Georg Böhm

Biography

Born: September 2, 1661; Ohrdruf   Died: May 18, 1733; Lüneburg  
Georg Böhm was one of the leading organists and organ composers in his part of Germany in the years around 1700, and was an important influence on Johann Sebastian Bach. Böhm's father was a schoolmaster and organist who gave Georg his first lessons. It is also possible that the boy was taught by Johann Heinrich Hildebrand, the Kantor in Ohrdruf. When his father died in 1675, Böhm attended Latin School in Goldbach and then at the Gymnasium in Read more Gotha, graduating in 1684. In both towns the local Cantors were students of members of the Bach family, and gave Böhm continued lessons.

In August 1684, Böhm entered the University of Jena. His historical trail disappears until he is known to have been in Hamburg in 1693. Even so, it is not known what he was doing there. It is even possible that whatever main employment he had there was not musical; he was a well-educated man in general and could have pursued a "day job" while continuing to improve his musical skills. If so, Hamburg was a good place to do so, for it had a lively and varied musical life ranging from the presence of fine organists and a major opera house specializing in French and Italian works, and in nearby towns were located the great organists Lübeck and Buxtehude.

In 1697, Christian Flor, organist of the Johanniskirche of Lüneburg, died. Böhm auditioned for the job and was chosen unanimously. He held the post until his death.

Bach's son Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach wrote that his father "loved and studied the works of the Lüneburg organist Georg Böhm." The influence is most notable in Bach's choral-based works. Böhm was part of a trend of the late part of the seventeenth century in which the church's organ chorale was developed into new forms. One of the primary ones is the "chorale partita." Here the Italian partita, a variation form using a dance song as its basis, is fused with the Lutheran church chorale, where a chorale melody became the basis of a set of variations, creating the form called "chorale partite." Böhm was fond of the new form, and created several of them, most likely intended for home use on pedal clavier. He methods of deriving new melodic forms from the original chorale, and his way of unifying the larger chorale pieces were take up by Bach. In other forms of keyboard music Böhm also introduced significant innovations.

