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Johannes Brahms

Biography

Born: 1833   Died: 1897   Country: Germany   Period: Romantic
The stature of Johannes Brahms among classical composers is well illustrated by his inclusion among the "Three Bs" triumvirate of Bach, Beethoven, and Brahms. Of all the major composers of the late Romantic era, Brahms was the one most attached to the Classical ideal as manifested in the music of Haydn, Mozart, and especially Beethoven; indeed, Hans von Bülow once characterized Brahms' Symphony No. 1 (1855-1876) as "Beethoven's Tenth." As a Read more youth, Brahms was championed by Robert Schumann as music's greatest hope for the future; as a mature composer, Brahms became for conservative musical journalists the most potent symbol of musical tradition, a stalwart against the "degeneration" represented by the music of Wagner and his school. Brahms' symphonies, choral and vocal works, chamber music, and piano pieces are imbued with strong emotional feeling, yet take shape according to a thoroughly considered structural plan.

The son of a double bassist in the Hamburg Philharmonic Society, Brahms demonstrated great promise from the beginning. He began his musical career as a pianist, contributing to the family coffers as a teenager by playing in restaurants, taverns, and even brothels. Though by his early twenties he enjoyed associations with luminaries like violinists Eduard Reményi and Joseph Joachim, the friend and mentor who was most instrumental in advancing his career was Schumann, who all but adopted him and became his most ardent partisan, and their esteem was mutual. Following Schumann's death in 1856, Brahms became the closest confidant and lifelong friend of the composer's widow, pianist and composer Clara Wieck Schumann. After a life of spectacular musical triumphs and failed loves (the composer was involved in several romantic entanglements but never wed), Brahms died of liver cancer on April 3, 1897.

In every genre in which he composed, Brahms produced works that have become staples of the repertory. His most ambitious work, the German Requiem (1863-1867), is the composer's singular reinterpretation of an age-old form. The four symphonies -- lushly scored, grand in scope, and deeply expressive -- are cornerstones of the symphonic literature. Brahms' concertos are, similarly, in a monumental, quasi-symphonic vein: the two piano concertos (1856-1859 and 1881) and the Violin Concerto (1878) call for soloists with both considerable technical skill and stamina. His chamber music is among the most sophisticated and exquisitely crafted of the Romantic era; for but a single example, his works that incorporate the clarinet (e.g., the Trio in A minor, Op. 114 and the two Sonatas, Op. 120), an instrument largely overlooked by his contemporaries, remain unsurpassed. Though the piano sonata never held for Brahms the same appeal it had for Beethoven (Brahms wrote three to Beethoven's 32), he produced a voluminous body of music for the piano. He showed a particular affinity for variations -- notably, on themes of Schumann (1854), Handel (1861), and Paganini (1862-1863) -- and likewise produced a passel of national dances and character pieces such as ballades, intermezzi, and rhapsodies. Collectively, these constitute one of the essential bodies of work in the realm of nineteenth century keyboard music. Read less
Brahms: Ein Deutsches Requiem / Wit, Warsaw
Release Date: 04/29/2014   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 573061   Number of Discs: 1
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Brahms: The Symphonies / Chailly, Gewandhaus
Release Date: 08/19/2014   Label: Decca  
Catalog: 002121502   Number of Discs: 3
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Warum - Brahms: Choral Works / Reuss, Cappella Amsterdam
Release Date: 11/11/2014   Label: Harmonia Mundi  
Catalog: 902160   Number of Discs: 1
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Beethoven: Trio; Brahms: Trio; Weber: Grand Duo
Release Date: 11/11/2014   Label: Harmonia Mundi  
Catalog: 807618   Number of Discs: 1
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Brahms: Mass, Motets / Dijkstra, Swedish Radio Choir
Release Date: 12/09/2014   Label: Channel Classics  
Catalog: 35814   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: German Requiem, Op. 45

