Johannes Brahms

Biography

Born: 1833   Died: 1897   Country: Germany   Period: Romantic
The stature of Johannes Brahms among classical composers is well illustrated by his inclusion among the "Three Bs" triumvirate of Bach, Beethoven, and Brahms. Of all the major composers of the late Romantic era, Brahms was the one most attached to the Classical ideal as manifested in the music of Haydn, Mozart, and especially Beethoven; indeed, Hans von Bülow once characterized Brahms' Symphony No. 1 (1855-1876) as "Beethoven's Tenth." As a Read more youth, Brahms was championed by Robert Schumann as music's greatest hope for the future; as a mature composer, Brahms became for conservative musical journalists the most potent symbol of musical tradition, a stalwart against the "degeneration" represented by the music of Wagner and his school. Brahms' symphonies, choral and vocal works, chamber music, and piano pieces are imbued with strong emotional feeling, yet take shape according to a thoroughly considered structural plan.

The son of a double bassist in the Hamburg Philharmonic Society, Brahms demonstrated great promise from the beginning. He began his musical career as a pianist, contributing to the family coffers as a teenager by playing in restaurants, taverns, and even brothels. Though by his early twenties he enjoyed associations with luminaries like violinists Eduard Reményi and Joseph Joachim, the friend and mentor who was most instrumental in advancing his career was Schumann, who all but adopted him and became his most ardent partisan, and their esteem was mutual. Following Schumann's death in 1856, Brahms became the closest confidant and lifelong friend of the composer's widow, pianist and composer Clara Wieck Schumann. After a life of spectacular musical triumphs and failed loves (the composer was involved in several romantic entanglements but never wed), Brahms died of liver cancer on April 3, 1897.

In every genre in which he composed, Brahms produced works that have become staples of the repertory. His most ambitious work, the German Requiem (1863-1867), is the composer's singular reinterpretation of an age-old form. The four symphonies -- lushly scored, grand in scope, and deeply expressive -- are cornerstones of the symphonic literature. Brahms' concertos are, similarly, in a monumental, quasi-symphonic vein: the two piano concertos (1856-1859 and 1881) and the Violin Concerto (1878) call for soloists with both considerable technical skill and stamina. His chamber music is among the most sophisticated and exquisitely crafted of the Romantic era; for but a single example, his works that incorporate the clarinet (e.g., the Trio in A minor, Op. 114 and the two Sonatas, Op. 120), an instrument largely overlooked by his contemporaries, remain unsurpassed. Though the piano sonata never held for Brahms the same appeal it had for Beethoven (Brahms wrote three to Beethoven's 32), he produced a voluminous body of music for the piano. He showed a particular affinity for variations -- notably, on themes of Schumann (1854), Handel (1861), and Paganini (1862-1863) -- and likewise produced a passel of national dances and character pieces such as ballades, intermezzi, and rhapsodies. Collectively, these constitute one of the essential bodies of work in the realm of nineteenth century keyboard music. Read less
Mahler, Brahms, Lieberson / Hunt Lieberson
Release Date: 04/10/2007   Label: Wigmore Hall Live  
Catalog: 13   Number of Discs: 1
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Mozart, Brahms: Clarinet Quintets / Anthony McGill, Pacifica Quartet
Release Date: 05/27/2014   Label: Cedille Records  
Catalog: 147   Number of Discs: 1
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Stravinsky: Petrouchka, Brahms: Liebeslieder Waltzes / Stenzl, Racz
Release Date: 11/16/2004   Label: Arthaus Musik  
Catalog: 100715   Number of Discs: 1
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Brahms: Symphony No 3, Etc / Bernard Haitink, London So
Release Date: 11/09/2004   Label: Lso Live  
Catalog: 56   Number of Discs: 1
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Brahms: Ein Deutsches Requiem / Thielemann, Schafer, Gerhaher, Munich Philharmonic
Release Date: 10/26/2010   Label: C Major  
Catalog: 703308   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Concerto for Piano no 2 in B flat major, Op. 83

