Erica Morini

Biography

Born: January 5, 1904; Vienna, Austria   Died: November, 1995; New York, NY  
Erica Morini was one of the last of the important violinists trained completely in the Austro-German tradition. Although she enjoyed considerable popular success and won the admiration of fellow violinists, she felt that she had been discriminated against by many impresarios and excluded from certain opportunities she felt she had earned. Her particular sound, somewhat straighter and more direct than that of other players, deteriorated early; by Read more her late fifties, there was a noticeable falling-off in both her technique and tone quality. She died a recluse in New York, remembered well only by those who survived from an earlier generation.

Morini, though of Viennese birth, was descended from an Italian family. Her father, Oscar Morini, had been born in Trieste, but later become a Kapellmeister and eventually a respected violin teacher in his adopted city. Erica Morini's sisters were also musical, one playing the violin, the other the piano. Morini thus grew up in a devotedly musical family atmosphere. Although she was attracted to the piano, her father believed her destined to become a violinist. After only two year's study with her father, the five-year-old Morini was presented in performance at the palace of the Austrian emperor. She was placed behind a screen and introduced as one of the country's greatest artists. Impressed, the emperor went to offer his congratulations and found himself facing a child. Offered any gift she wished, Morini chose a life-sized doll as a reward.

At the age of seven, Morini was sent by her father to Otakar Sevcik at the Vienna Conservatory. The famous pedagogue (whose later teaching methods were controversial) was quick to recognize her gifts. "She knows all that cannot be taught," was his comment. The following year, she completed the master course at the Conservatory and made her Vienna concert debut. Her success resulted in the addition of six more programs that very year and her orchestral debuts with conductor Artur Nikisch in both Leipzig and Berlin. Soon thereafter, Morini undertook a successful recital tour through Romania, Hungary, and Poland.

Her fame grew to the point at which, in 1920, she was the Vienna Philharmonic's only soloist during Festival Week. In January 1921, she made her first appearance in the United States, with the New York Philharmonic under Artur Bodanzky. Her glowing reviews and subsequent tour of the country attracted a host of devoted followers. Morini returned to Europe to tour much of that continent, adding Australia and Russia to her previous conquests.

Some of her most profound collaborations were with conductor Wilhelm Furtwängler, with whom she first appeared in Leipzig in 1927, performing the Tchaikovsky Concerto. The next year, she played the Mozart A major Concerto with Furtwängler in Berlin. Her final performance with the conductor took place in 1931 when she played the Glazunov Concerto with the Berlin Philharmonic. Morini, who was Jewish, stopped performing in Germany in 1933, following the Nazi rise to power.

