David Oistrakh

Biography

Born: September 30, 1908; Russia   Died: October 24, 1974; Netherlands  
David Oistrakh is considered the premiere violinist of the mid-twentieth century Soviet Union. His recorded legacy includes nearly the entire standard violin repertory up to and including Prokofiev and Bartók. Oistrakh's violin studies began in 1913 with the famed teacher Pyotr Stolyarsky. Later he officially joined Stolyarsky's class at the Odessa Conservatory, graduating in 1926 by playing Prokofiev's First Violin Concerto. Performances of the Read more Glazunov Concerto in Odessa and Kiev in 1927, and a 1928 debut in Leningrad (Tchaikovsky Concerto) gave Oistrakh the confidence to move to Moscow. He made his premiere there in early 1929, but the event went largely unnoticed. In 1934, however, after several years of patiently refining his craft, Oistrakh was invited to join the Moscow Conservatory, eventually rising to the rank of full professor in 1939.

Meanwhile, Oistrakh was gaining success on the competition circuit, winning the All-Ukrainian contest in 1930, and the All-Soviet competition three years later. In 1935 he took second prize at the Wieniawski competition. In 1937 the Soviet government sent the now veteran violinist to Brussels to compete in the International Ysa˙e Competition, where he took home first prize.

With his victory in Brussels, Soviet composers began to take notice of their young compatriot, enabling Oistrakh to work closely with Miaskovsky and Khachaturian on their concertos in 1939 and 1940, respectively. In addition, his close friendship with Shostakovich led the composer to write two concertos for the instrument (the first of which Oistrakh played at his, and its, triumphant American premiere in 1955). During the 1940s Oistrakh's active performing schedule took him across the Soviet Union but his international career had to wait until the 1950s, when the political climate had cooled enough for Soviet artists to be welcomed in the capitals of the West.

The remaining decades of Oistrakh's life were devoted to maintaining the highest possible standards of excellence throughout an exhausting touring schedule (he returned to the U.S. six times in the 1960s), and he began a small but successful sideline career as an orchestral conductor. His death came suddenly in Amsterdam in 1974, during a cycle of Brahms concerts in which he both played and conducted. Oistrakh's unexpected death left a void in the Soviet musical world which was never really filled.

Throughout his career David Oistrakh was known for his honest, warm personality; he developed close friendships with many of the leading musicians of the day. His violin technique was virtually flawless, though he never allowed purely physical matters to dominate his musical performances. He always demanded of himself (and his students) that musical proficiency, intelligence, and emotion be in balance, regardless of the particular style. Oistrakh felt that a violinist's essence was communicated through clever and subtle use of the bow, and not through overly expressive use of vibrato. To this end he developed a remarkably relaxed, flexible right arm technique, capable of producing the most delicate expressive nuances, but equally capable of generating great volume and projection.