Browse 101-125 of 147 Available Recordings
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  • 101.
    The Great Piano Concertos - Beethoven, Etc / Horowitz
    Label: Urania   Catalog: 4253 Release Date: 01/30/2007   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Sergei Rachmaninov
    Performer:  Vladimir Horowitz
    Conductor:  Fritz Reiner,  Arturo Toscanini,  George Szell,  Serge Koussevitzky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  RCA Victor Symphony Orchestra,  NBC Symphony Orchestra,  New York Philharmonic  ... 
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  • 102.
    Brahms: Piano Concertos No 1 & 2, Etc / Emanuel Ax, Et Al
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 703510 Release Date: 01/09/2007   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Emanuel Ax,  Jules Eskin
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink,  James Levine
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra,  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
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  • 103.
    Label: Urania   Catalog: 309 Release Date: 11/28/2006   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Sergei Prokofiev,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Sviatoslav Richter
    Conductor:  Kiril Kondrashin,  Kurt Sanderling
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  • 104.
    Brahms: Piano Concertos, Etc / Anton Kuerti, Joseph Rescigno
    Label: Analekta   Catalog: 2313940 Release Date: 10/26/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Anton Kuerti
    Conductor:  Joseph Rescigno
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Grand Montreal Metropolitan Orchestra
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  • 105.
    Wilhelm Furtwängler Conducts Brahms And Mozart
    Label: Opus Kura   Catalog: 7018 Release Date: 10/24/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Edwin Fischer
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Furtwängler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 106.
    Festspieldokumente - Brahms / Knappertsbusch, Curzon, Vpo
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 329062 Release Date: 09/26/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Clifford Curzon
    Conductor:  Hans Knappertsbusch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 107.
    Brahms: Piano Concerto No 2, Etc / Litton, Hamelin, Et Al
    Label: Hyperion   Catalog: 67550 Release Date: 09/12/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Marc-André Hamelin
    Conductor:  Andrew Litton
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dallas Symphony Orchestra
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  • 108.
    Brahms: Piano Concerto No 2;  Beethoven / Dichter, Et Al
    Label: Pentatone   Catalog: 5186125 Release Date: 08/29/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Misha Dichter
    Conductor:  Kurt Masur
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra
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  • 109.
    Brahms: Piano Concerto No 2, Etc / Ogdon, Barbirolli
    Label: Bbc Legends   Catalog: 4183 Release Date: 07/25/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  John Ogdon
    Conductor:  Sir John Barbirolli
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hallé Orchestra
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  • 110.
    Desert Island Collection - Brahms / Curzon, Knappertsbusch
    Label: Archipel   Catalog: 222 Release Date: 06/27/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Clifford Curzon
    Conductor:  Hans Knappertsbusch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 111.
    Brahms: The Piano Concertos / Freire, Chailly, Gewandhaus
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 000658802 Release Date: 05/09/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Nelson Freire
    Conductor:  Riccardo Chailly
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra
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  • 112.
    Brahms, Mozart: Piano Concertos / Casadesus, Schuricht
    Label: Urania   Catalog: 4247 Release Date: 02/28/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  Robert Casadesus,  Gaby Casadesus,  Jean Casadesus
    Conductor:  Carl Schuricht,  Fernando Previtali
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  ORTF National Orchestra,  Italian Radio Symphony Orchestra Turin
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  • 113.
    Brahms: Piano Concertos No 1 & 2 / Moravec, Belohlávek
    Label: Supraphon   Catalog: 3865 Release Date: 02/28/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Ivan Moravec
    Conductor:  Jiri Belohlávek
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Czech Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 114.
    Legendary Recordings - Mozart, Haydn, Beethoven / Kurt Masur
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 245 Release Date: 02/01/2006   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Robert Schumann,  Sergei Prokofiev,  Dmitri Shostakovich  ... 
    Performer:  Annerose Schmidt,  Siegfried Lorenz,  Edda Moser,  Gisela Schröter  ... 
    Conductor:  Kurt Masur
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Radio Chorus,  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra  ... 
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  • 115.
    Brahms, Franck, Liszt / Joshua Pierce, Kirk Trevor, Et Al
    Label: Msr   Catalog: 1148 Release Date: 01/24/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  César Franck,  Franz Liszt
    Performer:  Joshua Pierce
    Conductor:  Kirk Trevor
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bohuslav Martinu Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 116.
    Brahms: Piano Concerto No 2;  Mozart: Symphony No 40 / Anda
    Label: Idi   Catalog: 6466 Release Date: 10/07/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  Géza Anda
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Italian Radio Symphony Orchestra Rome,  Italian Radio Symphony Orchestra Turin
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  • 117.
    Brahms: Piano Concertos, Piano Solo Works / Anton Kuerti, Joseph Rescigno, Et Al
    Label: Analekta   Catalog: 292057 Release Date: 04/19/2005   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Anton Kuerti
    Conductor:  Joseph Rescigno
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Grand Montreal Metropolitan Orchestra
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  • 118.
    Classic Library - Brahms: Piano Concerto No 2, Etc
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 60860 Release Date: 07/13/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Sviatoslav Richter
    Conductor:  Erich Leinsdorf
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $8.99
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  • 119.
    Arts Archives - Brahms: Piano Concerto No 2, Etc / Maag
    Label: Arts Music   Catalog: 43038 Release Date: 05/25/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Alexis Weissenberg
    Conductor:  Peter Maag
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Italian Radio Symphony Orchestra Turin
    On sale! $16.98
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  • 120.
    Brahms: Piano Concerto No 2 / Guy, Berglund, London Po
    Label: Naive   Catalog: 4944 Release Date: 02/17/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  François-Frédéric Guy
    Conductor:  Paavo Berglund
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $17.99
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  • 121.
    The Art Of Julius Katchen Vol 3 - Brahms, Schumann / Monteux
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 460828 Release Date: 01/12/2004   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Robert Schumann
    Performer:  Julius Katchen
    Conductor:  Pierre Monteux,  István Kertész,  János Ferencsik
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Israel Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 122.
    Brahms: Piano Concerto No 2, Piano Sonata No 2 / Osorio
    Label: Artek   Catalog: 14 Release Date: 10/28/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Jorge Federico Osorio,  Vladimir Atapin
    Conductor:  Maximiano Valdes
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Principality of Asturias Symphonic Orchestra
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  • 123.
    Trio - Brahms: Complete Concertos, Overtures /Brendel, Et Al
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 473267 Release Date: 01/14/2003   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Alfred Brendel,  Henryk Szeryng,  János Starker
    Conductor:  Hans Schmidt-Isserstedt,  Bernard Haitink
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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  • 124.
    Edwin Fischer - Concert Performances & Broadcasts 1943-1953
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 1080 Release Date: 10/23/2001   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Unico Graf Van Wassenaer,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Edwin Fischer,  Josef Zutter,  Wilhelm Meyer,  Gerhard Burdach  ... 
    Conductor:  Edwin Fischer,  Anatole Fistoulari,  Hans Münch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Lausanne Chamber Orchestra,  Strasbourg Municipal Theater Orchestra,  Orchestre de la Société du Conservatoire Paris  ... 
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  • 125.
    Rubinstein Collection Vol 38 - Brahms: Piano Concerto No 2
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 63038 Release Date: 10/09/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Artur Rubinstein
    Conductor:  Josef Krips
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  RCA Victor Symphony Orchestra
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