Browse 76-100 of 119 Available Recordings
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  • 76.
    Brahms: German Requiem / King's College Choir
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 66948 Release Date: 10/31/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  José Gallardo,  Evgenia Rubinova,  Hanno Müller-Brachmann,  Susan Gritton
    Conductor:  Stephen Cleobury
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cambridge King's College Choir
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  • 77.
    Brahms: Ein Deutsches Requiem / Seaton, Campbell, Et Al
    Label: Guild   Catalog: 7302 Release Date: 05/30/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Claire Seaton,  Colin Campbell,  Roderick Chadwick,  Jeremy Filsell
    Conductor:  Jeremy Backhouse
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vasari Singers
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  • 78.
    Brahms: The Symphonies, Overtures, Song Of Destiny, German Requiem / Masur
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 4627682 Release Date: 04/17/2006   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Sylvia McNair,  Håkan Hagegård
    Conductor:  Kurt Masur
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic,  Westminster Symphonic Choir
    CD: $29.99
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  • 79.
    Wiener Philharmoniker - Live Performances / Klemperer
    Label: Testament   Catalog: 1365 Release Date: 11/08/2005   Number of Discs: 8
    Composer:  Jean-Philippe Rameau,  Johannes Brahms,  Richard Wagner,  Richard Strauss  ... 
    Performer:  Wilma Lipp,  Eberhard Wächter,  Ernst Pamperl,  Walter Weller  ... 
    Conductor:  Otto Klemperer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Singverein
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  • 80.
    Brahms: Ein Deutsches Requiem / Maazel, Cotrubas, Prey
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 92752 Release Date: 10/18/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Ileana Cotrubas,  Hermann Prey
    Conductor:  Lorin Maazel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Philharmonia Orchestra,  New Philharmonia Chorus
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  • 81.
    Brahms: Ein Deutsches Requiem / Helmut Koch
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 3061 Release Date: 10/01/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Günther Leib,  Anna Tomowa-Sintow
    Conductor:  Helmut Koch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Radio Chorus,  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 82.
    Brahms: Requiem / Toscanini, Janssen, Della Chiesa, Et Al
    Label: Guild   Catalog: 2290 Release Date: 04/26/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Herbert Janssen,  Vivian Della Chiesa
    Conductor:  Arturo Toscanini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Westminster Choir,  NBC Symphony Orchestra
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  • 83.
    Brahms: A German Requiem / Solti, Te Kawana, Et Al
    Label: Universal   Catalog: 000412702 Release Date: 03/08/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Dame Kiri Te Kanawa,  Bernd Weikl
    Conductor:  Sir Georg Solti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  Chicago Symphony Chorus
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  • 84.
    Brahms: A German Requiem / Karajan, Berlin Philharmonic
    Label: Emi Classics Encore   Catalog: 85054 Release Date: 03/01/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Anna Tomowa-Sintow,  José Van Dam
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Singverein
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  • 85.
    Carl Schuricht-collection - Brahms: German Requiem
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 93144 Release Date: 08/01/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Maria Stader,  Hermann Prey
    Conductor:  Carl Schuricht
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Stuttgart Southwest German Radio Vocal Ensemble,  Stuttgart Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 86.
    Romantic Choral Music / Helmuth Rilling, Et Al
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 98460 Release Date: 08/01/2004   Number of Discs: 8
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi,  César Franck,  Giacomo Puccini,  Franz Liszt  ... 
    Performer:  Scot Weir,  Gilles Cachemaille,  Donna Brown,  Pamela Coburn  ... 
    Conductor:  Helmuth Rilling
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Stuttgart Bach Collegium,  Oregon Bach Festival Chorus,  Prague Philharmonic Chorus  ... 
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  • 87.
    Classic Library - Brahms: Ein Deutsches Requiem / Levine
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 60861 Release Date: 07/13/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Kathleen Battle,  Håkan Hagegård
    Conductor:  James Levine
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  Chicago Symphony Chorus
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  • 88.
