Claudio Arrau

Biography

Born: February 6, 1903; Chillán, Chile   Died: June 9, 1991; Mürzzuschlag, Austria  
A patrician artist whose matinee-idol appearance was as elegant as his playing, Claudio Arrau achieved a major reputation for his performances of Brahms and Liszt. Indeed, few Romantic-period composers, from Beethoven onward, were beyond his grasp. In addition to that repertory, his Debussy was regarded by many connoisseurs as exemplary. Arrau believed that his abiding interest in psychoanalysis aided him in probing the intent of those whose Read more works he performed. Certainly, Arrau's performances were marked by a balance between heart and intellect.

Arrau was born in Chillán, Chile, on February 6, 1903. He received piano instruction from his mother at an early age, making his debut performance in Santiago at the age of five playing Mozart, Beethoven, and Chopin. At the age of 10 the Chilean government sent him to Berlin, where he enrolled in Stern's Conservatory of Music. His teacher there was Martin Krause. While studying he entered competitions, and won the Ibach Prize and the Gustav Holländer Medal. He also began giving recitals in Germany and Scandinavia, earning excited comment over the excellence of his technique, and the maturity of his interpretations. In 1918 he made a major European tour, giving concertos accompanied by illustrious conductors such as Nikisch, Furtwängler, and Mengelberg. He returned to South America in 1921, and made a triumphal tour beginning in Santiago de Chile. He made his first North American tour in 1924, appearing with the Boston Symphony Orchestra and the Chicago Symphony Orchestra. He joined the faculty of the Stern Conservatory in 1924. He won the Grand Prix Internationale des Pianistes in Geneva in 1927, and toured in the Soviet Union in 1929, and again in 1930.

He continued a notable concertizing career throughout the 1930s, including a famous series in 1935 and 1936 in Berlin, in which he played the complete keyboard works of J.S. Bach followed by the complete keyboard works of Mozart. He then announced that he would no longer play Bach, asserting that his music was not conceived for the modern grand piano. In 1938 he played all of the Beethoven piano sonatas and five piano concertos in a series of recitals in Mexico City, and repeated the feat during the next two years in Buenos Aires and Santiago. When World War II broke out he ended his association with the Stern Conservatory and returned to Chile, founding a piano school there. But the next year, after a tour of the United States where he received the highest critical acclaim, he and his family moved permanently to New York. He devoted himself to concertizing, teaching, and recording. His complete Beethoven cycles became legendary; in 1952 he performed such a series, in which each recital was broadcast live by the BBC.

