Johannes Brahms

Biography

Born: 1833   Died: 1897   Country: Germany   Period: Romantic
The stature of Johannes Brahms among classical composers is well illustrated by his inclusion among the "Three Bs" triumvirate of Bach, Beethoven, and Brahms. Of all the major composers of the late Romantic era, Brahms was the one most attached to the Classical ideal as manifested in the music of Haydn, Mozart, and especially Beethoven; indeed, Hans von Bülow once characterized Brahms' Symphony No. 1 (1855-1876) as "Beethoven's Tenth." As a Read more youth, Brahms was championed by Robert Schumann as music's greatest hope for the future; as a mature composer, Brahms became for conservative musical journalists the most potent symbol of musical tradition, a stalwart against the "degeneration" represented by the music of Wagner and his school. Brahms' symphonies, choral and vocal works, chamber music, and piano pieces are imbued with strong emotional feeling, yet take shape according to a thoroughly considered structural plan.

The son of a double bassist in the Hamburg Philharmonic Society, Brahms demonstrated great promise from the beginning. He began his musical career as a pianist, contributing to the family coffers as a teenager by playing in restaurants, taverns, and even brothels. Though by his early twenties he enjoyed associations with luminaries like violinists Eduard Reményi and Joseph Joachim, the friend and mentor who was most instrumental in advancing his career was Schumann, who all but adopted him and became his most ardent partisan, and their esteem was mutual. Following Schumann's death in 1856, Brahms became the closest confidant and lifelong friend of the composer's widow, pianist and composer Clara Wieck Schumann. After a life of spectacular musical triumphs and failed loves (the composer was involved in several romantic entanglements but never wed), Brahms died of liver cancer on April 3, 1897.

In every genre in which he composed, Brahms produced works that have become staples of the repertory. His most ambitious work, the German Requiem (1863-1867), is the composer's singular reinterpretation of an age-old form. The four symphonies -- lushly scored, grand in scope, and deeply expressive -- are cornerstones of the symphonic literature. Brahms' concertos are, similarly, in a monumental, quasi-symphonic vein: the two piano concertos (1856-1859 and 1881) and the Violin Concerto (1878) call for soloists with both considerable technical skill and stamina. His chamber music is among the most sophisticated and exquisitely crafted of the Romantic era; for but a single example, his works that incorporate the clarinet (e.g., the Trio in A minor, Op. 114 and the two Sonatas, Op. 120), an instrument largely overlooked by his contemporaries, remain unsurpassed. Though the piano sonata never held for Brahms the same appeal it had for Beethoven (Brahms wrote three to Beethoven's 32), he produced a voluminous body of music for the piano. He showed a particular affinity for variations -- notably, on themes of Schumann (1854), Handel (1861), and Paganini (1862-1863) -- and likewise produced a passel of national dances and character pieces such as ballades, intermezzi, and rhapsodies. Collectively, these constitute one of the essential bodies of work in the realm of nineteenth century keyboard music. Read less
Brahms: Ein Deutsches Requiem / Wit, Warsaw
Release Date: 04/29/2014   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 573061   Number of Discs: 1
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Martin Frost Plays Brahms
Release Date: 07/08/2014   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 2063   Number of Discs: 1
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Brahms / Abbado, Berliner Philharmoniker [5-CD Set]
Release Date: 07/08/2014   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 002065002   Number of Discs: 5
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Wilhelm Backhaus Live In Vienna - Brahms: Piano Concertos; Haydn
Release Date: 11/15/2011   Label: Profil  
Catalog: 11051   Number of Discs: 2
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Dvorák: Requiem;  Brahms / Mertens, Hagel, Et Al
Release Date: 10/31/2006   Label: Profil  
Catalog: 6050   Number of Discs: 2
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Work: Concerto for Piano no 2 in B flat major, Op. 83

