Johannes Brahms

Biography

Born: 1833   Died: 1897   Country: Germany   Period: Romantic
The stature of Johannes Brahms among classical composers is well illustrated by his inclusion among the "Three Bs" triumvirate of Bach, Beethoven, and Brahms. Of all the major composers of the late Romantic era, Brahms was the one most attached to the Classical ideal as manifested in the music of Haydn, Mozart, and especially Beethoven; indeed, Hans von Bülow once characterized Brahms' Symphony No. 1 (1855-1876) as "Beethoven's Tenth." As a Read more youth, Brahms was championed by Robert Schumann as music's greatest hope for the future; as a mature composer, Brahms became for conservative musical journalists the most potent symbol of musical tradition, a stalwart against the "degeneration" represented by the music of Wagner and his school. Brahms' symphonies, choral and vocal works, chamber music, and piano pieces are imbued with strong emotional feeling, yet take shape according to a thoroughly considered structural plan.

The son of a double bassist in the Hamburg Philharmonic Society, Brahms demonstrated great promise from the beginning. He began his musical career as a pianist, contributing to the family coffers as a teenager by playing in restaurants, taverns, and even brothels. Though by his early twenties he enjoyed associations with luminaries like violinists Eduard Reményi and Joseph Joachim, the friend and mentor who was most instrumental in advancing his career was Schumann, who all but adopted him and became his most ardent partisan, and their esteem was mutual. Following Schumann's death in 1856, Brahms became the closest confidant and lifelong friend of the composer's widow, pianist and composer Clara Wieck Schumann. After a life of spectacular musical triumphs and failed loves (the composer was involved in several romantic entanglements but never wed), Brahms died of liver cancer on April 3, 1897.

In every genre in which he composed, Brahms produced works that have become staples of the repertory. His most ambitious work, the German Requiem (1863-1867), is the composer's singular reinterpretation of an age-old form. The four symphonies -- lushly scored, grand in scope, and deeply expressive -- are cornerstones of the symphonic literature. Brahms' concertos are, similarly, in a monumental, quasi-symphonic vein: the two piano concertos (1856-1859 and 1881) and the Violin Concerto (1878) call for soloists with both considerable technical skill and stamina. His chamber music is among the most sophisticated and exquisitely crafted of the Romantic era; for but a single example, his works that incorporate the clarinet (e.g., the Trio in A minor, Op. 114 and the two Sonatas, Op. 120), an instrument largely overlooked by his contemporaries, remain unsurpassed. Though the piano sonata never held for Brahms the same appeal it had for Beethoven (Brahms wrote three to Beethoven's 32), he produced a voluminous body of music for the piano. He showed a particular affinity for variations -- notably, on themes of Schumann (1854), Handel (1861), and Paganini (1862-1863) -- and likewise produced a passel of national dances and character pieces such as ballades, intermezzi, and rhapsodies. Collectively, these constitute one of the essential bodies of work in the realm of nineteenth century keyboard music. Read less
Martin Frost Plays Brahms
Release Date: 07/08/2014   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 2063   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: Symphony No 8; Brahms: Symphony No 3 / Davis
Release Date: 04/26/2011   Label: Profil  
Catalog: 8043   Number of Discs: 1
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Brahms Beloved II / John Axelrod
Release Date: 07/22/2014   Label: Telarc  
Catalog: 34659   Number of Discs: 2
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Dvorák: Requiem;  Brahms / Mertens, Hagel, Et Al
Release Date: 10/31/2006   Label: Profil  
Catalog: 6050   Number of Discs: 2
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Wilhelm Backhaus Live In Vienna - Brahms: Piano Concertos; Haydn
Release Date: 11/15/2011   Label: Profil  
Catalog: 11051   Number of Discs: 2
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Work: Concerto for Piano no 2 in B flat major, Op. 83

