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Johannes Brahms

Biography

Born: 1833   Died: 1897   Country: Germany   Period: Romantic
The stature of Johannes Brahms among classical composers is well illustrated by his inclusion among the "Three Bs" triumvirate of Bach, Beethoven, and Brahms. Of all the major composers of the late Romantic era, Brahms was the one most attached to the Classical ideal as manifested in the music of Haydn, Mozart, and especially Beethoven; indeed, Hans von Bülow once characterized Brahms' Symphony No. 1 (1855-1876) as "Beethoven's Tenth." As a Read more youth, Brahms was championed by Robert Schumann as music's greatest hope for the future; as a mature composer, Brahms became for conservative musical journalists the most potent symbol of musical tradition, a stalwart against the "degeneration" represented by the music of Wagner and his school. Brahms' symphonies, choral and vocal works, chamber music, and piano pieces are imbued with strong emotional feeling, yet take shape according to a thoroughly considered structural plan.

The son of a double bassist in the Hamburg Philharmonic Society, Brahms demonstrated great promise from the beginning. He began his musical career as a pianist, contributing to the family coffers as a teenager by playing in restaurants, taverns, and even brothels. Though by his early twenties he enjoyed associations with luminaries like violinists Eduard Reményi and Joseph Joachim, the friend and mentor who was most instrumental in advancing his career was Schumann, who all but adopted him and became his most ardent partisan, and their esteem was mutual. Following Schumann's death in 1856, Brahms became the closest confidant and lifelong friend of the composer's widow, pianist and composer Clara Wieck Schumann. After a life of spectacular musical triumphs and failed loves (the composer was involved in several romantic entanglements but never wed), Brahms died of liver cancer on April 3, 1897.

In every genre in which he composed, Brahms produced works that have become staples of the repertory. His most ambitious work, the German Requiem (1863-1867), is the composer's singular reinterpretation of an age-old form. The four symphonies -- lushly scored, grand in scope, and deeply expressive -- are cornerstones of the symphonic literature. Brahms' concertos are, similarly, in a monumental, quasi-symphonic vein: the two piano concertos (1856-1859 and 1881) and the Violin Concerto (1878) call for soloists with both considerable technical skill and stamina. His chamber music is among the most sophisticated and exquisitely crafted of the Romantic era; for but a single example, his works that incorporate the clarinet (e.g., the Trio in A minor, Op. 114 and the two Sonatas, Op. 120), an instrument largely overlooked by his contemporaries, remain unsurpassed. Though the piano sonata never held for Brahms the same appeal it had for Beethoven (Brahms wrote three to Beethoven's 32), he produced a voluminous body of music for the piano. He showed a particular affinity for variations -- notably, on themes of Schumann (1854), Handel (1861), and Paganini (1862-1863) -- and likewise produced a passel of national dances and character pieces such as ballades, intermezzi, and rhapsodies. Collectively, these constitute one of the essential bodies of work in the realm of nineteenth century keyboard music. Read less
Brahms: Ein Deutsches Requiem / Wit, Warsaw
Release Date: 04/29/2014   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 573061   Number of Discs: 1
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Brahms: The Symphonies / Chailly, Gewandhaus
Release Date: 08/19/2014   Label: Decca  
Catalog: 002121502   Number of Discs: 3
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Warum - Brahms: Choral Works / Reuss, Cappella Amsterdam
Release Date: 11/11/2014   Label: Harmonia Mundi  
Catalog: 902160   Number of Discs: 1
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Beethoven: Trio; Brahms: Trio; Weber: Grand Duo
Release Date: 11/11/2014   Label: Harmonia Mundi  
Catalog: 807618   Number of Discs: 1
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Brahms: Mass, Motets / Dijkstra, Swedish Radio Choir
Release Date: 12/09/2014   Label: Channel Classics  
Catalog: 35814   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: German Requiem, Op. 45

