Johannes Brahms

Biography

Born: 1833   Died: 1897   Country: Germany   Period: Romantic
The stature of Johannes Brahms among classical composers is well illustrated by his inclusion among the "Three Bs" triumvirate of Bach, Beethoven, and Brahms. Of all the major composers of the late Romantic era, Brahms was the one most attached to the Classical ideal as manifested in the music of Haydn, Mozart, and especially Beethoven; indeed, Hans von Bülow once characterized Brahms' Symphony No. 1 (1855-1876) as "Beethoven's Tenth." As a Read more youth, Brahms was championed by Robert Schumann as music's greatest hope for the future; as a mature composer, Brahms became for conservative musical journalists the most potent symbol of musical tradition, a stalwart against the "degeneration" represented by the music of Wagner and his school. Brahms' symphonies, choral and vocal works, chamber music, and piano pieces are imbued with strong emotional feeling, yet take shape according to a thoroughly considered structural plan.

The son of a double bassist in the Hamburg Philharmonic Society, Brahms demonstrated great promise from the beginning. He began his musical career as a pianist, contributing to the family coffers as a teenager by playing in restaurants, taverns, and even brothels. Though by his early twenties he enjoyed associations with luminaries like violinists Eduard Reményi and Joseph Joachim, the friend and mentor who was most instrumental in advancing his career was Schumann, who all but adopted him and became his most ardent partisan, and their esteem was mutual. Following Schumann's death in 1856, Brahms became the closest confidant and lifelong friend of the composer's widow, pianist and composer Clara Wieck Schumann. After a life of spectacular musical triumphs and failed loves (the composer was involved in several romantic entanglements but never wed), Brahms died of liver cancer on April 3, 1897.

In every genre in which he composed, Brahms produced works that have become staples of the repertory. His most ambitious work, the German Requiem (1863-1867), is the composer's singular reinterpretation of an age-old form. The four symphonies -- lushly scored, grand in scope, and deeply expressive -- are cornerstones of the symphonic literature. Brahms' concertos are, similarly, in a monumental, quasi-symphonic vein: the two piano concertos (1856-1859 and 1881) and the Violin Concerto (1878) call for soloists with both considerable technical skill and stamina. His chamber music is among the most sophisticated and exquisitely crafted of the Romantic era; for but a single example, his works that incorporate the clarinet (e.g., the Trio in A minor, Op. 114 and the two Sonatas, Op. 120), an instrument largely overlooked by his contemporaries, remain unsurpassed. Though the piano sonata never held for Brahms the same appeal it had for Beethoven (Brahms wrote three to Beethoven's 32), he produced a voluminous body of music for the piano. He showed a particular affinity for variations -- notably, on themes of Schumann (1854), Handel (1861), and Paganini (1862-1863) -- and likewise produced a passel of national dances and character pieces such as ballades, intermezzi, and rhapsodies. Collectively, these constitute one of the essential bodies of work in the realm of nineteenth century keyboard music. Read less
Bernstein, Brahms, Burgmuller, Francaix & Widmann: Works for Clarinet & Piano / Aust
Release Date: 09/09/2016   Label: Genuin Musikproduction  
Catalog: 16432   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Wiegenlied (Lullaby)