Browse 101-125 of 193 Available Recordings
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  • 101.
    Brahms: Piano Concertos No 1 & 2 / Zimerman, Bernstein
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000983309 Release Date: 10/09/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Krystian Zimerman
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 102.
    Brahms: Piano Concerto No 2 /  Masur, Ousset, Et Al
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 8591 Release Date: 09/18/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Cécile Ousset
    Conductor:  Kurt Masur
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra
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  • 103.
    Brahms: Piano Concerto No 2 / Hough, Davis, Bbc So
    Label: Virgin Classics   Catalog: 91366 Release Date: 08/14/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Stephen Hough
    Conductor:  Sir Andrew Davis
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  BBC Symphony Orchestra
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  • 104.
    Brahms: Piano Concertos No 1 & 2, Etc / Backhaus, Et Al
    Label: Urania   Catalog: 4259 Release Date: 07/24/2007   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Wilhelm Backhaus
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm,  Sir Adrian Boult
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Sächsische Staatskapelle,  BBC Symphony Orchestra
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  • 105.
    Brahms: Piano Concerto No 2, Haydn Variations / Gilels
    Label: Rca Victrola   Catalog: 60536 Release Date: 07/12/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Emil Gilels
    Conductor:  Fritz Reiner,  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  Philadelphia Orchestra
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  • 106.
    Brahms: Piano Concerto 2, Tragic Overture / Gilels, Reiner
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 5406 Release Date: 06/25/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Emil Gilels
    Conductor:  Fritz Reiner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
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  • 107.
    Legendary Treasures - Monique De La Bruchollerie Vol 2
    Label: Doremi Records   Catalog: 7857 Release Date: 04/10/2007   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Johannes Brahms,  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Frédéric Chopin  ... 
    Performer:  Monique de la Bruchollerie
    Conductor:  Louis de Froment,  Rolf Reinhardt,  Rudolf Moralt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Luxembourg Radio/Television Symphony Orchestra,  Vienna Pro Musica Orchestra
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  • 108.
    The Great Piano Concertos - Beethoven, Etc / Horowitz
    Label: Urania   Catalog: 4253 Release Date: 01/30/2007   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Sergei Rachmaninov
    Performer:  Vladimir Horowitz
    Conductor:  Fritz Reiner,  Arturo Toscanini,  George Szell,  Serge Koussevitzky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  RCA Victor Symphony Orchestra,  NBC Symphony Orchestra,  New York Philharmonic  ... 
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  • 109.
    Brahms: Piano Concertos No 1 & 2, Etc / Emanuel Ax, Et Al
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 703510 Release Date: 01/09/2007   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Emanuel Ax,  Jules Eskin
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink,  James Levine
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra,  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
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  • 110.
    Label: Urania   Catalog: 309 Release Date: 11/28/2006   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Sergei Prokofiev,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Sviatoslav Richter
    Conductor:  Kiril Kondrashin,  Kurt Sanderling
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  • 111.
    Brahms: Piano Concertos, Etc / Anton Kuerti, Joseph Rescigno
    Label: Analekta   Catalog: 2313940 Release Date: 10/26/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Anton Kuerti
    Conductor:  Joseph Rescigno
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Grand Montreal Metropolitan Orchestra
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  • 112.
    Wilhelm Furtwängler Conducts Brahms And Mozart
    Label: Opus Kura   Catalog: 7018 Release Date: 10/24/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Edwin Fischer
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Furtwängler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 113.
    Festspieldokumente - Brahms / Knappertsbusch, Curzon, Vpo
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 329062 Release Date: 09/26/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Clifford Curzon
    Conductor:  Hans Knappertsbusch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 114.
    Brahms: Piano Concerto No 2, Etc / Litton, Hamelin, Et Al
    Label: Hyperion   Catalog: 67550 Release Date: 09/12/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Marc-André Hamelin
    Conductor:  Andrew Litton
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dallas Symphony Orchestra
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  • 115.
    Brahms: Piano Concerto No 2;  Beethoven / Dichter, Et Al
    Label: Pentatone   Catalog: 5186125 Release Date: 08/29/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Misha Dichter
    Conductor:  Kurt Masur
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra
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  • 116.
    Brahms: Piano Concerto No 2, Etc / Ogdon, Barbirolli
    Label: Bbc Legends   Catalog: 4183 Release Date: 07/25/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  John Ogdon
    Conductor:  Sir John Barbirolli
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hallé Orchestra
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  • 117.
    Desert Island Collection - Brahms / Curzon, Knappertsbusch
    Label: Archipel   Catalog: 222 Release Date: 06/27/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Clifford Curzon
    Conductor:  Hans Knappertsbusch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 118.
    Brahms: The Piano Concertos / Freire, Chailly, Gewandhaus
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 000658802 Release Date: 05/09/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Nelson Freire
    Conductor:  Riccardo Chailly
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra
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  • 119.
    Brahms: The Concertos / Berliner Symphoniker
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 99274 Release Date: 04/04/2006   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Emmy Verhey,  János Starker,  Borika Van Den Booren,  Karin Lechner
    Conductor:  Arpád Joó,  Eduardo Marturet
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Amsterdam Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Symphony Orchestra
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  • 120.
    Brahms, Mozart: Piano Concertos / Casadesus, Schuricht
    Label: Urania   Catalog: 4247 Release Date: 02/28/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  Robert Casadesus,  Gaby Casadesus,  Jean Casadesus
    Conductor:  Carl Schuricht,  Fernando Previtali
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  ORTF National Orchestra,  Italian Radio Symphony Orchestra Turin
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  • 121.
    Brahms: Piano Concertos No 1 & 2 / Moravec, Belohlávek
    Label: Supraphon   Catalog: 3865 Release Date: 02/28/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Ivan Moravec
    Conductor:  Jiri Belohlávek
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Czech Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 122.
    Gemini - Brahms: Piano Concertos, Etc / Barenboim
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 76939 Release Date: 02/21/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Daniel Barenboim
    Conductor:  Sir John Barbirolli
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Philharmonia Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 123.
    Legendary Recordings - Mozart, Haydn, Beethoven / Kurt Masur
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 245 Release Date: 02/01/2006   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Robert Schumann,  Sergei Prokofiev,  Dmitri Shostakovich  ... 
    Performer:  Annerose Schmidt,  Siegfried Lorenz,  Edda Moser,  Gisela Schröter  ... 
    Conductor:  Kurt Masur
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Radio Chorus,  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra  ... 
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  • 124.
    Brahms, Franck, Liszt / Joshua Pierce, Kirk Trevor, Et Al
    Label: Msr   Catalog: 1148 Release Date: 01/24/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  César Franck,  Franz Liszt
    Performer:  Joshua Pierce
    Conductor:  Kirk Trevor
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bohuslav Martinu Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 125.
    Beethoven, Mozart, Brahms: Piano Concertos / Pollini, Et Al
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000508009 Release Date: 11/15/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Johannes Brahms,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Maurizio Pollini
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm,  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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