Johannes Brahms

Biography

Born: 1833   Died: 1897   Country: Germany   Period: Romantic
The stature of Johannes Brahms among classical composers is well illustrated by his inclusion among the "Three Bs" triumvirate of Bach, Beethoven, and Brahms. Of all the major composers of the late Romantic era, Brahms was the one most attached to the Classical ideal as manifested in the music of Haydn, Mozart, and especially Beethoven; indeed, Hans von Bülow once characterized Brahms' Symphony No. 1 (1855-1876) as "Beethoven's Tenth." As a Read more youth, Brahms was championed by Robert Schumann as music's greatest hope for the future; as a mature composer, Brahms became for conservative musical journalists the most potent symbol of musical tradition, a stalwart against the "degeneration" represented by the music of Wagner and his school. Brahms' symphonies, choral and vocal works, chamber music, and piano pieces are imbued with strong emotional feeling, yet take shape according to a thoroughly considered structural plan.

The son of a double bassist in the Hamburg Philharmonic Society, Brahms demonstrated great promise from the beginning. He began his musical career as a pianist, contributing to the family coffers as a teenager by playing in restaurants, taverns, and even brothels. Though by his early twenties he enjoyed associations with luminaries like violinists Eduard Reményi and Joseph Joachim, the friend and mentor who was most instrumental in advancing his career was Schumann, who all but adopted him and became his most ardent partisan, and their esteem was mutual. Following Schumann's death in 1856, Brahms became the closest confidant and lifelong friend of the composer's widow, pianist and composer Clara Wieck Schumann. After a life of spectacular musical triumphs and failed loves (the composer was involved in several romantic entanglements but never wed), Brahms died of liver cancer on April 3, 1897.

In every genre in which he composed, Brahms produced works that have become staples of the repertory. His most ambitious work, the German Requiem (1863-1867), is the composer's singular reinterpretation of an age-old form. The four symphonies -- lushly scored, grand in scope, and deeply expressive -- are cornerstones of the symphonic literature. Brahms' concertos are, similarly, in a monumental, quasi-symphonic vein: the two piano concertos (1856-1859 and 1881) and the Violin Concerto (1878) call for soloists with both considerable technical skill and stamina. His chamber music is among the most sophisticated and exquisitely crafted of the Romantic era; for but a single example, his works that incorporate the clarinet (e.g., the Trio in A minor, Op. 114 and the two Sonatas, Op. 120), an instrument largely overlooked by his contemporaries, remain unsurpassed. Though the piano sonata never held for Brahms the same appeal it had for Beethoven (Brahms wrote three to Beethoven's 32), he produced a voluminous body of music for the piano. He showed a particular affinity for variations -- notably, on themes of Schumann (1854), Handel (1861), and Paganini (1862-1863) -- and likewise produced a passel of national dances and character pieces such as ballades, intermezzi, and rhapsodies. Collectively, these constitute one of the essential bodies of work in the realm of nineteenth century keyboard music. Read less
Martin Frost Plays Brahms
Release Date: 07/08/2014   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 2063   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: Symphony No 8; Brahms: Symphony No 3 / Davis
Release Date: 04/26/2011   Label: Profil  
Catalog: 8043   Number of Discs: 1
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Brahms Beloved II / John Axelrod
Release Date: 07/22/2014   Label: Telarc  
Catalog: 34659   Number of Discs: 2
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Dvorák: Requiem;  Brahms / Mertens, Hagel, Et Al
Release Date: 10/31/2006   Label: Profil  
Catalog: 6050   Number of Discs: 2
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Wilhelm Backhaus Live In Vienna - Brahms: Piano Concertos; Haydn
Release Date: 11/15/2011   Label: Profil  
Catalog: 11051   Number of Discs: 2
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Work: German Requiem, Op. 45