Browse 1-25 of 190 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    Melody's Mostly Musical Day / Jenny Lin
    Label: Steinway & Sons   Catalog: 30043 Release Date: 10/14/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Leopold Mozart,  Stephen Hough,  Sergei Prokofiev  ... 
    Performer:  Jenny Lin
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  • 2.
    Lullabies for Liz: Piano Favorites by Beethoven, Tchaikovsky, Borodin & Others / Serov
    Label: Northern Flowers   Catalog: 9914 Release Date: 09/16/2016  
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Alexander Borodin,  Frédéric Chopin,  Edvard Grieg  ... 
    Performer:  Yuri Serov
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  • 3.
    Classical Wonderland: Classical Music for Children
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 88875117112 Release Date: 05/13/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Lang Lang,  Irene Timacheff-Gabetta,  Sol Gabetta,  Igor Levit  ... 
    Conductor:  Eugene Kohn
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  • 4.
    Brahms / Lee
    Label: Blue Griffin   Catalog: 383 Release Date: 01/05/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Brian Lee
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  • 5.
    Salut Salon Live
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 553013 Release Date: 11/13/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Leonard Bernstein,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Astor Piazzolla  ... 
    Performer:  Lara Jones,  Jule Hinrichsen,  Phoebe Scott
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Salut Salon!
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  • 6.
    Wiegen Lieder [deluxe-box]
    Label: Carus   Catalog: 83025 Release Date: 11/13/2015   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johann Abraham P. Schulz,  Johannes Brahms,  Karl Friedrich Curschmann,  Robert Schumann  ... 
    Performer:  Paul Kleber,  Lisa Trio Bassenge,  Michael Gees,  Ingeborg [Mezzo-Soprano Vocal] Danz  ... 
    Conductor:  Michel Alber,  Carola Bischoff,  Frieder Bernius
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Calmus Ensemble,  SWR Stuttgart Vocal Ensemble
    CD: $34.99
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  • 7.
    Songs from the Arc of Life / Yo-Yo Ma, Kathryn Stott
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 510316 Release Date: 09/18/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Charles Gounod,  Johannes Brahms,  Gabriel Fauré,  Jacob Gade  ... 
    Performer:  Kathryn Stott,  Yo-Yo Ma
    CD: $14.99
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  • 8.
    Morgen! / Michaela Schuster
    Label: Oehms   Catalog: 1833 Release Date: 08/14/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Robert Schumann,  Max Reger,  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Michaela Schuster,  Markus Schlemmer
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  • 9.
    The Video Tapes /  Friedrich Gulda [7-DVD Set]
    Label: Arthaus Musik   Catalog: 109068 Release Date: 05/26/2015   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Friedrich Gulda,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Traditional  ... 
    Performer:  Friedrich Gulda,  Herbie Hancock,  Chick Corea,  Nicolas Economou  ... 
    Conductor:  Friedrich Gulda
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Munich Philharmonic Orchestra
    DVD: $88.99
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  • 10.
    Anne Sofie Von Otter - 10 Classic Albums
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002281102 Release Date: 04/07/2015   Number of Discs: 11
    Composer:  Claudio Monteverdi,  Antonio Bertali,  Giovanni Legrenzi,  Antonio Vivaldi  ... 
    Performer:  Dane Roberts,  Florian Deuter,  Reinhard Goebel,  Anne Sofie von Otter  ... 
    Conductor:  Reinhard Goebel,  Marc Minkowski,  John Eliot Gardiner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Musica Antiqua Cologne,  Les Musiciens du Louvre,  Choeur des Musiciens du Louvre  ... 
    CD: $75.49
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  • 11.
    Brahms, Schumann: Lieder / Murray, Martineau
    Label: Linn Records   Catalog: 443 Release Date: 02/10/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Robert Schumann
    Performer:  Ann Murray,  Malcolm Martineau,  Benjamin Appl,  John Mark Ainsley  ... 
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  • 12.
    100 Classical Masterworks
    Label: Dg Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002188102 Release Date: 01/06/2015   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Edvard Grieg,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Giuseppe Verdi  ... 
    Performer:  Lorin Maazel,  Neeme Järvi,  Herbert von Karajan,  Carlo Maria Giulini  ... 
    Conductor:  Lorin Maazel,  Neeme Järvi,  Herbert von Karajan,  Carlo Maria Giulini  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bolshoi Theater Violin Ensemble,  Ansbach Bach Week Soloists Union,  Salzburg Mozarteum Camerata Academica  ... 
    CD: $29.99
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  • 13.
    Brahms: Sonate Op. 99; Sechs Lieder; Sonate Op. 38 / Geringas, Schatz
    Label: Es-dur   Catalog: 2016 Release Date: 11/17/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  David Geringas,  Tatjana Schatz
    CD: $18.99
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  • 14.
    Kinderlieder Aus Deutschland Und Europa
    Label: Carus   Catalog: 83017 Release Date: 11/11/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Traditional,  Turkish Traditional,  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Peter Schindler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Peter Schindler Band
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  • 15.
    James Levine conducts Brahms
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 686042 Release Date: 08/26/2014   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Emanuel Ax,  Kathleen Battle,  James Levine,  Hĺkan Hagegĺrd
    Conductor:  James Levine
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  Chicago Symphony Chorus
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  • 16.
    Folk Songs / Nora Gubisch, Alain Altinoglu
    Label: Naive   Catalog: 5365 Release Date: 07/29/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Manuel de Falla,  Fernando J. Obradors,  Enrique Granados,  Luciano Berio  ... 
    Performer:  Nora Gubisch,  Alain Altinoglu,  Iris Torossian,  Bastien Pelat  ... 
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  • 17.
    Brahms: Complete Edition
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 94860 Release Date: 04/29/2014   Number of Discs: 58
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Daniel Barenboim,  Cécile Ousset,  Yehudi Menuhin,  Emmy Verhey  ... 
    Conductor:  Jaap Van Zweden,  Rafael Frühbeck de Burgos,  Günther Herbig,  Heinz Bongartz  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Netherlands Philharmonic Orchestra,  Radio Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 18.
    Brahms: Violin Sonatas / Kavakos, Wang
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002032902 Release Date: 04/15/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Leonidas Kavakos,  Yuja Wang
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  • 19.
    Brahms: Complete Music For Cello And Piano
    Label: Avie   Catalog: 2300 Release Date: 04/08/2014   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Martin Roscoe,  Jonathan Aasgaard
    CD: $27.49
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  • 20.
    Lotte Lehmann: A 125th Birthday Tribute [4-CD Set]
    Label: Music & Arts   Catalog: 1279 Release Date: 02/25/2014   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Charles Gounod,  Richard Wagner  ... 
    Performer:  Lotte Lehmann
    CD: $44.49
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  • 21.
    Classical Music For Dogs
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001916602 Release Date: 11/25/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Johann Pachelbel,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Frédéric Chopin  ... 
    Performer:  Vladimir Ashkenazy,  Andras Schiff,  Wilhelm Kempff,  Marisa Robles  ... 
    Conductor:  Karl Richter,  Karl Münchinger,  Sir Georg Solti,  David Zinman  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  I Musici
    CD: $7.99
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  • 22.
    Lullabies Of The World
    Label: Carus   Catalog: 83012 Release Date: 09/24/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Traditional,  Princess Te Rangi Pai (Fa,  Lebanese Traditional,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Jens Trondle,  Domra] Joseph [Guitar Holzhauer,  Elena Danko,  Alexander Danko  ... 
    CD: $18.99
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  • 23.
    Brahms: Lieder / Barbara Hendricks, Roland Pontinen
    Label: Arte Verum   Catalog: 11 Release Date: 07/16/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Barbara Hendricks,  Roland Pöntinen
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  • 24.
    Cortot: Piano Arrangements / He Yue
    Label: Grand Piano   Catalog: 641 Release Date: 06/25/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gabriel Fauré,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Johannes Brahms,  Frédéric Chopin  ... 
    Performer:  He Yue
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  • 25.
    Brahms: Lieder / Bernarda Fink, Roger Vignoles
    Label: Harmonia Mundi   Catalog: 501926 Release Date: 06/11/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Roger Vignoles,  Bernarda Fink
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    CD: $13.99
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