After World War II his concert tours included Australia, Czechoslovakia, Romania, India, South Africa, Israel, and Japan. In the 1960s he made definitive recordings of the complete Beethoven piano sonatas; he also supervised the editing and publication of an Urtext edition of the same sonatas. In the 1970s, Chile, which had enjoyed a record as one of South America's most democratic nations, fell to the military government of Pinochet. In protest, Arrau gave up his Chilean citizenship in 1978, and became a naturalized citizen of the U.S. Despite this, or perhaps because of it, he continued to be a revered figure in Chile; in 1983 he was awarded the Chilean National Arts Prize. He returned at the age of 81 to tour Chile in 1984, his first performances there in 17 years. He died in Mürzzuschlag, Austria, on June 9, 1991. Read less
Browse 1-25 of 156 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    Dvorak, Haydn, Mendelssohn, Schumann - Recordings 1960-1963 / Rafael Kubelik
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 726143 Release Date: 09/09/2014   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Robert Schumann,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  János Starker,  Claudio Arrau
    Conductor:  Rafael Kubelik
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  • 2.
    Claudio Arrau: 3 Classic Albums
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002044402 Release Date: 05/06/2014   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Frédéric Chopin,  Franz Liszt,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Claudio Arrau
    Conductor:  Sir Colin Davis
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 3.
    Beethoven: Piano Sonatas Nos 3, 32 & 23
    Label: Ica Classics   Catalog: 5122 Release Date: 04/29/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Claudio Arrau
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  • 4.
    Claudio Arrau: Rarities 1929-1951
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 639427 Release Date: 01/28/2014   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Frédéric Chopin  ... 
    Performer:  Claudio Arrau
    Conductor:  Basil Cameron
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 5.
    Liszt - Solo Recordings / Claudio Arrau
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001225941 Release Date: 01/28/2014   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Franz Liszt
    Performer:  Claudio Arrau
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  • 6.
    Mahler: Symphony No. 3
    Label: Archipel   Catalog: 557 Release Date: 01/28/2014   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Denis Wick,  Dennis Egan,  Claudio Arrau
    Conductor:  Jascha Horenstein
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  • 7.
    Carlo Maria Giulini: The Concerto Recordings
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 31761 Release Date: 12/03/2013   Number of Discs: 9
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Robert Schumann  ... 
    Performer:  Alexis Weissenberg,  Manoug Parikian,  Mstislav Rostropovich,  Itzhak Perlman  ... 
    Conductor:  Carlo Maria Giulini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
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  • 8.
    Great Pianists - Legendary Recordings from Arrau, Cherkassky, Cziffra, Gilels, Katchen
    Label: Ica Classics   Catalog: 5114 Release Date: 10/29/2013   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Frédéric Chopin,  Johannes Brahms,  Franz Liszt  ... 
    Performer:  Emil Gilels,  Claudio Arrau,  Julius Katchen,  György Cziffra  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Adrian Boult,  Christoph von Dohnányi,  Otto Klemperer,  Rudolf Kempe  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Philharmonic Orchestra,  Cologne Radio Symphony Orchestra,  BBC Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 9.
    Chopin: Ballades & Scherzi / Claudio Arrau
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001912402 Release Date: 10/08/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Frédéric Chopin
    Performer:  Claudio Arrau
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  • 10.
    Claudio Arrau Live At Tanglewood 1964
    Label: Music & Arts   Catalog: 1274 Release Date: 06/25/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  Claudio Arrau
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  • 11.
    Colin Davis: The Philips Years [15-CD Set]
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001850302 Release Date: 06/18/2013   Number of Discs: 15
    Composer:  Béla Bartók,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Hector Berlioz,  Modest Mussorgsky  ... 
    Performer:  Stephen Kovacevich,  Claudio Arrau,  Jessye Norman,  Jon Vickers  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Colin Davis
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  BBC Symphony Orchestra,  Dresden Staatskapelle  ... 
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  • 12.
    Philips Original Jackets Collection  [55-CD Set]
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001767702 Release Date: 12/04/2012   Number of Discs: 55
    Composer:  Max Bruch,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  Gioachino Rossini  ... 
    Performer:  Salvatore Accardo,  Elisabeth Unger,  Claudio Arrau,  Thomas Zehetmair  ... 
    Conductor:  Kurt Masur,  Bernard Haitink,  Frans Brüggen,  Simon Rattle  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  Beaux Arts Trio  ... 
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  • 13.
    Claudio Arrau In Recital, 1969-1977
    Label: Music & Arts   Catalog: 1263 Release Date: 11/13/2012   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Robert Schumann,  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Claudio Arrau
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  • 14.
    Liszt: Concerto No 1, Etc / Arrau, Ormandy
    Label: Sony Classical Masterworks   Catalog: 62338 Release Date: 09/13/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Liszt
    Performer:  Claudio Arrau
    Conductor:  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra
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  • 15.
    Chopin: Piano Encores
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001706302 Release Date: 07/24/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Frédéric Chopin
    Performer:  Zoltán Kocsis,  Claudio Arrau,  Bella Davidovich,  Nikita Magaloff  ... 
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  • 16.
    Chopin: Ballade No 3, Scherzo No 3, Fantasy In F Minor; Beethoven: Sonatas 23 & 32 / Van Cliburn, Claudio Arrau
    Label: Ica Classics   Catalog: 5073 Release Date: 05/29/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Frédéric Chopin,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Van Cliburn,  Claudio Arrau
    DVD: $24.99
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  • 17.
    Beethoven: Complete Piano Sonatas / Claudio Arrau [12-CD Collector's Edition]
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001677002 Release Date: 05/08/2012   Number of Discs: 12
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Claudio Arrau
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  • 18.
    Claudio Arrau: 80th Birthday Recital
    Label: Euroarts   Catalog: 2058678 Release Date: 01/31/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Claude Debussy,  Franz Liszt,  Frédéric Chopin
    Performer:  Claudio Arrau
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  • 19.
    Schumann, Brahms / Arrau, Milstein, De Sabata, Nypo
    Label: Archipel   Catalog: 086 Release Date: 01/01/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Robert Schumann
    Performer:  Nathan Milstein,  Claudio Arrau
    Conductor:  Victor De Sabata
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic
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  • 20.
    The Nbc Recordings - Beethoven, Schubert, Etc / E. Kleiber
    Label: Andromeda   Catalog: 5005 Release Date: 01/01/2012   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Maurice Ravel,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Performer:  Claudio Arrau
    Conductor:  Erich Kleiber
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  NBC Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $14.99
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  • 21.
    Beethoven, Chopin: Concertos / Arrau, Klemperer, Dohnanyi
    Label: Ica Classics   Catalog: 5045 Release Date: 11/15/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Frédéric Chopin
    Performer:  Claudio Arrau
    Conductor:  Christoph von Dohnányi,  Otto Klemperer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cologne Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 22.
    The Liszt Legacy / Arrau, De Larrocha, Lewenthal, Moiseiwitsch, Petri [10-CD Set]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001611702 Release Date: 11/15/2011   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Frédéric Chopin,  Joaquin Turina,  Enrique Granados  ... 
    Performer:  Claudio Arrau,  Alicia De Larrocha,  Raymond Lewenthal,  Benno Moiseiwitsch  ... 
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  • 23.
    Late Night Liszt
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 1154033 Release Date: 10/04/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Liszt
    Performer:  Vladimir Horowitz,  Claudio Arrau,  Daniel Barenboim,  Wilhelm Kempff  ... 
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  • 24.
    Claudio Arrau - The Maestro And The Masters
    Label: Euroarts   Catalog: 2058668 Release Date: 09/27/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Frédéric Chopin,  Franz Schubert,  Franz Liszt
    Performer:  Claudio Arrau
    Conductor:  Victor Tevah
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  University of Chile Symphony Orchestra
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  • 25.
    Arrau & Brahms: The Two Romantics
    Label: Euroarts   Catalog: 2058658 Release Date: 08/30/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Claudio Arrau
    Conductor:  Juan Pablo Izquierdo
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Santiago Philharmonic Orchestra
    DVD: $24.99
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1 2 3 4 5 6 7