A return to America in 1935 found Morini winning even more enthusiastic reviews than in 1921. Critics cited her greater maturity and the balance she had struck in her art. Olin Downes commented, "Nothing was insignificant, nothing was out of proportion." During World War II, Morini remained in the United States, appearing with all of the principal American orchestras and enjoying a particularly close relationship with Bruno Walter. She was heard at her best in music of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Read less
Erica Morini, Vol 1
Release Date: 07/11/2006   Label: Doremi Records  
Catalog: 7762   Number of Discs: 1
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Legendary Treasures - Erica Morini Vol 3 - Beethoven, Et Al
Release Date: 11/13/2001   Label: Doremi Records  
Catalog: 7783   Number of Discs: 1
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Browse 1-18 of 18 Available Recordings
  • 1.
    Ferenc Fricsay: Complete Recordings On Deutsche Grammophon, Vol. 1 - Orchestral Works
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 1158037 Release Date: 09/02/2014   Number of Discs: 45
    Composer:  Béla Bartók,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  César Franck  ... 
    Performer:  Géza Anda,  Tibor Varga,  Helmut Krebs,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau  ... 
    Conductor:  Ferenc Fricsay
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin RIAS Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    On sale! $248.98
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  • 2.
    The Westminster Legacy
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001999302 Release Date: 02/18/2014   Number of Discs: 40
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Gustav Mahler  ... 
    Performer:  Sena Jurinac,  Lucretia West,  Hans Loeffler,  Frederick Guthrie  ... 
    Conductor:  Hermann Scherchen,  Pierre Monteux,  René Leibowitz,  Erich Leinsdorf  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna State Opera Orchestra,  Vienna Academy Chamber Chorus  ... 
    On sale! $149.98
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  • 3.
    The Art Of Erica Morini -  Westminster / American Decca Recordings
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 40044 Release Date: 11/12/2013   Number of Discs: 11
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Giuseppe Tartini,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Erica Morini,  Leon Pommers,  Walter Trampler,  Felix Galimir  ... 
    Conductor:  Artur Rodzinski,  Nicholas Harsanyi,  Frederic Waldman
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  Princeton Chamber Orchestra,  Musica Aeterna
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  • 4.
    Erica Morini Plays Brahms, Tchaikovsky, Tartini, Vivaldi, Kreisler, Wieniawski
    Label: Audite   Catalog: 95606 Release Date: 11/16/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Fritz Kreisler,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Antonio Vivaldi  ... 
    Performer:  Erica Morini,  Michael Raucheisen
    Conductor:  Ferenc Fricsay
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin RIAS Symphony Orchestra
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  • 5.
    Sonata Recital - Mozart, Brahms, Etc / Morini, Firkusny
    Label: Arbiter   Catalog: 151 Release Date: 02/27/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Rudolf Firkusny,  Erica Morini,  Michael Raucheisen
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  • 6.
    Mozart: Violin Concerto K 219 / Grumiaux, Morini, Milstein, Schneiderhan
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 713062 Release Date: 10/31/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  Arthur Grumiaux,  Erica Morini,  Wolfgang Schneiderhan,  Nathan Milstein
    Conductor:  Bernhard Paumgartner,  George Szell,  Wolfgang Schneiderhan,  Karl Böhm
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Salzburg Mozart Orchestra,  ORTF National Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $39.99
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  • 7.
    Erica Morini, Vol 1
    Label: Doremi Records   Catalog: 7762 Release Date: 07/11/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Pablo de Sarasate,  Christoph W. Gluck,  Traditional,  Tivadar Nachéz  ... 
    Performer:  Erica Morini,  Charlton Keith,  Michael Raucheisen,  Alice Morini  ... 
    Conductor:  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  NBC Symphony Orchestra
    On sale! $18.98
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  • 8.
    Great Concertos - Great Artists Vol I - The Violin
    Label: Pearl   Catalog: 219 Release Date: 03/22/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Max Bruch,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Aram Khachaturian,  Sir Edward Elgar  ... 
    Performer:  Nathan Milstein,  Ruggiero Ricci,  David Oistrakh,  Jascha Heifetz  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir John Barbirolli,  Sir Malcolm Sargent,  Alexander Gauk,  William Steinberg  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic,  New Symphony Orchestra,  USSR State Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 9.
    Erica Morini In Concert - Tchaikovsky, Brahms
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 1116 Release Date: 01/28/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Erica Morini
    Conductor:  George Szell,  Jascha Horenstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonic Symphony Orchestra,  ORTF National Orchestra
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  • 10.
    Chicago Symphony Orchestra - Historic Telecasts / George Szell
    Label: Video Artists International   Catalog: 4222 Release Date: 10/22/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Hector Berlioz,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Modest Mussorgsky
    Performer:  Erica Morini
    Conductor:  George Szell
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
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  • 11.
    Great Violinists - Bell Telephone Hour 1959-1964
    Label: Video Artists International   Catalog: 4215 Release Date: 06/25/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gabriel Fauré,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Niccolň Paganini  ... 
    Performer:  Gregor Piatigorsky,  Ruggiero Ricci,  David Oistrakh,  Igor Oistrakh  ... 
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  • 12.
    The Casals Festivals 1951 Vol 2 - Mozart, Beethoven / Casals
    Label: Pearl   Catalog: 168 Release Date: 06/25/2002   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Rudolf Serkin,  Pablo Casals,  William Primrose,  Isaac Stern  ... 
    Conductor:  Pablo Casals
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Perpignan Festival Orchestra
    On sale! $34.98
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  • 13.
    Legendary Treasures - Erica Morini Vol 3 - Beethoven, Et Al
    Label: Doremi Records   Catalog: 7783 Release Date: 11/13/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Erica Morini,  Miklos Schwalb
    Conductor:  Vladimir Golschmann
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic
    On sale! $18.98
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  • 14.
    Dvorak: Violin Concerto
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 463651 Release Date: 06/25/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Alexander Glazunov,  Max Bruch,  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Erica Morini,  Johanna Martzy
    Conductor:  Ferenc Fricsay
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin RIAS Symphony Orchestra
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  • 15.
    Westminster - Brahms, Tchaikovsky: Violin Concertos / Morini
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 471200 Release Date: 06/12/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Erica Morini
    Conductor:  Artur Rodzinski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 16.
    Legendary Treasures - Erica Morini Vol 2 - Live & Studio
    Label: Doremi Records   Catalog: 7772 Release Date: 12/26/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Erica Morini
    Conductor:  Igor Stravinsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic
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  • 17.
    Casals Edition - Mozart: Sinfonia Concertante K 364, Etc
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 58983 Release Date: 02/22/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  Erica Morini,  William Primrose,  Isaac Stern
    Conductor:  Pablo Casals
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Perpignan Festival Orchestra
    CD: $8.99
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  • 18.
    The Art Of Nathan Milstein - Beethoven, Brahms, Dvorák, Etc
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 64830 Release Date: 07/20/1993   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  George Frideric Handel,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Pablo de Sarasate,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov  ... 
    Performer:  Leon Pommers,  Nathan Milstein,  Artur Balsam,  Rudolf Firkusny  ... 
    Conductor:  Robert Irving,  William Steinberg,  Anatole Fistoulari,  Rafael Frühbeck de Burgos  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra,  Chamber Orchestra,  Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $63.99
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