Johannes Brahms

Biography

Born: 1833   Died: 1897   Country: Germany   Period: Romantic
The stature of Johannes Brahms among classical composers is well illustrated by his inclusion among the "Three Bs" triumvirate of Bach, Beethoven, and Brahms. Of all the major composers of the late Romantic era, Brahms was the one most attached to the Classical ideal as manifested in the music of Haydn, Mozart, and especially Beethoven; indeed, Hans von Bülow once characterized Brahms' Symphony No. 1 (1855-1876) as "Beethoven's Tenth." As a Read more youth, Brahms was championed by Robert Schumann as music's greatest hope for the future; as a mature composer, Brahms became for conservative musical journalists the most potent symbol of musical tradition, a stalwart against the "degeneration" represented by the music of Wagner and his school. Brahms' symphonies, choral and vocal works, chamber music, and piano pieces are imbued with strong emotional feeling, yet take shape according to a thoroughly considered structural plan.

The son of a double bassist in the Hamburg Philharmonic Society, Brahms demonstrated great promise from the beginning. He began his musical career as a pianist, contributing to the family coffers as a teenager by playing in restaurants, taverns, and even brothels. Though by his early twenties he enjoyed associations with luminaries like violinists Eduard Reményi and Joseph Joachim, the friend and mentor who was most instrumental in advancing his career was Schumann, who all but adopted him and became his most ardent partisan, and their esteem was mutual. Following Schumann's death in 1856, Brahms became the closest confidant and lifelong friend of the composer's widow, pianist and composer Clara Wieck Schumann. After a life of spectacular musical triumphs and failed loves (the composer was involved in several romantic entanglements but never wed), Brahms died of liver cancer on April 3, 1897.

In every genre in which he composed, Brahms produced works that have become staples of the repertory. His most ambitious work, the German Requiem (1863-1867), is the composer's singular reinterpretation of an age-old form. The four symphonies -- lushly scored, grand in scope, and deeply expressive -- are cornerstones of the symphonic literature. Brahms' concertos are, similarly, in a monumental, quasi-symphonic vein: the two piano concertos (1856-1859 and 1881) and the Violin Concerto (1878) call for soloists with both considerable technical skill and stamina. His chamber music is among the most sophisticated and exquisitely crafted of the Romantic era; for but a single example, his works that incorporate the clarinet (e.g., the Trio in A minor, Op. 114 and the two Sonatas, Op. 120), an instrument largely overlooked by his contemporaries, remain unsurpassed. Though the piano sonata never held for Brahms the same appeal it had for Beethoven (Brahms wrote three to Beethoven's 32), he produced a voluminous body of music for the piano. He showed a particular affinity for variations -- notably, on themes of Schumann (1854), Handel (1861), and Paganini (1862-1863) -- and likewise produced a passel of national dances and character pieces such as ballades, intermezzi, and rhapsodies. Collectively, these constitute one of the essential bodies of work in the realm of nineteenth century keyboard music. Read less
Brahms: Violin Sonatas / Kavakos, Wang
Release Date: 04/15/2014   Label: Decca  
Catalog: 002032902   Number of Discs: 1
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Helene Grimaud Piano Recital - Bach, Beethoven, Brahms, Rachimaninov
Release Date: 10/29/2013   Label: Kultur Video  
Catalog: 4891   Number of Discs: 1
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Brahms: Symphonies 1 & 2 / Gergiev
Release Date: 10/08/2013   Label: Lso Live  
Catalog: 733   Number of Discs: 2
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Brahms: Symphony No 2, Academic Festival Overture / Judd, Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
Release Date: 02/10/2009   Label: Royal Philharmonic Masterworks  
Catalog: 28500   Number of Discs: 1
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Brahms, Schumann, Frühling: Trios / Isserlis, Collins, Hough
Release Date: 10/12/1999   Label: Rca Victor Red Seal  
Catalog: 63504   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Concerto for Piano no 2 in B flat major, Op. 83