Biography

Born: February 6, 1903; Chillán, Chile   Died: June 9, 1991; Mürzzuschlag, Austria  
A patrician artist whose matinee-idol appearance was as elegant as his playing, Claudio Arrau achieved a major reputation for his performances of Brahms and Liszt. Indeed, few Romantic-period composers, from Beethoven onward, were beyond his grasp. In addition to that repertory, his Debussy was regarded by many connoisseurs as exemplary. Arrau believed that his abiding interest in psychoanalysis aided him in probing the intent of those whose Read more
WORKS ALBUMS
TITLE/COMPOSER
LABEL
I. Maestoso
II. Adagio
III. Rondo: Allegro non troppo
1. Allegro
2. Adagio un poco mosso
3. Rondo (Allegro)
I. Presto
II. Largo e mesto
III. Menuetto: Allegro
IV. Rondo: Allegro
I. Andante
II. Allegro molto e vivace
III. Adagio con espressione
IV. Allegro vivace
I. Allegro assai
II. Andante con moto
III. Allegro ma non troppo
Variation 11
Variation 12
Variation 13
Variation 14
Variation 15
Finale: Alla Fuga
I. Vivace ma non troppo
I. Vivace ma non troppo
II. Prestissimo
II. Prestissimo
III. Gesangvoll, mit innigster Empfindung: Andante molto cantabile ed espressivo
III. Gesangvoll, mit innigster Empfindung: Andante molto cantabile ed espressivo
I. Maestoso - Allegro con brio ed appassionato
I. Maestoso - Allegro con brio ed appassionato
II. Arietta: Adagio molto semplice e cantabile
II. Arietta: Adagio molto semplice e cantabile
I. Introduzione: Un poco adagio - Allegro vivace - Piu lento
II. Aria
III. Scherzo - Intermezzo
IV. Finale: Allegro un poco maestoso
I. Allegro maestoso
II. Andante
III. Scherzo
IV. Intermezzo (Ruckblick)
V. Finale: Allegro moderato ma rubato
1. Allegro
2. Adagio
3. Menuetto (Allegretto)
4. Prestissimo
1. Allegro vivace
2. Largo appassionato
3. Scherzo (Allegretto)
4. Rondo (Grazioso)
1. Allegro molto e con brio
2. Adagio molto
3. Finale (Prestissimo)
1. Allegro con brio
2. Adagio
3. Scherzo (Allegro)
4. Allegro assai
1. Allegro molto e con brio
2. Largo, con gran espressione
3. Allegro
4. Rondo (Poco allegretto e grazioso)
1. Allegro
2. Allegretto
3. Presto
1. Presto
2. Largo e mesto
3. Menuetto (Allegro)
4. Rondo (Allegro)
1. Grave - Allegro di molto e con brio
2. Adagio cantabile
3. Rondo (Allegro)
1. Allegro
2. Allegretto
3. Rondo (Allegro comodo)
1. Allegro
2. Andante
3. Scherzo (Allegro assai)
1. Allegro con brio
2. Adagio con molto espressione
3. Menuetto
4. Rondo (Allegretto)
1. Andante con variazioni
2. Scherzo (Allegro molto)
3. Marcia funebre sulla morte d'un Eroe
4. Allegro
1. Andante - Allegro - Tempo I
2. Allegro molto e vivace
3. Adagio con espressione
4. Allegro vivace - Tempo I - Presto
1. Adagio sostenuto
2. Allegretto
3. Presto
1. Allegro
2. Andante
3. Scherzo (Allegro assai)
4. Rondo (Allegro ma non troppo)
1. Allegro vivace
2. Adagio grazioso
3. Rondo (Allegretto)
1. Largo - Allegro
2. Adagio
3. Allegretto
1. Allegro
2. Scherzo (Allegretto vivace)
3. Menuetto (Moderato e grazioso)
4. Presto con fuoco
1. Andante
2. Rondo (Allegro)
1. Allegro ma non troppo
2. Tempo di Menuetto
1. Allegro con brio
Introduzione (Adagio molto) - Rondo (Allegretto moderato - Prestissimo)
1. In Tempo d'un Menuetto
2. Allegretto
3. Più Allegro
1. Presto alla tedesca
2. Andante
3. Vivace
1. Allegro assai
2. Andante con moto
