Johannes Brahms

Biography

Born: 1833   Died: 1897   Country: Germany   Period: Romantic
The stature of Johannes Brahms among classical composers is well illustrated by his inclusion among the "Three Bs" triumvirate of Bach, Beethoven, and Brahms. Of all the major composers of the late Romantic era, Brahms was the one most attached to the Classical ideal as manifested in the music of Haydn, Mozart, and especially Beethoven; indeed, Hans von Bülow once characterized Brahms' Symphony No. 1 (1855-1876) as "Beethoven's Tenth." As a Read more youth, Brahms was championed by Robert Schumann as music's greatest hope for the future; as a mature composer, Brahms became for conservative musical journalists the most potent symbol of musical tradition, a stalwart against the "degeneration" represented by the music of Wagner and his school. Brahms' symphonies, choral and vocal works, chamber music, and piano pieces are imbued with strong emotional feeling, yet take shape according to a thoroughly considered structural plan.

The son of a double bassist in the Hamburg Philharmonic Society, Brahms demonstrated great promise from the beginning. He began his musical career as a pianist, contributing to the family coffers as a teenager by playing in restaurants, taverns, and even brothels. Though by his early twenties he enjoyed associations with luminaries like violinists Eduard Reményi and Joseph Joachim, the friend and mentor who was most instrumental in advancing his career was Schumann, who all but adopted him and became his most ardent partisan, and their esteem was mutual. Following Schumann's death in 1856, Brahms became the closest confidant and lifelong friend of the composer's widow, pianist and composer Clara Wieck Schumann. After a life of spectacular musical triumphs and failed loves (the composer was involved in several romantic entanglements but never wed), Brahms died of liver cancer on April 3, 1897.

In every genre in which he composed, Brahms produced works that have become staples of the repertory. His most ambitious work, the German Requiem (1863-1867), is the composer's singular reinterpretation of an age-old form. The four symphonies -- lushly scored, grand in scope, and deeply expressive -- are cornerstones of the symphonic literature. Brahms' concertos are, similarly, in a monumental, quasi-symphonic vein: the two piano concertos (1856-1859 and 1881) and the Violin Concerto (1878) call for soloists with both considerable technical skill and stamina. His chamber music is among the most sophisticated and exquisitely crafted of the Romantic era; for but a single example, his works that incorporate the clarinet (e.g., the Trio in A minor, Op. 114 and the two Sonatas, Op. 120), an instrument largely overlooked by his contemporaries, remain unsurpassed. Though the piano sonata never held for Brahms the same appeal it had for Beethoven (Brahms wrote three to Beethoven's 32), he produced a voluminous body of music for the piano. He showed a particular affinity for variations -- notably, on themes of Schumann (1854), Handel (1861), and Paganini (1862-1863) -- and likewise produced a passel of national dances and character pieces such as ballades, intermezzi, and rhapsodies. Collectively, these constitute one of the essential bodies of work in the realm of nineteenth century keyboard music. Read less
Arthur Rubinstein Plays Brahms
Release Date: 06/12/2012   Label: Rca  
Catalog: 760992   Number of Discs: 9
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Leon Fleisher Plays Beethoven & Brahms
Release Date: 08/07/2012   Label: Sony  
Catalog: 1918052   Number of Discs: 5
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Brahms: Complete Piano Trios, Clarinet Trio, Horn Trio
Release Date: 10/14/2014   Label: Hyperion  
Catalog: 22082   Number of Discs: 2
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Brahms: Symphonies, Concertos / Pollini, Batiashvili, Thielemann
Release Date: 09/16/2014   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 002133400   Number of Discs: 4
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Brahms: Viola Sonatas
Release Date: 02/11/2014   Label: Msr  
Catalog: 1479   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Wiegenlied (Lullaby)

