Johannes Brahms

Biography

Born: 1833   Died: 1897   Country: Germany   Period: Romantic
The stature of Johannes Brahms among classical composers is well illustrated by his inclusion among the "Three Bs" triumvirate of Bach, Beethoven, and Brahms. Of all the major composers of the late Romantic era, Brahms was the one most attached to the Classical ideal as manifested in the music of Haydn, Mozart, and especially Beethoven; indeed, Hans von Bülow once characterized Brahms' Symphony No. 1 (1855-1876) as "Beethoven's Tenth." As a Read more youth, Brahms was championed by Robert Schumann as music's greatest hope for the future; as a mature composer, Brahms became for conservative musical journalists the most potent symbol of musical tradition, a stalwart against the "degeneration" represented by the music of Wagner and his school. Brahms' symphonies, choral and vocal works, chamber music, and piano pieces are imbued with strong emotional feeling, yet take shape according to a thoroughly considered structural plan.

The son of a double bassist in the Hamburg Philharmonic Society, Brahms demonstrated great promise from the beginning. He began his musical career as a pianist, contributing to the family coffers as a teenager by playing in restaurants, taverns, and even brothels. Though by his early twenties he enjoyed associations with luminaries like violinists Eduard Reményi and Joseph Joachim, the friend and mentor who was most instrumental in advancing his career was Schumann, who all but adopted him and became his most ardent partisan, and their esteem was mutual. Following Schumann's death in 1856, Brahms became the closest confidant and lifelong friend of the composer's widow, pianist and composer Clara Wieck Schumann. After a life of spectacular musical triumphs and failed loves (the composer was involved in several romantic entanglements but never wed), Brahms died of liver cancer on April 3, 1897.

In every genre in which he composed, Brahms produced works that have become staples of the repertory. His most ambitious work, the German Requiem (1863-1867), is the composer's singular reinterpretation of an age-old form. The four symphonies -- lushly scored, grand in scope, and deeply expressive -- are cornerstones of the symphonic literature. Brahms' concertos are, similarly, in a monumental, quasi-symphonic vein: the two piano concertos (1856-1859 and 1881) and the Violin Concerto (1878) call for soloists with both considerable technical skill and stamina. His chamber music is among the most sophisticated and exquisitely crafted of the Romantic era; for but a single example, his works that incorporate the clarinet (e.g., the Trio in A minor, Op. 114 and the two Sonatas, Op. 120), an instrument largely overlooked by his contemporaries, remain unsurpassed. Though the piano sonata never held for Brahms the same appeal it had for Beethoven (Brahms wrote three to Beethoven's 32), he produced a voluminous body of music for the piano. He showed a particular affinity for variations -- notably, on themes of Schumann (1854), Handel (1861), and Paganini (1862-1863) -- and likewise produced a passel of national dances and character pieces such as ballades, intermezzi, and rhapsodies. Collectively, these constitute one of the essential bodies of work in the realm of nineteenth century keyboard music. Read less
Arthur Rubinstein Plays Brahms
Release Date: 06/12/2012   Label: Rca  
Catalog: 760992   Number of Discs: 9
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Leon Fleisher Plays Beethoven & Brahms
Release Date: 08/07/2012   Label: Sony  
Catalog: 1918052   Number of Discs: 5
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Brahms: Complete Piano Trios, Clarinet Trio, Horn Trio
Release Date: 10/14/2014   Label: Hyperion  
Catalog: 22082   Number of Discs: 2
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Brahms: Symphonies, Concertos / Pollini, Batiashvili, Thielemann
Release Date: 09/16/2014   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 002133400   Number of Discs: 4
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Brahms: Viola Sonatas
Release Date: 02/11/2014   Label: Msr  
Catalog: 1479   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: German Requiem, Op. 45

