Georg Böhm

Biography

Born: September 2, 1661; Ohrdruf   Died: May 18, 1733; Lüneburg  
Georg Böhm was one of the leading organists and organ composers in his part of Germany in the years around 1700, and was an important influence on Johann Sebastian Bach. Böhm's father was a schoolmaster and organist who gave Georg his first lessons. It is also possible that the boy was taught by Johann Heinrich Hildebrand, the Kantor in Ohrdruf. When his father died in 1675, Böhm attended Latin School in Goldbach and then at the Gymnasium in Read more Gotha, graduating in 1684. In both towns the local Cantors were students of members of the Bach family, and gave Böhm continued lessons.

In August 1684, Böhm entered the University of Jena. His historical trail disappears until he is known to have been in Hamburg in 1693. Even so, it is not known what he was doing there. It is even possible that whatever main employment he had there was not musical; he was a well-educated man in general and could have pursued a "day job" while continuing to improve his musical skills. If so, Hamburg was a good place to do so, for it had a lively and varied musical life ranging from the presence of fine organists and a major opera house specializing in French and Italian works, and in nearby towns were located the great organists Lübeck and Buxtehude.

In 1697, Christian Flor, organist of the Johanniskirche of Lüneburg, died. Böhm auditioned for the job and was chosen unanimously. He held the post until his death.

Bach's son Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach wrote that his father "loved and studied the works of the Lüneburg organist Georg Böhm." The influence is most notable in Bach's choral-based works. Böhm was part of a trend of the late part of the seventeenth century in which the church's organ chorale was developed into new forms. One of the primary ones is the "chorale partita." Here the Italian partita, a variation form using a dance song as its basis, is fused with the Lutheran church chorale, where a chorale melody became the basis of a set of variations, creating the form called "chorale partite." Böhm was fond of the new form, and created several of them, most likely intended for home use on pedal clavier. He methods of deriving new melodic forms from the original chorale, and his way of unifying the larger chorale pieces were take up by Bach. In other forms of keyboard music Böhm also introduced significant innovations.