Browse 51-75 of 193 Available Recordings
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  • 51.
    Brahms: Piano Concerto No. 3; Gluck: Alceste Overture; D'albert: Tiefland Overture
    Label: Melodiya   Catalog: 1001107 Release Date: 08/09/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Christoph W. Gluck,  Eugen D'Albert
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  • 52.
    Piano Concertos - Beethoven, Brahms, Chopin, Liszt
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 94095 Release Date: 06/28/2011   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  Frédéric Chopin,  Franz Liszt  ... 
    Performer:  Alfred Brendel,  Karin Lechner,  Paolo Giacometti,  Nelson Freire  ... 
    Conductor:  Willfried Boettcher,  Heinz Wallberg,  Eduardo Marturet,  Arie Van Beek  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Stuttgart Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Volksoper Orchestra,  Vienna Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 53.
    Brahms & Saint-saens: Piano Concerto No. 2
    Label: Helicon   Catalog: 9644 Release Date: 06/14/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Robert Schumann,  Frédéric Chopin  ... 
    Performer:  Yefim Bronfman
    Conductor:  Zubin Mehta
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  • 54.
    Brahms: Piano Concerto No 2, Paganini Variatios / Berezovsky, Liss
    Label: Mirare   Catalog: 132 Release Date: 04/12/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Boris Berezovsky
    Conductor:  Dmitry Liss
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Ural State Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 55.
    Icon - Claudio Arrau - Virtuoso Philosopher Of The Piano
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 18432 Release Date: 03/22/2011   Number of Discs: 13
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  Carl Maria von Weber,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Performer:  Claudio Arrau
    Conductor:  Alceo Galliera,  Carlo Maria Giulini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 56.
    Brahms: Piano Concerto, Tragic Overture / Richter, Szeryng, Leinsdorf, Ormandy, Monteux
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 24693 Release Date: 03/11/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Henryk Szeryng,  Sviatoslav Richter
    Conductor:  Pierre Monteux,  Erich Leinsdorf,  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  Boston Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 57.
    Brahms: Piano Concertos; Lieder Op 91 & 105 / Kovacevich, Murray, Imai, Sawalisch
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 18711 Release Date: 03/08/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Stephen Kovacevich,  Ann Murray,  Nobuko Imai,  Robert Truman
    Conductor:  Wolfgang Sawallisch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 58.
    Brahms: The Piano Concertos
    Label: Helicon   Catalog: 9636 Release Date: 03/08/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Franz Schubert,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Rudolf Buchbinder
    Conductor:  Zubin Mehta
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  • 59.
    Brahms: Piano Concerto No 2, Rhapsody, Capriccio; Chopin / Rubinstein, Dohnanyi
    Label: Ica Classics   Catalog: 5003 Release Date: 02/22/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Frédéric Chopin,  Manuel de Falla
    Performer:  Artur Rubinstein
    Conductor:  Christoph von Dohnányi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cologne Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 60.
    Garrick Ohlsson Plays Chopin, Brahms & Liszt
    Label: Ica Classics   Catalog: 5013 Release Date: 02/22/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Frédéric Chopin,  Franz Liszt
    Performer:  Garrick Ohlsson
    Conductor:  James Loughran
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  BBC Symphony Orchestra
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  • 61.
    Brahms: Piano Concerto No 2; Schumann: Piano Concerto / Cliburn, Reiner, CSO
    Label: Testament   Catalog: 1460 Release Date: 02/08/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Robert Schumann
    Performer:  Van Cliburn
    Conductor:  Fritz Reiner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
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  • 62.
    Brahms: Piano Concerto No. 2; Prokofiev: Piano Concerto No. 2 / Sanderling, Zak, Leningrad Philharmonic
    Label: Praga   Catalog: 350054 Release Date: 02/08/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Sergei Prokofiev
    Performer:  Yakov Zak
    Conductor:  Kurt Sanderling
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra,  USSR Radio/TV Large Symphony Orchestra
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  • 63.
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 7690342 Release Date: 11/29/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Robert La Marchina,  Sviatoslav Richter
