ?
Violin Concerto: I. Impulsivo
Violin Concerto: II. Angosciato (violin)
Violin Concerto: III. Scherzando
I. -
II. -
I. Maestoso
II. Quietly
III. Adagio possibile
IV. Vivace
V. Andante
VI. Allegretto leggero
VII. Intensely
VIII. Presto
Fantasy: Tempo giusto
No. 1. Statement: Remembering Aaron
No. 2. Riconoscenza per Goffredo Petrassi
No. 3. Rhapsodic Musings
No. 4. Fantasy: Remembering Roger
I. Maestoso
I. Allegro scorrevole (from bar 356)
II. Allegro scorrevole
II. Adagio (from bar 57)
III. Variations
Introduction -
I. Allegro fantastico -
I. Cadenza for viola -
II. Presto scherzando -
II. Cadenza for cello -
III. Andante espressivo -
III. Cadenza for violin I -
IV. Allegro -
IV. Conclusion
Duo II: Maestoso (giusto sempre) - Duo I: Furioso (quasi rubato sempre) -
Duo I: Giocoso (bar 90) - Duo II: Scorrevole (bar 106) -
Duo I: Leggerissimo (bar 136) - Duo II: Giusto, meccanico (bar 151) -
Duo I: Giocoso (bar 197) - Duo II: Maestoso (bar 219) -
Duo II: Largo tranquillo (bar 254) - Duo I: Leggerissimo (bar 277) -
Duo II: Scorrevole (bar 366) - Duo I: Andante espressivo (bar 380)
Appassionato -
Scherzando (stesso tempo) -
Lento (stesso tempo) -
Presto
Introduction
I. Giocoso
Interlude I
II. Lento espressivo
Interlude II
III. Presto scorrevole
Interlude III
IV. Allegro energico
Interlude IV
V. Adagio sereno
Interlude V
VI. Capriccioso
I. Allegretto
II. Allegro giocoso
I. Moderato
II. vivace, molto leggiero
III. Adagio
IV. Alllegro
I. Risoluto
II. Lento
III. Allegro
Carter: Symphonia: Sum Fluxae Pretium Spei - 1. Partita
Carter: Symphonia: Sum Fluxae Pretium Spei - 2. Adagio tenebroso
Carter: Symphonia: Sum Fluxae Pretium Spei - 3. Allegro scorrevole
I. Moderately, wistfully
II. Slowly, gravely
III. Vivaciously
Three Occasions for Orchestra: A Celebration of some 100 x 150 Notes
Three Occasions for Orchestra: Remembrance
Three Occasions for Orchestra: Anniversary