For a long time, speculation was rife as to whether Johann Sebastian Bach had ever studied directly with Georg Böhm. Conformation of this came in 2004 with the discovery of a tablature manuscript in Bach's hand, dating to 1700, containing comments showing that Bach was Böhm's pupil at the time. Read less
Browse 1-25 of 97 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    Orgelkonzert, Vol. 2
    Label: Querstand   Catalog: 1309 Release Date: 11/12/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Johann Ludwig Krebs,  Georg Böhm,  Dietrich Buxtehude  ... 
    Performer:  Matthias Suss
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  • 2.
    Weihnachten Durch Die Jahrhunderte Ii
    Label: Ars Musici   Catalog: 233746 Release Date: 10/29/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Recorded Sound,  Anonymous,  Traditional,  Ludwig Senfl  ... 
    Performer:  Harald Vogel,  Torsten Gödde,  Michael Jackel,  Arndt Schmöle  ... 
    Conductor:  Reinhard Kammler,  P. Johannes Berchmans Gos,  Raimund Hug,  Winfrid Toll  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Fiori Musicali (Germany),  Spirit of Gambo,  Ecco la musica  ... 
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  • 3.
    Christmas Brass Festival / Ernst, Schweriner Blechblaser Collegium
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 98019 Release Date: 09/24/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  George Frideric Handel,  Michael Praetorius,  Giovanni Gabrieli,  Friedrich Wilhelm Zachow  ... 
    Performer:  Jan Ernst
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  • 4.
    Bach's Teacher Bohm & Improvisation / Pamela Ruiter-Feenstra
    Label: Fleur De Son   Catalog: 58021 Release Date: 06/25/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Georg Böhm,  Pamela Ruiter-Feenstra
    Performer:  Pamela Ruiter-Feenstra
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  • 5.
    Organum Antiquum: Fruheste Orgelmusik Bis J. S. Bach
    Label: Syrius   Catalog: 141459 Release Date: 04/09/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Pachelbel,  Robertsbridge Anonymous,  Anonymous,  Hugh Aston  ... 
    Performer:  Helga Schauerte
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  • 6.
    Bohm: Complete Harpsichord & Organ Music / Simone Stella
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 94612 Release Date: 02/26/2013   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Georg Böhm
    Performer:  Simone Stella
    CD: $19.99
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  • 7.
    Mein Herz Ist Bereit / Gotthold Schwarz, Hauke Ramm
    Label: Rondeau Productions   Catalog: 6059 Release Date: 01/29/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Dietrich Buxtehude,  Nicolaus Bruhns,  Georg Böhm,  Franz Tunder  ... 
    Performer:  Hauke Ramm,  Gotthold Schwarz
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Saxon Baroque Orchestra
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  • 8.
    Organ Souvenirs Through The Ages
    Label: D.e. Versluis   Catalog: 20 Release Date: 12/11/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Louis Marchand,  Girolamo Frescobaldi,  Georg Muffat,  Johannes Speth  ... 
    Performer:  Johan Van Lunenburg
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  • 9.
    The Trinity Hall Harpsichord / Andrew Arthur
    Label: Priory Records   Catalog: 1077 Release Date: 11/13/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Georg Böhm,  Maurice Greene,  Henry Purcell  ... 
    Performer:  Andrew Arthur
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  • 10.
    Bach, Bohm - Music For Weddings & Other Festivities
    Label: Ricercar   Catalog: 323 Release Date: 08/14/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Johann Christoph Bach,  Georg Böhm
    Conductor:  Leonardo Garcia Alarcon
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Clematis Ensemble
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  • 11.
    Arp-Schnitger-Orgel Norden Vol. 3 / Luchterhandt, Janssen, Neumann
    Label: Md&g (Dabringhaus & Grimm)   Catalog: 9061753 Release Date: 07/17/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Susanne van Soldt,  Samuel Scheidt,  Dietrich Buxtehude,  Johann Sebastian Bach  ... 
    Performer:  Thiemo Janssen,  Agnes Luchterhandt,  Sven Neumann
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  • 12.
    Gustav Leonhardt Edition
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 731897 Release Date: 04/24/2012   Number of Discs: 15
    Composer:  Anthony Newman,  Elias Nikolaus Ammerbach,  Master John Taylor,  John Blitheman  ... 
    Performer:  Gustav Leonhardt,  Frans Brüggen,  Anner Bylsma,  Viola da Gamba] Wieland [Cello Kuijken  ... 
    Conductor:  Gustav Leonhardt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leonhardt Consort
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  • 13.
    Des Freuet Sich Der Engel Schar
    Label: Ursina Motette   Catalog: 1045277 Release Date: 04/10/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  John Stanley,  Petrus de Drusina,  Johann Gottfried Walther,  Johann Kuhnau  ... 
    Performer:  Albrecht Koch
    On sale! $42.99
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  • 14.
    Label: Paladino Music   Catalog: 15 Release Date: 03/27/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Nicolaus Bruhns,  Georg Böhm,  Dietrich Buxtehude,  Vincent Lübeck  ... 
    Performer:  James Tibbles
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  • 15.
    The Organ In Renaissance And Baroque, North German Organ Music / Leonhardt
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 796457 Release Date: 03/06/2012   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Newman,,  Elias Nikolaus Ammerbach,  Taylor,,  John Blitheman  ... 
    Performer:  Gustav Leonhardt
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  • 16.
    Bohm: Complete Organ Works / Friedhelm Flamme
    Label: Cpo   Catalog: 777501 Release Date: 01/31/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Georg Böhm
    Performer:  Friedhelm Flamme
    SuperAudio CD: $34.99
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  • 17.
    Himmels-Lieder - Sacred Songs & Cantatas / Franz Vitzthum
    Label: Christophorus   Catalog: 77354 Release Date: 01/31/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Philipp Heinrich Erlebach,  Johann Hildebrand,  Georg Böhm,  Johann Wolfgang Franck  ... 
    Performer:  Franz Vitzthum
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Capricornus Consort Basel
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  • 18.
    Rubio - Harpsichords / Johan Brouwer
    Label: Aliud Aliud   Catalog: 18 Release Date: 11/29/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  William Byrd,  Melchior Schildt,  Girolamo Frescobaldi,  Heinrich Scheidemann  ... 
    Performer:  Johan Brouwer
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  • 19.
    Georg Bohm: Orgelwerke
    Label: Ricercar   Catalog: 319 Release Date: 10/11/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Georg Böhm
    Performer:  Bernard Foccroulle
    CD: $18.99
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  • 20.
    Himmelsklange - Historische Orgel Zu Niederndodeleben
    Label: Querstand   Catalog: 1101 Release Date: 10/11/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Johann Ludwig Krebs,  Johann Kuhnau,  Georg Böhm  ... 
    Performer:  Barry Jordan
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  • 21.
    Wockherl-Orgel: Vienna's Oldest Organ 1642 / Peretti, Haselbock, Summereder, Planyavsky, Radulescu
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 91189 Release Date: 10/11/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Kaspar Kerll,  Johann Jacob Froberger,  Dietrich Buxtehude,  Giovanni Valentini  ... 
    Performer:  Pier Damiano Peretti,  Martin Haselböck,  Roman Summereder,  Peter Planyavsky  ... 
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  • 22.
    Stylus Phantasticus - Bruhns, Mons, Sweelinck, Et Al / Gnann
    Label: Audite   Catalog: 20012 Release Date: 05/31/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Georg Böhm,  Dietrich Buxtehude  ... 
    Performer:  Gerhard Gnann
    CD: $14.99
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  • 23.
    Windswept
    Label: Pro Organo   Catalog: 7237 Release Date: 01/11/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Dietrich Buxtehude,  Fredrik Sixten,  Fanny Mendelssohn-Hensel,  César Franck  ... 
    Performer:  Brenda Lynne Leach
    On sale! $22.98
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  • 24.
    Reformation & Counter-reformation
    Label: Ricercar   Catalog: 101 Release Date: 11/09/2010   Number of Discs: 8
    Composer:  Johann Friedrich Doles,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Georg Böhm,  Johann Christoph Bach  ... 
    Performer:  Bernard Foccroulle,  Stephan Van Dyck,  Marius Van Altena,  Patrick Van Goethem  ... 
    Conductor:  Philippe Herreweghe,  Philippe Pierlot
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Ghent Collegium Vocale Choir,  Ricercar Consort,  La Fenice
    CD: $68.99
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  • 25.
    Georg Bohm: Organ Works, Vol. 1 /  Jozef Sluys
    Label: Ars Musici   Catalog: 232342 Release Date: 08/31/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Georg Böhm
    Performer:  Jozef Sluys
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