Browse 26-50 of 228 Available Recordings
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  • 26.
    Alfred Cortot: Anniversary Edition
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 4907 Release Date: 11/19/2012   Number of Discs: 40
    Composer:  Isaac Albeniz,  Claude Debussy,  Frédéric Chopin,  Franz Liszt  ... 
    Performer:  Alfred Cortot,  Pablo Casals,  Jacques Thibaud,  Charles Panzera  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  International String Quartet
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  • 27.
    Mezzo Moon / Pia Heise
    Label: Danacord   Catalog: 720 Release Date: 11/13/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Alexander von Zemlinsky,  Christoph Ernst F. Weyse,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Pia Heise,  Roger Vignoles
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  • 28.
    Toward The Light - The Voice Of Elaine Huckle
    Label: Ravello   Catalog: 7848 Release Date: 08/28/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  George Frideric Handel,  César Franck,  Roger Quilter,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Elaine Huckle,  Ian Clarke
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  • 29.
    Best Of Brahms
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 300344 Release Date: 07/10/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Bruno Canino,  Jan Vogler,  Peter Rösel,  Manfred Scherzer  ... 
    Conductor:  Václav Neumann,  Hartwig Eschenburg,  Günther Herbig,  Helmut Koch  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Radio Solistenvereinigung
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  • 30.
    Welsh Male Voice Choir Tradition
    Label: Musical Concepts   Catalog: 1931 Release Date: 06/05/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Traditional,  C.F. Chudleigh-Chandish,  Arwel Hughes,  Mai Jones  ... 
    Conductor:  Ivor E. Sims
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Morriston Orpheus Choir
    CD: $9.99
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  • 31.
    Classical 2012
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001675702 Release Date: 05/08/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Georges Bizet,  Giovanni Battista Pergolesi,  Francesco Cilča  ... 
    Performer:  Lang Lang,  Andrea Bocelli,  Anna Netrebko,  Jonas Kaufmann  ... 
    Conductor:  Myung-Whun Chung,  Antonio Pappano,  Marco Armiliato,  Daniele Callegari  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  I Fagiolini
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  • 32.
    Canciones De Cuna
    Label: Acqua Records   Catalog: 322 Release Date: 04/24/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Robert Schumann,  Franz Schubert,  Gabriel Fauré,  Manuel de Falla  ... 
    Performer:  Greg Smallman,  Leonardo Anderi,  Maria Isabel Siewers,  Goffredo Cappa  ... 
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  • 33.
    Liebesfreud & Liebesleid - Encores For The Cello / Michael Hell, Micaela Gelius
    Label: Profil   Catalog: 11071 Release Date: 04/24/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Pablo de Sarasate,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Jules Massenet  ... 
    Performer:  Michael Hell,  Micaela Gelius
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  • 34.
    My First Lullaby Album
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8578213 Release Date: 03/27/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Igor Stravinsky,  Robert Schumann  ... 
    Performer:  Jénö Jandó,  Idil Biret,  Einar Steen-Nökleberg,  Stefan Veselka  ... 
    Conductor:  Peter Breiner,  Anthony Bramall,  Alexander Rahbari,  Keith Clark  ... 
    CD: $9.99
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  • 35.
    The Very Best Of Victoria De Los Angeles
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 679002 Release Date: 03/13/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Giacomo Puccini,  Pietro Mascagni,  Ruggero Leoncavallo,  Alfredo Catalani  ... 
    Performer:  Victoria de los Angeles,  Jussi Björling,  Carlo del Monte,  Gerald Moore  ... 
    Conductor:  Gabriele Santini,  Sir Thomas Beecham,  Tullio Serafin,  Giuseppe Morelli  ... 
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  • 36.
    Essential Brahms
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 78131 Release Date: 02/07/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Stephen Kovacevich,  Nicholas Angelich,  Natalie Clein,  Charles Owen  ... 
    Conductor:  Wolfgang Sawallisch,  Eugen Jochum,  Sir John Barbirolli,  Klaus Tennstedt  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Alban Berg String Quartet,  Artemis Quartett (String Quartet)
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  • 37.
    Moods
    Label: Analekta   Catalog: 96079 Release Date: 01/31/2012   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Federico Mompou,  Jules Massenet,  John Duarte,  Traditional  ... 
    Performer:  Louise Bessette,  James Ehnes,  Rémi Boucher,  Louise-Andrée Baril  ... 
    Conductor:  Yoav Talmi,  Gilbert Patenaude,  George Hanson,  Jeanne Lamon
