Georg Böhm

Biography

Born: September 2, 1661; Ohrdruf   Died: May 18, 1733; Lüneburg  
Georg Böhm was one of the leading organists and organ composers in his part of Germany in the years around 1700, and was an important influence on Johann Sebastian Bach. Böhm's father was a schoolmaster and organist who gave Georg his first lessons. It is also possible that the boy was taught by Johann Heinrich Hildebrand, the Kantor in Ohrdruf. When his father died in 1675, Böhm attended Latin School in Goldbach and then at the Gymnasium in Read more Gotha, graduating in 1684. In both towns the local Cantors were students of members of the Bach family, and gave Böhm continued lessons.

In August 1684, Böhm entered the University of Jena. His historical trail disappears until he is known to have been in Hamburg in 1693. Even so, it is not known what he was doing there. It is even possible that whatever main employment he had there was not musical; he was a well-educated man in general and could have pursued a "day job" while continuing to improve his musical skills. If so, Hamburg was a good place to do so, for it had a lively and varied musical life ranging from the presence of fine organists and a major opera house specializing in French and Italian works, and in nearby towns were located the great organists Lübeck and Buxtehude.

In 1697, Christian Flor, organist of the Johanniskirche of Lüneburg, died. Böhm auditioned for the job and was chosen unanimously. He held the post until his death.

Bach's son Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach wrote that his father "loved and studied the works of the Lüneburg organist Georg Böhm." The influence is most notable in Bach's choral-based works. Böhm was part of a trend of the late part of the seventeenth century in which the church's organ chorale was developed into new forms. One of the primary ones is the "chorale partita." Here the Italian partita, a variation form using a dance song as its basis, is fused with the Lutheran church chorale, where a chorale melody became the basis of a set of variations, creating the form called "chorale partite." Böhm was fond of the new form, and created several of them, most likely intended for home use on pedal clavier. He methods of deriving new melodic forms from the original chorale, and his way of unifying the larger chorale pieces were take up by Bach. In other forms of keyboard music Böhm also introduced significant innovations.