    Brahms: Ein Deutsches Requiem / Equilbey, Accentus, Et Al
    Label: Naive   Catalog: 4956 Release Date: 04/20/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Stèphane Degout,  Sandrine Piau,  Brigitte Engerer,  Boris Berezovsky
    Conductor:  Laurence Equilbey
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Accentus
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  • 89.
    Brahms: Ein Deutsches Requiem / Terfel, Bonney, Abbado, Berlin PO
    Label: Arthaus Musik   Catalog: 101047 Release Date: 04/01/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Bryn Terfel,  Barbara Bonney
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Swedish Radio Chorus
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  • 90.
    Brahms: Ein deutsches Requiem / Karajan, Schwarzkopf, Hotter
    Label: Emi Great Artists Of The Century   Catalog: 62812 Release Date: 03/23/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Hans Hotter
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Friends of Music Society Chorus
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  • 91.
    Brahms: Ein Deutsches Requiem / Lehmann, Stader, Wiener
    Label: Dg The Originals   Catalog: 457710 Release Date: 10/11/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Maria Stader,  Otto Wiener,  Wolfgang Meyer
    Conductor:  Fritz Lehmann
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Motet Choir,  St. Hedwig's Cathedral Choir
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  • 92.
    Brahms: Ein Deutsches Requiem / Albrecht, Skovhus, Et Al
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 10071 Release Date: 06/24/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Inger Dam-Jensen,  Boje Skovhus
    Conductor:  Gerd Albrecht
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Danish National Orchestra,  Danish National Chorus
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  • 93.
    Brahms: A German Requiem / Helbich, Thornhill, Et Al
    Label: Md&g (Dabringhaus & Grimm) Gold   Catalog: 3341137 Release Date: 02/25/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Siri Thornhill,  Klaus Mertens
    Conductor:  Wolfgang Helbich
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  German Chamber Philharmonic Bremen,  Bremen Cathedral Choir
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  • 94.
    Brahms. German Requiem / Previn, London Symphony Orchestra
    Label: Lso Live   Catalog: 5 Release Date: 07/09/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  David Wilson-Johnson,  Harolyn Blackwell
    Conductor:  André Previn
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  London Symphony Chorus
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  • 95.
    Brahms: Ein Deutsches Requiem / Kubelik, Mathis, Et Al
    Label: Audite   Catalog: 95492 Release Date: 06/25/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Wolfgang Brendel,  Edith Mathis
    Conductor:  Rafael Kubelik
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Bavarian Radio Chorus
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  • 96.
    Brahms: German Requiem / Bernius, Borchert, Volle, Et Al
    Label: Carus   Catalog: 83200 Release Date: 06/18/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Michael Volle,  Julia Borchert
    Conductor:  Frieder Bernius
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Stuttgart Classical Philharmonic Orchestra,  Stuttgart Chamber Choir
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  • 97.
    Brahms: A German Requiem / Andre Previn, Royal Po, Et Al
    Label: Apex   Catalog: 89081 Release Date: 02/19/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Margaret Price,  Samuel Ramey
    Conductor:  André Previn
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  Ambrosian Singers
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  • 98.
    Brahms: German Requiem Op.45 / Karajan, Janowitz, Wachter, Vienna Singverein, BPO
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 463661 Release Date: 02/01/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Gundula Janowitz,  Eberhard Wächter
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Singverein,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 99.
    Brahms: A German Requiem / Rilling, Brown, Cachemaille, Bach Collegium Stuttgart
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 91102 Release Date: 02/29/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Donna Brown,  Gilles Cachemaille
    Conductor:  Helmuth Rilling
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Gächinger Kantorei Stuttgart,  Stuttgart Bach Collegium
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  • 100.
    Brahms: A German Requiem / Jessop, Chandler, Gunn, Et Al
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80501 Release Date: 10/26/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Janice Chandler,  Nathan Gunn
    Conductor:  Craig Jessop
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Utah Symphony Orchestra,  Mormon Tabernacle Choir
    CD: $16.99
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