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  La Pieta,  Ensemble Caprice
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  • 38.
    Best Of Brahms [tgg Direct]
    Label: Tgg Direct   Catalog: 60263 Release Date: 11/22/2011   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
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  • 39.
    My First Piano Album
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8578207 Release Date: 11/15/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Edvard Grieg,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Franz Schubert,  Frédéric Chopin  ... 
    Performer:  Balazs Szkolay,  Zsuzsa Kollár,  Jénö Jandó,  Idil Biret  ... 
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  • 40.
    Treasured Memories
    Label: Clear Note   Catalog: 74553 Release Date: 11/15/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Harold Fraser-Simson,  Richard Rodgers,  Ethelbert Nevin,  Harold Arlen  ... 
    Performer:  Michael Rickman,  Lloyd Linney
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  • 41.
    Rambles & Reflections - Piano Transcriptions by Percy Grainger / Piers Lane
    Label: Helios   Catalog: 55454 Release Date: 11/08/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  William Byrd,  John Dowland,  George Frideric Handel,  Cyril Scott  ... 
    Performer:  Piers Lane
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  • 42.
    Rise Of The Masters: 100 Supreme Classical Masterpieces
    Label: X5 Music Group   Catalog: 107 Release Date: 10/25/2011   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Antonio Vivaldi,  George Frideric Handel,  Franz Schubert,  Frédéric Chopin  ... 
    Performer:  Jakob Lindberg,  Yoshikazu Mera,  Finghin Collins,  Dubravka Tomsic  ... 
    Conductor:  Nils-Erik Sparf,  Shigeo Genda,  Bohdan Warchal,  Masaaki Suzuki  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Drottningholm Baroque Ensemble,  Bach Collegium Japan,  Arion Trio  ... 
    CD: $24.99
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  • 43.
    Rita Streich - Lieder
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 437680 Release Date: 10/17/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Franz Schubert,  Hugo Wolf,  Richard Strauss  ... 
    Performer:  Rita Streich,  Erik Werba,  Heinrich Geusser,  Günther Weissenborn
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  • 44.
    Baby To Be - Tender Classical Music For Your Unborn Baby
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 28842 Release Date: 09/27/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Johannes Brahms,  Léo Delibes,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
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  • 45.
    Brahms, Bruckner, Reger / Voces8
    Label: Mirare   Catalog: 154 Release Date: 09/13/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Anton Bruckner,  Max Reger,  Johannes Brahms
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Voces8
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  • 46.
    150 German Folksongs / Prey, Schreier, Dresden Kreuzchor, Thomanerchor Leipzig
    Label: Capriccio Records   Catalog: 7106 Release Date: 08/30/2011   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Anonymous,  Friedrich Silcher,  Traditional,  Robert Franz  ... 
    Performer:  Konrad Ragossnig,  Peter Schreier,  Geoffrey Parsons,  Hermann Prey  ... 
    Conductor:  Gerhard Schmidt-Gaden,  Roland Buchner,  Jörg-Peter Weigle
    CD: $19.99
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  • 47.
    Label: Zyx Records   Catalog: 56028 Release Date: 08/12/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Lew Pollack,  Traditional,  Charles Gounod,  Jacques Offenbach  ... 
    Conductor:  Annuncio Paolo Mantovani
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  • 48.
    The Very Best Of Dietrich Fischer-dieskau
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 94768 Release Date: 07/26/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Johannes Brahms,  Hugo Wolf,  Richard Strauss  ... 
    Performer:  Gerald Moore,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Wolfgang Sawallisch,  Robert Veyron-Lacroix  ... 
    Conductor:  Alberto Erede,  Sir John Barbirolli,  George Szell,  Philip Ledger
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  • 49.
    Kinderklassik: Classical Music For Children
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 300243 Release Date: 07/12/2011   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Antonio Vivaldi,  Olivier Messiaen,  Claude Debussy,  Leopold Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  Thomas Zehetmair,  Siegfried Stöckigt,  Werner Tast,  Peter Rösel  ... 
    Conductor:  Thomas Zehetmair,  Helmut Koch,  Kurt Masur,  Günther Herbig  ... 
    CD: $22.49
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  • 50.
    25 Meditation & Yoga Classics
    Label: Vox   Catalog: 8874 Release Date: 05/31/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Claude Debussy,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Frédéric Chopin,  Jules Massenet  ... 
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