Browse 51-75 of 126 Available Recordings
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  • 51.
    Brahms: Ein Deutsches Requiem, Op. 45 / Harnoncourt, Kuhmeier, Hampson, Arnold Schoenberg Choir
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 72066 Release Date: 02/01/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Thomas Hampson,  Genia Kühmeier
    Conductor:  Nikolaus Harnoncourt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Arnold Schoenberg Choir,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 52.
    Brahms: Ein Deutsches Requiem / Mehta, Israel Philharmonic
    Label: Helicon   Catalog: 9629 Release Date: 01/11/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Chen Reiss,  Hanno Müller-Brachmann
    Conductor:  Zubin Mehta
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Israel Philharmonic Orchestra,  Gary Bertini Israeli Chorus
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  • 53.
    111 - The Collector's Edition 2 [56-CD Set - Limited Edition]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 4779142 Release Date: 11/09/2010   Number of Discs: 56
    Composer:  Georges Bizet,  Sergei Prokofiev,  Maurice Ravel,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Stuart Harling,  Robert Lloyd,  Sherrill Milnes,  Placido Domingo  ... 
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado,  John Nelson,  Leonard Bernstein,  Jerzy Semkow  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Ambrosian Singers,  George Watson's College Boys' Chorus  ... 
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  • 54.
    Brahms: Ein Deutsches Requiem / Thielemann, Schafer, Gerhaher, Munich Philharmonic
    Label: C Major   Catalog: 703308 Release Date: 10/26/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Christine Schäfer,  Christian Gerhaher
    Conductor:  Christian Thielemann
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Munich Philharmonic Orchestra,  Bavarian Radio Chorus
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  • 55.
    Brahms: Ein Deutsches Requiem / Janowski, Tilling, Detlef
    Label: Pentatone   Catalog: 5186361 Release Date: 09/28/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Camilla Tilling,  Detlef Roth
    Conductor:  Marek Janowski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin Radio Chorus
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  • 56.
    Carl Schuricht A Paris
    Label: Tahra   Catalog: 678 Release Date: 09/14/2010   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Heinz Rehfuss,  Elfriede Trötschel,  Claudio Arrau
    Conductor:  Carl Schuricht
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  • 57.
    Gergiev Conducts Brahms
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 1750 Release Date: 05/25/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Mariusz Kwiecien,  Solveig Kringelborn
    Conductor:  Valery Gergiev
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Swedish Radio Chorus,  Rotterdam Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 58.
    Brahms: German Requiem / Watts, Degout, Nezet-Seguin
    Label: Lpo   Catalog: 45 Release Date: 04/27/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Elizabeth Watts,  Stèphane Degout
    Conductor:  Yannick Nézet-Séguin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Choir
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  • 59.
    Brahms: Ein Deutsches Requiem [with Cd-rom Track]
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 65925 Release Date: 03/30/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Unspecified,  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Ralph Downes,  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf
    Conductor:  Otto Klemperer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Philharmonia Chorus
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  • 60.
    Brahms: Ein Deutsches Requiem
    Label: Glor Classics   Catalog: 9191 Release Date: 03/09/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Michael Volle,  Benjamin Heinsohn,  Fionnuala Sherry,  Jonathan Alder  ... 
    Conductor:  Joshard Daus
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  • 61.
    Brahms: Ein Deutsches Requiem / Gardiner, Monteverdi Choir,  Orchestre Revolutionnaire Et Romantique
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 4782119 Release Date: 01/19/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Rodney Gilfry,  Charlotte Margiono
    Conductor:  John Eliot Gardiner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Monteverdi Choir,  Orchestre Révolutionnaire et Romantique
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  • 62.
    Brahms: German Requiem / Haitink, Janowitz, Krause
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 411436 Release Date: 12/29/2009   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Tom Krause,  Gundula Janowitz
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna State Opera Concert Choir,  Vienna State Opera Chorus
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  • 63.
    Brahms Complete Edition [46-CD Set]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001302602 Release Date: 07/14/2009   Number of Discs: 46
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Performer:  Edith Mathis,  Karl Engel,  Gernot Kahl,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau  ... 