Browse 101-119 of 119 Available Recordings
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  • 101.
    Brahms: Four Hand Piano Music Vol 5 / Matthies, Köhn
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8554115 Release Date: 10/26/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Silke-Thora Matthies,  Christian Köhn
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  • 102.
    Brahms: Symphony No 1, German Requiem / Celibidache, Et Al
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 56843 Release Date: 08/10/1999   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Arleen Augér,  Franz Gerihsen
    Conductor:  Sergiu Celibidache
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Munich Philharmonic Orchestra,  Munich Bach Choir,  Munich Philharmonic Choir
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  • 103.
    Brahms: German Requiem / Norrington, Dawson, Bär, Et Al
    Label: Virgin Classics Veritas   Catalog: 61605 Release Date: 07/13/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Lynne Dawson,  Olaf Bär
    Conductor:  Roger Norrington
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Heinrich Schütz Choir,  London Classical Players
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  • 104.
    Brahms: Ein Deutsches Requiem / Klemperer, Schwarzkopf
    Label: Emi Great Recordings Of The Century   Catalog: 66955 Release Date: 01/12/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Ralph Downes
    Conductor:  Otto Klemperer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Philharmonia Chorus
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  • 105.
    Brahms: Ein Deutsches Requiem / Spering, Isokoski, Et Al
    Label: Naive   Catalog: 30140 Release Date: 05/09/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Soile Isokoski,  Andreas Schmidt,  Andreas Grau,  Götz Schumacher
    Conductor:  Christoph Spering
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chorus Musicus
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  • 106.
    Brahms: Ein Deutsches Requiem / Masur, New York Philharmonic
    Label: Teldec   Catalog: 98413 Release Date: 11/07/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Håkan Hagegård,  Sylvia McNair
    Conductor:  Kurt Masur
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic,  Westminster Symphonic Choir
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  • 107.
    Bruno Walter Edition - Brahms: German Requiem, Alto Rhapsody
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 64469 Release Date: 05/16/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Mildred Miller,  Irmgard Seefried,  George London
    Conductor:  Bruno Walter
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Columbia Symphony Orchestra,  Occidental College Concert Choir,  New York Philharmonic  ... 
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  • 108.
    Brahms: Ein Deutsches Requiem / Sawallisch, Price, Allen
    Label: Orfeo   Catalog: 39101 Release Date: 04/04/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Margaret Price,  Thomas Allen
    Conductor:  Wolfgang Sawallisch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 109.
    Brahms: German Requiem Op.45
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 445546 Release Date: 01/02/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Barbara Bonney,  Andreas Schmidt
    Conductor:  Carlo Maria Giulini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna State Opera Chorus Konzertvereinigung,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna State Opera Chorus
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  • 110.
    Brahms: Ein Deutsches Requiem / Rahbari, Gauci, Tumagian
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8550213 Release Date: 02/15/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Eduard Tumagian,  Miriam Gauci
    Conductor:  Alexander Rahbari
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Slovak State Philharmonic Chorus,  Czecho-Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra Bratislava
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  • 111.
    Brahms: Choral Works & Overtures / Sawallisch, Vienna So
    Label: Philips Duo   Catalog: 438760 Release Date: 01/18/1994   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Aafje Heynis,  Wilma Lipp,  Franz Crass
    Conductor:  Wolfgang Sawallisch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Singverein,  Vienna Symphony Orchestra
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  • 112.
    Brahms: Ein Deutsches Requiem / Abbado, Studer, Schmidt
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 437517 Release Date: 09/14/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Cheryl Studer,  Andreas Schmidt
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Swedish Radio Chorus,  Eric Ericson Chamber Choir
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  • 113.
    Brahms: Ein Deutsches Requiem / Kempe, Grümmer, F-dieskau
    Label: Emi Classics Références   Catalog: 64705 Release Date: 07/20/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Elisabeth Grümmer,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau
    Conductor:  Rudolf Kempe
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  St. Hedwig's Cathedral Choir
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  • 114.
    Brahms: Ein Deutsches Requiem / Levine, Chicago Symphony
    Label: Rca Victor Gold Seal   Catalog: 61349 Release Date: 01/12/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Kathleen Battle,  Håkan Hagegård
    Conductor:  James Levine
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  Chicago Symphony Chorus
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  • 115.
    Brahms: Ein Deutsches Requiem / Hickox, London So & Chorus
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 8942 Release Date: 10/28/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Felicity Lott,  David Wilson-Johnson
    Conductor:  Richard Hickox
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  London Symphony Chorus
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  • 116.
    Brahms: Ein Deutsches Requiem / Karajan, Hendricks, Van Dam
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 431651 Release Date: 11/08/1991   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Barbara Hendricks,  José Van Dam
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Singverein,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 117.
    Brahms: Ein Deutsches Requiem Op.45 / John Elliot Gardiner, Et Al
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 432140 Release Date: 05/10/1991   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Rodney Gilfry,  Charlotte Margiono
    Conductor:  John Eliot Gardiner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestre Révolutionnaire et Romantique,  Monteverdi Choir
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  • 118.
    Classics - Brahms: German Requiem / Shaw, Augér, Et Al
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80092 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Arleen Augér,  Richard Stilwell
    Conductor:  Robert Shaw
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Atlanta Symphony Orchestra,  Atlanta Symphony Chorus
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  • 119.
    Brahms: Ein Deutsches Requiem / Karajan, Janowitz, Wächter
    Label: Dg Galleria   Catalog: 427252 Release Date: 05/09/1989   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Eberhard Wächter,  Gundula Janowitz
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Singverein
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