For a long time, speculation was rife as to whether Johann Sebastian Bach had ever studied directly with Georg Böhm. Conformation of this came in 2004 with the discovery of a tablature manuscript in Bach's hand, dating to 1700, containing comments showing that Bach was Böhm's pupil at the time. Read less
Browse 1-25 of 64 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    The Organ in the Renaissance & Baroque / Leonhardt
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 796457 Release Date: 06/10/2016   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Newman,,  Elias Nikolaus Ammerbach,  Taylor,,  John Blitheman  ... 
    Performer:  Gustav Leonhardt
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  • 2.
    Varietas / Djoux
    Label: Genuin Classics   Catalog: 16420 Release Date: 06/10/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  George Frideric Handel,  Dietrich Buxtehude,  Georg Böhm,  Johann Sebastian Bach  ... 
    Performer:  Jean-Christophe Dijoux
    CD: $18.99
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  • 3.
    Archiv Produktion: Analogue Stereo Recordings (1959-1981)
    Label: Archiv Produktion (Dg)   Catalog: 002490502 Release Date: 05/20/2016   Number of Discs: 50
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Pierre Vachon,  Nicolas-Marie Dalayrac,  George Frideric Handel  ... 
    Performer:  Maria Stader,  Hedwig Bilgram,  Hertha Töpper,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau  ... 
    Conductor:  Karl Richter,  August Wenzinger,  Karl Ristenpart,  Robert Stehli  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Munich Bach Orchestra,  Munich Bach Choir,  Loewenguth String Quartet  ... 
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    CD: $106.49
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  • 4.
    Moments baroques au piano / Beausejour
    Label: Analekta   Catalog: 18128 Release Date: 03/04/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Domenico Scarlatti,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Jean-Philippe Rameau,  Georg Böhm  ... 
    Performer:  Luc Beauséjour
    CD: $18.49
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  • 5.
    Bach's Teacher Bohm & Improvisation / Pamela Ruiter-Feenstra
    Label: Fleur De Son   Catalog: 58021 Release Date: 06/25/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Georg Böhm,  Pamela Ruiter-Feenstra
    Performer:  Pamela Ruiter-Feenstra
    CD: $18.99
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  • 6.
    Bohm: Complete Harpsichord & Organ Music / Simone Stella
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 94612 Release Date: 02/26/2013   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Georg Böhm
    Performer:  Simone Stella
    CD: $19.99
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  • 7.
    Mein Herz Ist Bereit / Gotthold Schwarz, Hauke Ramm
    Label: Rondeau Productions   Catalog: 6059 Release Date: 01/29/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Dietrich Buxtehude,  Nicolaus Bruhns,  Georg Böhm,  Franz Tunder  ... 
    Performer:  Hauke Ramm,  Gotthold Schwarz
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Saxon Baroque Orchestra
    CD: $18.99
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  • 8.
    Bach, Bohm - Music For Weddings & Other Festivities
    Label: Ricercar   Catalog: 323 Release Date: 08/14/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Johann Christoph Bach,  Georg Böhm
    Conductor:  Leonardo Garcia Alarcon
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Clematis Ensemble
    CD: $18.99
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  • 9.
    Arp-Schnitger-Orgel Norden Vol. 3 / Luchterhandt, Janssen, Neumann
    Label: Md&g (Dabringhaus & Grimm)   Catalog: 9061753 Release Date: 07/17/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Susanne van Soldt,  Samuel Scheidt,  Dietrich Buxtehude,  Johann Sebastian Bach  ... 
    Performer:  Thiemo Janssen,  Agnes Luchterhandt,  Sven Neumann
    SuperAudio CD: $20.99
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  • 10.
    Bohm: Complete Organ Works / Friedhelm Flamme
    Label: Cpo   Catalog: 777501 Release Date: 01/31/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Georg Böhm
    Performer:  Friedhelm Flamme
    SuperAudio CD: $34.99
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  • 11.
    Himmels-Lieder - Sacred Songs & Cantatas / Franz Vitzthum
    Label: Christophorus   Catalog: 77354 Release Date: 01/31/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Philipp Heinrich Erlebach,  Johann Hildebrand,  Georg Böhm,  Johann Wolfgang Franck  ... 
    Performer:  Franz Vitzthum
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Capricornus Consort Basel
    CD: $18.99
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  • 12.
    Rubio - Harpsichords / Johan Brouwer
    Label: Aliud   Catalog: 18 Release Date: 11/29/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  William Byrd,  Melchior Schildt,  Girolamo Frescobaldi,  Heinrich Scheidemann  ... 
    Performer:  Johan Brouwer
    CD: $17.99
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  • 13.
    Himmelsklange - Historische Orgel Zu Niederndodeleben
    Label: Querstand   Catalog: 1101 Release Date: 10/11/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Johann Ludwig Krebs,  Johann Kuhnau,  Georg Böhm  ... 
    Performer:  Barry Jordan
    On sale! $20.98
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  • 14.
    Wockherl-Orgel: Vienna's Oldest Organ 1642 / Peretti, Haselbock, Summereder, Planyavsky, Radulescu