As a teacher, David Oistrakh maintained that a teacher should do no more than necessary to help guide the student towards his or her own solutions to technical and interpretive difficulties. He rarely played during lessons, fearing that he might distract the student from developing a more individual approach, and even encouraged his students to challenge his interpretations. Perhaps the best evidence of the Oistrakh's gift for teaching is that he felt that he gained as much from the teaching experience as his students did. Read less
Tchaikovsky, Glazunov: Violin Concertos / Oistrakh, Kondrashin, USSR Symphony Orchestra
Release Date: 09/09/2014   Label: Melodiya  
Catalog: 2261   Number of Discs: 1
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Release Date: 03/25/2014   Label: Melodiya  
Catalog: MELLP0011   Number of Discs: 1
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Browse 51-75 of 170 Available Recordings
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  • 51.
    Shostakovich: Symphony No 15, Violin Concerto No 2 / Oistrakh
    Label: Musical Concepts   Catalog: 1062 Release Date: 01/26/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Dmitri Shostakovich
    Performer:  David Oistrakh
    Conductor:  Kiril Kondrashin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Moscow Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 52.
    Beethoven: Spring & Kreutzer Sonatas / Oistrakh, Oborin
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 412255 Release Date: 12/29/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Lev Oborin,  David Oistrakh
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  • 53.
    State Of The Art - The Story Of Deutsche Grammophon
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001341102 Release Date: 12/15/2009   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Frédéric Chopin,  Gabriel Fauré,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    Performer:  Martha Argerich,  Rafal Blechacz,  Kathleen Battle,  Arturo Benedetti Michelangeli  ... 
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado,  Carlo Maria Giulini,  Leonard Bernstein,  Pierre Boulez  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Gabrieli Consort,  Andalucian Dogs
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  • 54.
    Shostakovich: Violin Concerto / David Oistrakh, Et Al
    Label: Bbc Legends   Catalog: 4267 Release Date: 11/25/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Dmitri Shostakovich,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  David Oistrakh
    Conductor:  Eugene Ormandy,  Maxim Shostakovich
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 55.
    111 Years Of Deutsche Grammophon [55-CD Set]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001341002 Release Date: 10/20/2009   Number of Discs: 55
    Composer:  Franz Liszt,  Franz Schubert,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Robert Schumann  ... 
    Performer:  Krystian Zimerman,  Fritz Wunderlich,  Hubert Giesen,  Helmut Walcha  ... 
    Conductor:  Seiji Ozawa,  Daniele Callegari,  Herbert von Karajan,  Karl Richter  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra,  Verdi Grand Symphonic Orchestra Milan,  Verdi Chorus Milan  ... 
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  • 56.
    Tchaikovsky: Symphony No 6, Violin Concerto / Oistrakh, Kletzki
    Label: Medici Masters   Catalog: 18-2 Release Date: 08/25/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  David Oistrakh
    Conductor:  Paul Kletzki
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Stockholm Festival Orchestra
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  • 57.
    Chopin, Dvorak, Ravel, Smetana: Piano Trios
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 4778537 Release Date: 07/15/2009   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Frédéric Chopin,  Antonín Dvorák,  Bedrich Smetana,  Maurice Ravel
    Performer:  Svyatoslav Knushevitsky,  David Oistrakh,  Lev Oborin
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  • 58.
    Best Encores 100
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 64752 Release Date: 02/24/2009   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Alexander Goedicke,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Teodor Grigoriu,  Ernesto De Curtis  ... 
    Performer:  Ole Edvard Antonsen,  Wolfgang Sawallisch,  Placido Domingo,  Cheryl Studer  ... 
    Conductor:  John Barker,  Asher Fisch,  Sir Andrew Davis,  Franz Welser-Möst  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Opera House Covent Garden Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  National Theater Opera Orchestra of Paris  ... 
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  • 59.
    Legendary Treasures - David Oistrakh Collection Vol 13
    Label: Doremi Records   Catalog: 7950 Release Date: 02/10/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giuseppe Tartini,  César Franck,  Robert Schumann,  Maurice Ravel
    Performer:  David Oistrakh,  Vladimir Yampolsky
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  • 60.
    Schumann, Franck, Szymanowski, Ravel: Works For Violin And Piano / Oistrakh, Yampolsky
    Label: Testament   Catalog: 1442 Release Date: 02/10/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Robert Schumann,  Maurice Ravel,  César Franck,  Karol Szymanowski
    Performer:  Vladimir Yampolsky,  David Oistrakh
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  • 61.
    Mozart, Shostakovich: Violin Concerti / Oistrakh, Mravinsky, Leningrad Po
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 736081 Release Date: 01/27/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Dmitri Shostakovich
    Performer:  David Oistrakh
    Conductor:  Yevgeny Mravinsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 62.
    David Oistrakh In Recital
    Label: Video Artists International   Catalog: 4474 Release Date: 12/30/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonio Vivaldi,  Johannes Brahms,  Sergei Prokofiev,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    Performer:  Igor Oistrakh,  Leonid Kogan,  David Oistrakh,  Pavel Kogan  ... 
    Conductor:  Mikhail Terian
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Moscow Conservatory Chamber Orchestra
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  • 63.
    Shostakovich: Violin Concerto No 2 / Oistrakh
