Grace Bumbry

Biography

Born: January 4, 1937; St. Louis, MO  
As a youth Grace Melzia Ann Bumbry sang in church choirs. In 1955 she entered Northwestern University, where she studied voice with Lotte Lehman, and transferred with her to the Music Academy of the West in Santa Barbara, California. In 1958 she was joint winner of the Metropolitan Opera Auditions, sharing first place with Martina Arroyo. She won some other prizes, and made her professional debut in a recital in London in 1959. Her first operatic Read more appearance was at the Paris Opéra, as Amneris in Verdi's Aida. It was one of the most spectacular operatic debuts in history; Bumbry became an instant star and was invited to join the roster of the Basle Opera. She made operatic history in 1961 when she was engaged by Wieland Wagner to sing at the Bayreuth Festival and became the first black singer to perform in that shrine of Wagnerian opera. Furthermore, musical historian Nicolas Slomimsky has pointed out that she was the first African American to make a professional operatic as a goddess, for her debut at Bayreuth was as Venus in Tannhäuser, July 23, 1961. Bumbry embarked on a concert tour of the United States and was invited by Jacqueline Kennedy to sing at the White House, on February 20, 1962. She also followed up her smash success at Bayreuth with appearances as Venus at the Chicago Lyric Opera and at Lyons, France.

Bumbry's 1963 London debut came in the role of Princess Eboli in Verdi's Don Carlos, and she gave her first Metropolitan Opera performance in the same role in 1965. Among the other roles she undertook were those of Lady Macbeth in Verdi's Macbeth and Carmen in Bizet's opera. During the 1960s Bumbry worked on extending her range. In 1970 at the Vienna Staatsoper, she sang the part of Santuzza, making her debut as a soprano. She sang Richard Strauss's Salome at Covent Garden the same year, and her first appearance in Puccini's Tosca at the Metropolitan Opera came in 1971. She maintained her mezzo voice while triumphing in soprano parts, such as Jenufa in Janacek's opera and as Ariane in Dukas' Bluebeard. Between operatic performances she established a fine recital career, stressing the core repertory of German lieder. Her attractions as a performer include a commanding stage presence with an effective and understated acting technique. She has a very warm voice with rich tone quality throughout the mezzo range, although it loses some of its distinctiveness in the very upper part of her soprano register. She is among the few sopranos who have sung both the roles of Aida and Amneris in Aida and both Venus and Elisabeth in Wagner's Tannhäuser. Read less
Browse 76-86 of 86 Available Recordings
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  • 76.
    Bizet: Carmen / Karajan, Bumbry, Vickers, Et Al
    Label: Opera D'oro   Catalog: 1151 Release Date: 02/17/1998   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Georges Bizet
    Performer:  Jon Vickers,  Grace Bumbry
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
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  • 77.
    James Levine's 25th Anniversary - Metropolitan Opera Gala
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 449177 Release Date: 10/15/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Richard Strauss,  Jacques Offenbach  ... 
    Performer:  Grace Bumbry,  Karita Mattila,  Håkan Hagegård,  Anne Sofie von Otter  ... 
    Conductor:  James Levine
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Metropolitan Opera Orchestra
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  • 78.
    Stravinsky: The Firebird Suite;  Falla / Maazel, Rso Berlin
    Label: Dg The Originals   Catalog: 447414 Release Date: 01/23/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky,  Manuel de Falla
    Performer:  Grace Bumbry
    Conductor:  Lorin Maazel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 79.
    Basic 100 Vol 47 - Verdi: Aida Highlights / Leinsdorf, Et Al
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 62676 Release Date: 08/16/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi
    Performer:  Grace Bumbry,  Leontyne Price,  Placido Domingo,  Sherrill Milnes
    Conductor:  Erich Leinsdorf
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  John Alldis Choir,  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 80.
    Bel Canto - Famous Opera Arias
    Label: Orfeo   Catalog: 321931 Release Date: 03/15/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Christoph W. Gluck,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Luigi Cherubini,  Vincenzo Bellini  ... 
    Performer:  Brigitte Fassbaender,  Kurt Moll,  Edita Gruberova,  Lucia Aliberti  ... 
    Conductor:  Hans Graf,  Kurt Eichhorn,  Lamberto Gardelli,  Heinz Wallberg  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Stuttgart Radio Chorus Women,  Munich Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 81.
    Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau - Salzburg Festival Highlights 1956-1985
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 335931 Release Date: 07/21/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Olivier Messiaen,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Hermann Prey,  Peter Schreier,  Grace Bumbry  ... 
    Conductor:  Lothar Zagrosek,  Karl Böhm,  Wolfgang Sawallisch,  Joseph Keilberth
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Austrian Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 82.
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 434607 Release Date: 01/19/1993   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Richard Wagner
    Performer:  Eberhard Wächter,  Grace Bumbry,  Josef Greindl,  Gerhard Stolze  ... 
    Conductor:  Wolfgang Sawallisch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bayreuth Festival Orchestra,  Bayreuth Festival Chorus
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  • 83.
    Famous Opera Arias / Grace Bumbry
    Label: Orfeo   Catalog: 81841 Release Date: 01/05/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Alfredo Catalani,  Gustave Charpentier,  Luigi Cherubini,  Francesco Cilèa  ... 
    Performer:  Grace Bumbry
    Conductor:  Stefan Soltesz
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Stuttgart Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 84.
    Domingo! - Puccini, Donizetti, Massenet, Verdi, Cilèa
    Label: Cbs Masterworks   Catalog: 37207 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giacomo Puccini,  Jules Massenet,  Gaetano Donizetti,  Francesco Cilèa  ... 
    Performer:  Renata Scotto,  Placido Domingo,  Sir Geraint Evans,  Grace Bumbry  ... 
    Conductor:  Lorin Maazel,  Eve Queler,  John Pritchard,  James Levine  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  National Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 85.
    Massenet: Le Cid / Queler, Domingo, Bumbry, Bergquist Et Al
    Label: Cbs Masterworks   Catalog: 34211 Release Date: 10/11/1989   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Jules Massenet
    Performer:  Grace Bumbry,  Paul Plishka,  Eleanor Bergquist,  Placido Domingo  ... 
    Conductor:  Eve Queler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Opera Orchestra of New York,  Byrne Camp Chorale
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