Browse 26-50 of 126 Available Recordings
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  • 26.
    Brahms: Symphonies, Overtures, Ein Deutsches Requiem / Klemperer [4-CD Set]
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 043382 Release Date: 01/22/2013   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Unspecified
    Performer:  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Ralph Downes,  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Christa Ludwig
    Conductor:  Otto Klemperer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Philharmonia Chorus
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  • 27.
    Label: Farao   Catalog: B108006 Release Date: 01/01/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Dietrich Henschel,  Malin Hartelius
    Conductor:  Enoch zu Guttenberg
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  • 28.
    Label: Coviello Classics   Catalog: 41006 Release Date: 01/01/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Phillip Moll,  Philip Mayers
    Conductor:  Simon Halsey
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  • 29.
    Brahms: Ein Deutsches Requiem / Quigley, Seraphic Fire
    Label: Seraphic Fire Media   Catalog: 9 Release Date: 10/30/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Paul Max Tipton,  Teresa Wakim,  Justin Blackwell,  Scott Jarrett
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Seraphic Fire
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  • 30.
    Brahms: Requiem / Kurt Masur
    Label: Apex   Catalog: 2564659414 Release Date: 10/30/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Kurt Masur
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  • 31.
    Accentus - Faure, Dusapin, Brahms: Requiems; Haydn; Seven Last Words Of Christ, Transcriptions / Equilbey
    Label: Naive   Catalog: 5301 Release Date: 06/26/2012   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Gabriel Fauré,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Samuel Barber,  Gerard Pesson  ... 
    Performer:  Stčphane Degout,  Christophe Henry,  Luc Héry,  Sandrine Piau  ... 
    Conductor:  Laurence Equilbey
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Accentus,  Maitrise de Paris,  National Orchestra d'Ile de France  ... 
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  • 32.
    Brahms: Ein deutsches Requiem / Haggander, Lorenz, Kegel
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 94353 Release Date: 06/26/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Mari Anne Häggander,  Siegfried Lorenz
    Conductor:  Herbert Kegel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leipzig Radio Chorus,  Leipzig Radio Orchestra
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  • 33.
    Johannes Brahms: Ein Deutsches Requiem
    Label: K & K Verlagsanstalt   Catalog: 105 Release Date: 06/26/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Andreas Grau,  Götz Schumacher
    Conductor:  Jürgen Budday
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  • 34.
    The Art Of Giuseppe Sinopoli - Orchestral Works
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 1986056 Release Date: 05/29/2012   Number of Discs: 16
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Sir Edward Elgar,  Modest Mussorgsky  ... 
    Performer:  Alan Titus,  Thomas Moser,  Felicity Palmer,  Solveig Kringelborn  ... 
    Conductor:  Giuseppe Sinopoli
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden State Opera Chorus,  Dresden Staatskapelle,  Philharmonia Orchestra  ... 
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  • 35.
    Beethoven: Missa Solemnis; Brahms: Ein Deutsches Requiem; Verdi: Messa Da Requiem
    Label: Erato   Catalog: 663202 Release Date: 04/24/2012   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Giuseppe Verdi
    Performer:  Janet Williams,  Thomas Hampson,  Tina Kiberg,  Waltraud Meier  ... 
    Conductor:  Daniel Barenboim
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  Chicago Symphony Chorus
    CD: $34.99
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  • 36.
    Magnificat - 500 Years Of Choral Masterworks [50-CD Set]
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001664502 Release Date: 04/10/2012   Number of Discs: 50
    Composer:  Gregorio Allegri,  Antonio Lotti,  Orlando de Lassus,  Josquin Des Préz  ... 
    Performer:  Patrick Russill,  Marinella Pennicchi,  Michael Chance,  Mark Tucker  ... 
    Conductor:  Harry Christophers,  Paul McCreesh,  Stephen Cleobury,  Edward Wickham  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  The Sixteen,  Gabrieli Consort,  Gabrieli Players  ... 
    CD: $179.99
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  • 37.
    Brahms: German Requiem; Schutz / Fuge, Brook, Gardiner
    Label: Soli Deo Gloria Records   Catalog: 706 Release Date: 03/27/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Heinrich Schütz,  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Katharine Fuge,  Matthew Brook
    Conductor:  John Eliot Gardiner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Monteverdi Choir,  Orchestre Révolutionnaire et Romantique
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  • 38.
    Brahms: Ein Deutsches Requiem / Klemperer, Schwarzkopf