    Conductor:  Günther Jena,  Claudio Abbado,  Herbert von Karajan,  Karl Böhm  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  North German Radio Chorus,  LaSalle String Quartet,  Amadeus String Quartet  ... 
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  • 64.
    Sergiu Celibidache - Portrait
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 725085 Release Date: 04/28/2009   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Maurice Ravel,  Boris Blacher,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Conductor:  Sergiu Celibidache
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cologne West German Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 65.
    Brahms: Ein Deutsches Requiem;  Bruckner: Te Deum / Karajan
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 410521 Release Date: 03/03/2009   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Anton Bruckner
    Performer:  José Van Dam,  Barbara Hendricks,  Gösta Winbergh,  Helga Müller-Molinari  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Singverein,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 66.
    Herbert Von Karajan - Salzburg Festival 1957 - Bruckner, Brahms, Berger, Einem, Honegger, Mozart
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 773084 Release Date: 11/25/2008   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Anton Bruckner,  Johannes Brahms,  Theodore Berger,  Gottfried von Einem  ... 
    Performer:  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Lisa Della Casa,  Gerty Herzog,  Géza Anda
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 67.
    Wilhelm Furtwangler Conducts Brahms: Requiem, Symphony No. 1
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 289 Release Date: 11/11/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Kerstin Lindberg-Torlind,  Bernhard Sönnerstedt
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Furtwängler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Stockholm Concerts Associations Orchestra,  Musikaliska Sällskapet,  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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  • 68.
    Best Karajan 100
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 15206 Release Date: 10/28/2008   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Gaetano Donizetti,  Giacomo Puccini  ... 
    Performer:  Maria Callas,  Mstislav Rostropovich,  Elisabeth Grümmer,  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Berlin RIAS Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 69.
    Brahms: Ein Deutsches Requiem Op. 45 / Spano, Robinson, Kwiecien, Atlanta So And Chorus
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 60701 Release Date: 07/22/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Twyla Robinson,  Mariusz Kwiecien
    Conductor:  Robert Spano
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Atlanta Symphony Orchestra,  Atlanta Symphony Chorus
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  • 70.
    Brahms: German Requiem
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 185842 Release Date: 07/08/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Paola Erdas
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  • 71.
    Brahms: Symphonies, Alto Rhapsody, Requiem / Ansermet, Suisse Romande Orchestra
    Label: Eloquence   Catalog: 4800448 Release Date: 05/24/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Agnes Giebel,  Hermann Prey,  Helen Watts
    Conductor:  Ernest Ansermet
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Suisse Romande Orchestra,  Lausanne Pro Arte Chorus,  Suisse Romande Chorus
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  • 72.
    Brahms: Ein Deutsches Requiem Op. 45 / Spano, Robinson, Kwiecien, Atlanta So And Chorus
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80701 Release Date: 05/20/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Twyla Robinson,  Mariusz Kwiecien
    Conductor:  Robert Spano
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Atlanta Symphony Chorus,  Atlanta Symphony Orchestra
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  • 73.
    Brahms: Requiem / Philippe Herreweghe, La Chapelle Royale
    Label: Harmonia Mundi   Catalog: 501608 Release Date: 04/08/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Christiane Oelze,  Gerald Finley
    Conductor:  Philippe Herreweghe
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  La Chapelle Royale Paris,  Collegium Vocale,  Champs-Élysées Orchestra
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  • 74.
    Brahms: German Requiem / Guttenberg, Hartelius, Henschel
    Label: Farao   Catalog: 108006 Release Date: 03/25/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Dietrich Henschel,  Malin Hartelius
    Conductor:  Enoch zu Guttenberg
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bonn State Philharmonic Chorus,  Brno State Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 75.
    Brahms: Requiem / Mandeal, Bucharest Enescu Philharmonic
    Label: Arte Nova   Catalog: 496960 Release Date: 02/12/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Gheorghe Crasnaru,  Ramona Eremia
    Conductor:  Cristian Mandeal
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bucharest George Enescu Philharmonic Orchestra,  Cluj-Napoca Philharmonic Chorus
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