    Label: Video Artists International   Catalog: 4473 Release Date: 12/09/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Claude Debussy,  Franz Schubert,  Jean Sibelius,  Antonín Dvorák  ... 
    Performer:  David Oistrakh,  Frida Bauer
    Conductor:  Kiril Kondrashin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Moscow Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 64.
    Composers In Person
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 17575 Release Date: 11/24/2008   Number of Discs: 22
    Composer:  Béla Bartók,  Ernö von Dohnányi,  Paul Hindemith,  Aram Khachaturian  ... 
    Performer:  Béla Bartók,  Vilma Medgyaszay,  Ferenc Szekeres,  Zoltán Székely  ... 
    Conductor:  Lawrence Collingwood,  Paul Hindemith,  Aram Khachaturian,  Arthur Honegger  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Percurama Percussion Ensemble
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  • 65.
    Mozart: Greatest Concertos
    Label: Art   Catalog: 42962 Release Date: 10/30/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  Werner Tast,  Oskar Michallik,  David Oistrakh,  Annerose Schmidt
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  • 66.
    Best Karajan 100
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 15206 Release Date: 10/28/2008   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Gaetano Donizetti,  Giacomo Puccini  ... 
    Performer:  Maria Callas,  Mstislav Rostropovich,  Elisabeth Grümmer,  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Berlin RIAS Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 67.
    David Oistrakh - Artist Of The People?
    Label: Juxtapositions   Catalog: 3073178 Release Date: 10/28/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Various
    Performer:  David Oistrakh
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  • 68.
    Icon - Sviatoslav Richter - The Master Pianist
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 17411 Release Date: 10/28/2008   Number of Discs: 14
    Composer:  Alban Berg,  Sergei Prokofiev,  Robert Schumann,  Edvard Grieg  ... 
    Performer:  Sviatoslav Richter,  Oleg Kagan,  David Oistrakh,  Mstislav Rostropovich  ... 
    Conductor:  Yuri Nikolaevsky,  Lorin Maazel,  Lovro von Matacic,  Carlos Kleiber  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Moscow Conservatory Symphony Orchestra members,  London Symphony Orchestra,  Monte Carlo Opera Orchestra  ... 
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  • 69.
    Mendelssohn, Tchaikovsky, Bach, Brahms, Etc: Violin Concertos / Oistrakh, Hagen, Zukermann, Et Al
    Label: Profil   Catalog: 8076 Release Date: 10/28/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Johannes Brahms,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Camille Saint-Saëns  ... 
    Performer:  Roland Greutter,  Thomas Zehetmair,  Antonio Meneses,  David Oistrakh  ... 
    Conductor:  Günter Wand,  Kurt Sanderling,  Franz Konwitschny,  Carlo Maria Giulini  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  North German Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Cologne West German Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Dresden Staatskapelle  ... 
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  • 70.
    Mozart: Violin Concerto No 5; Brahms: Variations; Tchaikovsky: Moscow / Oistrakh, Yudina, Golovanov
    Label: Melodiya   Catalog: 1000962 Release Date: 10/20/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Johannes Brahms,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  Maria Yudina,  David Oistrakh
    Conductor:  Nikolai S. Golovanov
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chorus,  Orchestra
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  • 71.
    Bach, Vivaldi, Mozart, Leclair, Kodaly, Meyer: Violin Concertos / David Oistrakh
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 184612 Release Date: 10/14/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ernst Hermann Meyer,  Zoltán Kodály,  Jean-Marie Leclair,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  David Oistrakh,  Naum Walter,  Igor Oistrakh
    Conductor:  Otmar Suitner,  Franz Konwitschny
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle,  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra
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  • 72.
    David Oistrakh - The Complete EMI Recordings
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 14712 Release Date: 09/16/2008   Number of Discs: 17
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Giuseppe Tartini,  Karen Khachaturian,  Eugčne Ysa˙e  ... 
    Performer:  Jacov Shapiro,  Joseph Stidel,  Joseph Gertovich,  Mikhail Terian  ... 
    Conductor:  Nicolai Malko,  Aram Khachaturian,  Maxim Shostakovich,  Lovro von Matacic  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  New Philharmonia Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 73.
    Beethoven: Piano Concertos (Complete)
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 459403 Release Date: 08/26/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  David Oistrakh,  Wolfgang Schneiderhan,  Géza Anda,  Pierre Fournier  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Eugene Goossens,  Eugen Jochum,  Ferenc Fricsay,  Ferdinand Leitner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 74.
    Original Masters - David Oistrakh - Concertos And Encores
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 4777479 Release Date: 07/10/2008   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Felix Mendelssohn,  Max Bruch,  Alexander Glazunov,  Sergei Prokofiev  ... 
    Performer:  David Oistrakh,  Igor Oistrakh,  Vladimir Yampolsky
    Conductor:  Kiril Kondrashin,  David Oistrakh,  Gabril Yudin,  Dmitri Kabalevsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  USSR State Symphony Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  USSR State Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 75.
    Great Recordings of the Century - The DVD
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 06788 Release Date: 07/08/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Liszt,  Xavier Montsalvatge,  Manuel de Falla,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Aldo Ciccolini,  Victoria de los Angeles,  Gerald Moore,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau  ... 
    Conductor:  Carlo Maria Giulini,  Otto Klemperer,  André Cluytens,  Herbert von Karajan  ... 
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