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 6783302 Release Date: 03/26/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Ralph Downes
    Conductor:  Otto Klemperer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Philharmonia Chorus
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  • 39.
    Label: Abc Classics   Catalog: 966569 Release Date: 02/14/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Johannes Fritzsch
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  • 40.
    Brahms: Ein Deutsches Requiem; Haydn-variations
    Label: Archipel   Catalog: ARPCD0154 Release Date: 01/01/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
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  • 41.
    Johannes Brahms: Ein Deutsches Requiem
    Label: Archipel   Catalog: ARPCD0297 Release Date: 01/01/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
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  • 42.
    Celibidache  Vol 4 - Sacred Music & Opera / Munich Phiharmonic
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 85617 Release Date: 11/29/2011   Number of Discs: 11
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Johannes Brahms,  Richard Wagner  ... 
    Performer:  Anton Scharinger,  Yaron Windmuller,  Peter Schreier,  Barbara Bonney  ... 
    Conductor:  Sergiu Celibidache
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Munich Philharmonic Orchestra,  Munich Philharmonic Choir,  Munich Bach Choir
    On sale! $87.98
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  • 43.
    Romantic - Beethoven, Brahms, Chopin, Schubert, Schumann
    Label: Harmonia Mundi   Catalog: 2908500 Release Date: 10/11/2011   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Robert Schumann,  Franz Schubert,  Johann Nepomuk Hummel,  Frédéric Chopin  ... 
    Performer:  Roger Vignoles,  Bernarda Fink,  Régis Pasquier,  Jean-Claude Pennetier  ... 
    Conductor:  Marcus Creed,  Philippe Herreweghe
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Wanderer Trio,  Berlin RIAS Chamber Chorus,  Collegium Vocale  ... 
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  • 44.
    Klaus Tennstedt - The Great EMI Recordings
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 94433 Release Date: 06/07/2011   Number of Discs: 14
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  Anton Bruckner,  Richard Strauss  ... 
    Performer:  Jessye Norman,  Jorma Hynninen
    Conductor:  Klaus Tennstedt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  BBC Symphony Chorus,  London Philharmonic Choir  ... 
    On sale! $67.98
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  • 45.
    Brahms: Ein Deutsches Requiem / Paavo Jarvi, Natalie Dessay, Ludovic Tezier
    Label: Virgin Classics   Catalog: 28610 Release Date: 05/03/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Ludovic Tézier,  Natalie Dessay
    Conductor:  Paavo Järvi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Frankfurt Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Swedish Radio Choir
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  • 46.
    Brahms: Ein Deutsches Requiem / Barenboim, Chicago SO
    Label: Apex   Catalog: 4677176 Release Date: 03/29/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Janet Williams,  Thomas Hampson
    Conductor:  Daniel Barenboim
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  Chicago Symphony Chorus
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  • 47.
    James Levine Conducts Brahms
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 7686042 Release Date: 03/29/2011   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Emanuel Ax,  Kathleen Battle,  James Levine,  Hĺkan Hagegĺrd
    Conductor:  James Levine
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  Chicago Symphony Chorus
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  • 48.
    Brahms: Ein Deutsches Requiem / Albrecht, Ziesak,  Jarnot, Winklhofer
    Label: Oehms   Catalog: 787 Release Date: 02/22/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Konrad Jarnot,  Ruth Ziesak,  Friedemann Winklhofer
    Conductor:  Hansjörg Albrecht
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Munich Bach Choir,  Munich Radio Orchestra
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  • 49.
    Brahms: Ein Deutsches Requiem; Mozart: Serenata Notturna / Klemperer
    Label: Ica Classics   Catalog: 5002 Release Date: 02/22/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  Elisabeth Grümmer,  Hermann Prey
    Conductor:  Otto Klemperer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cologne Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Cologne Radio Chorus
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  • 50.
    Brahms: Ein Deutsches Requiem, Op. 45 / Harnoncourt, Kuhmeier, Hampson, Arnold Schoenberg Choir
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 72066 Release Date: 02/01/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Thomas Hampson,  Genia Kühmeier
    Conductor:  Nikolaus Harnoncourt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Arnold Schoenberg Choir,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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