3. Allegro ma non troppo
1. Adagio cantabile - Allegro ma non troppo
2. Allegro vivace
1. Das Lebewohl (Adagio - Allegro)
2. Abwesendheit (Andante espressivo)
3. Das Wiedersehn (Vivacissimamente)
1. Mit Lebhaftigkeit und durchaus mit Empfindung und Ausdruck
2. Nicht zu geschwind und sehr singbar vorgetragen
1. Etwas lebhaft und mit der innigsten Empfindung (Allegretto ma non troppo)
2. Lebhaft, marschmäßig (Vivace alla marcia)
3. Langsam und sehnsuchtsvoll (Adagio ma non troppo, con affetto)
4. Geschwind, doch nicht zu sehr und mit Entschlossen- heit (Allegro)
1. Allegro
2. Scherzo (Assai vivace - Presto - Prestissimo - Tempo I)
3. Adagio sostenuto
4. Largo - Allegro risoluto
1. Vivace ma non troppo-Adagio espressivo-Tempo I 2. Prestissimo
3. Gesangvoll, mit innigster Empfindung (Andante molto cantabile ed espressivo)
1. Moderato cantabile molto espressivo
2. Allegro molto
3. Adagio ma non troppo
4. Fuga (Allegro ma non troppo)
1. Maestoso - Allegro con brio ed appassionato
2. Arietta (Adagio molto semplice e cantabile)
Introduzione col Basso del Tema: Allegretto vivace
Variations 1-15
Finale alla Fuga: Allegro con brio - Andante con moto
Tema (Vivace)
Variation I (Alla marcia maestoso)
Variation II (Poco allegro)
Variation III (L'istesso tempo)
Variation IV (Un poco più vivace)
Variation V (Allegro vivace)
Variation VI (Allegro ma non troppo e serioso)
Variation VII (Un poco più allegro)
Variation VIII (Poco vivace)
Variation IX (Allegro pesante e risoluto)
Variation X (Presto)
Variation XI (Allegretto)
Variation XII (Un poco più moto)
Variation XIII (Vivace)
Variation XIV (Grave e maestoso)
Variation XV (Presto scherzando)
Variation XVI (Allegro)
Variation XVII
Variation XVIII (Poco moderato)
Variation XIX (Presto)
Variation XX (Andante)
Variation XXI (Allegro con brio - Meno allegro - Tempo I)
Variation XXII (Allegro molto): Alla "Notte e giorno faticar" di Mozart
Variation XXIII (Allegro assai)
Variation XXIV: Fughetta (Andante)
Variation XXV (Allegro)
Variation XXVI
Variation XXVII (Vivace)
Variation XXVIII (Allegro)
Variation XXIX (Adagio ma non troppo)
Variation XXX (Andante, sempre cantabile)
Variation XXXI (Largo, molto espressivo)
Variation XXXII: Fuga (Allegro - Poco adagio)
Variation XXXIII (Tempo di minuetto moderato, ma non tirarsi dietro)
1. Allegro
2. Scherzo (Assai vivace - Presto - Prestissimo - Tempo I)
3. Adagio sostenuto
4. Largo - Allegro risoluto
1. Grave - Allegro di molto e con brio
2. Adagio cantabile
3. Rondo (Allegro)
1. Adagio sostenuto
2. Allegretto
3. Presto agitato
1. Allegro assai
2. Andante con moto
3. Allegro ma non troppo
1. Das Lebewohl (Adagio - Allegro)
2. Abwesenheit (Andante espressivo)
3. Das Wiedersehen (Vivacissimamente)
1. Adagio sostenuto
2. Allegretto
3. Presto agitato
1. Das Lebewohl (Adagio - Allegro)
2. Abwesenheit (Andante espressivo)
3. Das Wiedersehen (Vivacissimamente)
I. Allegro maestoso
II. Romanza: Larghetto
III. Rondo: Vivace
I. Allegro moderato
II. Andante con moto
III. Rondo: Vivace
1. Maestoso - Poco più moderato
2. Adagio
3. Rondo (Allegro non troppo)
1. Allegro non troppo
2. Allegro appassionato
3. Andante - Più adagio
4. Allegretto grazioso - Un poco più presto
1. Grave - Allegro di molto e con brio
2. Adagio cantabile
3. Rondo (Allegro)