For a long time, speculation was rife as to whether Johann Sebastian Bach had ever studied directly with Georg Böhm. Conformation of this came in 2004 with the discovery of a tablature manuscript in Bach's hand, dating to 1700, containing comments showing that Bach was Böhm's pupil at the time. Read less
Browse 26-50 of 64 Available Recordings
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  • 26.
    Scheidemann, Böhm: Christ Lag In Todesbanden;  Bach, Buxtehude, Etc / Johannes Strobl
    Label: Audite   Catalog: 92560 Release Date: 07/08/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Heinrich Scheidemann,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Georg Böhm,  Dietrich Buxtehude  ... 
    Performer:  Johannes Strobl
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  • 27.
    Trumpet Masque / Jonathan Freeman-attwood, Daniel Pienaar
    Label: Linn Records   Catalog: 310 Release Date: 04/01/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck,  Louis Marchand,  Giovanni Gabrieli,  Joan Cabanilles  ... 
    Performer:  Jonathan Freeman-Attwood,  Daniel-Ben Pienaar
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  • 28.
    Fantastic Musick For The Italian Harpsichord / Jennings
    Label: Morrison Music Trust   Catalog: 5020255 Release Date: 01/01/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Salomone Rossi,  Johann Jacob Froberger,  John Bull,  Georg Böhm  ... 
    Performer:  Anthony Jennings
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  • 29.
    Jan Kalsbeek Fecit / Alert-jan Roelofs
    Label: Cd Baby   Catalog: 5637200822 Release Date: 11/27/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Domenico Scarlatti,  Jacques Duphly,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Georg Böhm  ... 
    Performer:  Albert-jan Roelofs
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  • 30.
    Hamburger Rhetorik - Organ Works / Leon W. Couch Iii
    Label: Pro Organo   Catalog: 7166 Release Date: 11/06/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Vincent Lübeck,  Georg Böhm  ... 
    Performer:  Leon W. III Couch
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  • 31.
    Orgelmusik Zur Weihnacht / Michael-christfried Winkler
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 13812 Release Date: 09/18/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Michael Praetorius,  Matthias Weckmann,  Nikolaus Vetter,  Max Reger  ... 
    Performer:  Michael-Christfried Winkler
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  • 32.
    Bohm, Bach: Works For Organ / Lorenzo Ghielmi
    Label: Stradivarius   Catalog: 33559 Release Date: 07/10/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Georg Böhm,  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Performer:  Lorenzo Ghielmi
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  • 33.
    Baroque Organ Masters - Buxtehude, Et Al / Gilbert
    Label: Marquis   Catalog: 83113 Release Date: 03/13/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Gottfried Walther,  Georg Böhm,  Dietrich Buxtehude
    Performer:  Kenneth Gilbert
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  • 34.
    The 1785 Schiorlin Organ / William Porter
    Label: Loft Recordings   Catalog: 1085 Release Date: 03/13/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Georg Böhm,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Johann Gottfried Walther
    Performer:  William Porter
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  • 35.
    Weihnachtliche Orgelmusik / Dietrich W. Prost
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 2009 Release Date: 10/24/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Michael Praetorius,  Georg F. Kauffmann,  Johann Gottfried Walther,  Johann Pachelbel  ... 
    Performer:  Dietrich W. Prost
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  • 36.
    In Lamentatione Jubilatio Dei
    Label: Raum Klang   Catalog: 2504 Release Date: 10/20/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Georg Philipp Telemann,  Johann Wolfgang Franck,  Dietrich Buxtehude,  Jan Dismas Zelenka  ... 
    Performer:  Siegfried Pank,  Hans-Christoph Becker-Foss,  Gotthold Schwarz
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  • 37.
    Lübeck: Klavier Uebung;  Böhm, Kerll / Kathleen Scheide
    Label: Palatine Recordings   Catalog: 3279 Release Date: 05/23/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Georg Böhm,  Johann Kaspar Kerll,  Vincent Lübeck
    Performer:  Kathleen Scheide
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  • 38.
    Bach, Byrd, Weckmann / Luchterhandt, Janssen
    Label: Md&g (Dabringhaus & Grimm)   Catalog: 9061363 Release Date: 04/18/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Arnolt Schlick,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Dietrich Buxtehude,  William Byrd  ... 
    Performer:  Agnes Luchterhandt,  Thiemo Janssen
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  • 39.
    A Tennessee Organ Tour Vol 2 / John Brock
    Label: Raven Recordings   Catalog: 770 Release Date: 09/27/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Georg Böhm,  Johann Nicolaus Hanff,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Camille Saint-Saëns  ... 
    Performer:  John Brock
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  • 40.
    Böhm: Four Cantatas / Popken, Musica Alta Ripa
    Label: Cpo   Catalog: 777143 Release Date: 09/20/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Georg Böhm
    Conductor:  Ralf Popken
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Musica Alta Ripa
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  • 41.
    The Art Of Peter Hurford
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 4756828 Release Date: 08/09/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Antonio Soler,  Louis Vierne,  Eugene Gigout,  Marco Enrico Bossi  ... 
    Performer:  Peter Hurford,  Thomas Trotter,  Margaret Urquhart,  Brian Pollard  ... 
    Conductor:  Joshua Rifkin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Amsterdam Mozart Players,  Royal Concertgebouw Chamber Orchestra,  Michael Laird Brass Ensemble  ... 
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  • 42.
    The Fantastic Style - Bach, Buxtehude, Etc / Brembeck
    Label: Musicaphon   Catalog: 56871 Release Date: 06/28/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Dietrich Buxtehude,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Georg Böhm,  Johann Adam Reincken
    Performer:  Christian Brembeck
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  • 43.
    Die Johann-patroclus-möller Orgel / Jörg Kraemer
    Label: Fermate   Catalog: 20016 Release Date: 02/22/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Georg F. Kauffmann,  Dietrich Buxtehude,  Georg Philipp Telemann,  Georg Böhm  ... 
    Performer:  Jorg Kraemer
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  • 44.
    Beckerath Retrospective / Alison J. Luedecke
    Label: Raven Recordings   Catalog: 610 Release Date: 11/25/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  John Hirten,  Luigi Cherubini,  Johann Pachelbel  ... 
    Performer:  Allison Luedecke
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  • 45.
    Modus Phantasticus - Bach, Schütz, Etc / Charivari Agréable
    Label: Signum U.k.   Catalog: 41 Release Date: 11/25/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  August Kühnel,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Johann Joseph Fux,  Johannes Schenck  ... 
    Performer:  Kah-Ming Ng,  Susanna Pell,  Susanne Heinrich,  Asako Morikawa  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Charivari Agréable
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  • 46.
    Suites & Treats
    Label: Arkay Records   Catalog: 5637396056 Release Date: 11/26/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  John Stanley,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Georg Böhm,  Johann Jacob Froberger
    Performer:  Nancy Metzger
    CD: $21.99
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  • 47.
    John Near - The Boston Years - 1970-1985
    Label: Raven Recordings   Catalog: 620 Release Date: 07/30/2002   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Dale Wood,  Marcel Dupré,  Charles-Marie Widor,  Eugene Gigout  ... 
    Performer:  John Near
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  • 48.
    The Organ Encyclopedia - Böhm: Works For Organ, V 1/Teeuwsen
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8555857 Release Date: 07/23/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Georg Böhm
    Performer:  Christiaan Teeuwsen
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  • 49.
    Recital At Church Of The Ascension / Harald Vogel
    Label: Rezound   Catalog: 5001 Release Date: 02/26/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Philipp Emmanuel Bach,  Harald Vogel,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Georg Böhm  ... 
    Performer:  Harald Vogel
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  • 50.
    Historical Organs In Sweden - The Morlanda Organ / Davidsson
    Label: Intim Musik   Catalog: 73 Release Date: 01/29/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Matthias Weckmann,  Georg Böhm,  Johann Jacob Froberger,  Johann Kaspar Kerll  ... 
    Performer:  Hans Davidsson
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