    Conductor:  Erich Leinsdorf
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  • 64.
    Piano & Cello Masterpieces
    Label: Zyx Records   Catalog: 10105 Release Date: 11/19/2010   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Vladimir Horowitz,  Mieczyslaw Horszowski,  Pablo Casals,  Shura Cherkassky
    Conductor:  Arturo Toscanini,  Leopold Ludwig,  Richard Kraus
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  • 65.
    Brahms: Concertos, Symphonies / Haitink, Arrau, Szeryng, Starker [7-CD Collector's Edition]
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001479902 Release Date: 10/19/2010   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Claudio Arrau,  Henryk Szeryng,  János Starker
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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  • 66.
    Icon - Edwin Fischer
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 29499 Release Date: 09/14/2010   Number of Discs: 12
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Franz Schubert,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  Edwin Fischer,  Ronald Smith,  Denis Matthews,  Raymond Clark  ... 
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Furtwängler,  Edwin Fischer,  Josef Krips,  Lawrence Collingwood  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 67.
    Brahms: Piano Works / Wilhelm Backhaus
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 433895 Release Date: 08/12/2010   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Wilhelm Backhaus,  Emanuel Brabec
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 68.
    Brahms: Piano Concertos, Ballades Op. 10, Klavierstucke, Op. 76 / Kovacevich
    Label: Newton Classics   Catalog: 8802010 Release Date: 07/27/2010   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Stephen Kovacevich
    Conductor:  Sir Colin Davis
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 69.
    Brahms: Symphony No 4, Piano Concerto No 2 / Fischer-Dieskau, Lifschitz
    Label: Orfeo   Catalog: 810102 Release Date: 07/27/2010   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Konstantin Lifschitz
    Conductor:  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Concert House Orchestra
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  • 70.
    Brahms: Piano Concerto No 2, Klavierstucke Op. 76 / Angelich, Jarvi
    Label: Virgin Classics   Catalog: 66349 Release Date: 06/08/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Nicholas Angelich
    Conductor:  Paavo Järvi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Frankfurt Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 71.
    Brahms: Piano Concerto No 2 / Achucarro, Davis
    Label: Opus Arte   Catalog: 1022 Release Date: 03/30/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Isaac Albeniz,  Frédéric Chopin,  Alexander Scriabin,  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Joaquín Achúcarro
    Conductor:  Sir Colin Davis
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 72.
    Brahms: Piano Concerto no 2 / Achucarro, Davis [Blu-ray]
    Label: Opus Arte   Catalog: 7054 Release Date: 03/30/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Isaac Albeniz,  Alexander Scriabin,  Frédéric Chopin,  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Joaquín Achúcarro
    Conductor:  Sir Colin Davis
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 73.
    Piano Masterworks - The World's Favourite Piano Classics - Bach, Debussy, Etc / Argerich, Arrau, Et Al
    Label: Decca   Catalog: B001206502 Release Date: 12/16/2009   Number of Discs: 50
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  Frédéric Chopin  ... 
    Performer:  András Schiff,  Andrei Gavrilov,  Friedrich Gulda,  Wilhelm Kempff  ... 
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink,  Eliahu Inbal,  Horst Stein,  Zubin Mehta  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chamber Orchestra of Europe,  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra  ... 
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  • 74.
    Brahms, Mozart: Piano Concertos / Backhaus, Bohm
    Label: Orfeo   Catalog: 796091 Release Date: 11/24/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Wilhelm Backhaus
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 75.
    Yo-Yo Ma - 30 Years Outside the Box
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 752307 Release Date: 10/27/2009   Number of Discs: 90
    Composer:  Sandeep Das,  Traditional,  Kayhan Kalhor,  Zhou Long  ... 
    Performer:  Joseph Gramley,  Kim Dong-Won,  Yo-Yo Ma,  Mark Suter  ... 
    Conductor:  Miguel Harth-Bedoya,  John Williams,  Ennio Morricone,  Isaac Stern  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Silk Road Ensemble,  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  Qi Lin  ... 
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