Browse 126-150 of 186 Available Recordings
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  • 126.
    Brahms: Piano Concerto No 2; Schumann: Phantasie / Backhaus, Böhm, Et Al
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 94044 Release Date: 08/01/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Robert Schumann,  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Wilhelm Backhaus
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Sächsische Staatskapelle,  Saxon State Orchestra
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  • 127.
    Classic Library - Brahms: Piano Concerto No 2, Etc
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 60860 Release Date: 07/13/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Sviatoslav Richter
    Conductor:  Erich Leinsdorf
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
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  • 128.
    Great Conductors Of The 20th Century / Fritz Reiner
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 62866 Release Date: 07/13/2004   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Manuel de Falla,  Maurice Ravel,  Richard Strauss  ... 
    Performer:  Carol Brice,  Emil Gilels
    Conductor:  Fritz Reiner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra,  NBC Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 129.
    Brahms: Piano Concerto No.2; Grieg: Piano Concerto / Anda, Karajan, Kubelik
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 474838 Release Date: 06/22/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Edvard Grieg
    Performer:  Géza Anda
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan,  Rafael Kubelik
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 130.
    Arts Archives - Brahms: Piano Concerto No 2, Etc / Maag
    Label: Arts Music   Catalog: 43038 Release Date: 05/25/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Alexis Weissenberg
    Conductor:  Peter Maag
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Italian Radio Symphony Orchestra Turin
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  • 131.
    Brahms: Piano Concerto No 2 / Guy, Berglund, London Po
    Label: Naive   Catalog: 4944 Release Date: 02/17/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  François-Frédéric Guy
    Conductor:  Paavo Berglund
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 132.
    The Art Of Julius Katchen Vol 3 - Brahms, Schumann / Monteux
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 460828 Release Date: 01/12/2004   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Robert Schumann
    Performer:  Julius Katchen
    Conductor:  Pierre Monteux,  István Kertész,  János Ferencsik
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Israel Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 133.
    Brahms: Piano Concerto No 2, Piano Sonata No 2 / Osorio
    Label: Artek   Catalog: 14 Release Date: 10/28/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Jorge Federico Osorio,  Vladimir Atapin
    Conductor:  Maximiano Valdes
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Principality of Asturias Symphonic Orchestra
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  • 134.
    Brahms: Piano Concerto No 2, Rhapsodies Op. 79 / Buchbinder
    Label: Apex   Catalog: 4607072 Release Date: 10/13/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Rudolf Buchbinder
    Conductor:  Nikolaus Harnoncourt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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  • 135.
    Arrau - Brahms: Piano Concerto No 2;  Schubert: Three Pieces
    Label: Bbc Legends   Catalog: 4125 Release Date: 10/07/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Claudio Arrau
    Conductor:  Sir Alexander Gibson
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Scottish National Orchestra
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  • 136.
    Trio - Brahms: Complete Concertos, Overtures /Brendel, Et Al
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 473267 Release Date: 01/14/2003   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Henryk Szeryng,  János Starker,  Alfred Brendel
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink,  Hans Schmidt-Isserstedt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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  • 137.
    Classics - Brahms: Piano Concerto No 2, Etc / Previn, Et Al
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80197 Release Date: 11/26/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Horacio Gutierrez
    Conductor:  André Previn
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 138.
    Wilhelm Furtwängler - Recordings 1942-1944 Vol 2
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 471294 Release Date: 10/08/2002   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Maurice Ravel,  Richard Strauss,  Jean Sibelius,  Anton Bruckner  ... 
    Performer:  Edwin Fischer,  Tibor de Machula,  Walter Gieseking
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Furtwängler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 139.
    Brahms: Piano Concertos, Haydn & Handel Variations
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 470519 Release Date: 05/31/2002   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Robert Scheiwein,  Vladimir Ashkenazy
    Conductor:  Vladimir Ashkenazy,  Bernard Haitink
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cleveland Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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  • 140.
    Johannes Brahms / Rafael Kubelik, Daniel Barenboim, Et Al
    Label: Melodram   Catalog: 40053 Release Date: 04/09/2002   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Richard Wagner,  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Daniel Barenboim
    Conductor:  Rafael Kubelik
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 141.
    Edwin Fischer - Concert Performances & Broadcasts 1943-1953
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 1080 Release Date: 10/23/2001   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Unico Graf Van Wassenaer,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Edwin Fischer,  Josef Zutter,  Wilhelm Meyer,  Gerhard Burdach  ... 
    Conductor:  Edwin Fischer,  Anatole Fistoulari,  Hans Münch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Lausanne Chamber Orchestra,  Strasbourg Municipal Theater Orchestra,  Orchestre de la Société du Conservatoire Paris  ... 
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  • 142.
    Rubinstein Collection Vol 38 - Brahms: Piano Concerto No 2
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 63038 Release Date: 10/09/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Artur Rubinstein
    Conductor:  Josef Krips
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  RCA Victor Symphony Orchestra
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  • 143.
    Brahms: Piano Concerto No 2, Rhapsodies Op 79 / Buchbinder
    Label: Teldec   Catalog: 24486 Release Date: 09/18/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Rudolf Buchbinder
    Conductor:  Nikolaus Harnoncourt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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  • 144.
    Brahms: Piano Concerto No 2;  Schumann / Biret, Wit, Et Al
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8554089 Release Date: 08/21/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Robert Schumann
    Performer:  Idil Biret,  Zdzislaw Lapinsky
    Conductor:  Antoni Wit
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Polish Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 145.
    Classics Explained - Brahms: Piano Concerto No 2
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8558030-31 Release Date: 07/17/2001   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Jénö Jandó
    Conductor:  Alexander Rahbari
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Brussels Belgian Radio & TV Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 146.
    Brahms: Piano Concerto No 2 / Jandö, Rahbari
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8550506 Release Date: 05/30/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Robert Schumann
    Performer:  Jénö Jandó
    Conductor:  Alexander Rahbari
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Brussels Belgian Radio & TV Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 147.
    Rubinstein Collection Vol 22 -brahms, Grieg: Piano Concertos
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 63022 Release Date: 05/15/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Edvard Grieg,  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Artur Rubinstein
    Conductor:  Antal Doráti,  Charles Munch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  RCA Victor Symphony Orchestra,  Boston Symphony Orchestra
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  • 148.
    Masur Edition - Brahms: Piano Concerto No 2 / Ousset, Et Al
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 9156 Release Date: 03/27/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Cécile Ousset
    Conductor:  Kurt Masur
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra
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  • 149.
    Three Live Brahms Concerto Performances / Horowitz, Toscanini
    Label: Apr (Appian)   Catalog: 6001 Release Date: 01/30/2001   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Vladimir Horowitz
    Conductor:  Arturo Toscanini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic,  NBC Symphony Orchestra,  Lucerne Festival Orchestra
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  • 150.
    Brahms: Piano Concerto No 2, Symphony No 3 / Toscanini
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 1077 Release Date: 01/23/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Vladimir Horowitz
    Conductor:  Arturo Toscanini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  NBC Symphony Orchestra
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