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 91189 Release Date: 10/11/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Kaspar Kerll,  Johann Jacob Froberger,  Dietrich Buxtehude,  Giovanni Valentini  ... 
    Performer:  Pier Damiano Peretti,  Martin Haselböck,  Roman Summereder,  Peter Planyavsky  ... 
    On sale! $22.98
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  • 15.
    Stylus Phantasticus - Bruhns, Mons, Sweelinck, Et Al / Gnann
    Label: Audite   Catalog: 20012 Release Date: 05/31/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Georg Böhm,  Dietrich Buxtehude  ... 
    Performer:  Gerhard Gnann
    CD: $14.99
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  • 16.
    Reformation & Counter-reformation
    Label: Ricercar   Catalog: 101 Release Date: 11/09/2010   Number of Discs: 8
    Composer:  Johann Friedrich Doles,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Georg Böhm,  Johann Christoph Bach  ... 
    Performer:  Bernard Foccroulle,  Stephan Van Dyck,  Marius Van Altena,  Patrick Van Goethem  ... 
    Conductor:  Philippe Herreweghe,  Philippe Pierlot
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Ghent Collegium Vocale Choir,  Ricercar Consort,  La Fenice
    CD: $68.99
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  • 17.
    Bach & The North German Tradition: Bohm, Buxtehude
    Label: Audite   Catalog: 92547 Release Date: 05/25/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Georg Böhm,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Dietrich Buxtehude
    Performer:  Martin Neu
    SuperAudio CD: $19.99
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  • 18.
    Icon - Kirsten Flagstad - The Supreme Wagnerian Soprano
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 55346 Release Date: 03/23/2010   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Giacomo Carissimi,  Johann Wolfgang Franck,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Carl Philipp Emmanuel Bach  ... 
    Performer:  Kirsten Flagstad,  Gerald Moore,  Ludwig Suthaus,  Blanche Thebom  ... 
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Furtwängler,  Hermann Weigert,  Georges Sebastian,  Karl Böhm  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Orchestra
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  • 19.
    Historic Organs Of Seattle: A Young Yet Vibrant History
    Label: Raven Recordings   Catalog: 8 Release Date: 03/09/2010   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Craig Phillips,  Anonymous,  Georg Böhm,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Performer:  Craig Phillips,  Sharon Porter Shull,  Derek Nickels,  Christopher Marks  ... 
    Conductor:  Tom Foster
    On sale! $51.98
    CD: $39.99
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  • 20.
    Great Joy Vol 2 - Christmas Music For Brass
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 98285 Release Date: 10/09/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Weymann,  Michael Haydn,  JJ Beauvarl.-Charpentier,  Arcangelo Corelli  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Schweriner Brass Collegium
    CD: $18.99
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  • 21.
    Gustav Leonhardt Edition
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 696144 Release Date: 02/17/2009   Number of Discs: 21
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Jean-Joseph Cassanéa de Mondonville,  François Couperin,  Alessandro Poglietti  ... 
    Performer:  Gustav Leonhardt,  Frans Brüggen,  Marie Leonhardt,  Jeannette Van Wingerden  ... 
    Conductor:  Gustav Leonhardt,  Sir David Willcocks,  Frans Brüggen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leonhardt Consort,  Cambridge King's College Choir,  Brüggen Consort
    Recommendation
    CD: $98.99
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  • 22.
    Beloved & Beautiful - Meine Freundin Du Bist Schön / Netherlands Bach Society
    Label: Channel Classics   Catalog: 27308 Release Date: 12/09/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Heinrich Schütz,  Johann Christoph Bach,  Georg Böhm
    Conductor:  Jos van Veldhoven
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Netherlands Bach Society Choir,  Netherlands Bach Society Baroque Orchestra
    Recommendation
    SuperAudio CD: $20.99
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  • 23.
    Baroque Organ Music - Peter Hurford
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 414496 Release Date: 10/29/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  John Stanley,  William Walond,  Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck,  Giovanni B. Pescetti  ... 
    Performer:  Peter Hurford
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    ArkivCD $16.99
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  • 24.
    Bach: Anna Magdalena Bach Notebook / Gauvin, Beausejour, Istomin
    Label: Analekta   Catalog: 22012 Release Date: 09/16/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Christian Pezold,  Gottfried H. Stölzel,  Georg Böhm
    Performer:  Luc Beauséjour,  Karina Gauvin,  Sergei Istomin
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    CD: $12.99
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  • 25.
    Scene  Arp Schnitger Organ Norden Vol 2 - Buxtehude, Bach, Etc / Luchterhandt, Janssen
    Label: Md&g (Dabringhaus & Grimm)   Catalog: 9061502 Release Date: 09/16/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Dietrich Buxtehude,  Georg Böhm,  Johann Adam Reincken
    Performer:  Thiemo Janssen,  Agnes Luchterhandt
    SuperAudio CD: $20.99
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